Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting.
Due to technical problems on my end, I’m publishing #169 first, then #168.
Arctic combat backgrounder. Su-57 to enter production in November. Debate in Russia over SSBNs lacking countermeasures. Thirty articles on Russia’s V-E day events – they managed to thoroughly offend every other post-Soviet republic, and possibly everybody else who fought the Nazis. Gudkov’s comments on militarism are appropriate. Six reports on the GRU Montenegro FUBAR. A dozen other Russia related reports, and two on the defected Beluga.
The leading report from Ukraine is Giuliani’s intended visit where he has actively announced his intent to lobby Zelensky to pursue investigations damaging to POTUS’ political opponents in the US. IR reports, ITLOS hearing, Crimea update.
Donbas update, and KIA stats. RN and VMS EX near Odessa. Industry update – Bohdana SP gun to be tested with Turkish ammo, LSARP presents MiG-29MU2 prototype, two space sector updates, and industry policy.
SBU Head Hrytsak decorated by Pres Poroshenko with Hero of Ukraine. Politics update – Ze complains about Pres Poroshenko’s ongoing promotions and firings spree, while he waits for the parliament to decide on an inauguration date.
The U.S. State Department has announced that Secretary of State Mike Pompeo will meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov during a visit to Russia on May 13 and…
Moscow is growing belligerent in its quest to pry open the icy route to the Atlantic. The U.S. and Britain are racing to catch up, but is it too late?
Russian air forces will receive the first newest heavy fighter of the fifth generation of Su-57 already this year – the aircraft will be transferred to the AeroSpace Forces (RF) by November 2019 / On May 7 this year Interfax reported, citing a well-informed source. “By the end of the year, the first Su-57 will go to the VCS of the Russian Federation. Delivery is scheduled for November, “- said the source of the agency. Such terms are related to the fact that recently the Army-2018 Forum in Russia signed a contract for the delivery of the Russian Ministry of Defense of the first two Su-57 planes, one of them to be received by the SCU in 2019, one more in 2020 year In total, it is planned in the coming years to put on the armament of the VCS of at least 15 serial aircraft of this type. The Su-57 is a future Russian heavy fighter, which is scheduled to replace the obsolete Su-27, which is approaching the modernization ceiling. The development of the Su-57 was carried out within the framework of the PAK FA project (a prospective aviation complex of front aviation), the plant was given the T-50 factory index. Despite the fact that its first Su-57 flight was conducted in 2010, and during the seven years it was manufactured twelve test samples, the Ministry of Defense of Russia does not plan to order these aircraft massively – in the period from 2019 to 2027 Russian air forces will replenish only 12 of these machines, of which only the last two will fully meet the requirements of serial production of this project. In Russia, the reluctance to purchase this aircraft is massive because the high-tech fighter turned out to be quite expensive and difficult in production and could be successfully replaced by a simpler and cheaper Su-35.
For the immediate foreseeable future, even the latest Russian submarines will lack effective anti-torpedo protection, claims military expert Maxim Klimov in an article for the Russian news outlet Military Review, after analyzing Izvestia’s interview with Konstantin Drobot, chief designer of the Paket-E/NK anti-torpedo system. The expert bases his conclusion on the example of the K-560 “Severodvinsk”, the primary submarine in project 885 “Yasen”. The vessel was adopted into Russia’s North Fleet in 2014, but still does not have an anti-torpedo defense system. Klimov believes that this is confirmed by what Drobot said, that a submarine version of the Paket-E/NK system has not yet been created. “This being the case, our submarines essentially lack effective passive anti-torpedo protection,” Klimov remarks, referring specifically to the sonar countermeasures that are effective against modern torpedoes. “Both the vessels of project Yasen and the nuclear submarines of project 955 Borei lack elementary protection against torpedoes,” he continues. “The military and the manufacturers are fully aware of this. However, there is no doubt that, if the real situation were reported to the supreme commander-in-chief (according to Russia’s constitution, this position is held by the president), the matter would be resolved in a year, two at most,” he believes. Yasen and Borei-class submarines are the fourth and latest generation, with the latter still in the development phase. At present, Russia is building only one Yasen-class submarine, the “Severodvinsk”. The three Borei-class submarines under construction have been named “Yuriy Dolgoruky”, “Alexander Nevsky” and “Vladimir Monomakh”. The Borei-class submarines form the sea component of Russia’s nuclear triad.
Russian engineers have created and successfully tested the Package-E / NK anti-torpedo complex. Turned out to be immersed: what are Russian submarine drones capable of Why new combat submarines of the Russian Navy caused a stir among NATO military experts Konstantin Drobot, Chief Designer of the State Research and Production Enterprise “Region” (part of the Tactical Missile Weapons Corporation), spoke about the unique features of this system. “The first purpose of our complex is the immediate destruction of the submarines attacking the ship. The second mission is to protect the ship from torpedo attacks, ”Drobot told Izvestia. He noted that the main innovation was the automated solution of anti-torpedo protection tasks. The system independently detects an attacking torpedo, makes calculations, gives target designation and makes a launch. “Abroad, many years ago they wrote a lot about the development of counter-torpedoes. This is done by the United States, and Germany, and France, and Italy. But, judging by what we know about the practical results of these developments, our products today have no analogues, ”added Drobot. Read more – in an interview with Izvestia: “Nobody had any reliable anti-torpedoes”
In an interview with K. Drobot, Chief Designer of GNPP Region OJSC , on April 24, 2019, the newspaper Izvestiya presented facts to confirm the author’s earlier suggestions about serious problems with the armament complex of the newest nuclear submarine (Severodvinsk) (project 885 Yasen”). – Will a similar complex for submarines be created? – Considering that the problem is solved on a surface ship, it can be solved for a submarine . But it’s too early to disclose the details. “Cardboard Protection” Apparently, Mr. Drobot should be reminded that: On October 19, 1993, between the Ministry of Defense and OAO GNPP Region, a state contract No. 6/93 was concluded for the implementation of the ROC code Lasta. According to the statement of execution … delivery of the equipment of the BKASU Okrug-L to ensure SHI of order No. 160 , the deadline is 30.09.2010. The decision of February 4, 2013 in case number A40-145774 / 2012 . Order 160 is APCRR “Severodvinsk” (project 885 “Ash”). The name of the topic “Lasta”, to create active anti-torpedo protection (PTZ), has been known since the 90s. from the books of Admiral of the Captain’s fleet. The conclusion from the materials of the arbitration case: the project 885 should have been in the anti-torpedo ammunition . Technically, at the time of 2013-2011. it was absolutely real. Acceptance act of the AICR “Severodvinsk” was signed on December 30, 2013 with the complicity of the then commander-in-chief of the Navy Chirkova V.V. Considering the frankly scandalous circumstances of its signing and the “situation” on the 160th order, the rise of the naval flag on the APCRR “Severodvinsk” was delayed, but nevertheless took place on June 17, 2014. APKR “Severodvinsk” in the Navy for five years, however, as follows from the interview with Mr. Drobot “Izvestia”, the situation with anti-torpedoes looks like “the problem can only be solved” (despite the fact that it began to be solved in the late 80s ., and the first successful targeting of anti-torpedo prototypes took place back in 1998). This is confirmed by the latest materials of arbitration courts: The decision of November 20, 2017 on the case number A40-161729 / 2017. The Ministry of Defense and JSC GNPP Region signed a state contract No. H / 1/6/0577/1 K-13-DGOZ dated November 1, 2013 for the development of Lasta. … the work on stage No. 6 of the ROC was not completed and the Customer was not handed over; the delay is 655 days. Resolution of February 27, 2018 on the case number A40-161729 / 2017 . The decision of the Arbitration Court of the city of Moscow of 13.11.2017 in case No. A40-161729 / 17 to remain unchanged, the appeal complaint – without satisfaction. All this means that the 1993 state contract for Laste was disrupted, and the government contract with SNNP Region (the General Director Krylov I.V.) was also broken and renegotiated at the end of 2013. APKR “Severodvinsk” handed over to the Navy There is no active anti-torpedo protection (anti-torpedo) provided for in the Severodvinsk project. In this case, our submarines actually have no effective passive anti-torpedo protection (means of hydroacoustic counteraction, SGPD), in the sense of effective, against modern torpedoes, SGPD. Rear Admiral A. Lutsky (retired collection No. 7, 2010): … Subscriber projects “Ash” and “Borey” under construction are proposed to be equipped with PTZ systems, the development specifications of which were compiled in the 1980s, the results of studies of the effectiveness of these tools against modern torpedoes testify to the exceptionally low probability of non-damaging submarine submarines. Today, what Lutsky wrote about in 2010 is in the GOZ and is delivered to the Navy (at the extremely high cost of the products themselves). “It could happen” only with forgery with tests, for example, holding them against obviously outdated torpedoes. I am sure: there was not a single test of the “newest” PTZ complex developed by the SPPM “Malachite” against new torpedoes. Does the general director of SPBM Malachite Dorofeyev know about this? Of course. At the same time, in the mass of advertising publications (and at the budget expense), he tells the society and the leadership how we supposedly “everything is very wonderful” with new submarines. I would like to emphasize that the author’s opinion on this complex is quite competent, and, moreover, at the request of the head of the marine underwater weapons service of the Navy of Taran, the author made a brief (literally 1 sheet in tabular form) analysis of the problems of this complex in January 2015 by their decision. The document was also transferred to the Malakhit SPBM, the chief designer for armaments in the city of Nikolaev. Reaction: He just chuckled. There were no objections. Those. what to do is clear. Only for this you need to recognize the problem. But with this the officials are very hard. And today, in addition to the already “plowed up” earlier on the dead-end direction of OCR billions, the same will be done already in the series. The modern development of the Malakhit SPBM for PTZ is obviously ineffective and preserves the critical lag of the Russian Navy in this extremely important segment of weapons and military equipment (IWT). Where did the author information? Yes, from the publications of the “technical details” in the special press of SPhMM “Malachite” itself! We have almost completely destroyed (including under the pretext of pseudo-secrecy) discussions on concepts, development trends of weapons and military equipment, while the mass of “technical information” on special systems (including the latest and under development) is freely available. What is characteristic, in the USA, the approach to limiting information is just the opposite: they have serious discussions on concepts and directions, but they very tightly close the “technical details”. All this means that there is no effective anti-torpedo protection of our submarines and will not be in the near future. On the “tank-land language”: “tanks” with “cardboard armor” were handed over to the armed forces, for which the country simply spent enormous funds (building extremely expensive APRD projects “Yasen” and “Borey” without elementary protection). All of their “cardboard” accepted by the military and the surrendered industry were well aware. At the same time, there is no doubt that if the real situation was brought to the supreme commander-in-chief, the issue would have been resolved in a year, maximum two (for there are no technical problems). It is very appropriate to recall a similar example in the ground forces (which ended, quite differently than in the Navy): It all started with the fact that in Chechnya during the performance of a combat mission a soldier protected by a bullet-proof vest died from a pistol bullet of a gangster. Bandyuk shot from “Makarov”, and according to all calculations from this weapon body armor can not be pierced. Counterintelligence drew attention to this and reported to the General Staff. General of the Army Yury Baluyevsky, who was chief of the General Staff at that time, ordered his deputy, General Alexander Skvortsov, to check what was the matter. Skvortsov took a choice of several bronikov from a large party, which was supplied by the firm “Artess”, and went to the landfill, where he himself shot the vests. Bullets were piercing armor like tissue paper. After that, the general went to the company to check the quality of the goods on the spot. He was given a control vest from a huge batch of 500 pieces. Oddly enough, this product turned out to be of high quality – its plates consisted of all the 30 layers of so-called ballistic fabric (or Kevlar). And the bullets did not flash it. When the general himself chose several body armor for testing, it all cleared up: in some, there were not even 15 layers of Kevlar … After that, the Investigative Committee attached to the Prosecutor’s Office (UPC) of the Russian Federation joined the case. You still need to reach the point of the volley … Yes, Project 885 has a powerful missile system. However, it is necessary to objectively understand that its capabilities are at the level of 2-3 long-range bombers (while the Caliber missile cruise missiles (CR) are significantly inferior to the X-555 bombers CR), and are significantly inferior to the 949AM project (and the SSGN “Ohio” US Navy). However, it is also necessary to reach the point of the volley. And given the fact that the antisubmarine defense of the enemy begins from our bases, the probability of this for us is much closer to zero than to one. In addition, the problems