Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting.
I apologize for not posting for the past several days. I had a major medical setback on Monday evening and this is my first attempt to post since. I apologize in advance for any and all mistakes. The mistakes will all be mine. I hope to continue posting at the high degree of professionalism our anonymous expert so deserves.
Major media threads related to Russia remain as yesterday.
Sixteen reports on the nuclear accident, but few new details other than public panic.
The Muscovy protests on Saturday busted a record with an estimated 50,000 participants. Rogov predicts based on polling data, that in coming months another 50,000 young people will join the protests. Google threatened over “advertising of illegal mass events”on Youtube – it seems Muscovy imagines Google can contain this kind of data easily, as we know from other social media instances, this is not the simple problem Muscovy thinks it to be. Of course like this Muscovy can blame the problem on the US, again.
In Germany, Amb Grenell gets pushback from the German Left Partywho it seems are eager to sell Germany to Muscovy very cheaply – these are former DDR Communists.
Israeli PM Netanyahu will visit Kyiv August 18-19. NYT calls Ze a rising “Rival to Putin”as he has captured public interest across the Russophone world. TNI interviews Amb Herbst. VOA interviews Kent at State. Jamestown on Ukraine’s arctic ambitions.
Ukraine detains another Russian tanker. The Vozhd, while Muscovy riots, visits Crimea and is condemned by Kyiv.
Donbas update. Industry update. Politics update.
Russia’s nuclear energy authority said five of its employees were killed in an explosion during a test of a nuclear-powered rocket engine, raising questions over the severity of the accident.
Russia’s nuclear agency said Saturday that five of its employees were killed earlier this week when a rocket engine exploded during a missile test at a military base in the far northern Arkhangelsk region.
BODIES of Russian scientists killed following a colossal nuclear radiation explosion have mysteriously vanished, arousing suspicions corpses have been thrown into the sea.
CHILLING footage from Russia has intensified fears of a nuclear radiation accident after ambulances were spotted lined with protective chemical sheets and hospitals workers were seen wearing hazmat suits.
Five people from a top-secret scientific nuclear research town called Sarov were killed and 15 were injured in the incident on an offshore platform
Russian nuclear agency Rosatom admitted late on Friday that a suspicious cloud of radiation that spread over the Arkhangelsk region was caused by an explosion at one of its facilities, the Guardian reported, involving experiments involving an “isotope power source for a liquid-fuelled rocket engine.”
Five employees of Russia’s nuclear corporation Rosatom have died and three have been treated for burns after a liquid-propellant engine exploded during a test.
Russia confirms blast on Thursday at Arctic missile testing site involved release of radioactive isotopes
The death toll from a rocket explosion at a Russian missile test range rose to five on Saturday, after initial reports listed two dead. Defense officials have nonetheless shut down fishing, swimming and shipping traffic in a portion of the White Sea.
Russia’s military technology push has unfortunately produced deadly consequences. The country’s Rosatom has confirmed that five people have died and three inju…
THE bodies of two nuclear researchers killed in a “radiation” explosion at a top secret Russian site have mysteriously vanished, it was reported today. They were thought to have been “thrown into the sea” when a rocket engine test went wrong but their remains cannot be found, it has now emerged.
А spokesman of Rosatom said, that “the concourse of factors was present, which often takes place when testing new technologies”
RUSSIA has seen panic-buying of iodine after radiation levels dramatically rose after a rocket accident.
As signs of a secretive cleanup effort emerged, an official statement hinted at an accident involving a new nuclear engine for missiles.
Russia's nuclear agency said Saturday an explosion during missile testing in the Arctic left five workers dead and involved radioactive isotopes after a nearby city recorded a spike in radiation levels. Rosatom said the force of the explosion on Thursday blew several of its staff from a testing platform
Russia’s state nuclear agency acknowledged for the first time on Saturday that nuclear workers were involved in an explosion during a rocket engine test that caused a spike in radiation in a nearby city.
Kevin Rothrock on Twitter: “Here we go again: Russian senator says the U.S. is interfering in Moscow’s City Duma elections, and is behind protesters’ “provocations.” Step one to regime change in Russia: field secret-agent candidates for toothless local offices! https://t.co/JXi3ATkqKi” / Twitter
Information about the August 3 unauthorized rally was posted on the diplomatic mission’s website
MOSCOW — Tens of thousands of Russians staged what a monitoring group called the country’s biggest political protest for eight years on Saturday, defying a crackdown to demand free elections to Moscow’s city legislature.
Riot police detained dozens of people in Moscow following a protest on August 10 demanding that officials allow independent candidates on the ballot in upcoming municipal elections. Ahead of the sanctioned demonstration, police raided the office of opposition leader Lyubov Sobol and detained her.
Riot police detained dozens of people in central Moscow on August 10. Officers began clearing an area near the Russian presidential administration in the hours after a sanctioned protest, held to demand that officials allow independent candidates on the ballot in an upcoming municipal election.
Russian opposition politician Lyubov Sobol, an ally of Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny, said she had been detained by police ahead of a protest in Moscow
At least 49,900 people have gathered so far, making it the largest opposition protest this summer.
“These people aren’t the traditional opposition, but a much wider group,” one analyst said.
Police detained at least 120 people after more than 500 people were seen moving toward the area.
Some 50,000 people rallied in central Moscow on Saturday to demand fair elections.
Around 50,000 people attended a huge demonstration in Moscow on Saturday demanding oppositon candidates are able to stand in local elections.
RUSSIAN riot cops dragged away protesters as the 50,000 strong crowd demanded fair elections outside Vladimir Putin’s offices in Moscow. The demonstration, which has been taking place on the last two Saturdays, has so far seen hundreds of people detained at the largest opposition rally since 2011 in the country’s capital.
Nearly 50,000 people attended protest demanding free city council vote, says monitoring group.
