Information operations · Information Warfare · Iran

Iran Escalation (46)

Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting.

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Tehran appears determined to start a shooting war, or trying very hard to send that message. They tested an IRBM and made multiple inflammatory statements. Brazil threatened over sanctions observance, others will likely follow.

USN to escort US-flagged tankers, RN to escort UK flagged tankers, and the US with the UK working on forming a coalition force for tanker escorts. SECSTATE offers to visit Tehran.

Multiple analyses, OpEds and backgrounders. Most interesting by Salman Al-dossary who appears to be blaming the West for Tehran’s lack of restraint and decency.

Iran test-fires medium-range ballistic missile, US official says | Fox News

Iran successfully test-fired a medium-range ballistic missile Wednesday which flew more than 600 miles from the southern part of the country to an area outside Tehran.

U.S. Official: Iran Just Fired A Ballistic Missile | Daily Wire

On Wednesday, ratcheting up tension between the United States and Iran, Iran successfully test-fired a medium-range ballistic missile that flew 600 miles.

Iran test fires Shahab-3 medium-range ballistic missile — US media – World – TASS

According to Fox News, Shahab-3 ballistic missile was launched in the early hours on July 25 from the southern part of Iran

Shahab-3 – Wikipedia

The Shahab-3 (Persian: Šahâb 3‎; meaning “meteor”) is a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) developed by Iran and based on the North Korean Nodong-1.[9][10] The Shahab-3 has a range of 1,000 kilometres (620 mi); a MRBM variant can now reach 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) (can hit targets as far as Israel, Egypt, Romania, Bulgaria and Greece).[11] It was tested from 1998 to 2003 and added to the military arsenal on July 7, 2003, with an official unveiling by Ayatollah Khamenei on July 20. With an accuracy of 2,500 m CEP, the Shahab-3 missile is primarily effective against large, soft targets (like cities). Given the Shahab-3’s payload capacity, it would likely be capable of delivering nuclear warheads. According to the IAEA, Iran in the early 2000s may have explored various fuzing, arming and firing systems to make the Shahab-3 more capable of reliably delivering a nuclear warhead.[12] The forerunners to this missile include the Shahab-1 and Shahab-2. The then-Iranian Defense Minister Admiral Shamkhani has denied that Iran plans to develop a Shahab-4. Some successors to the Shahab have longer range and are also more maneuverable.[13][14][15] Operating under the Sanam Industrial Group (Department 140), which is part of the Defense Industries Organization of Iran, the Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group (SHIG), led the development of the Shahab missile.[16] US Air Force National Air and Space Intelligence Center estimates that as of June 2017 less than 50 launchers were operationally deployed.[17]


Shahab-3, 3A / Zelzal-3 © Charles P. Vick 2007 All Rights Reserved Shahab-3, 3A / Zelzal-3 The Iranian Shahab-3 ballistic missile means Meteor-3 or Shooting Star-3 in Farsi [alternatively designated Zelzal (Earthquake)] is derived from the 1,350-1,600 kilometer range North Korean No-dong missile. The Shahab-3 reportedly has a range of between 1,350 and 1,600 kilometers and is capable of carrying a 1,000-760-650 kilogram warhead. Through Spring 2010 there was an estimated 300 Shahab-3’s of various types deployed in Iran.

In fresh challenge, defiant Iran tests medium-range missile – report | The Times of Israel

Tehran said to fire Shahab-3 ballistic missile, believed to be capable of carrying nuclear warhead, violating Security Council resolution

Iran test fires missile in brazen show of defiance to US and UK – Daily Star

IRAN has reportedly fired a powerful ballistic missile as tensions continue to escalate in the Persian Gulf.

In Escalation, Iran Tests Medium-Range Missile, U.S. Official Says – The New York Times

A military official said on Thursday that Iran had fired a Shahab-3 medium-range missile on Wednesday, but added that the test did not pose a threat to Western interests in the region.

Iran World War 3 latest: Missile fired in menacing threat to West | World | News |

IRAN has fired a missile that travelled 1,000km (620miles) in a test late on Wednesday according to reports.

Top Khamenei aide says no talks with U.S. under any circumstances – Reuters

The top military adviser to Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said on Wednesday that Tehran would not negotiate with the United States under any circumstances, an apparent hardening of its position as the Gulf tanker crisis escalates.