of protection are not the only problems of our submarine forces. According to the ancient complex of underwater weapons in our “newest” 4th generation from one of its developers: There were a number of submarine projects that were considered generation: 971-3, 881, 957, 958, Corsair (975). Everywhere we put group hydraulic TAs, with the exception of Nelma, project 833. One by one, all projects were closed. And only one project, 885, somehow went through all the design stages and was accepted for construction. For us, this project has long been the only real embodiment of the TA generation. Projects 955 and 955A are underway now … the same were left, either sadness or laughter, the powerplant parameters of the torpedo tubes, as they were for 3 generations. And this is only a small part of the real acute problems of our submarine shipbuilding, problems that are vigorously concealed and hidden in reports to the leadership of the country and the armed forces. In a number of publications on the subject of anti-torpedoes, the author called what happened with “anti-torpedo sabotage.” And that was exactly the case! More specifically, it all started in 2003. At first, tests were carried out on Ladoga, after which it became obvious to the specialists and the leadership of the Malachite SPBM that the “promising” PTZ complex (the lead developer of the Malachite SPBM) not only “everything is bad” with new torpedoes, but also with old, soft speaking, it is not clear that. For in the ideology of the construction and application of this complex were laid fundamental errors. Where does the author know all this? From publications in a special open press. Of course, there were no “scary words” like “torpedo”. But even if the technical text and test data “shells” called “cucumbers”, experts still understand what is at stake. I emphasize once again: what Lutsky wrote about 2010, in Malachite (and its contractors), they knew exactly from 2003. However, budget billions were actively not only learning about deadlock topics, but topics that were left “naked” our opponent’s weapon In 2003, the author, being trained as a crew member at the Obninsk Navy Training Center, in the course of working out a naval combat crew for overcoming mine obstacles from the Keptor mines, thought about the active destruction of its torpedoes with its torpedo salvo (with the corresponding shooting installations). The study of the question was not abstract, the staff was trained, time was spent, calculations were made (for this it was necessary to go to the native school, to the special department). With all this, the author arrived at the Directorate of Anti-submarine Weapons (UPV) of the Navy, from where he was sent to the State Scientific Production Enterprise “Region”. Prior to this, anti-torpedo knew about our development only from the books of Captain. With all the primitiveness of the “initial proposals”, the issues of PTZ in them were considered much more extensively, more comprehensively than was done within the framework of “Fins” in the “Region”. Moreover, a number of extremely important issues in general fell out of the attention of the developers (GNNP Region and SPbM Malakhit) and turned out to be just a shock for them. It was a shock to say about it officially out loud and loudly, it turned out to be just scary. General Designer of the Rubin Central Design Bureau Baranov I.L., on the same issues, in the author’s documents on the comprehensive modernization of 3-generation boats (2006): You raise questions that you can shoot from !!! To which he was told: I not only put them, but I propose solutions – technical and organizational. This is the first. And the second is that, without solving these problems, we have no right to build submarines at all! After 2003, Malachite began to “look for a way out” and “take certain measures”. However, the problem is that the matter is not in “certain wrong technical solutions, our mistakes in this regard are inherent in the wrong principled approaches, including approved in the guidelines for the creation of submarines. Those. problems need to be opened to the full depth and by all (all organizations, including those with the Krylovsky State Research Center, central organizations responsible for developing the regulatory framework, etc.). What do we have in the end? The country has invested in huge submarines just huge funds. The Borey-Bulava program turned out to be the most expensive in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. There are no technical problems to have effective underwater weapons and countermeasures, and this does not require any exorbitant means. However, these “newest” submarines are simply “naked” in front of the enemy’s weapons, while they themselves have a lot of flaws and flaws in their underwater weapons . What is their combat capability? Yes, “Onyxes”, “Calibres” fly. “Mace” – the same. Periodically. But back to the “tank analogy.” If the “tank” fires a gun (“high-explosive, and at a great distance”), but it has “cardboard armor,” can it be considered “combat-ready”? Obviously not. Then why are submarine forces of the Navy, having “cardboard” protection and underwater weapons, considered as such? Officials The above critical problematic issues of our submarine forces are not versions, but facts. Facts about which the responsible officials both in the Navy and in the military-industrial complex cannot be unaware. Obviously, there are a number of very serious questions to the ex-director of the Department of the shipbuilding industry and marine engineering of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, and now the first vice-president of USC, Mr. Strugov. And questions to the member of the Military-Industrial Commission under the Government of the Russian Federation Pospelov V.Ya. (since May 2006, before that, he served as Director General of the Russian Shipbuilding Agency). It was the “tandem” of Pospelov and Strugov that defined the “technical policy” in our shipbuilding (and the underwater weapons of ships) for the last two decades. Moreover, according to Pospelov, it is necessary to emphasize the fact that he is not just listed on the boards of directors of a whole number of OPK organizations, but very closely monitors all topics and processes and directly affects them. Those. Pospelov is a person who knows everything perfectly. Question: where are the solutions to these problems? And especially when solutions do not have technical difficulties, but require only tough organizational measures, which, however, for a long time “for some reason” are not taken, and the “newest” ships surrender or are limited in fighting capacity (or not capable at all)? Call things by their proper names. The only bright spot of our newest shipbuilding is the frigate “Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Pots”, and not only in its characteristics, but also in the principal position of the customer to eliminate the problems of the defense industry. At the same time, it is necessary to objectively understand that a significant part of Gorshkov’s problems was the result of the terrible underfunding of surface shipbuilding in previous years, which even according to the priority ROC project 22350 forced to shift the “critical” work to the later stages of ship creation. And one of the main reasons for this underfinancing is the unrestrained “swelling” of funds into the sub-melt, and without solving its critical problems of combat capability. Without solving the problems of the 4th generation, we have already begun an active “budget funds utilization” for the fifth! At the same time, the program of modernization and medium repairs of boats of the 3rd generation was thwarted And this happened after in the mid-2000s the fleet and the country almost lost a Kursk-type boat at the depth! The crew’s guilt was not only not in this; moreover, only his quick and professional actions allowed the boat to “get out” from the “other world”. The reason – the failure to carry out repairs (and it is medium repairs). With high probability, from the Supreme Fleet in the person of the Commander-in-Chief Kuroyedov, he hid it. And what about the defense industry? Yy Strugov and Pospelov reported this to the president (prime minister)? A separate issue is the figure of the current “chief adviser” to the president of USC JSC, Mr. V. Chirkov. (ex-GK Navy). He knew about all the above problems. Nevertheless, the act on the APCR “Severodvinsk” was signed (as well as a whole series of other gross “errors” of Chirkov at the GK position: patrol ships of project 22160, corvettes of project 20386, etc.), and now Chirkov is fine feels in the defense system. Tellingly, the real work on solving the problems of the Gorshkov frigate went after Chirkov left his seat in the Admiralty. And the current commander in chief Korolev? As they say, “I had the intention to change everything,” and there was a certain positive (the same “Gorshkov”). But… The man who knew him well: Bear in mind, Korolev is not a Knock. He is not a “shabak.” No, he’s a normal guy, right. But … he is very careful. We in the North called him “Careful winner”: he always wins, but he is always very careful. As commander in chief, Korolyov completely and unconditionally lost to industry (a small “wagering” was at the expense of Gorshkov and Polimen-Reduta, where the industry was still forced to bring work to an acceptable result, but then it was all lost by the “acceptance” of ships 22160 and an epic with a highly questionable project (20386). Apparently, in order not to lose, one still needed to be a “rude”, because tough and decisive actions by the commander-in-chief of the Navy were necessary. It is appropriate here to recall a good article by Rear Admiral Y. Kirillov, retired. In the beginning of the 90s, a well-known and high-ranking American four-star admiral, commander of the operations of the US Navy, shot according to his honor. The case is very strange from the standpoint of modern ideas and, in the opinion of the majority, the reason did not deserve attention. However, such notions of honor among senior officers work strongly on the authority of the fleet, the Armed Forces, to which it belonged. This is especially noteworthy against the background of notions of honor among his contemporaries from other fleets, which have far more weighty grounds for such decisions. Indeed, and how much the effectiveness of defense depends on the dignity of a commander, general, or admiral. It is not a secret that in these times, about the end of which we have not yet been informed, the majority of even very capable military commanders went into the commanding offices with their opinions, and left with a stranger, his opinion. That is the tragedy. What is necessary? Note: The author considers the extremely difficult question of the interaction between the Navy and the Ministry of Defense to be considered in a separate article on the Navy. It should be noted that the fleet does not have control over defense enterprises through military acceptance (which is not subordinate to it). In this situation, the only way to know the situation, influence it and control it can only be the creation of a system for conducting objective tests of VVT of the Navy. The key issue of the prospects and relations of the Navy with the military-industrial complex is the creation of a full-fledged test system of weapons and military equipment of the Navy. What we have now is the profanation of such, generously “seasoned” with deliberate frauds and frauds. And so it is almost everywhere in the Navy, even with relatively prosperous missilemen: at least once the newest Navy air defense systems fired at real simulators of the latest US Navy anti-ship missiles LRASM for such purposes)? For underwater weapons we have – just dark. Yes, it is not everywhere. There are exceptions, and for the same “Package”, and “Ichthyosaur” … but these exceptions in fact only confirm the state of the state with the Navy test system. Development of new torpedoes (their homing systems) and countermeasures should be carried out comprehensively and jointly. It seems to be the obvious solution. However, the proposals on it, repeatedly and in detail set forth in a number of documents by the author and other initiative officers, cause categorical rejection (up to hysterics, “well, no such tests should be done !!!”). The reason is simple: the results of objective tests will be simply devastating and scandalous for a number of products and complexes, chiefs and “specialists” who participated in all this. Here, by the way, an important clarification on anti-torpedoes is needed: the categorical need to conduct real tests with the actual destruction of the attacking torpedoes, and not their imitation by “imitators”. In the defense industry “even more fun.” Objectively, the greatest experience today in creating modern CLS torpedoes is in the possession of specialists from GNPP “Region”. The issues of development by them (and people were ready to work initiative and optional) in the “Region” of modern SFGS were raised many times. For the company located in the late 2000s – early 2010s. in a difficult financial situation, it was a quick and effective solution to many problems. However, the “position” of the chief designer of Drobot was: Let it develops anyone. The “region” will not do the CSDP. I really want to think that such a “strange” position of the chief designer of the enterprise was not related to the fact that he “part-time” was a member of the board of directors of a rival firm, who considered the subject of the CSTD to be “his patrimony”. Finally, the main thing: will we have an admiral who can objectively uncover existing problems, toughly raise questions and get them resolved by the defense industry and the structures of the Ministry of Defense and the Navy?
Russia is celebrating Victory Day with the traditional military parade on Red Square. The event is used to demonstrate troop discipline and the most advanced military hardware in the country’s arsenal.
Russia’s troops and military vehicles marched across Moscow’s Red Square during the annual V-Day parade on Thursday. No aircraft were flown this year due to the weather, but the mightiest war machines were aplenty on the ground.
The aviation show was scheduled to be a part of the military parade at Moscow’s Red Square, commemorating the 74th anniversary of the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany in the 1941-1945 Great Patriotic War. However, shortly before the beginning of the parade, the aviation show was cancelled due to adverse weather conditions.
The aircraft and helicopters assigned for participation in the Victory Parade in Red Square will return to their home bases
The military flyover planned for Moscow’s annual Victory Day parade has been canceled due to weather concerns, Interfax reported.