More than 50,000 are thought to have attended the latest in a series of rallies for fair elections.
The Russian political leadership is feeling increasingly cornered by growing public anger.
(Bloomberg) — Russian opposition leader Lyubov Sobol said she’d been detained by police as tens of thousands protested against the exclusion of anti-Kremlin candidates from Moscow city council elections.“They won’t succeed in frightening us, they won’t be able to stop us demanding our electoral rights
MOSCOW (Sputnik) – The Russian Interior Ministry’s Main Directorate for Moscow said that it was informed by the organisers of the authorised rally in the Russian capital about the provocations planned by opposition figures at the demonstration.
Tens of thousands of people defied a crackdown by Russian authorities to stage what is believed to be the country’s biggest political protest for eight years. Demonstrators shouted “down with the tsar!” and waved the national flag as they took to the streets of Moscow to demand free elections to the city legislature. The rally took place a week after more than 1,000 protesters
Nearly 50,000 people flooded a broad boulevard in Moscow, calling for an end to political controls under Russian President Vladimir Putin and decrying recent weeks’ police violence.
In one of Moscow’s biggest protests in several years, about 50,000 people turned out to denounce limits on potential candidates.
A mass demonstration in Moscow on Saturday drew tens of thousands of protesters to denounce the exclusion of opposition candidates from next month’s local election.
Tens of thousands of Russians staged what a monitoring group called the country’s biggest political protest for eight years on Saturday, defying a crackdown to demand free elections to Moscow’s city legislature.
Tens of thousands of people rallied Saturday against the exclusion of some city council candidates from Moscow’s upcoming election, turning out for one of the Russian capital’s biggest political protests in years.
Almost 50,000 opposition supporters rallied in Moscow Saturday at one of the largest protests since President Vladimir Putin’s return to the Kremlin in 2012. Protesters crowded the central Prospekt Andreya Sakharova street, where city authorities deployed a massive police presence, including officers in riot gear, after giving permission for the rally to go ahead. The White Counter, an NGO that tracks participants in rallies, counted 49,900 people, while Moscow police gave a much lower attendance figure of 20,000.
Paul Goble Staunton, August 8 – If all other conditions remain the same, Kirill Rogov says, extrapolating from the latest Levada Center polls about attitudes toward demonstrations in Moscow suggests that as many as 50,000 young Russians are likely to take part in protests there next month, a projection that helps explain the alarmed reaction of the authorities now. The Moscow political analyst draws that conclusion on the basis of a step-by-step analysis of the latest Levada Center poll (facebook.com/kirill.rogov.39/posts/3212736938743904reposted at newizv.ru/article/general/08-08-2019/tsifra-dnya-kakoy-protsent-molodezhi-gotov-uchastvovat-v-protestnyh-aktsiyah). First, he says, the Levada Center poll shows that young people in the capital are paying much closer attention to the protests than their elders with 43 percent saying they are doing so rather than 29 percent of the others. Second, people between the ages of 18 and 24 are far more sympathetic and less opposed (55 percent as against 9 percent) than their elders (37 and 27). Third, Rogov continues, young people are getting their news about the protests and other events from the Internet rather than state channels, with 70 percent of those aged 18 to 39 in the capital doing so, making Moscow “the city in which the Internet has won.” Fourth, young people in the capital may be relatively few, seven percent, according to the official figures Levada relies on; but fifth, that percentage still works out to 500,000. If as the polls suggest, 10 percent of these are ready to protest, that works out to 50,000 demonstrators. And sixth, this calculation he has made, Rogov says, has also been made by the authorities. It explains why the powers that be have reacted so harshly to the demonstrations in August and why threats of expelling students from higher educational institutions and being drafted “will only grow in the weeks remaining” during the campaign leading up to the September voting. “But there is another side” to this, Rogov says, one the Kremlin doesn’t appear to have factored in. After September 8, complaints about blocking candidates will certainly ebb; but the actions of the authorities to prevent demonstrations now will help power more protests even after that date.
Russia’s communications regulator, Roskomnadzor, says it has asked Google to take measures to prevent the advertising of “illegal mass events” on its video-hosting site, YouTube.
Russia’s communications regulator, Roskomnadzor, says it has asked Google to take measures to prevent the advertising of “illegal mass events” on its video-hosting site, YouTube.
It’s been 20 years since Russian President Vladimir Putin first came to power. Back then, Bill Clinton was U.S. President, Christina Aguilera was topping the charts with ‘Genie in a Bottle’, and relations with the West were nothing…}
Paul Goble Staunton, August 8 – For the first time ever, the Memorial Human Rights Center says, a Russian citizen is making a concerted effort to bring criminal charges against Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin for his crimes against the population that are estimated to have led to the imprisonment or death of as many as 12 million people. Moscow’s Kommersant reports that Igor Stepanov, a former special investigator for Russia’s Procurator General and someone whose family members were victims of Stalin’s crime, has submitted multiple requests to his former employer and to Russia’s Investigative Committee (kommersant.ru/doc/4054219). Both of these institutions have sent his request to their regional offices, the first to Moscow and the second to Ivanovo Oblast; and both of those have refused to open an investigation. As a result, Stepanov has appealed to the Russian Constitutional Court and announced that he will appeal further to the European Court if that venue also rejects his case. Two things are interesting about this case. On the one hand, it shows that despite the ever more positive view many Russians have about the Soviet dictator, there are Russians who don’t share that position but remember that Stalin was hardly the hero he is for many, including Vladimir Putin. And on the other, this case highlights the increasing willingness of Russians to make use of their country’s court system to seek redress, confident that even though they may not be able to win through there, they can attract attention both to the issue they are concerned about and to the politicization of the Russian courts and can appeal to the European Court in the last instance.