Khamenei aide: No talks with U.S. under any circumstances – Middle East – Jerusalem Post

Earlier on Wednesday, Iran’s pragmatist president, Hassan Rouhani said Iran was ready for “just negotiations” but not if they mean surrender.

Iran’s Rouhani hints at tanker exchange with UK – CNN

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani appeared to signal Wednesday that his country might be willing to release a British-flagged oil tanker it seized—in return for the UK’s release of a detained Iranian tanker.

Iran’s president hints at quid pro quo to release seized British ship – Los Angeles Times

Iran’s president suggested on Wednesday that Iran might release a U.K. ship

Suggesting a Tanker Swap, Iran Hints at a Compromise – The New York Times

President Hassan Rouhani’s offer may be a gesture toward reducing the escalating tensions between Iran and the West.

Rouhani says Strait of Hormuz no place for ‘joking’ – Tehran Times

TEHRAN – Referring to recent U.S. and UK adventurisms in the Strait of Hormuz, President Hassan Rouhani warned on Wednesday that the strategic waterway is no place for joking.

Iran Warns Brazil Over Stranded Ship Barred From Refueling – Bloomberg

Iran has threatened to cut its imports from Brazil unless it allows the refueling of at least two Iranian ships stranded off the Brazilian coast, a sign of the global repercussions of U.S. sanctions on the Islamic republic.

U.S. Campaign Against Iran in Latin America Comes to Brazil

Brazil is refusing to refuel two Iranian ships for fear of being hit with President Donald Trump’s sanctions as the U.S. and Iran vie for influence in Latin America.

Iran news: Iranians call US drones claim a “big lie,” vow to secure Strait of Hormuz as United Kingdom allies in Persian Gulf – CBS News

Tehran dismisses U.S. drone claims as &quot;big lies&quot; and warns of more &quot;insecurity&quot; as Europe mobilizes a naval force to protect Persian Gulf shipping

Swedish owners make first contact with crew on tanker seized by Iran – The Local

The Swedish company that owns the UK-flagged oil tanker seized by Iran said on Wednesday it had finally been able to contact its crew being held on board and they declared themselves “safe”.

Iran releases 9 Indian crew from detained British vessel | World News | Manorama English

Iran has released nine out of 12 Indians who were on board the ship MT Riah that was detained in early July. However, 21 Indians — three from MT Riah and 18 from British oil tanker Stena Impero– are still in detention in Iran.. Iran ship. Gibraltar. Britain. Stena Impero. MEA.

Flags of inconvenience: noose tightens around Iranian shipping – Reuters

Somewhere on its journey from the waters off Iran, around Africa’s southern tip and into the Mediterranean, the Grace 1 oil tanker lost the flag under which it sailed and ceased to be registered to Panama. Iran later claimed it as its own.

Flags of inconvenience – noose tightens around Iranian shipping – Reuters

Somewhere on its journey from the waters off Iran, around Africa’s southern tip and into the Mediterranean, the Grace 1 oil tanker lost the flag under which it sailed and ceased to be registered to Panama. Iran later claimed it as its own.


U.S. Aims a Megaphone at Iranian Public as Part of Pressure Campaign – WSJ

The effort uses social media, YouTube and traditional broadcasters to appeal for opposition to the leadership in Tehran, but many in the country seem dismissive of its effectiveness.

Pompeo pledges ‘collective defense’ of shipping threatened by Iran

U.S. and European allies will cooperate to protect international shipping from threats posed by Iran, according to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

New Pentagon chief says U.S. will ‘escort’ American-flagged ships facing Iranian threats – The Washington Post

Defense Secretary Mark T. Esper said initiative doesn’t necessarily mean every U.S.-flagged ship going through the Strait of Hormuz will have a destroyer behind it.

New Pentagon chief to tackle Iran with Centcom | TheHill

Defense Secretary Mark Esper on Wednesday said that he will travel to U.S. Central Command headquarters in Florida next week to discuss details of a plan to monitor hostile Iranian activity in the Persian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz.

U.S. Military ‘Will Be Available’ to Escort Commercial Ships Passing Iran | The National Interest

“We will escort our ships to the degree that the risk demands it.”