Paul Goble Staunton, May 9 – Leonid Brezhnev proclaimed that the Soviet Union in his times had entered the era of developed socialism. Now, but without a declaration in this regard, Vladimir Putin has led Russia into “an era of developed militarism” in which myths about victory in World War II are the primary values holding Russians together, Lev Gudkov says. Any open discussion about the war, in contrast to the situation at the end of Soviet times, is now “taboo,” the Levada Center director says, because “the war has been transformed into a holy symbol of the greatness of the Russian power” which must not be “subject to doubt and analysis” (novayagazeta.ru/articles/2019/05/09/80447-epoha-razvitogo-militarizma). This trend is not widely recognized by Russian society, Gudkov continues, in large measure because Russia has been at war more or less constantly. “Out of the 27 years of its post-Soviet history, Russia for 19 years had conducted and its continuing to conduct limited wars” – in Chechnya twice, in Syria and in Ukraine. “Beginning in 2004,” he says, “Russian patriotism (national pride” has become fused with ideas about our military power, our possession of nuclear weapons and our ability to destroy every living thing. In public consciousness, the conviction has grown that in the world ‘they respect us because they fear us.’ No other bases for Russia’s authority in the world remain.” And that in turn has meant that “victory and military power have been transformed into the most important foundations for the legitimation of Russian authoritarianism” and the ouster from the constellation of things that make Russia great of science and cultural achievements and the well-being of the population. There are some paradoxes in this, Gudkov says. “Almost all the wars which Russia conducted in the 20th century are viewed as unjust by the majority of Russians,” with one singular exception, the Great Fatherland War which is viewed as “absolutely justified” by almost all and as justifying the view, increasingly widely held, that Russia has a special significance in world history. This growth in militaristic sentiments has been accompanied by changes in mass attitudes about Putin’s contribution to the country. In the first decade of his rule, he was celebrated for having brought stability and economic growth. In the second, Putin is praised for strengthening the country’s military power. Indeed, “the peaks of Putin’s popularity and approval” have occurred precisely at the time of military campaigns – in Georgia in 2008 and in Crimea and Ukraine in 2014, the sociologist says. And Russians widely recognize that Putin’s power rests on the military and the security services. Another part of this trend is that approval for the military and thus the character of Russian militarism as changed over the last century in terms of its objects “but the meaning of the defense of the existing powers under the cover of the defense of the country and the people has remained unchanged,” Gudkov says. And that means the following: “the chief thing in this picture of the world is the enemy; and its function is to secure the unity of the people and the powers” and to ensure that the former will serve the latter without reservation. But in this there are yet more paradoxes in these attitudes, the pollster continues. On the one hand, Russians at the individual level aren’t eager to serve in the military, surveys show, even though they approve of the use of the military power which requires personnel in almost all cases. And on the other, when domestic crises do arise, they “sharply reduce the significance and importance of militarist rhetoric whereas periods of flourishing, in combination with anti-Western propaganda and a foreign threat lead to outbursts of patriotism and trust in the army,” Gudkov says. This growing militarization of Russian society has not been in a straight line. “The de facto defeat in the first Chechen war, corruption scandals in the upper ranks of the military, the loss of the Kursk, and the shameful behavior of the leadership and higher ranks in this situation strongly undercut the authority of and trust in the army.” “But after Crimea, the situation was completely reversed: already in 2015, a crisis year, 52 percent of Russians said they would support ‘an increase in spending on defense even if this created problems for our development.” Only 34 percent took the opposite position. And Russians show little understanding of the links between military outlays and domestic cuts. What all this means, Gudkov concludes, is that “the current militarist propaganda is awakening a feeling of collective pride which has not however grown over into fanaticism and self-sacrifice as was the case in the past.” But what has happened is that ever more Russians feel now as they did in the past that they are all together, “like everyone else” in their country. Support for the current militarist course “thus doesn’t indicate ‘hot approval,’” he says. Rather it shows “the passive acceptance of the current situation of things, when the powers that be decides on its own how to spend the taxes it collects.” And that in turn means that Russians cannot discuss the problems of their own lives. That may benefit the powers that be in the short term just as the notion of “developed socialism” did Brezhnev. But over the longer haul, it is extremely dangerous because problems not discussed become crises and can lead to explosions no regime can cope with.
Paul Goble Staunton, May 9 – In his Victory Day speech, Vladimir Putin struck a militantly aggression Russian nationalist pose, not mentioning the role of other countries or other nations within the USSR in defeating Hitler but instead stressing that Kyiv is “an ancient Russian capital” and that Russians today accept the idea that they must die rather than surrender. It may very well be that the quotation, “the fascists of the future will call themselves anti-fascists,” often ascribed to Winston Churchill is apocryphal; but there can be little doubt that the idea behind those words are fully applicable to Putin’s words today – and indeed to the policies he has put in place over the last 20 years. And it is time to start using that term to describe the Putin regime not because it is perhaps the strongest curse word one can use about another state but because it is an increasingly accurate description, one that explains not only much that has happened so far but provides little hope for improvement as long as Putin and his minions are in power. In his speech, Putin said that “victory was achieved as a result of the valor of participants of the defense of ancient Russian capitals, Kyiv and Novgorod the Great, the fearlessness of the defenders of Smolensk, Odessa, and Sevastopol, and infinite resilience of the residents of blockaded Leningrad,” making no distinction between cities inside Russia and those outside. And instead of celebrating the role of the various countries and peoples to the defeat of Hitlerism, Putin denounced others for historical revisionism and claimed a role for the Russians far greater than even the remarkable one they made (censoru.net/35476-kiev-russkaja-stolica-putin-na-parade-vystupil-s-derzkoj-pretenziej-a-veteran-prognulsja-pered-putinym-vspomniv-krym.html). But perhaps the clearest signal of where Putin is and what he seeks was delivered when he left the podium to march alongside veterans. One of them, as Censoru.net reported, turned to him and emotionally thanked the Kremlin leader for the operation that led to the Anschluss of Crimea in 2014. “I am struck with admiration by your operation in Crimea. Good man!” one veteran said, not letting go of Putin’s hand. As one blogger put it, that sounds eerily like the reaction of one German soldier to Hitler at the time of the Sudetenland crisis: “My fuehrer,” he said, “I am struck with admiration by your operation” there.
Paul Goble Staunton, May 9 – In Soviet times, Western analysts devoted enormous attention to parades in Red Square considering not only the order leaders stood on the mausoleum but also the technology those leaders chose to put on display, viewing the first as an indication of who was up and who was down and the second as a sign of their military readiness. This year’s Victory Day parade offers few clues about the first but it provides clear evidence of the latter, Russian commentator Sergey Kuzyakin says. It shows “who the powers that be of the Russian Federation view as their most likely opponent: the citizens of Russia” (rusmonitor.com/parad-moskve-pokazal-kto-u-vlastejj-rf-veroyatnostnyjj-protivnik-ehto-grazhdane-rossii.html). Military parades typically have two purposes, Kuzyakin says. “On the one hand, their goal is to promote the strengthening of a feeling of national unity; and on the other, to indicate to a probable opponent the military power of the state” to intimidate the latter. Thus, in Soviet times, the main military parade, which was “not on May 9 but rather on November 7,” featured ballistic missiles and other weaponry intended to be used exclusively against foreign foes. But things have changed under Vladimir Putin: Now, the power on display are “police, FSB officers, prosecutors, and other ‘pillars’ of the regime.” None of these is intended to defend Russia and the Russian people from any foreign threat. Instead, they are intended to defend the regime from the Russian people, a signal to the population that the Kremlin views them and not some foreign country as the primary threat to its existence and power. When the Russian Guard and its crowd control weapons receive more prominent treatment in such parades than does the army, navy and air force, Kuzyakin continues, no one can have any doubt of this; and all Russians – and indeed everyone else – should “understand this well.”
“Collective resistance to the bearers of deadly ideas is crucial once again,” the Russian president said in Moscow’s Red Square, where military parades commemorated the country’s victory against the
President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin made a speech at the Victory Parade in Moscow’s Red Square, TASS reports. “It is our sacred duty to protect the real heroes of the Great Patriotic War when in a number of countries people shamelessly lie to their children about the war and betray their ancestors … The memory of the war and its truth is in our conscience and one of our responsibilities. Today we see how a number of states deliberately distort the events of the war and make idols out of those who, forgetting all honor and human dignity, served the Nazis, shamelessly lie to their children, betray their ancestors,” Putin said at the parade. He also reminded the audience of the inscription on the walls of the Brest Fortress: “I die, but do not give up.” In his opinion, this captures the mentality and actions of the war years. “Victory was achieved because of the bravery shown by soldiers defending the ancient Russian capitals of Kyiv and Veliky Novgorod, the fearlessness of the defenders of Smolensk, Odessa, Sevastopol, the boundless resilience of the inhabitants of besieged Leningrad,” Putin went on to say. He also stated that the victory over fascism “has a special place among the victories of the Russian armed forces” while many other countries submitted to its brazen power. “Many states surrendered to this brazen power and the Nazis’ eyes were blinded with impunity. They thought they could also crush the Soviet Union, a thousand-year-old Russia, in a matter of weeks. It didn’t work!” the President of the Russian Federation said and promised to develop the state’s defense capabilities. In 2010, Putin, who was then Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, declared that Russia would have won the Great Patriotic War even if Ukraine had not been part of the USSR.
President Putin promised to strengthen Russia’s armed forces yesterday as he claimed at the annual Victory Day parade that foreign states were making heroes out of Nazi collaborators.Speaking on Red Square, he said that “every year we feel more sharply the moral power of that unparalleled victory”
Russian President Vladimir Putin told the annual military Victory Day parade in Red Square on Thursday that the country will continue to strengthen its…
A record percentage of Russians have favorable views of the late Soviet dictator’s rule, a survey shows.
Communists in the Russian city of Novosibirsk have unveiled a bust of Soviet dictator Josef Stalin in a place that local authorities say will “suit everyone.”
Russians have been encouraged to see Hitler as a tyrant, but Stalin as their defender. Now some wish Stalin were still around.
President Vladimir Putin on Thursday watched Russia’s annual show of military might to mark the Soviet Union’s WWII victory over the Nazis.
President Vladimir Putin opened parade by claiming ‘the main liberator of Europe’ from Nazi Germany was the Soviet Union
Putin hails military might on WWII Victory Day
At the same time, Moscow is always ready for cooperation, the Russian leader stressed
MOSCOW (AP) — Across Russia, millions of people came out for military parades and civilian processions to mark Victory Day, the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II. An estimated 26…
Putin pledged to strengthen Russia’s military at the nation’s annual WWII parade Thursday.
President Vladimir Putin watched intercontinental nuclear missile launchers roll across Red Square on Thursday as Russia put on its annual show of military might to mark the Soviet Union’s World War Two victory over the Nazis.
RUSSIAN President Vladimir Putin has vowed to continue building Moscow’s defence potential while encouraging partnerships with other nations to tackle terrorism, extremism and neo-Nazism.
At annual parade marking WWII Allies victory in Europe, president says Russian armed forces ready to cooperate with others combating ‘terrorism, neo-Nazism and extremism’
The risk of thunder over Moscow meant the airshow at today’s parade – marking the 74th anniversary of the end of the Second World War in Europe – was axed
VLADIMIR Putin has been slammed for inviting sexy Instagram “influencers” to a massive parade marking the Soviet Union’s World War Two victory over the Nazis. A row erupted when invitations were sent to models known for sharing scantily-clad photos – rather than to war veterans who put their lives on the line.
This year marks the 74th anniversary of the Soviet Union’s victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. Earlier this day, a traditional military parade took place on Red Square to commemorate the anniversary.
The annual Russian tradition of commemorating the Soviet victory in World War II perfectly demonstrates how a linear approach to understanding history is not enough.
Over 70 years after being lost at sea, on their way to join the fight against Nazi Germany, two US-made tanks have been restored just in time to feature in WWII victory celebrations alongside their Russian counterparts.
Елена Фурцева Published on May 9, 2019 #парадпобеды #парадпобедывмурманске #военнаятехника #бессмертный полк #9мая VLOG /ПАРАД ПОБЕДЫ В МУРМАНСКЕ/ ВОЕННАЯ ТЕХНИКА/ БЕССМЕРТНЫЙ ПОЛК Всем привет! Меня зовут Елена-я из Мурманска. Рада всем гостям и подписчикам моего канала-заходите чаще)
The Immortal regiment march was created by the Kremlin not to perpetuate memory, but for propaganda, including anti-Ukrainian one. This position was expressed by the Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine Vyacheslav Kyrylenko on Twitter. “The Immortal regiment action created by the Kremlin not as an action of memory, but as an action of propaganda. Including anti-Ukrainian one. Therefore, every year the pro-Russian forces try to use people’s memory for political purposes. Although Putin has long stated that they would have won without Ukraine” – wrote Kyrylenko. Today, May 9, Ukraine marks the Day of Victory over Nazism in the Second World War. According to the order of the President, the purpose of this memorable day is “to commemorate the feat of the Ukrainian people, their outstanding contribution to the victory of the anti-Hitler coalition in the Second World War and to express our respect for all fighters against Nazism.
On May 9, a number of post-Soviet countries commemorate the Soviet victory in the Second World War. Contemporary Russian photographers Sergey Maximishin, Yury Kozyrev, and Nigina Beroyeva chose three photographs from the war and told us what it is about those images that continues to amaze them. They also reflected on the difficulties today’s war photographers can face.
Both given long prison terms in absentia; 11 others also sentenced for plan to assassinate Montenegrin PM, take over parliament
Fourteen people were found guilty and sentenced in Montenegro for a plot to overthrow the government in 2018. Those convicted included two alleged agents of Russian military intelligence. Prosecutors believe they were trying to stop the Balkan country’s membership in NATO.
The Russian suspects, believed to be back in Russia, were tried and sentenced in absentia in a plot to prevent Montenegro from joining NATO.
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Two Russian intelligence agents were convicted on terrorism charges for their role in an attempted coup in Montenegro in 2016. They were among 13 other people from Montenegro and Serbia sentenced on Thursday at the High Court in Montenegro’s capital Podgorica, Reuters reports.
The Supreme Court of Montenegro sentenced Russians Eduard Shishmakov and Vladimir Popov in absentia to 15 and 12 years in prison, respectively. The investigation revealed that two citizens of the Russian Federation were the initiators and organizers of the attempted coup d’état that took place on October 16, 2016. The prosecutor’s office believes that the Russians transferred money and instructions to the conspirators in Montenegro. Montenegrin news portal Vijesti reported that Montenegro’s law enforcement officers believe Shishmakov and Popov to be connected with the Russian special service which was using the two men to stage a coup in the country. Judge Suzana Mugosa said that the citizens of the Russian Federation were key actors in the coup. According to the investigation, the main reason for organizing the coup was the Kremlin’s desire to prevent Montenegro from joining NATO. Twelve other people were sentenced. The leaders of the Montenegrin opposition, the Democratic Front Party, Andrija Mandic and Milan Knezevic received five years in prison. The remaining suspects in the conspiracy received sentences ranging from a year to eight years. The legal proceedings related to the October 16, 2016 coup d’état have been going on since 2017. According to investigators, the criminal group which included Russian nationalists, wanted to kill Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic, as well as “proclaim the victory of one of the political parties”. Simultaneously, the prosecutor’s office believes that the Russian special services helped orchestrate the plot. Moscow denies all accusations in connection with the formal structures of the conspiracy.