In the dispute over the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, German Minister for Economic Affairs and Energy Peter Altmaier is openly seeking a compromise with the United States. The German government will ensure that there is a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal in Germany, he said. American LNG – albeit expensive – could then be brought into the country. Europe cannot be “susceptible to blackmail,” Altmaier said on Feb. 13 in Berlin, in the presence of US Deputy Secretary of Energy Dan Brouillette. That was largely a response to the increasingly vitriolic dispute over the construction of the 1,230-kilometer pipeline, one-half of which is paid for by Gazprom, while the other half is billed to five Western European companies – two from Germany, one from Austria, one from France and one British-Dutch enterprise. In mid-January, Richard Grenell, US ambassador to Germany, caused a stir with a series of threats that were quite unusual for a diplomat. Through a series of letters, he made an appeal to German companies “operating in the Russian energy export pipeline sector,” explaining that involvement in the construction of Nord Steam 2 will “carry significant sanctions risk.” In fact, the project is “actively undermining Ukraine and Europe’s security.” It is no surprise that Grenell’s provocation was met with firm objections in his new country of residence. German Minister of Foreign Affairs Heiko Maas countered with a statement explaining that questions of European energy policy must be decided in Europe. The chairman of the Chemistry, Mining and Energy trade union matched Grenell’s effrontery with a bit of his own, comparing the ambassador to a representative of an occupying force, and claiming that the US was not engaging in foreign policy but rather flooding us with American gas.
Spend on Defense or Troops Will Be Moved Out of Germany to Poland The comments by Richard Grenell, the U.S. ambassador to Germany.
If the United States decides to move its troops from Germany to Poland, they should also remove their nuclear weapons from the country
In Kiev, PM to meet country’s new Jewish president, Volodymyr Zelensky, and visit Babi Yar; is also said to plan quick trip to India in September
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is set to leave Israel on a two-day visit to Ukraine next week. The trip, scheduled for August 18-19, will be Netanyahu’s first visit to Kyiv (Kiev) in 20 years. Netanyahu will also become the first world leader to meet with Ukraine’s new President, Volodymyr Zelensky in Kyiv.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is set to leave Israel on a two-day visit to Ukraine next week. The trip, scheduled for August 18-19, will be Netanyahu’s first visit to Kyiv in 20 years. It will be Netanyahu’s first visit to Kyiv in 20 years.
Volodymyr Zelensky, a former comedian, appeals to Russian speakers his predecessor could never reach. He’s now putting his star power to diplomatic use.
The Center for the National Interest recently hosted a Thursday luncheon talk on Ukraine and its future under its newly elected president, Volodymyr Zelensky, with former ambassador John Herbst.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine expresses its strong protest in connection with the decision of the Russian Prosecutor General’s Office to recognize the activity of the Ukrainian World Congress as “undesirable.” This decision once again demonstrated the immutability of Russia’s repressive policies aimed at eliminating public organizations of the Ukrainian minority on the territory of the Russian Federation.
This story originated in VOA’s Georgian and Ukrainian services. Eleven years after Russian tanks rolled through a mountain tunnel in the Greater Caucasus mountains to invade neighboring Georgia, State Department officials say the U.S. underestimated the geopolitical implications for all of Western Europe. “What happened 11 years ago today, when Russia invaded Georgia, is that actual war came back to Europe in ways that none of us anticipated,” George P. Kent, deputy assistant secretary in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs at the U.S. State Department, told reporters from VOA’s Eurasia division. “Russia, a member of the U.N. Security Council, invaded its neighbor. It did so in Georgia in 2008 and, as many Georgians warned, did so in Ukraine in 2014,” he said. “In retrospect, the events in Georgia 11 years ago today changed the geostrategic realities in Europe and across the Eurasian continent.” graves at cemetery for georgian soldiers killed in war with russia FILE – Graves are seen at the memorial cemetery for Georgian soldiers killed during the war with Russia over the breakaway region of South Ossetia in 2008 in Tbilisi, Georgia, Aug. 8, 2017. Russian forces swept into Georgia on Aug. 8, 2008, bombing targets and occupying large swaths of territory. In a battle that lasted five days, Russia defeated Georgia’s small military, and the hostilities ended with a cease-fire mediated by France’s then-president, Nicolas Sarkozy, who at the time held the European Union’s rotating presidency. After the war, Moscow recognized South Ossetia and another separatist enclave, Abkhazia, as independent states, where it then stationed permanent military bases. Attending a Georgian Embassy event marking the 11th anniversary of the invasion, Kent also suggested that it is not too late to apply those lessons to the ongoing battle between Ukraine and Russian-backed separatists, but that the onus is also on Russia. Lessons for Ukraine His host, Valeriy Chaly, Ukraine’s outgoing ambassador in Washington, said the Russian invasion of 2008 presaged a new era in international relations where diplomatic strategy would become secondary to military strength. “We Ukrainians understood that,” he told VOA. “When Georgia was attacked … we supplied our equipment, because we understand that if Georgia was first, we are the second. And it happened. “All the world will wait for compromise, wait for some change in behavior, but nothing changes,” he said, adding that Ukraine has drawn two lessons from witnessing the attack on its eastern European neighbor. “What you should do are two things,” he said. “Find a diplomatic solution, but base it on strength, on capabilities of your military forces — navy, army and air force. And then prepare to fight for your freedom, for independence.” Putin speaks in Simferopol FILE – Russian President Vladimir Putin addresses the crowd during a concert marking the fifth anniversary of Russia’s annexation of Crimea, in Simferopol, March 18, 2019. Earlier this year, five years after annexing Ukraine’s Black Sea peninsula of Crimea, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree simplifying the procedure for people living in parts of eastern Ukraine held by Russia-backed separatists to obtain Russian citizenship. While the Kremlin says the decree serves to “protect human and civil rights” in the spirit of “universal principles and norms of international law,” Ukraine and the West have decried it as an illegal attempt to undermine Ukrainian sovereignty. U.S. official optimistic Kurt Volker, the U.S. special representative for Ukraine negotiations, said he remains optimistic that the U.S. and Ukraine have absorbed lessons of the last decade. “Georgia was the first step, Ukraine was the second step, but it did fundamentally change perceptions of how Putin is acting in the world and what the U.S. needs to do in response,” he said. Both Kent and Volker said the U.S. is resolved to restore Ukraine’s territorial integrity. “Our commitment to Ukrainian territorial integrity and sovereignty is unwavering, and we believe that Donbass is entirely a part of Ukraine, as is Crimea,” said Kent. “And that will remain our policy.” FILE – People pass by a shop window on a street in Tbilisi, June 4, 2013. FILE – People pass by a shop window on a street in Tbilisi, June 4, 2013. Despite dark lessons of the 2008 invasion, Volker said Georgia in 2019 offers a valuable lesson of its own. “Right now, the story in Georgia is that Georgia’s thriving. Georgia is a democracy, it’s a prosperous economy. They’ve made great progress against corruption. They’ve developed a very strong relationship with Europe, with NATO, with the United States,” he said. “So, even though Russia occupies 20% of the territory, Georgia as a country is thriving,” he said. “And I think that’s the real lesson — that a country like this can make it.”