U.S. Military ‘Will Be Available’ to Escort Commercial Ships Passing Iran

The U.S. military could escort American ships through key waterways in the Middle East, Defense Secretary Mark Esper told reporters on Wednesday.&quot;We will escort our ships to the degree that the risk demands it,&quot; Esper said at a Pentagon media availability.However, Esper stressed on Wednesday

US Invited EU, Asian Countries to Join Coalition to Secure Strait of Hormuz – Pompeo – Sputnik International

MOSCOW (Sputnik) – The United States has invited Australia, France, Germany, Japan, Norway, South Korea and the United Kingdom, among others, to join an international coalition to ensure security in the Strait of Hormuz, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in the wake of recent security incidents in the area.

Pompeo says he’d go to Iran if needed as he asks U.S. allies to join maritime force – Reuters

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Thursday he was willing to go to Iran for talks amid tensions between Tehran and Washington, but also called on Japan, Britain and other nations to join a maritime force to guard oil tankers sailing through the Strait of Hormuz.

Pompeo Says He Would Go to Tehran to Take Message to Iranians – Bloomberg

Secretary of State Michael Pompeo said he would be willing to travel to Tehran to address the Iranian people about U.S. foreign policy as the Trump administration applies maximum pressure on the Islamic Republic to renegotiate a nuclear accord.

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Iran, North Korea, the Middle East – YouTube

Bloomberg Markets and Finance Published on Jul 25, 2019 Jul.25 — U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo discusses with Bloomberg’s Kevin Cirilli about the tension in the Mid-east, continues to urge Turkey not to make the S-400 missile defense system it purchased from Russia “operational”.

Pompeo Says He’d Go to Tehran, Welcomes Chance to Speak Directly to Iranians – YouTube

Bloomberg Politics Published on Jul 25, 2019 Jul.25 — Secretary of State Michael Pompeo comments on U.S. policy toward Iran during an interview with Bloomberg’s Kevin Cirilli on “Bloomberg Markets: What’d You Miss?”

Pompeo says would ‘happily’ go to Tehran

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Thursday he would &quot;happily&quot; go to Tehran to address tensions between the two countries over US sanctions on the Gulf nation. Pompeo explained in an interview with Bloomberg he would willingly appear on Iranian television to explain US reasoning behind


Iran tanker seizure: Royal Navy frigate to escort UK ships – BBC News

The move follows the seizure by Iran of a British-flagged tanker in the Strait of Hormuz.

Iran threat: Royal Navy warship will protect all British-flagged vessels through Gulf | UK | News |

THE ROYAL NAVY will now accompany British-lagged vessels through the Strait of Hormuz as relationship remain strained with Iran over the seizure of a UK oil tanker last week.

Navy to guard UK ships in strait of Hormuz, MoD says | UK news | The Guardian

Ministry of Defence says it will defend freedom of navigation after Iran seized a tanker

In a naval confrontation with Iran, Great Britain can find neither ships nor friends

As the United Kingdom faces an Iranian threat to its shipping in the Strait of Hormuz, the United States and its other NATO allies have been reluctant to get involved, leaving a diminished and overstretched Royal Navy to its own devices.

UK navy to escort British-flagged vessels through Strait of Hormuz amid tensions with Iran | Fox News

Sources tell Sky News that the British Department of Transport is asking the shipping industry to alert the government of its travel plans in the gulf region.

The Royal Navy Will Now Protect Every British Ship Passing Near Iran

.07/26/2019 8:18:01AM EST.

British navy to escort ships through Strait of Hormuz

Britain’s navy announced Thursday that it will accompany British ships through the Strait of Hormuz after Iran seized one of its tankers.

Iran crisis: UK Navy to escort tankers through Strait of Hormuz – CNN

The UK Royal Navy will now accompany British-flagged oil tankers through the Strait of Hormuz, the British Ministry of Defense said in a statement Thursday.

Britain’s Power Play in the Persian Gulf – Foreign Policy

The United Kingdom hopes to get European countries to join it in a maritime coalition to protect vulnerable tankers near Iran.

Britain Should Not Reward Iranian Hostage-Taking – Bloomberg

Trading a legally detained ship for an unjustly seized one is a losing proposition.