Team Trump is trying to pull Hungary back from its cozy relationship with Moscow and Beijing. But it comes at a cost, critics say.
On May 7, the Russian state television network RT (formerly Russia Today) published an online article (read the original version here) that was titled: “Fake News: Sheremetyevo ‘Dispatcher’ Video Spread by Ukrainian Bloggers and Navalny Supporters.” The report accuses “accounts from Alexey Navalny’s media network” and other “public opinion leaders,” like Radio Svoboda, Golos Ameriki, Deutsche Welle, and the bloggers Rustem Adagamov and Andrey Malgin, of spreading footage that allegedly shows Moscow airport staff laughing at Sunday’s deadly fire aboard an SSJ100 aircraft.
Maria Butina, who pleaded guilty to failing to register as an agent for the Russian government while in the United States and was sentenced to 18 months in U.S. prison, says she believed her notes and analysis would be “valuable” for Russian officials.
Russia announced that it will allow Polish investigators to examine the wreckage of a Polish plane that crashed near Smolensk in 2010, an incident that killed Poland’s then-President Lech Kaczynski and the members of the official delegation heading to the events marking the 70th anniversary of the Katyn massacre. According to the information published on the website of the Russian Federation Investigative Committee, access to the aircraft wreckage will be granted at the end of May. “At the end of March of this year, the Russian Federation investigation has approved a request from the competent authorities of the Republic of Poland to examine the wreckage of the Polish presidential Tu-154M aircraft. According to the reached agreement, at the end of May, employees of the Russian Investigative Committee will give Polish representatives access to the units, sub-sites and construction elements of the Tu-154M, which is stored at the Smolensk airport (Severny) in Smolensk, ” reads the statement. At the same time, the Tu-154M wreckage continues to carry the status of material evidence as the investigation has not been completed yet.
The Russian Fund for Protection of the Rights of Investors and Foreign States announced in a statement that it has filed a lawsuit against …
Russia still has not returned Estonia part of its territory, which is due to the current territorial dispute. It is about 5.2 percent of Estonia’s entire area. Mart Helme, the country’s Interior Minister reported as quoted by ERR. According to the official, Moscow has no intentions of ‘returning this area, or providing compensation for it, or discuss this issue at all’. ‘We’re not going to war with Russia’, he claimed, adding that Tallinn was ready to wait for the resolution of the dispute in the frameworks of the international law. Related: International military exercises with participation of NATO, Ukraine start in Estonia The minister never specified what actual territories he referred to. However, Russia’s TASS news agency quoted a diplomatic source in Russia, assuming that it could concern Ivangorod and part of Pechorsky District of the Russian Federation. Helme mentioned the territorial dispute with Russia, replying to the question about Marine Le Pen’s upcoming visit to Estonia. Le Pen, the famous far-right politician is known for her stance regarding the annexation of Crimea by Russia; she considers it a voluntary reunion, while the French government calls it annexation.
Endlessly obsessed with Russia’s interference in the last election, one half of Washington — the Democrats — all but ignore Russia’s current nefarious…
Rosselkhoznadzor, Russian Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Supervision, imposes temporary restrictions on the import of products …
The next round of talks with Russia regarding the localization of low-quality Russian oil from the Druzhba oil pipeline will be held on May 14, First Deputy CEO of JSC Ukrtransnafta Andriy Pasishnik has said.
The largest suppliers of diesel fuel and liquefied gas to Ukraine, Russia’s Rosneft and Lukoil, have begun the procedure for obtaining permits from the Russian Economy Ministry for exports in line with the Russian government’s resolution dated April 18. The Russian government on April 18, 2019, expanded sanctions on the supply of crude oil and fuel to Ukraine.
Paul Goble Staunton, May 9 – “Fifteen years ago, on May 6, 2004,” Yana Amelina says, “Moscow without even attempting to defend its national interests handed over Adjaria, therefore finally unleashing the hands of Mikhail Saakashivili and opening the road to Georgian aggression against South Ossetia,” in an act she calls “the last success of national traitors” in Moscow. But that “tragedy,” one that still rankle, the Russian political scientist who specializes on the Caucasus says, led to a turning point in Russian history, one that has resulted in victory after victory for Moscow and its interests in the years since that time (kavkazgeoclub.ru/content/15-let-sdachi-adzharii-posledniy-uspeh-nacional-predateley). In the case of Adjaria in 2004, Moscow was overly deferential to the West and overly influenced by the color revolutions in Ukraine and Georgia, betrayed its ally in Adjaria and ultimately closed down the Russian military base there. But precisely because this betrayal and its consequences were so obvious, Russia changed. “After the Adjar shame,” Amelina argues, “Russia was no longer afraid of anyone.” Consequently in 2008, it “completed the recognition of the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.” In 2014, it absorbed Crimea. And now, “the Kremlin no longer pays attention to world ‘public opinion’ and Western sanctions, thus making itself virtually invulnerable.” In short, the Russian analyst says, these events of 15 years ago “changed the fate of the region, Russia and the entire world.” (Amelina has explored these events in more detail in a 2015 book, Where are the ‘Rose’ Dreams Heading (in Russian, Vladikavkaz, 330 pp., full text at kavkazgeoclub.ru/sites/default/files/pdfpreview/gruziya_a5.pdf.) The history of the Adjars and Adjaria is complicated. Today, they are classified as an ethnographic group within the Georgian nation; but in the first Soviet census in 1926, they were listed as Ajars, a separate nation rather than as Muslim Georgians as they had been earlier. Today, however, of the 330,000 Adjars, 70 percent are Christian. Situated in the southwestern corner of Georgia, Adjaria was long a smuggling center across the border with Turkey; and in the 1990s, Tbilisi’s writ did not run there effectively. But following the Rose Revolution in 2003, Mikhail Saakashvili called for bringing Adjaria and its independence-minded leader Aslan Abashidze to heel. Protests against Abashidze’s authoritarian rule were followed by a withdrawal of Russian support for him, based largely on the Soviet-Russian military base in Batumi. He went into Russian exile, and Tbilisi moved to restore control over the region, limiting its autonomy and even moving the Georgian Constitutional Court to Batumi. Amelina’s article is a reminder of how many Russians still view Adjaria as a potential lever against Tbilisi – and how much they regret that Moscow didn’t understand that and defend its ally there more effectively 15 years ago.
A Russian spy whale that appears to have defected to Norway was caught on camera doing a good deed for a woman who came to visit the now famous sea mammal.
Beluga with Russian harness found off Norwegian coast – but no one has publicly announced they’ve lost a whale
The president’s personal lawyer is stepping up efforts to urge the Ukrainian government to wade into United States politics by pursuing investigations that touch on Joe Biden and Paul Manafort.
Personal lawyer of U.S. President Donald Trump, Rudolph W. Giuliani, plans to travel to Ukraine in the coming days to convince the new authorities not to stop investigations, which he believes will benefit the American leader, The New York Times has reported. “We’re not meddling in an election, we’re meddling in an investigation, which we have a right to do,” Mr. Giuliani said in an interview with The New York Times. According to the New York Times, Giuliani plans to travel to Kyiv in the coming days and wants to meet with the nation’s president-elect to urge him to pursue inquiries that allies of the White House contend could yield new information about two matters of intense interest to Mr. Trump. One is the origin of the special counsel’s investigation into Russia’s interference in the 2016 election. The other is the involvement of former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s son in a gas company owned by a Ukrainian oligarch. “There’s nothing illegal about it. Somebody could say it’s improper. And this isn’t foreign policy — I’m asking them to do an investigation that they’re doing already and that other people are telling them to stop. And I’m going to give them reasons why they shouldn’t stop it because that information will be very, very helpful to my client, and may turn out to be helpful to my government,” the lawyer stressed. If the meeting with Zelensky does occur, Mr. Giuliani said he was going to tell him what he knows about “the people that are surrounding him, and how important it is to do a full, complete and fair investigation.” He said Zelensky’s efforts in Ukraine have the full support of Mr. Trump. He declined to say specifically whether he had briefed him on the planned meeting with Mr. Zelensky. “He basically knows what I’m doing, sure, as his lawyer,” he said. In March 2019, the team of Robert Mueller completed the report on the alleged intervention of the Russian Federation in the 2016 elections in the United States and handed it over to the U.S. Attorney General William Barr. In a letter to the Congress, he announced that the investigators had not revealed any signs of collusion between the Russian Federation and D. Trump’s campaign headquarters. The special prosecutor also did not lay charges of obstructing justice against D. Trump, leaving the matter to the discretion of the Prosecutor General. Barr concluded that there were no sufficient grounds for accusing the president. Later, the U.S. Department of Justice published an edited version of Mueller’s report. However, Democratic congressmen were unhappy with the testimony of William Barr before the Congress about Mueller’s report. In addition, representatives of the Democratic Party would like to ask Mueller about whether Trump obstructed his investigation.
“We’re not meddling in an election, we’re meddling in an investigation,” Trump lawyer tells The New York Times
After a year of defending the President, Rudy Giuliani is going on offense against Trump’s political opponents. His unique role as the President’s lawyer, and his career as a prosecutor, makes him well-suited to play a free-agent attack dog for Trump.
Rudy Giuliani, who says the U.S. ambassador to Ukraine conspired with George Soros against President Donald Trump, has met regularly with Ukraine’s prosecutor general in recent months.
The United States supports Ukrainian people’s decision to be part of the European Union and NATO. The U.S. diplomat says Ukraine has full U.S. support.
Special Representative of the US State Department in Ukraine Kurt Volker has again blamed Russia for worsening the situation in the Donbass and urged Moscow to implement Minsk treaties. He wrote about this in his account on Twitter , reports Tsensor. NET. “Over the past 5 years, Russian mercenaries and pro-Russians have made the lives of people in the Donbass worse, including Russian-speakers, whom they claim to care for. Russia must cease hostilities, implement the Minsk treaties and allow reconstruction and reintegration of the Donbas back to control Ukraine “, – wrote Volker. Джерело: https://censor.net.ua/ua/n3126302
Paul Goble Staunton, May 9 – What sets the peoples of Russia and Ukraine most clearly is their attitude toward the past, with the former preferring to retreat to the comfortable lies of Soviet times and the latter willing to face the hard facts of the past, Franco-Russian essayist Galia Ackerrman says. The author of many works on Russian and Ukrainian affairs and most recently of Le Régiment Immortel. La Guerre sacrée de Poutine (Paris: Premier Parallèle, 2019), Ackerman argues that far more than tearing down Lenin statues is needed to overcome the noxious legacy of the Soviet past (graniru.org/opinion/m.276245.html). “Not everything in the Soviet Union was narrowly Soviet,” she continues. “Perhaps, it is difficult to define just what that Sovietness is, but intuitively we understand it perfectly well. Those few … who rejected not simply community ideology but the entire system of Soviet life … lived in a world of creators and thinks who were able to preserve spiritual honor.” That was “the world of Bulgakov and Mandelshtam, Tarkovsky and Paradzhanov, Mamardashvili and [her] teacher V.V. Ivanov, of Sakharov and Shalmov, of Vysotsky and Galich and of hundreds of others who lived, created, suffered and died I Soviet times but were not (or ceased to be) Soviet people.” For people like these and others who were informed by them, a novel like Vasily Grossman’s Life and Fate were critical because it clearly distinguished between the achievement of citizens of the USSR in liberating lands from the Nazis and the bestial actions of the Stalinist regime which oppressed people there and elsewhere “before, during and after the war.” According to Ackerman, “Grossman was brave enough to compare the two totalitarian regimes in his dialogue between Liss and Mostovsky, possibly without even having been acquainted with the works of Hannah Arendt or with the shocking testimony of Margarete Buber-Neumann.” In perestroika times, the peoples of the USSR were more broadly confronted by revelations about the horrors of the Soviet past. Many incorporated these things into their understanding of the world, the essayist says; but many resisted because it was hard for them to “separate normal patriotism from service to the regime.” All too few wanted to admit that they had been serving something evil, and consequently, they welcomed the rise of Putin as giving them a break because he argued “Soviet power was only a means of preserving the Russian empire and that the main impulse of the Soviet leaders and the Soviet people … was patriotism, love for the motherland and concern for its flourishing.” But “returning to the Soviet past and its glorification could not take place without a significant rewriting of history,” Ackerman points out, noting that the Putin regime in Russia was more than ready to engage in that. As a result, once again any crime became justified if it was committed in the name of the Leviathan state. But not all the people who emerged from the collapse of the USSR have gone in this direction. One that hasn’t are the Ukrainians. And it is in this regard that one must look for “one of the main causes of the break between Russia and Ukraine.” Russia wants to return to a rose-colored vision of the Soviet past; Ukraine doesn’t. “By law, Ukraine has equated Nazism to communism and banned their propaganda and symbolism,” Ackerman writes. “After the defeat of the Nazis, the Banderite OUN fought against the occupation of Western Ukraine by Soviet forces.” Russians view its actions as a crime, even though “this was a classic national-liberation struggle.” “In Ukraine, great work on restoring national culture and the national past is going on, including research on the Holocaust and the Holodomor on Ukrainian territory but also on the destruction of the Ukrainian intelligentsia in the 1930s, de-kulakization and political repressions throughout the entire Soviet period and so on.” In many ways, these actions recall what happened in the Soviet Union during perestroika, and that is important to remember now because “in Ukraine, there live millions of former Soviet citizens who just like many Russians feel uncomfortable in the cold win of historical truth and want to return to the comfortable and idealized cocoon of the past.” As Ackerman puts it, “in this consists the essence of the conflict between progressive Ukraine and part of its South-East, in the first instance the Donbass.” The struggle of these two views of the past will determine whether “Ukraine will be able to finally break out of the suffocating embrace of ‘the elder brother.’”