Ukraine’s ambassador to Norway, Vyacheslav Yatsiuk, visited the Svalbard archipelago on June 12, where he stated that his country “may become an Arctic player” (Vestifinance.ru, July 5), even though Kyiv is not currently directly involved in the region’s affairs. In 2017, Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman, on an official trip to Canada, articulated Kyiv’s determination to cooperate with Ottawa in the Arctic (Izvestia, July 5). And now, it appears, the Ukrainian government is trying to foster bilateral ties with Norway to make its presence in the Arctic more visible (Vestifinance.ru, July 5). The representatives of Ukraine and Norway discussed Arctic regional cooperation—concerned mainly with research, climate change and satellite technology—during Ambassador Yatsiuk’s tours of the Norwegian Polar Institute and the Ny-Ålesund Research Station. Ukraine’s diplomat also visited the Incoherent Scatter Radar System in Svalbard. The facility, connected to the European Incoherent Scatter Scientific Association (EISCAT), was notably built with the contribution of Ukrainian scientists. During his trip to the polar islands, Yatsiuk noted that Norwegian-Ukrainian ties are tightening in the political, economic as well as cultural spheres (Norway.mfa.gov.ua, June 16). Currently, Ukraine’s presence in the Arctic is limited to approximately 400 Ukrainian miners working in the village of Barentsburg (where they make up around 60 percent of the local population). These workers are employed by the Russian state-owned coal extraction company Arktikugol (Norway.mfa.gov.ua, June 16). Ukrainians have a long-standing tradition of working in Svalbard: in the 1980s, the number of newcomers from the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR) exceeded the Norwegians themselves (Birdinflight.com, August 22, 2016). Presently, the relatively low salaries paid by Arktikugol in Barentsburg (between $600 and $1,400 per month) are more attractive for Ukrainians than for Russian laborers (Arcticugol.ru, accessed August 2, 2019).
Ukrainian prosecutors said they had searched a vessel in the Black Sea port of Kherson on Saturday as part of an investigation into a suspected illegal delivery of fuel to the Russian navy in annexed Crimea in 2015. Relations between Kiev and Moscow deteriorated after Russia’s annexation of the
The Prosecutor’s Office of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea says searches are being conducted on the vessel “Maria” in Ukraine’s seaport city of Kherson, which supplied fuel for Russia’s Black Sea Fleet in the occupied peninsula. The tanker is suspected of smuggling oil products.
The ship Maria is searches by the Prosecutor’s Office of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea
The Ukrainian Foreign Ministry has protested Russian President Vladimir Putin’s latest visit to Ukraine’s Crimea region, calling a it a “gross violation” of the country’s sovereignty and territoria…
Ukraine’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has expressed a strong protest over Russian President Vladimir Putin’s visit on August 10 to the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine – the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol. On August 10, Putin visited the Crimean peninsula, where he took part in the Shadow of Babylon bike show organized by the Night Wolves motorcycle club.
Ukraine has been angered after the Russian leader visited a bikers’ festival on the annexed peninsula.
Riding High: President Putin on Ural Bike at Annual Motorcycle Show in Sevastopol. For more great photos, visit the Sputnik International website
Russian President Vladimir Putin is known for his varied and extraordinary skills: he shoots guns, hunts, has a black belt in Karate, flies planes, and he rides bicycles.
VLADIMIR Putin squeezed into a set of VERY tight leathers as he joined an ultra-patriotic biker gang at a motorcycle show. The Russian strongman, 66, was snapped grinning at a bike show in Sevastopol – as 50,000 protesters demonstrated against his rule in Moscow.
Vladimir Putin rode his Ural bike with the patriotic Night Wolves bikers on the tenth anniversary of their annual bike show in Sevastopol, Crimea.
euronews (in English) Published on Aug 10, 2019 As massive anti-government protests took place in Moscow, Vladimir Putin rode a motorcycle with the Night Wolves bikers in annexed Crimea.… READ MORE : https://www.euronews.com/2019/08/10/w… Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/euronews?su… Watch our LIVE here: https://www.youtube.com/c/euronews/live
Global News Published on Aug 10, 2019 Russian President Vladimir Putin attended a bike show on the peninsula of Crimea, which Russia annexed from Ukraine in 2014.