The Iranian Navy’s Sorry History of Losing Every Fight | The National Interest


Why The Oil Market Isn’t Spooked By Iran | Seeking Alpha

Oil market used to react strongly to any hostility in or around the Strait of Hormuz. But in 2019, the likelihood of a disruption and its potential effects have

Iran Fell in the Trap | Asharq AL-awsat

Salman Al-dossary Salman Al-dossary Salman Aldosary is the former editor-in-chief of Asharq Al-Awsat newspaper A A When Iran posted a video of five masked Revolutionary Guards troops landing from a helicopter on the surface of British-flagged tanker Stena Impero, seizing the ship, forcing it to head to the port of Bandar Abbas and raising the Iranian flag on it, it did so proudly to assert its influence on the Strait of Hormuz and its ability to control between 30 and 40 percent of sea-transported oil worldwide. It also did so in retaliation for Britain’s detention of an Iranian oil tanker in Gibraltar. However, the Iranian regime, without knowing, fell into the trap that was set for it. The dangerous behavior of seizing the British tanker, as pirates do in the Horn of Africa, turned the European compass, which has long been neutral in the battle between the United States and Iran, towards an alignment with the US stance. Britain immediately announced the formation of a maritime protection force led by Europe to protect shipping in the Strait of Hormuz, and London is working to urge the European Union and the United Nations to re-impose sanctions on Tehran, which were suspended in 2016. That in addition to the freezing of Iranian assets in the United Kingdom. Thus, the international position against Iran is being reshaped and is no longer seen as a US-Iranian conflict with Europe on the sidelines. The European countries have gradually entered the battle after watching from afar. After the fall of Iran into the trap, Europe and the United States are now almost on the same bank. The only difference lies in their handling of the crisis. While Washington is strict and preparing the punishment, European capitals are against escalation or any action that causes war in the region. The truth is that all are against this war, in which everyone will lose. But Iran’s loss will be catastrophic. Undoubtedly, the engagement of European countries, through maritime alliances, to face Iranian provocations, will put them in direct confrontation with Tehran’s aggressive behavior and make them unable to release statements on “self-constraint”. If the United States and its allies in the region, led by Saudi Arabia, are directly opposing Iran and its tyranny, the circle has recently expanded with the accession of European capitals, which in turn will not remain silent as Tehran makes more provocations through tanker wars and disruption of oil supplies through a vital artery such as the Strait of Hormuz. After Iran faced the world with a contradictory message that tension in the Gulf was due to its direct confrontation with Washington and Riyadh, the number of countries opposing it increased after the joining of major world powers against it. In the coming days, the circle is expected to expand to put Iran in a corner from which it has been fighting to get out. Today, it faces two bitter choices: either to surrender to the severe sanctions, leading it to negotiations in which it will accept harsh conditions that would return it to the international community and stop its nuclear project; or to continue its provocations, but this time it will be confronted by the entire international community. As the crisis moves to option B – the military action – the conflict will not be limited to the United States and Saudi Arabia against Iran, but will extend to the whole world against Iran. This will weaken Tehran’s position militarily and diplomatically and drive it towards the unknown. In 1987, Operation Earnest Will was launched to protect oil tankers in the waters of the Gulf, in response to an escalation by Iran, when the Revolutionary Guards confronted Western naval forces in the waters of the Gulf during the Iran-Iraq war. This decision, however, had a terrible backlash against the Iranian regime, giving Western governments the pretext to ally against it. The Iranian ship attacks left little impact on tankers, oil supplies or oil prices, but escalated the confrontation with Western military forces, culminating in a large Iranian naval defeat by the US Navy in 1988, and certainly the final result this time will not differ greatly.

Here’s Why Naval Convoys Are An Ideal Solution Hated By Everyone – The Drive

As Iran threatens commercial shipping in the Straits of Hormuz, many are calling for convoys. Here is why they aren’t so easy to execute or maintain.

Iran tanker seizure: Why is the Strait of Hormuz so important? – BBC News

What is the Strait of Hormuz and why does it matter?

Iran: ‘It’s Getting More Dangerous as We go Along… Britain Needs to Distinguish Itself Sharply From US’ – Academic – Sputnik International

Iran has rejected plans for a European maritime force to defend shipping in the Strait of Hormuz. This decision from the country follows announcements made by Jeremy Hunt earlier this week to seek a coalition between counterparts in Europe. Speaking from Tehran, Iranian Vice-President, Eshaq Jahangiri, ruled that any international coalition to protect the Gulf would bring only insecurity. Focusing on the growing tensions between Iran and Britain and this most recent refusal from Tehran; Professor John Dunn from Kings College at the University of Cambridge, said that Britain is in a very awkward position.

Iran news: UK ‘dragged into US-Iran tensions by Donald Trump’s security advisor’ | World | News |

BRITAIN has been dragged into the United States’ diplomatic war with Iran after being pressured by Donald Trump’s security adviser John Bolton, an analyst has claimed.