President Petro Poroshenko has held a phone conversation with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, the president’s press service has reported. — Ukrinform.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko in a phone conversation with German Chancellor Angela Merkel called on Berlin to support the toughening of the sanctions against Russia in connection with Moscow’s decision to issue Russian passports to residents of Donbas.
Ukrainian Deputy Foreign Minister Olena Zerkal and representatives of Naftogaz of Ukraine have attended a number of official meetings in the US to discuss the purchase of American liquefied natural gas (LNG), how to oppose the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project, and concessions for the Ukrainian gas transport system, Naftogaz CEO Andriy Kobolyev announced in a post on Facebook. “At meetings with the US Department of State and Department of Energy, we spoke, among other things, about how to ensure that Ukraine has a reliable way to buy LNG at a competitive price,” he wrote. “In a situation where we have to prepare for potential provocation by Russia and stockpile additional gas reserves at the start of winter, such assistance is extremely welcome,” Kobolyev added. The head of Naftogaz clarified that the risk of Russian cutting off its gas transit through Ukraine was also discussed during meetings with members of the US Presidential Administration, Congress, and international financial organizations that support Ukraine. According to Kobolyev, the Ukrainian delegation witnessed an interest in the reformation of the Ukrainian gas market and the creation of an independent Ukrainian gas transport system. “When speaking to American senators who are co-authors of several sanction bills, we focused on the matter of opposing the Nord Stream 2 project,” Kobolyev added. According to the Mirror Weekly, Russian diesel fuel (42% of the market in 2018) and LNG (30%) are strategically important for Ukraine. From 1 June, they will be exported with the permission of the Ministry of Economy. However, at present these shipments are subject to an extremely complicated system of coordination with the Federal Service for Technical and Export Control, which reports to the Russian Defense Ministry.
Gazprom’s opposition to the construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline to avoid a gas crisis in the winter of 2020, the possibility of purchasing U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG) and plans for transferring the Ukrainian gas transportation system (GTS) to the concession to an independent operator were discussed last week in the United States by Deputy Foreign Minister Olena Zerkal and Chairman of the Executive Board of NJSC Naftogaz Ukrainy Andriy Kobolev. “During both political and business meetings, we saw a great interest in the reform of the Ukrainian gas market and the process of unbundling the independent operator of Ukraine’s GTS on the basis of the model with the transfer of the GTS to the concession,” Kobolev wrote on his Facebook page following the visit. According to him, at meetings at the U.S. Department of State and the U.S. Department of Energy, it was said, in particular, how to ensure Ukraine’s reliable possibility of buying LNG at a competitive price. “It is known that the United States supports the export activities of U.S. companies by providing funds and insuring risks. In a situation where we have to prepare for potential provocations from Russia and accumulate additional gas reserves at the beginning of winter, such assistance is very useful,” the head of Naftogaz said. He said that at the meetings with representatives of the U.S. presidential administration, the Congress and international financial institutions supporting Ukraine, the risk that Gazprom was preparing to interrupt the transit of gas through Ukraine in the winter of 2020 and arrange another gas crisis, as well as measures to combat such threats, were discussed. “Speaking with U.S. senators who are co-authors of several sanction bills, we focused on countering the Nord Stream 2 project,” Kobolev said. According to him, the U.S. Congress well understands that this project is focused exclusively on the Kremlin’s political goals and poses a direct threat to the energy security of Ukraine and the EU.
The threat to stop social payments may be an understandable reaction to Russia’s new act of aggression in offering its citizenship to Ukrainians in its proxy Donbas ‘republics’, but it is one that is likely to backfire –
Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze has stated that despite political changes, Ukraine continues to integrate into the global world, the Government portal has reported. — Ukrinform.
Ukraine’s Infrastructure Minister Volodymyr Omelyan during a meeting with U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State George Kent has called on the American side together with EU institutions to strengthen sanctions against the Russian Federation over of the situation in the Sea of Azov, the Infrastructure Ministry’s press service has reported. — Ukrinform.
Ukraine has called upon the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to order the immediate release of 24 Ukrainian sailors and three navy ships that were seized by Russia in the Kerch Strait …
The session of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea began in Hamburg; the jury considers the case of the Ukrainian sailors captured by Russian special service in the Sea of Azov in November 2018. Ukraine is represented by Olena Zerkal, lawyer Nikolai Polozov, Ukraine’s Deputy Navy Commander and the Navy HQ Chief Andriy Tarasov; Russia refused to participate.
The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) has started a hearing on Ukraine’s lawsuit against Russia in the case on the illegal detention of 24 Ukrainian seamen. — Ukrinform.
Ukraine asks the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) to apply interim measures demanding that Russia immediately free Ukrainian naval vessels and their crew members. — Ukrinform.
According to the article No.33 of the UN Charter, Ukraine gave Russia all the opportunities to solve the dispute concerning the capture of the Ukrainian sailors and vessels in Kerch Strait in a diplomatic way, as Ukraine’s representative Olena Zerkal said in her speech in the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. She posted the whole text of the speech on Facebook. “After this detention, Ukraine began to direct its efforts to solve this situation. In compliance with the article No.33 of the UN Charter, we gave Russia all the opportunities to solve the dispute in a diplomatic way. We have been working on many international platforms to make Russia adhere to its international commitments. Unfortunately, we could not achieve a positive outcome after several months of hard work,” Zerkal noted. Therefore, Ukraine had to appeal to the judicial procedures of dispute resolution. Zerkal noted that Russia neglected not only the requests but also multiple calls of the international community. Russia insisted that its actions are justified with its national legislation and the UN Convention on the Law of Sea. “Russia is trying to prevent Tribunal from analyzing its illegal actions by presenting them as military activities which might be excluded from the dispute resolution procedures in compliance with the Convention, despite the fact that the country insisted that those actions have nothing to do with military ones,” Zerkal noted. She added that Russia’s behavior is a gross violation of the Convention and international customary law. “Crimea is an integral part of Ukraine, and the waters where the vessels were detained are the territorial waters of Ukraine or its exclusive economic zone. Russia’s actions violated the Contention even if Russia detained the Ukrainian naval vessels in its territorial waters or exclusive economic zone. The immunity of the naval vessels is a basic immunity of the sovereign in the international system. Military vessels and its crew can not be arrested by the law enforcement bodies of the foreign states and be subjected to the jurisdiction as foreign vessels,” she said.
Ukrainian naval vessels which Russian captured were not involved in military activity. They tried to return to their port, as lawyer Marney Cheek said in her speech at the International Tribunal on Ukrainian POWs, Twitter post of Ukraine’s MFA Press Secretary Kateryna Zelenko reads. “Ukrainian naval vessels were not involved in military activity, they tried to return to their port of registry,” the lawyer noted. She stated that the dispute at the Tribunal concerns the immunity of the naval vessels from Russian national jurisdiction, and not from military activity. The capture of Ukraine’s naval vessels does not fall within the exception regarding the military activity under the article No. 298 (1)(b) of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. In November 2018, the coast guard ships of the Russian Navy attacked the ships of the Ukrainian Navy, which have been carrying out a scheduled transition from Odesa port to Mariupol port in the Sea of Azov. Ukrainian ships were rejected passage via the Kerch Strait, Russian coast guards opened aimed fire on them.
The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS), which on May 10 heard Ukraine’s lawsuit against Russia regarding the illegal seizure of three Ukrainian military vessels and their crews, will issue its verdict on May 25. — Ukrinform.
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg on Monday, May 13, will hold a meeting with President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko at the organization’s headquarters.
Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel has assured outgoing Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko during a recent phone conversation that Ukraine would continue to be the focus of European Union and German policy. Merkel noted the integrity and contentiousness of the electoral process in Ukraine.
The Latvian parliament has recognized the deportation of Crimean Tatars in 1944 by the government of the Soviet Union as an act of genocide.
he Saeima of the Republic of Latvia has recognized the deportation of the Crimean Tatars in 1944 as the genocide as the Saeima’s website reported. “On Thursday, May 9, the Saeima adopted the statement dedicated to the 75th anniversary of the deportation of the Crimean Tatar people and which supports the policy of the non-recognition of the illegal annexation of Crimea,” the message said. At the same time, the Saeima added that the “genocide” is the most precise definition of the policy of the Soviet authority toward the Crimean Tatar people.
Unknown vandals on May 9 desecrated a memorial outside the city of Sevastopol in Ukraine’s Crimea region to Crimean Tatars who died during World War II.
Paul Goble Staunton, May 9 – Whenever a leader sends signals that one group is preferred and all others are excluded, there is always the danger that those in the “preferred” group will take that as a signal that they can attack others precisely because their ruler has sent that signal. That has now happened in Russian-occupied Sevastopol – and tragically it is likely to happen elsewhere. Today, Vladimir Putin ignored the contributions of other countries and non-Russians within the Russian Federation and the former Soviet space to the triumph over Hitlerism. Not surprisingly this privileging of Russians has sparked protests from others who know the truth and led some Russians to act in highly offensive ways. Incoming Ukrainian president Vladimir Zelensky was blunt about this: “The war affected every Ukrainian family. The contribution of Ukrainians to victory was enormous. No one has the right to privatize this victory or say that it could have taken place without the Ukrainians” (pravda.com.ua/rus/news/2019/05/9/7214572/). But an indication of what words like Putin’s can do that may prove even worse was on display in Crimea. There, in the village of Orlovka in Sevastopol, Crimean journalists report, vandals desecrated a memorial to those Crimean Tatars who died fighting in World War II (ru.krymr.com/a/news-v-sevastopole-razbili-pamyatnik-pogibshym-krymskim-tataram/29930555.html). The monument was put up only three days ago to supplement a more ethnically-neutral one that had been put up there in the 1960s. The new one listed 64 residents of the village, known as Mamashaya by the Crimean Tatars and as Orlovka by local Russians, who died in the war. Fifty-seven of these were Crimean Tatars. Significantly and sadly, the journalists report, “the force structures of Crimea have not officially reported this incident.”
In the first quarter of 2019, Russian security officers conducted 45 raids in the occupied Crimea, including 36 on the houses of Crimean Tatars. The number of raids doubled compared with the same period last year. — Ukrinform.
The so-called “State Registry Committee” of the annexed Crimea stated that they recognize the rights of newly elected President’s wife of the Vladimir Zelensky and Olena on a luxury apartment in Livadia, reports RBC news agency. The press service of the “State Committee of Crimea on state registration and cadaster” said that there was no appeal from the wife of Zelensky. “There were no appeals. According to her declaration, she has included it [the apartment] there, and it means she owns it. Also, in our base, we don’t have the opportunity to confirm whether the rights are registered in it; access to such information is only at a certain people”, – explained in a press-service. The “state Committee” also stated that all property rights commenced while Crimea was part of Ukraine are valid under Russian law. “Yes, they are recognized as valid indefinitely. So, there is no need to re-register them,” the Russian Department noted. According to Reuters report Zelensky has real estate in the Crimea. As it turned out, Olena Zelenska bought an elite apartment in the residential complex “Emperor” in Livadia on the Black Sea coast from the Ukrainian businessman and former Deputy of the Verkhovna Rada Oleksandr Buryak in 2013. Zelensky’s Press-service declared that the family of the President would use this apartment “only after return of the Crimea to Ukraine.” Later it became known that Olena Zelenska is selling this apartment for 790 thousand dollars.
Russia-occupation forces mounted 11 attacks on Ukrainian army positions in Donbas in the past 24 hours, including two attacks using 82mm mortars banned by Minsk agreements, with one Ukrainian soldier reported as killed in action (KIA), and another four as wounded in action (WIA), the press service of the Joint Forces Operation (JFO) reported on Thursday morning.