Militants violated the ceasefire 13 times, one Ukrainian soldier died
Russia’s hybrid military forces mounted four attacks on Ukrainian army positions in Donbas, eastern Ukraine, with one Ukrainian guardsman reported as killed during a combat mission on April 10. The enemy opened fire from grenade launchers of various systems, heavy machine guns, and small arms.
Armed formations of the Russian Federation and Russian mercenaries mounted 13 attacks on Ukrainian positions in Donbas, eastern Ukraine, on Saturday, August 10, using proscribed weapons. Enemy troops regularly violate the “harvest” ceasefire, which was introduced on July 21.
Acting SBU chief visits front-line Shyrokyne. He visited one of the military units deployed there. Political – LB.ua news portal. Latest from Ukraine and the world today
State-owned company Ukrspetsexport and Turkish company Baykar Defense have established a joint venture in the field of precision weapons and aerospace technologies. This was reported by the press service of the National Security and Defense Council The company combined the capabilities of both countries’ defense complexes to mass produce new samples of modern weapons for their own armies. This will move away from classic arms purchase contracts to a whole new level of cooperation – the synergy of defense technologies and the combination of advanced developments from Turkey and Ukraine. One of the first joint venture projects will be the development of a new generation unmanned aerial vehicle. The drone will be able to conduct reconnaissance, be in the air for hours, develop high cruising speeds and strike high precision weapons. Such new drone capabilities will be made possible by the widespread use of composite materials, digital technologies, and Ukrainian-made engines capable of operating reliably in extreme conditions. They will also provide high UAV payloads that will carry a large number of weapons, even when compared to conventional assault aircraft. Ukraine and the Republic of Turkey have strong experience of effective cooperation in the field of defense technologies.
The Ukrainian state-owned company Ukrspetsexport and Turkey’s Baykar Defense have set up a joint venture in precision weapons and aerospace technologies. One of the first joint projects will be the development of a new generation unmanned aerial vehicle capable of detailed reconnaissance from high flight levels, hours in the air, high cruising speeds and strikes with a wide range of high-precision weapons. Such opportunities are planned to be achieved thanks to the widespread use of composite materials, digital technologies, as well as Ukrainian-made engines capable of operating reliably in extreme conditions. In addition, they will provide a high payload UAV, which will carry a large number of weapons, even compared to attack aircraft. Ukrspetsexport and Baykar have formed a joint venture Ukraine and the Republic of Turkey have strong experience of effective cooperation in the field of defense technologies. Turkish defense companies cooperate with Ukraine in the field of digital communication systems, drones, high-precision aviation weapons and more. Ukroboronprom’s companies are conducting joint projects on the creation of military transport aircraft, active defense systems for armored vehicles and radar systems. Ukrspetsexport and Baykar have formed a joint venture In other words, stable mutually beneficial work has been established in recent years, which allows us to combine the strengths of our defense-industrial complexes. And establishing a joint venture is another important step that will increase our countries’ defense capability.
The world’s first infantry fighting vehicle – the Soviet BMP-1, adopted in 1966, was equipped with a 73-mm gun. But later, most BMP designers found small-caliber automatic guns the best choice. They will be discussed in this article. Read also: Current trends in the development of weapons BMP: the tower When choosing a BMP main weapon, four factors are key: gun caliber; the way automation works; method of ammunition; size of ammunition. All these parameters are interrelated. For example, increasing the caliber can improve the striking properties of shells (armor-piercing and fragmentation), but inevitably leads to a reduction in ammunition. Reducing it below a certain indicator leads to the fact that the efficiency of a larger caliber gun becomes lower than a small caliber with a solid ammunition. 30mm standard Currently, the dominant weapon of the BMP is the automatic cannon caliber from 20 to 40 mm. Larger-caliber guns (including the Soviet 100mm low-impulse gun) are considered to be an unsuccessful solution for combat vehicles of this class, given the low rate of fire, small ammunition, and overly complex construction (both of the gun itself and of the complexity of the combat machine caused by its installation). 20 and 25 mm automatic guns are also gradually being put out of use. The reason is the relatively low impressive quality. The 25 mm projectile, with a muzzle energy of 109 kJ, has an armor-piercing of 80 mm at a distance of 1 km, which is considered to be insufficient given the constant increase in the level of armor protection of modern military equipment. The shell of such a caliber is charged with a charge of explosive weighing only 30 g. The only advantage of both of these calibers is a large ammunition: for 20 mm gun BMP “Marder” it is 1250 shells, and for 25 mm gun BMP M2 “Bradley” – 900. BMP Marder 1A3 BMD “Marder 1A3” At present, the standard 30mm caliber is practically standard. In the West, the most common ammunition is 30 × 173 mm, in the post-Soviet space, the less powerful is 30 × 165 mm. Their muzzle energy is in the range of 180-210 kJ, and armor piercing at a distance of 1 km – 100-110 mm. The weight of the explosive