The report’s release came as President Trump met with Russian President Vladimir Putin at this year’s G20 summit in Osaka, Japan.
Mr. Trump said he again confronted Mr. Putin about meddling in the 2016 U.S. election — a key example of Moscow’s efforts to exert influence around the world. The president said Mr. Putin denied allegations of election interference.
“How many times can you get someone to deny something?” Mr. Trump said. “We talked about it. We talked about a lot of other things.”
But the Pentagon study argues that election interference is just one example of Russia’s multi-pronged strategy to reclaim status as a major world power.
In Europe, for example, the report examines how Russia has used its energy resources — and the fact that Europe is increasingly dependent on Moscow for its energy needs — to wield political influence across the continent.
The strategy also includes its development of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, a massive project that will deliver huge quantities of fuel directly to Europe.
Another example can be found in Venezuela, where Russia quickly gave a full-throated support to socialist President Nicolas Maduro as a way of thwarting American objectives. The Trump administration has demanded Mr. Maduro step down and instead recognizes political opposition leader Juan Guaido as the country’s rightful president.
The report’s overarching theme is that the U.S. needs a sweeping, comprehensive plan to fight back against Russia.
“Despite the strength of Russia’s growing influence abroad and the diverse array of gray zone tactics it uses to achieve its strategic goals, the US can still limit the results of this grand strategy,” the study says. “There is broad consensus among the contributors that countering Russian provocations will require the use of all instruments of national power.”