One Ukrainian soldier has been wounded in action in Donbas, eastern Ukraine, in the past day. Proscribed 120mm mortars were used in two attacks.
The night on the line of combat collision has passed relatively calmly, but in the morning in the area of the operation of the United forces there was an aggravation. As of 12:00, the Russian-occupying forces carried out three shelling of the positions of Ukrainian defenders, using artillery and mortars. According to Tsensor.NET, the spokesman of the Ministry of Defense, Colonel Dmitry Gutsulyak , said this during a traditional briefing. He noted that the enemy was driving fire in Lugansk direction. “Our defectors Novozvanivka from 07.45 am from the occupied village of Kalinov, an enemy, fired 8 min 120 mm caliber and wounded shells of large-caliber machine guns and small arms. From 08.10, the Russian-occupying forces of Pervomaysk also made 14 rounds of artillery of 122 mm caliber. the occupants completed the positions of our New Defenders at the same time at 08.30. See also “Tsensor.NET”: “Acknowledgment”: Ukrainian sniper liquidated the Russian occupation in the area of the DAP. VIDEO In addition, in the direction from Pervomaysk, from 07:50 In 20 minutes, the enemy released 17 min 120-mm caliber on the defenders of Popasna, “- said Gutsulyak. Also, the Defense Ministry spokesman added that the defenders of Ukraine, each time applying another firefighters, carried out adequate defensive actions. Джерело: https://censor.net.ua/ua/n3126233
Russian mercenary Evgenij Shabaev, aka ‘Lun,’ was killed by the Ukrainian military in Donbas, eastern Ukraine, on May 7, 2019. The terrorist was killed while taking out the wounded, and his wife, a terrorists’ doctor, was seriously wounded.
Russian occupation forces have used artillery and mortars in the area of the Joint Forces Operation in Donbas three times since midnight as of 12:00 on Friday. — Ukrinform.
As a result of the Russian aggression in Donbas, 19 soldiers of the Ukrainian Armed Forces have been killed and more than 90 have been injured in hostilities over the past two months. — Ukrinform.
Police officers continue to document offenses related to the occupation of Donetsk Oblast. During the four months, 71 militants were arrested. This is reported by the press service of the National Police Another six were reported in absentia suspiciously and wanted. To prove their involvement with the militants, the police set up witnesses and took away material evidence. Henceforth, even after 5 years, hiding from responsibility was not possible to mercenaries. Most went to the ranks of terrorists in search of enrichment. Also, pro-Russian curators replenish their army as criminals. According to all the facts, criminal proceedings were opened under Part 2 of Art. 260 (creation of illegal armed units and participation in them) of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. According to the Maximum punishment for this crime – up to 8 years imprisonment. According to Part 6 of Art. 260 CCUs, a chance to get rid of the punishment of the NFP participants may be in case of voluntary police delivery. Only in April, three militants came to the police with a guilty verdict.
Farewell to the Marine Denis Kozma will be held tomorrow, May 11, in the village. Priozerne Kiliysky district of the Odessa region at 10:00. Volunteer Taras Chmut wrote about this on his Facebook page, reports Tsensor. NET. “His name was Kozma Denis Petrovich,” Ded “, a scout of the 137th Battalion of MP, who died for Ukraine.” We used to sit with him on a joint venture, and Ded said: “Nikolayevich, if they kill me, will you write about me?” “Dude, this will be the best of what I wrote …” Ded, or Dan, as he was called, was a rare combination of courage, courage, honesty and conscience. Originally from the Kilia district of Odesa region, an openly pro-Russian region, went to the war itself in 2014. All his entourage was against, called his sick banderovets that it was a fratricidal war … But he had his posture first and foremost in the 28th Detached Guards Mechanized Brigade, known as Kipish, a member of Marinki’s heavyweight defense in 2015. This was the last Russian offensive in this war. Ded often talked about those events, as in their position, the tank shot more than 20 shells, as at the end of the battle, he left 2 packs of “trasers” to the machine and how happy they met in the morning of our troopers who went on a counterattack, “remembers Chmut. “In the Marine Corps Denis from the fall of 2015. Originally in the 2nd Company and then in the Platoon Platoon. When I was transferred to the scouts, he was the only one of my sailors) Ded was a professional in his work. He had a great deal of different weapons, often worked as a machine gunner with PCM. Whether the PKK did not cope with the AGS, LNG or ZHUH, went to the Urals and on the BTR and on MT-LB or BMP, could fix anything! And yet, he was the operator of the UAV – first the American RQ-11B Raven and then “Leleka-100”, – he added.
The Russian edition of Novaya Gazeta published an interview with a former mechanic driver of the 76th Airborne Forces Division of the Russian Armed Forces who participated in the aggression against Ukraine in 2014, in particular in the battles for Novosvitlivka. We will publish a translation into Ukrainian to preserve the original chronology and add photos with the consequences of the battles. NG: Can I publish your real name and surname? No, that’s not worth it. Although I did not sign anything at the expense of non-disclosure, but signed for us. Already after, when we returned from Lugansk. We had training in the Pskov region, after the trainings were taken to the Pskov airfield, and from there to Rostov. Already in Rostov, company commander said that now we are heading to Lugansk. To ensure … In general, we were told that we need to accompany a humanitarian aid column. Did you accompany her? No, we did not accompany her. I did not see any trucks with humanitarian aid at all. From which regions except Pskov, were military in Rostov? And from all cities. Tankists were with us near Chechnya. Not Chechens, but the military part is in the territory of Chechnya [ed. MIL.IN.UA– This is probably the 18th separate motorized infantry brigade, based on which in 2016 the year was deployed 42nd motorized rifle division] Did you have any distinguishing marks on your form? No no. We were told to remove it in Rostov. And the phones were ordered to get the batteries. Because the phones could have detected us. Who? All in a row. Enemies How much have you been Combat tactical group – 90 people. Rota At first, we were just sticking out in the woods a week. In the tents? No, we did not have any tents. Just in sleeping bags. With us we had a swashback, issued even in Rostov. Said if it is over, then we will still bring up. Weapons, ammunition? That was enough. All in state. I have an automatic machine. We had BMD, KamAZ. Artillery players were still “non-niche” [ed. MIL.IN.UA– it’s about 2С9 “NONA”]. The technique is. Nobody explained anything. But nobody asked us. To that which will continue, nobody prepared us. But we were able to shoot, we were preparing for the war in general. We understood where we are and what is happening here. We did not discuss this in any way, but we just thought that the living would return. For many, no matter how the wives, children. But we were promised to pay extra. For $ 50 a month. Consequences of fights in August 2014 in Novosvitlivka And how much did you receive per month in a regular service? From 25 thousand. Therefore, these $ 50 a day seemed to us in principle not bad. It is clear that this is not so much when the dollar was still 30 rubles. But anyway. A week later we were told that we had to storm two villages. I will never forget a single settlement, it’s Novosvitlivka. Did you understand that the village is peaceful inhabitants of another country, with which Russia does not fight like it? Well … there simply were not peaceful inhabitants. But we needed them … Well … so to say, to destroy. Directly and sounded the order – to destroy? So. Here are those from. As we called them – Bandera. Whats the swastika blouses. Really worn? Straight crosses, swastika? Well … some were worn. Of course not everyone. But there were some wore. On hand How do cinema shows about the war? Yes Yes. That’s when they fought in the Second World – the Germans were the same. Why did you have to destroy them? They attacked you? No. But we were given such an order. Russian BMD-2 trophyed by Ukrainian armies in Lutuginsky district of Luhansk region Did you realize that you are operating in another country? Of course I understood. But such an order. Well, I’m watching TV as well. They killed civilians there every day, and they were raped and children crucified. Have you heard of it on TV? So You said that Novosvitlivka village will never be forgotten. What was there? Well … In general … A lot of wounded was revealed. Half of the group was injured. No bullets were injured, but in general everything was from the wreckage. From mortar In general, we had an order to get to the next village, but we did not get there. Hit in this Novosvitlivtsi. The “donkeys” were, they say, on the other side. We lost only BMD. And how did you use BMD in the village? Guns From guns shot gunner. By the village? So. So. The battle lasted about an hour. We fired, shot on us. As a result, we managed to kill someone, and someone escaped. Disassembly of the rubble destroyed by Russians in a private home You are staffed military, trained people. You also resisted the military? Honestly – we did not know. The prisoners could not be taken. And the enemy managed? From our division – no. Of the others – yes, of course. If I am not mistaken, from the Ulyanovskaya division very much was captured [ed. MIL.IN.UA– in fact, there is a documented fact of captivity of the platoon platoon from the “Pskov” of the 98th Division of the Airborne Forces – ensign Burrakov Vladimir Ilyich. In total, 15 Russian paratroopers were captured in Ukraine – four servicemen of the 31st assault brigade and ten of the 98th Airborne Division] You have already served a lot of them by this time? Yes, already a second contract. That is the fourth year. What did you do after the victory [ed. MIL.IN.UA– Is it a question of occupying Novosvitlivka]? Then we were in this village for two days. Provided peace of civilians. Then you had to go to the depths of Ukraine? After we were standing in the village these two days after the fight, we were assembled to go to the airport in Lugansk. But we did not reach him. They stopped close to him, and the next day we were told: all, we go home. And there were no more battles. We returned first to Rostov, there were another month. Then to yourself. How did you return to Rostov? We traveled to the BMD. And in Ukraine, and back. About five hours in a row. Went straight on the highway? In the eyes of civilians? No, by the sandy road. In the sense of the soil. But they saw the inhabitants on the road, they also saw us. Photographed all of us. What’s going back there. To get to Lugansk, it was necessary to go through the state border. Did you see at any moment that you cross the border? No, just went and drove. The only thing that has hit the checkpoint. The militia We calmly met and let them miss. You said you knew that you are operating in another country … Yes, only we did not know that we are being sent there unofficially. We only learned about it later. The $ 50 a day that you promised to additionally count, have somehow been documented? No. Just our commander promised. Have you paid No. We were told that we were not there. We got lost. We were on the train and lost their way. But they did not pay anything. It was not in our power – to make sure that something was paid. Then we were left without a bonus, and this is almost 20 thousand. That is, we had to get $ 50 a day plus a bonus, but we did not get any of this. But you were injured, they also did not pay? No, the wounded have paid a million. We did not have deaths, but I know that in other companies the wives, mothers of the dead also paid a million. I have a family friend, they have been paid. How did it happen that you left the army? So from then on and left. We wanted to send us a second time. Many refused. Someone then agreed. And someone like me did not agree. We were told to write reports. I wrote and retired. And many freed for the same reason? I do not know that. I know that in one day with me reports were written by three more people. The destroyed Russian BTR-82 near Novosvitlivka of the Luhansk region Why did those who agreed? Someone was pushed. Someone received a million injuries – and he agreed again. Well, they were evil after the past. For whom and for what evil? This is the same you came to “Bandera”, but not they to you. What are we? We were given an order, a work of service. Of course. What’s wrong with what? Well, I do not know … Some just liked it. Well, who on the contract, young blood, want to fight. One especially. He was such … Direct Rambo. Such a political one. Constantly, these political topics were affected. Basically it was one mat. What needs them, hawk, blin … You just have to burn. For what? That’s what I can not say. I do not know. Did you like it I do not. First, not paid. Secondly, I looked at death, and somehow I had enough life. It’s scary, in fact. At that time, I was only 21 years old. They can kill and the age is young. But you went to the army under the contract, then, understood what could happen and fight? I did not represent it. Just because I have never seen. Although my whole family was fighting for me. The great-grandfather fought in the Second World, his grandfather – in Afghanistan, two Chechen brothers passed. But they did not tell anything. I asked, but they replied: you will go to the army – you will know. How did your relatives relate to your release from the army? Said – correctly done. Thank God, alive, I’m back. You understand what exactly could be killed under Lugansk? For glory, for the Motherland? For big, in the end, money? But for no reason I could die. But I understood it only then. It was just an order. As a result, neither fame nor “motherland” nor money.
Russia continues to put the lives of innocent civilians in the temporarily occupied Donbas at risk, positioning its forces and firing weapons close to homes, schools, and businesses. — Ukrinform.