in a 30 mm projectile is about 40 g. Until recently, the characteristics of 30mm guns were quite sufficient to defeat BMPs. The relatively low striking properties of the high-explosive shells were offset by approximately 20 rounds of fire. Moderate dimensions of 30 mm ammunition allow to place in the BMP sufficient ammunition. As a rule, it is about 400 shells, including 200 ready to fire. Against this background stands out Soviet BMP-2: ready to fire ammunition of its gun is 500 shells (340 high-explosive and 160 armor-piercing). In recent years, there has been a tendency to increase the caliber of basic armaments of BMPs, for which there are two reasons. The first is to increase the security of new infantry fighting vehicles. The frontal projection of the Puma BMP, as well as the new M2 and CV90 modifications, is protected not only from ordinary 30mm sub-caliber shells with a detachable pallet (Armor-piercing, discarding-sabot, APDS), but also from sub-caliber feathered shells (Arm- piercing, fin-stabilized, discarding-sabot, APFSDS). The second is the use of Air Burns Munition (AVM) projectiles to hit “soft” (non-armored) targets with a programmed detonator. Increasing the caliber increases the effectiveness of the projectile AVM, in particular, increases the number of debris that are formed during blasting. The caliber is larger In the West, five main types of guns larger than 30 mm are offered for BMPs: 35 × 228 mm (KDA’s “Erlicon” on BMP CV9035NL); 40 × 180 mm (Super 40, US design); 40 × 255 mm (STAI, Franco-British development); 40 × 365R (Bofors on CV9040 and K21); 50 × 355 mm (Supershort, developed in Germany, currently considered in the US as an alternative to the Super 40) BMP CV9035NL BMP CV9035NL Each of the above systems has a special “pedigree”, as well as their pros and cons. The Swiss-German 35mm KDA cannon was originally designed as anti-aircraft gun, which resulted in its excellent ballistics and high rate of fire. The muzzle energy of this gun reaches 380 kJ and the armor penetration of 180 mm. The mass of the explosive in a high-explosive projectile is 110 g – almost three times that of a 30-mm projectile. In addition, ABM-class projectiles have been developed and successfully implemented for 35mm guns. However, the BMP ammunition armed with this gun is much smaller because of the larger dimensions of the 35mm shot compared to the 30mm. On the CV9035NL, it has 70 ready-to-use shots (two stores with 35 rounds) and 203 in the stack (more than twice the CV9030’s 30mm cannon). KDA gun marketing emphasizes that smaller ammunition is offset by higher ammunition efficiency. The Super 40 (40 × 180 mm) has been developed in the United States since 2001 and is currently being promoted as an inexpensive and effective solution for the armament of advanced armored vehicles. 40 × 180 mm ammunition is a slightly enlarged shot of 30 × 173 mm, and the gun is based on the 30 mm gun Mk 44 Bushmaster. The Super 40 shot has a relatively small size, so a BMP ammunition with a gun under this projectile can reach 80-90% of a similar BMP ammunition with a 30mm cannon. The muzzle energy is 340 kJ, the armor penetration is 120 mm. The MAV class projectile contains a charge of 70 g explosives. Currently, in the US, the Super 40 system competes with the 50mm Supershort system. BMP CV9035NL Shot with a sub-caliber feathered projectile for a Super 40 gun 40 × 255 mm STAI ammunition has been developed since 1994 and is “telescopic”: the projectile is completely recessed in the sleeve. A new, modern and very lightweight (340 kg) ST40 gun was developed under it. Its rate of fire is 200 shots per minute, and the time of transition from one type of ammunition to another – 3 seconds. The viability of the barrel is at least 10,000 shots. The design of the STAI shot made it possible to use an unmanned ammunition feeder system. Three variants of the ammunition supply system are available for the ST40: 68 missiles of three types or 42 or 70 shots of two types. Compared to traditional 30mm guns, these figures are very small, but according to the developers, they are quite sufficient given the high efficiency of STA shells: three such shells allegedly correspond to 21 shells of 30mm caliber. The muzzle energy is 500 kJ, armor piercing – 140-160 mm, the mass of the explosive in the high-explosive shells – 110 g. Pilot of a VBCI 2 wheeled BMP armed with a ST40 gun in a T40 double turret Pilot of a VBCI 2 wheeled BMP armed with a ST40 gun in a T40 double turret The 40mm 365 × 40mm Beaufort gun with ammunition looks like a real dinosaur against the background of the ultra-modern CT40 with CTAI shells. However, it applies not only to the far-off Swedish CVC CV9040, but also to the modern South Korean K21. In addition, the license for it in the version for BMP was acquired by India. The muzzle energy is 500 kJ. The standard Swedish projectile provides a relatively moderate armor-piercing – about 150 mm. In the Republic of Korea, a new sub-caliber feathered projectile with a composite pallet and a “self-sharpening” large-length core punching 220 mm steel armor (distance – 1 km, meeting angle – 60 °) has been developed for the Republic of Korea. This is enough to defeat most North Korean tanks. The high-explosive projectile contains 870 g of explosive material, which provides a large radius of destruction. In Sweden and the Republic of Korea, projectiles with programmable detonators have been designed for this gun. Read also: In the US, 30mm projectiles with proximity sensor were developed A significant disadvantage of “Beaufort” due to the design of the gun and ammunition – a small ammunition. The shop, located under the gun, contains 24 shells (three rows of eight). In Swedish BMPs, it is refilled manually, resulting in breaks in the fire. A much more interesting system