The 40-mm manual anti-tank grenade launcher PSRL-1, which was received from the United States and adopted by the National Guard of Ukraine about a year ago, significantly increased the firepower and combat capability of the Guard units. “Today, the National Guard of Ukraine has state-of-the-art weapons and equipment that is used to carry out certain statutory tasks. An updated PSRL-1 grenade launcher is one of the most effective firefighters on the battlefield (new weaponry – IF), “the press service of the National Guard announced on Friday. According to guards, the PSRL-1 has several advantages over other weapons used by units, including those in comparison with the traditional RPG-7 troops. “The anti-tank fighter, striking armored equipment, fortifications and the living force of the enemy with a single shot of a grenade – 40 mm of caliber,” the words of the weapons specialist are brought to the press service. The National Guard now has a batch of 40-mm manual anti-tank grenade launchers RSRL-1 manufactured in the United States, which allows you to increase the firepower of the units of the Guard. Today, a training program for personnel and a manual for PSRL-1 manual grenade launcher has already been developed. interfax.com.ua
Officers, petty officers and sailors of the Navy are trained aboard the hydrographic survey vessel HMS ECHO H87 of the Royal Naval Forces of Great Britain. Internship is held in accordance with the Plan of international cooperation and on the invitation of the British side, according to the Odessa edition of the Ministry of Defense News Agency. During 5 days of staying on board the ship of Her Majesty, our sailors will cross the Black Sea, will be able to pass such difficult areas of civil navigation as the Straits of the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, overcome the Marmara and the Jega Sea. Further, according to the plan, is a visit to the NATO Naval Base “Sud-Bay” on the island of Crete (the Hellenic Republic). Ukrainians will observe the work of British sailors at the main command post HMS ECHO during tactical maneuvers, take part in trainings in the composition of naval combat calculations, will work at combat posts, work out the elements of navigational laying of the ship’s course, carry out tasks while passing the highway and navigating guidance using modern computer technology. All planned events will be in English. “The main goal of the event is to improve maritime training and knowledge of the organization of the naval service of the Royal Navy of Great Britain,” said Yuriy Vytsky, Captain 2 Division Commander, of the Navy’s Working Group. – Together with me, the commander of the navigational unit of the middle landing ship Yuri Olefirenko will be trained by Senior Lieutenant Arthur Kolodka, senior commander of the artillery fighting unit of the same ship sailor Ivan Anishchenko and chief officer of the division of surface ships, midshipman Pavlo Kucher. Ukrainian sailors are trained on a British scout Also, one of the features of the training for our seafarers will be the opportunity to see how the high-tech special equipment of the hydrographic survey vessel HMS ECHO works thanks to which complex hydrographic works are carried out.
The Pryluky rocket boat (P153) of the Navy of the Ukrainian Armed Forces conducted a series of exercises in the Black Sea area with the HMS Echo (H87) ship of the Royal Navy of Great Britain. This is reported by the press service of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine In the course of joint training, the Ukrainian missile launcher and the British ship completed tasks on tactical maneuvers, air defense training, and conducted communication training in accordance with NATO standards. The training involved the helicopter Mi-14 naval aviation brigade, which was tasked with covering the surface conditions in the area of training. Also, along with the ships worked on the actions during the search and rescue operation and the subsequent evacuation of the victim. – Today we were faced with the task of lifting the victim’s British ship from the board. I think that worked on perfectly. The peculiarity of working on such a small site is that the helicopter must approach very closely the various superstructures and antennas of the ship, and calculate so that nothing can be touched, and for us, the saviors – to leave the helicopter board and to provide assistance is a matter of ordinary and everyday. There is nothing extraordinary, “commented the instructor-rescuer of the paratroopers group Senior Sergeant Sergey Cartel. Video from the press service of HMS Echo (H87): HMS Echo for the second time is visiting Odessa in the framework of cooperation between the naval forces of Great Britain and Ukraine. Joint training of HMS Echo and Pryluky rocket launcher Photo: Press service of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine HMS Echo (H87) is a multi-purpose hydrographic ship of the ocean, one of two of the British Royal Navy project (the other – HMS Enterprise (H88) has already entered the Black Sea in early 2018 ).
The large-scale measures of combat training of Army Airborne Forces of the Land Force and the Naval Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are carried out at the Rivne military training ground. This is reported by the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine All categories of flight and flight crew members, air guides, officers of combat management take part in the event. Crews of various types of helicopters, in particular Mi-24 and Mi-8, in pairs, units and squadrons, perform combat and combat tasks in difficult meteorological conditions. In addition to flights of varying complexity, pilots carry out tasks for landing landing, evacuation elements, flights for combat use of rocket and artillery weapons with a minimum height of day and night. A separate issue of the exercises will be the development of piloting skills in helicopter equipment equipped with night vision devices, which allows flying and firing at a record low altitude during dark times, and in real combat conditions, close-up approaching, destroying targets and safely returning to the baseline. In the framework of the completion of the training of the Army Aviation units, the best crew, pair, helicopter link Mi-24, Mi-8 will be identified.
The National Agency of Ukraine on Detection, Investigation and Asset Management of Corruption and Other Crimes (ARMA) will no longer place the arrested Nord vessel on auction. Passes the National Industrial Portal with reference to the UMC. On March 25, 2018, in the part of the Ukrainian waters of the Azov Sea, a fishing boat-infringer “Nord”, detained for one of the ports of the occupied Crimea, under the banner of Russia, was arrested by maritime security. The Natsagentstvo added that the negative informational field formed by the neighboring aggressor country could affect the results of the bids, which potentially reduces the possibility of buying seignan outside the territorial waters of Ukraine. “Taking into account the results of the first, repeated bids, as well as the status of seiner as an arrested property […], the National Agency considers the expediency of changing the way of management of the assets (the ship” Nord “- ed.), Namely the transfer of the latter to the management of interested institutions from among the state maritime academies or other marine educational institutions of Ukraine for exploitation for scientific and educational purposes “, – noted in the National Agency. The vessel “Nord” refers to small-scale fishing seiner-trawlers of the 1330 project, which was built in the period from 1983 to 1997 at the Azov shipyard in the Russian city of Azov. Vessels are equipped with diesel engines of 225 hp, and they also have a refrigerated hold with a volume of 52.3 cubic meters.
In March 2019, the American Center for Strategic and Budget Assessments (CSBI) published an analytical report “Strengthening the Defense of the Eastern Border of NATO.” The document contains recommendations for strengthening the US military presence in Europe, with special attention Poland, as well as advice for the armed forces of this country. The study is interesting in terms of the fact that it appeared immediately after the publication of the draft budget of the Ministry of Defense for the fiscal year of the year 2020 and the pending report to the Pentagon on strengthening the military presence in Poland. It should be emphasized that the recommendations of the CSB report largely coincide with those previously set out in two other documents – the Center for European Policy Analysis (“Unfinished Business: Why and How the US Should Establish Continuous Military Presence on the Eastern Flank of NATO”)  and Atlantic Council (“Constant deterrence: increasing US military presence in Northern and Central Europe”). In conjunction with the role that these think tanks play in American politics, based on the three documents, it is possible to predict how real Washington’s intentions are. The recommendations of the American experts are backed by a comprehensive assessment of the Russian threat. In their view, for the countries of the eastern flank of NATO, there is a risk of sudden and rapid aggression on the part of Russia under the cover of the “protective dome” A2 / AD, using elements of the hybrid war and the “perfect fact” method (ie, the creation of the desired situation, regardless of the circumstances) . The CSB report lists the Russian A2 / AD elements that pose a particular threat. First and foremost, this is: Rocket systems of the “earth-earth”, “air-earth” and “sea-earth” classes. Russia’s use of high-precision weapons (WTO), such as the Iskander-M missile complex, the Hypersonic Missile Kundal missile complex and the Caliber cruise missile, poses a serious threat to NATO’s strategy of strengthening. The massive use of these complexes in conjunction with aviation, which is also equipped with the WTO, may threaten redeployment of troops by strikes at airbases, ports, command posts and other infrastructure. Air defense systems (air defense) . Russia’s use of large-scale air defense systems, such as the C-400 “Triumph” anti-aircraft missile complex, in combination with medium and low-range complexes, can significantly impede NATO’s operations, especially in the early days of the conflict. In order to break the A2 / AD “protective dome”, the Allies will have to focus on the fight against air defenses, using expensive and few WTO instruments of a large range. This means that allied aircraft will have limited capabilities to counter Russia’s land forces, especially since they have their own air defense units. Means of electronic warfare (REB), cyberwar and anti-satellite fight. Due to this triad, Russia can make it much more difficult for the Alliance to use standard means of communication, management and intelligence. This is of particular importance, since the use of REBs is combined with “classical” air defense. On the one hand, Russian air defense systems can “push” reconnaissance aircraft or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) from the area of operations, on the other hand – the creation of obstacles will significantly reduce the effectiveness of such operations. In turn, the dangers of cyber attacks include civilian infrastructure, in particular, transport networks used to redeploy troops. Conventional artillery. Another element of the Russian system A2 / AD is bulk artillery. The artillery units of the Armed Forces of Russia are more numerous than in the NATO countries (for example, the Russian artillery brigade consists of three divisions, including one division of reactive artillery). In addition, the Russians developed a doctrine according to which tank and mechanized troops should attack the enemy not directly, but to conduct hostilities so as to destroy it, at least in part, with artillery fire. A similar tactic is used today in eastern Ukraine. The development of these capabilities from Russia could lead to its benefits on the eastern flank of NATO and thus reduce confidence in US security guarantees not only for the allies of the Alliance, but also for the countries of the Asia-Pacific region. An RF attack on one NATO member country could lead to a nuclear conflict (in the event that the Alliance decides to return the captured territories). Therefore, the optimal option would be to provide NATO with the capabilities and capabilities to prevent Russia from using the “perfect fact” method. According to CSB experts, this is real, but with the strengthening of allied forces, in particular the United States, as well as the Polish Army. A proper increase in the presence of US troops can significantly impede Russia in implementing its strategic plans. The very fact that Moscow will be forced to increase its troops in order to break the defense in the area of the planned operation, combined with the activity of NATO intelligence, can lead to a loss of austerity. If the conflict still begins, then the relevant units can significantly slow down and complicate the actions of the Russians, which will allow to tighten reinforcements, make the necessary political decisions, and so on. Poland is precisely the place where a significant part of the additional forces should be placed, as they will be able to respond immediately to Russia’s actions in the Baltic Sea region. And this will happen much faster than in the case of the use of units stationed in the United States or even in Western Europe. The authors of the CSB report draw attention to the benefits of the permanent presence of troops over the rotary. Thus, parts of the permanent base are better oriented at the theater of military operations (TVD), in the long run they are less burdensome for those military structures that periodically prepare the next rotational changes. However, paradoxically, under certain conditions, rotational forces may have a higher level of combat readiness and be more “elastic”. The placement of armaments and military equipment on a possible TPD within the APS program plays an important but not decisive role, taking into account the advanced presence of troops. These units have sufficient combat (and restraining) potential, although, of course, APS warehouses can shorten response time. CSB experts expressed the following recommendations regarding the permanent placement of specific subdivisions in the territory of the Republic of Poland, including: US Army Division Headquarters (with headquarters in Germany). The presence of a permanent headquarters of a divisional level (possibly by reforming the existing command element mission) would allow the combat operations of a full-blooded division to be managed in the event of a threat from the very beginning of the conflict and without the need for further strengthening. In turn, the headquarters of the corps, remote from the combat zone, could better coordinate the early warning and preparations for the operation, as well as the hostilities themselves. In addition, APS warehouses in Germany should have enough military assets to form another division headquarters. Reactive artillery and air defense. CSBU strongly recommends that a diving artillery control unit be deployed with at least two jet artillery divisions in order to be able to support allied forces and fight the Russian A2 / AD system. Americans also recommend to deploy a strengthened anti-aircraft missile division of small radius not only with rocket systems, but also with non-kinetic means (for example, laser). In conjunction with the Patriot complexes, it should be used to protect against airborne hazards, including UAVs, maneuvering missiles and aircrafts. Such defense is needed both for the army and for the key infrastructure. Military support units. It is about reconnaissance, engineering, logistic divisions and subunits of the REB. This is necessary in order to be able to effectively counteract the Russian system A2 / AD and support the military units during land operations. A new armored brigade formed from APS warehouses. Thanks to this, the US Army would be able to respond more effectively to the threat posed by Russian armored troops, especially in cooperation with the Polish Army. Even airborne troops of the Russian Federation are equipped with light armored vehicles, and an American brigade on the territory of the Republic of Poland can counteract a sudden attack (without the need for relocation from the United States to Europe). However, when forming such a brigade, it is necessary to take into account the political consequences and issues related to the use of resources of the US Army (personnel training, repair, maintenance, etc.). CSB experts also noted the need to strengthen re-deployment capabilities in Europe in co-operation with host countries. To do this, you need to create as many as possible regular routes, means of transfer, etc. They should, as far as possible, be sheltered from the Russian threat. One option is to “disperse” the infrastructure, including the one that has a dual purpose. According to the authors of the CSB report, the Polish armed forces today are the strongest army on the eastern flank of NATO. And due to its geographical location, this country will remain a key element of the Alliance’s ability to contain and, if necessary, reflect Russia’s aggression in the Baltic Sea region. At the same time, in order to confront the Russian threat to Poland, it is not necessary to increase the number of its armed forces, but to modernize them. Some steps have already been taken in this direction. From 2014, defense expenditures are increasing and rearmament programs are being implemented: Leopard 2A5 tanks have already been purchased, the issue of purchasing Leopard 2PL tanks, Patriot complexes, and new models of artillery is being solved. However, there is a delay in the acquisition of intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance (ISR) and combat support. Taking into account the nature of the threats, CSBO made the following recommendations. Strengthening the combat readiness of the Polish Army, primarily the Land Forces. In this context, it is necessary to complete the process of forming the 18th mechanized division, increase the number of exercises, complete military units, and replenish ammunition (in particular, anti-aircraft and anti-tank) stockpiles to prepare for high-intensity military operations. Strengthening combat support units, which is especially important for counteracting the Russian system A2 / AD. Air defense. In addition to purchasing Patriot systems designed primarily to fight ballistic missiles, other means of protecting against air threats (in case of use of all the above mentioned complexes) must also be provided. It is necessary to pay attention to the protection from the UAV, which may limit the effectiveness of Russian artillery. Intelligence, observation, reconnaissance. The priority for Poland should be the acquisition of modern ISRs to provide early warning of the threat and management of long-range artillery fire. It is necessary to introduce multispectral sensors and modern and diversified UAVs that allow better tracking of movement of Russian troops in the Baltic Sea region. Radio electronics and cyberwarfare. CSB experts noted the need to develop opportunities for the conduct of REB and cyberwar, which will enable them not only to defend themselves against Russian means of this type, but also to allow offensive actions. Territorial Defense Forces (WTO). This new type of armed forces of the Republic of Poland is intended to deter the advancement of the enemy, countering the hybrid forms of warfare, fighting special forces forces. The key to the effectiveness of the WTO is the appropriate training and equipment, which includes not only the means of damage, but also intelligence (including UAVs) and secure communications. Engineering troops. It is important to strengthen the capabilities of this kind of troops not only to ensure the free movement of their own and Allied troops on the territory of the Republic of Poland (including the crossing of the Vistula), but also to use the features of the area in the north-east of Poland to deter the enemy. As one more priority after the restoration and strengthening of combat support units, CSB experts called for the reinforcement of certain types of armed forces. During the next decade, ground forces should focus on the introduction of new, modern weapons models (Borsuk, an upgraded T-72 tank). At the same time, modernization must take place in such a way that it does not lead to a reduction in combat capability. For the Air Force , several alternatives have been proposed, taking into account cost and efficiency, including the replacement of outdated (post-Soviet) aircraft with fewer fifth-generation vehicles, F-16 upgrades and UAV acquisition. The authors of the report stated that although fourth generation cars are cheaper, fifth-generation fighters are more likely to survive in the A2 / AD environment. In turn, Naval Forces, instead of buying expensive high-class ships, should focus on building coastal defense and deterrence of the enemy. These include, inter alia, coastal missile artillery or mining systems. CSB experts point out that this is much more effective for the protection of the Baltic Sea than a small number of ships that require complex and expensive systems to counter Russian anti-ship missiles or other threats. Volodymyr Palivoda Chief Consultant of the National Security Division National Institute for Strategic Studies
It is five years since Ukrainian director Oleh Sentsov was arrested by Russia on terror charges which are widely seen as politically motivated.