is used in K21. The swinging shop deflects down for reloading, connecting to the feeder, which is tied to a mechanized shop with a capacity of about 90 rounds (in the form of a “carousel”). Completing a completely devastated store takes less than 10 seconds. The disadvantages of such a system – a fairly large bulging basket and the absence of isolation of ammunition from the crew. Pilot of a VBCI 2 wheeled BMP armed with a ST40 gun in a T40 double turret Comparative sizes of some automatic guns of modern BMPs. Wolski J. Kierunki rozwoju siły ognia BWP // Nowa Technika Wojskowa. – 2017. – №12 A very interesting offer was the ammunition 50 × 335 mm Supershort. Like STAI, they are telescopic. The basis is recalibrated ammunition “Erlikon” 35 × 228 mm. Initially, the development was in the interest of the program to create a BMD “Marder 2” in Germany, which was supposed to equip a dual-caliber 35/50 mm cannon with external drive. Such a gun under the designation Rh 503 was developed in the 1990s and has been tested for over ten years. The results were pretty good: a 522 kg cannon had a barrel survivability of 25,000 rounds and 5,000 rounds per shot. The rate of fire ranged from 150 to 400 rounds per minute. Supershort 50 × 335 mm ammunition has a muzzle energy of one thousand kJ and an armor piercing of 180-220 mm. In Germany, for the new BMP “Puma”, as a result, selected a gun “standard” caliber 30 mm. In 1990, the German development aroused interest from American specialists, and in 2003, General Dineemix gained full access to the Supershort 50 × 335 mm ammunition technology. Instead of the Rh 503 gun, the Bushmaster gun was adapted to these shells. As noted, the Supershort system competes with the 40mm Super 40 system. Characteristics of shells: armor-piercing at a distance of 1000 m (60 ° angle of encounter) Type of ammunition Muzzle energy, kJ Armor penetration, mm 25 × 137 mm 109 80 30 × 165 mm 180 100 30 × 173 mm 210 110 35 × 228 mm 380 130 40 × 180 mm Super 40 340 120 40 × 255 mm CTAI 500 140-160 140-160 500 150-220 50 × 355 mm Supershort 1000 180-220 Is it time to “hide” a caliber of 30 mm? The tendency for the increase in the caliber of the main armament of the BMP, which is clearly observed in recent times, is by no means indisputable. It turns out that the increase in caliber is not always a real increase in firepower. The magic of marketing calculations and field test results often has nothing to do with the harsh reality. The fact is that soldiers are not always fighting in strict accordance with the ideas of weapons developers. In the chaos of battle, they are often fired without accurate range determination, with bursts longer than theoretically required to accomplish a firing task. Often the shooting is conducted on inaccurately identified targets – so to speak, just in case. As a result, the estimated ammunition consumption to hit the target is not at all true. And if the total ammunition can be increased by taking some “extra” ammunition inside the BMP, then the drastic reduction of the ready-to-fire ammunition is a serious problem. Actively advertised projectiles with programmable detonators are also not a panacea. First, they are significantly more expensive than usual. Secondly, because of the inevitable mistakes of the fire control system and the detonator programmer, such shells still have to be fired in bursts (at least 3-5 shots). Third, the effectiveness of their use is determined by the exact timing and height of undermining the target. These calculations require the use of an “advanced” fire control system with a laser rangefinder and meteosensors, which is not fundamentally different from the modern tanks and very expensive (its cost can be 30-40% of the cost of BMP). The illusory efficiency of the larger caliber was brought to the attention of the Americans, considering the options for modernization of the BM2 M2 “Bradley”. They meticulously approached this question, having tested all the above systems both on stands and on combat vehicles. A prerequisite was the preservation of the existing Bradley Tower. It turned out that instead of 300 ready-to-shoot 25mm shells, only 93 50mm Supershort shells or 40mm STAIs could be placed in the turret. The installation of a cannon under the 40mm Super 40 shells, which made it possible to place 180 shells, looked better. She was slightly inferior to her installation of a 35mm KDA gun. Ammunition (BC) infantry fighting vehicles Type of BMP The caliber of the gun, mm BC is ready to fire General BC Marder 20 503 1255 M2 “Bradley” 25 300 900 BMP-2 30 500 500 ASCOD 30 300 390 CV9030 30 160 400 CV9035 35 70 273 CV9040 40 24 234 K21 40 24 more than 120 According to the results of comparative tests, it turned out that the guns of 35 mm, 40 mm STAI and 50 mm Supershort caliber when installed on BMP M2 twice inferior to the efficiency of the standard 25 mm M242 gun and the traditional 30 mm gun. The Super 40 projectile cannon looked better, but only because of its relatively large ammunition. The conclusion was unambiguous: the replacement of a 25 mm cannon with a larger caliber gun while maintaining a regular Bradley tower is meaningless. Currently, the US military is leaning towards the XM813 (30mm Bushmaster) in the deserted Kongsberg MST-30. This weapon variant is already being applied to parts of the Striker armored personnel carrier, but it is only considered as a temporary solution: a 50mm Supershort ammunition is now considered the main option for the prospective US BMP.
A member of Ukraine’s National Television and Radio Broadcasting Council says that the regulator will not let Russia’s radio station Echo of Moscow open a Kyiv bureau. The radio station’s chief Venediktov, in turn, explains no Ukrainian permission is needed as the branch will broadcast about Ukraine for Russia.
New parliament to first meet on 29 August. The preparation group supported the Servant of the People’s proposal. Political – LB.ua news portal. Latest from Ukraine and the world today
After casting his ballot in the recent parliamentary elections, Ukraine’s new president Volodymyr Zelenskyy repeated his desire for a law that would lift parliamentary immunity. Earlier, during the presidential campaign, Zelenskyy had announced his intention to waive parliamentary (as well as presidential and judiciary) immunity. In Ukraine, abolishing parliamentary immunity is a popular notion, because the Verkhovna Rada is one of the least-trusted institutions. Traditionally, some of Ukraine’s lawmakers find a seat in the Rada attractive because they seek protection from prosecution while pursuing their individual interests. There are downsides to abolishing immunity. The most extreme is this: Ukraine’s new lawmakers could end up at the mercy of the executive instead of being an effective counterweight. In Ukraine’s semi-presidential system, the government is accountable to parliament, too, rather than being subordinated exclusively to the president. If immunity were lifted, things may even go well for a while, as long as responsible people were in the right positions. However, should a power-conscious and ruthless individual take over, there would be trouble. It is all too easy to eliminate a parliament that gets in the way, with groundless proceedings or politically motivated accusations. The example of Cambodia on the eve of the 2018 parliamentary elections offers a recent warning. When things looked bad for President Hun Sen’s party in upcoming elections, the existing parliamentary majority of his party abolished lawmakers’ immunity. Shortly thereafter, all elected opposition members found themselves in court or prison, and in the end, Hun Sen’s party ended up with 100 percent of seats in parliament. The problem in Ukraine lies in how the immunity system is handled. Immunity is meant not to protect an individual member of parliament; it is supposed to safeguard the body of parliament and the activities it carries out. In other words, immunity must protect the freedom of speech of those elected, and not lead to impunity in other matters unrelated to a parliamentarian’s mandate. In developed parliamentary systems, at a certain point in investigations against a lawmaker, parliament is consulted. Parliament then checks whether the investigations underway could impair how parliament functions. If parliament concludes that its functioning is not impaired, it lifts the immunity of the lawmaker concerned; charges against him or her are brought and, if necessary, pre-trial detention is ordered. The examination and, if necessary, the waiver of immunity take place quickly and quite silently, so that proceedings under the rule of law against the lawmaker are not held up for long. In the Bundestag, the German federal parliament, a special committee (the Verification of Credentials and Immunities) is in charge. This small but elite committee, populated by the heads of the political groups within parliament, is tasked with dealing with immunity matters in a confidential fashion. They adopt, usually by consensus, a proposal for a plenary decision, which often appear formulaic. For example: “The Bundestag may decide: The immunity of deputy Schmidt is lifted with regard to the following specific preliminary proceedings and investigations.” The plenum usually reaches a decision without debate, most often unanimously. It is rare for any detail of the procedure to be leaked. The press coverage comes only later with the court proceedings. In Germany, the majority of immunity cases lack drama and usually address drunk driving or traffic infringements. And while this sometimes involves a hit-and-run case or crimes having to do with fraud or bankruptcy, the procedure remains the same. Coming back to Ukraine, abolishing immunity is no magic bullet to eliminate the impunity some lawmakers may seek and find with their parliamentary mandate. In itself, abolishing parliamentary immunity cannot break the critical link between oligarchic groups and mandates in parliament. It cannot make up for the existing flaws in the justice system and it would certainly not fix corruption. The fact that such a solution as abolishing immunity for lawmakers altogether is currently being sought in Ukraine points to the desire for an easy shortcut or indicates a lack of understanding of this parliamentary safeguard clause. Instead of abolishing immunity for lawmakers, it would be recommendable to use the immunity rules wisely in order to eliminate the effects of the de facto impunity of individual lawmakers without endangering parliament’s function and lawmakers’ independence in the long term. In order to achieve this, the new Verkhovna Rada’s committees must be staffed responsibly with individuals who are supported in their work. For example, respected and independent individuals should be assigned to the key parliamentary committees entrusted to deal with immunity matters. Experienced expert-colleagues from EU parliaments could assume a continuous partnership, consult their counterparts, and provide a second pair of eyes that the immunity procedure is implemented fairly and consistently. In a nascent democracy like Ukraine, with weak rule of law and a corrupt judiciary, abolishing parliamentary immunity altogether would weaken the Rada vis-à-vis an already strong president. If responsible individuals implemented immunity rules wisely, this could help safeguard the separation of powers and reduce the risk for lawmakers to be prosecuted on politically motivated charges in case they spoke up critically. This is the right way forward for Ukraine. Manfred Richter was the chief whip of the Free Democratic Party parliamentary group in the Bundestag from 1990 to 1994. At present, he is a board member of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom and frequently advises parliaments and political parties around the world. Miriam Kosmehl is a senior expert with the Bertelsmann Stiftung, a private operating foundation in Germany established in 1977 and an independent, nonpartisan and nonprofit think tank. She directed the Ukraine office of Friedrich Naumann Foundation from 2012 until 2017.
Ukraine’s Education Assembly (Освітня асамблея) is officially registered (archived copy) as a “community organization” in Ukraine. On its face, nothing about how they describe themselves sounds particularly worrisome, as seen in the group’s description of itself on their website: “Education Assembly is a project whose goal is comprehensive youth development (…) The project takes the form of lectures and seminars, held in a cozy and friendly atmosphere. Here we have the best speakers, willing to share their knowledge and experience across a variety of fields. The initiators of Education Assembly are active youth who are aware of the importance of knowledge in the contemporary world and strive to make this knowledge accessible to all.” Take even a slightly more focused glance at the organization, though, and things will start to look different. You’ll probably notice that Education Assembly’s logo resembles that of a Ukrainian neo-Nazi group, C14. The lower half of Education Assembly’s logo, a black-and-white globe, is exactly the same as C14’s, as are the black bars above the globe where Education Assembly’s name is written.
This week, a Ukrainian court ruled it’s not OK to call a neo-Nazi group a neo-Nazi group. In May 2018, a tweet from Ukrainian independent media outlet Hromadske, on its international English-language Twitter account, described C14 as “neo-Nazi.” “Neo-nazi group C14 has seized a former militant of the self-proclaimed “Donetsk People’s Republic”, Brazilian Rafael Lusvarghi, and were going to hand him over to #Ukraine’s Security Service, one of the group members posted on Facebook,” the tweet read, referencing C14’s extralegal seizure of a Brazilian man who had allegedly fought with Russian-led forces in eastern Ukraine. In response to this tweet, C14 sued Hromadske. On August 6, 2019, a court in Kyiv ruled in C14’s favour. As Hromadske’s own story on the verdict reports: “[the] court noted that the information circulated by Hromadske back in May 2018 “harms the reputation” of C14 and ordered Hromadske to refute the information and pay 3,500UAH ($136) in court fees to C14.” But, as we explain here in this brief investigation, the phrase “neo-Nazi” should be used to describe C14. The group’s past and present use of common neo-Nazi symbols and its violent rhetoric and actions make one thing clear: it’s completely justifiable, despite what a Ukrainian court has just ruled and despite their efforts to sanitize their public image, to call C14 “neo-Nazi.”
A police officer who has beaten an old man in a tram in Kharkiv has been suspended from performing duties. The policeman is facing dismissal.
Enormous narcotic poppy field found in Poltava Region. Police say the case is unprecedented. Political – LB.ua news portal. Latest from Ukraine and the world today