This was written by a well-known Ukrainian expert in the field of armaments Sergiy Zgurets on his facebook page with reference to the IDEF-2019 exhibition held in Istanbul. “Therefore, with special interest, artillery pieces from Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu (MKEK) were considered. Oh, that’s it! Multicolored ones with different ambitions. Up to 40+ km, “he wrote. As for the project, S.Zgurets wrote the following: “MCEC is a state-owned company that is responsible for a bunch of projects related to artillery, ammunition, explosives and gunpowder. This is all that we need all together, or retail. And still, MCEC, among other new products, showed a new version of its self-propelled 155 m / 52 cal. Howez Yavuz on MAN chassis 6 × 6. Turkish SAU has a developed fire control system. It is your own navigation tools, ballistic calculator and remote control with all major devices. With the help of its remote gunner-operator can perform all basic operations to prepare for shooting and fire. The sofa is equipped with a two-chamber muzzle brake and a piston semi-automatic gate with electric actuators. Self-propelled combat characteristics depend on the type of projectile being used. Thus, the standard M107 fragmentation projectile can be sent at a range up to 18 km. Sharpener high-explosive M549A1 with a gas generator has a range of up to 30 km. The range of shooting with the perspective projectile MKEK Mod 274 exceeds 40 km. As it was reported at the company’s stand, successful fire tests of the new artistic system were carried out. There were 40 rounds of various types of munitions, including the most cool artillery unit MKEK Mod 274 – under different angles of inclination of the cannon. Also checked the reliability of all systems, included with the work of the charging mechanism. Or, more precisely, referral. As you can see in the photo, the transfer mechanism is placed behind the cartridge. Filing a projectile and cardboard with a metal charge is carried out from the “floating” tray, by means of a mechanical transfer. Before the shot, the whole mechanism is pushed to the side, so that the gun barrel after the shot could roll back. All this sophisticated plexus greatly simplifies the work of the charger. And so the trained calculation shows a firing pace of 6 shots per minute. ”
Author: Vladislav Khristoforov – 22:44 – 05/09/2019 The prototype of the new 155-millimeter wheeled UAV “Bogdan” will use Turkish ammunition during the tests. This is reported by the director of the agency Defense Express Sergey Zgurrets, referring to the information received at the international exhibition IDEF-2019, held in Istanbul from April 30 to May 3 this year. Passes National Industrial Portal. “The new Ukrainian artillery 155-millimeter Bohdan system will shoot Turkish ammunition. At least, on the tests. I learned about this at the IDEF-2019, held in Istanbul. Therefore, with special interest, the artillery pieces from Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu (MKEK) were considered. Oh, that’s it! Multicolored ones with different ambitions. To 40+ km “, – wrote Sergey Zgurets on his Facebook. Turkish 155mm ammunition manufactured by MECE at the international exhibition IDEF-2019. May 2019 It is noted that the ICEC is a Turkish state-owned company, which “is responsible for a bunch of projects related to artillery, ammunition, explosives and gunpowder.” In addition to 155mm ammunition, this company also develops similar “Bogdan” self-propelled units. In particular, in fact IDEF-2019 was presented a new version of self-propelled 155/152-mm gambling Yavuz on MAN chassis 6 × 6 MECC. The Turkish 155/152mm SUV Yavuz on the MAN 6 × 6 chassis was developed by MKEK at the international exhibition IDEF-2019. May 2019 Recall that the prospective wheel 155-mm SAU “Bogdan” was first presented on the eve of the Independence Day, August 10, 2018. Also, a prototype of the domestic installation was demonstrated at a military parade in Kyiv, August 24, the same year. The new Ukrainian SAU was created on the basis of a three-wheel drive all-wheel drive truck KrAZ-6322 6×6, manufactured by the Kremenchug Automobile Plant. It is equipped with a four-door armored cabin that protects the calculation from small arms and fragments and has an open-ended gun. Earlier it was reported that 155 mm SAU “Bogdan” was completely developed and manufactured in Ukraine and has all components of domestic production – from chassis to trunk. It should be added that in September last year, the chairman of the board of the State Joint Stock Company “Artem” Anton Karpenko said that during the fire trials “Bogdan” will begin to use the active-reactive 155-mm fragmentation explosive shells of extended range NE ER BT, the production of which is small to start at the Artema Industrial Complex. It was announced that the testing of new shells had to be synchronized with the project “Bogdan”. “That is,” Bogdan “is already passing to the tests and we will supply the necessary samples of ammunition. And staffed, purchased from NATO, and produced by us, for a full cycle of tests, “- said the director of the company.
State Enterprise “Lviv State Aviation Repair Plant”, part of the State Enterprise “Ukroboronprom”, presented a presentation of a new modernized front fighter MiG-29MU2. An updated car was displayed during a visit to Lardar on May 3, 2007 Minister of Defense of Ukraine Stepan Poltorak. The new domestic modernization of the MiG-29MU2 aircraft received a more modern cabin, replacing old Soviet analogue indicators with digital ones. Also, the VOR, ILS, DME – on-board equipment is installed on the fighter, which will enable automatic control of aircraft landing and operations on international routes. The pilot’s cabin of the front-line fighter MiG-29 of the PS of the Armed Forces (training in the zone of the OS in May of this year) and the modernized MiG-29MU2 (to the right)
In addition, an updated fighter can effectively hit terrestrial targets with high-precision weapons. For example, corrected KAB-500 and KAB-500KR bombers, as well as X-29T and X-29 missiles. he prototype of the front fighter MiG-29MU2 (flight number 12, head number 2960729356) is intended for the 40th tactical aircraft brigade of the Armed Forces subdivision at the LARAZ shop. The airplane glider was released on August 31, 1990, formerly a member of the 161st UARP (A / 252, Limansky), where it had aboard number 40 / Photo: Mykola Tis / ZIK ”
We reduced two to three times the time of preparation of this aircraft (we are talking about the version of MiG-29MU1 – note DE) before the flight. This is the first block of modernization. The second block of modernization (actually MiG-29MU2), this is the installation, instead of the old, new devices. They allow today to operate more efficiently and quickly with arms and aircraft , “said Volodymyr Shatsk, Chief Economist of the Lardar .
Author: Vladislav Khristoforov – 16:14 – 08/05/2019 On the basis of the Lviv State Aviation Repair Plant, starting with the year 2020, it is planned to start work on the modernization of MiG-type aircraft with the participation of foreign partners Passes the National Industrial Portal with reference to the UMC. At the moment, negotiations on the participation of foreign companies are taking place at the final stage and the priorities for modernization are defined. The extreme modernization of the MiG-29 aircraft, which was developed at the Lviv Aviation Repair Plant – MU2, was carried out with the help of the enterprises of the Ukrainian defense-industrial complex. As a result of this upgrade, the aircraft’s ability to produce high-precision strikes for land-based purposes has been improved. On MiG-29MU2 it is possible to install missile and bomber weapons with TV heads of type X-29T and KAB-500KR. The MiG-29MU2 aircraft is equipped with VOR, ILS, DME – on-board equipment, which will automatically control aircraft landing and flying on international routes. Information about foreign partners with which modernization is planned is not reported. In January, Ukroboronprom signed a memorandum of cooperation with the Israeli company Elbit Systems Ltd, which already has experience in modernizing the MiG-29 aircraft. In the early 2000s, she participated in the modernization of the Romanian park of these fighter jets and, together with other companies, introduced the MiG-29 Sniper, which made its first flight on May 5, 2000. MiG-29 Sniper cabin (MiG-29 upgrade via Elbit Systems) Among the new equipment was installed:
- New Modular Multi-Channel Computer (MMRC)
- Mil-Bus 1553B
- modernized western avionics
- replaced communication systems (new radio stations)
- navigation system (integrated LINS / GPS)
- identification system (transponder)
- Analog indicators on the display are replaced
- radiation warning station
- new HOTAS system (hands on chokes and sticks)
- new ADC (Computer with Air Data)
Also, meetings with Oleksandr Turchynov, Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine, with Stanley Prusinsky, Director of Defense and Space Security, Boeing, discussed the projects of the modernization of the fighter and assault aircraft of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Therefore, participation in the modernization of this company is not excluded.
Author: Vladislav Khristoforov – 20:57 – 09/05/2019 The Ukrainian space industry will acquire new-generation remote sensing satellites (RSZs). Passes National Industrial Portal with reference to UBR. After launching Ukraine of the Sich-2 satellite eight years ago, no space vehicle of Ukrainian production has been in orbit. However, domestic designers did not stop it. The leading enterprise of the State Space Agency (DSAU) – CB “Pivdenne” (Dnipro River) – has promised to strengthen its position in the market for the production of spacecraft. At present, the CB “Pivdenne” is currently working on 4 satellites and plans to master the production of remote sensing earth remote sensing devices of the new generation. Among those currently working on – a scientific satellite “Microsat”, designed to study the ionosphere with a complex of scientific equipment “Ionosat-Micro” in the interests of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. In 2015, the company began work on the Sich-2-1 apparatus, which is a modification of the Sich-2 satellite. It is a satellite of remote sensing, which allows you to get images of the earth’s surface in panchromatic and spectral modes, with a resolution of 8 m. In 2017 – over the satellite platform Yuzhsat. It is based on the creation of a Yuzhsat-1 micro-satellite with a payload for the Aerosol-UA experiment, designed for global monitoring of physical characteristics, spatial and temporal distribution of aerosols in the Earth’s atmosphere. This will allow them to take into account their contribution to climate change on the planet. Since last year, the KBP has been developing technical capabilities to ensure the deployment of kubat nano satellites in orbit. In addition, for the first time in its history, the company decided to engage in the production of “Lybid” communications satellites, commissioned by the DSAU in 2009 by the Canadian company MDA (Macdonald Dettwiler & Associates), and hired for its manufacture the Russian company “Information Satellite Systems” (IRS the name of Academician MF Reshetnev). According to the general director of CB “Yuzhnoye” Oleksandr Degtyarev, now the company has completed the preliminary design and started design documentation of the satellite platform, which corresponds to the level and size of the satellite communication “Lybid”.
On Thursday, April 25th, a successful ground-level test of the second-generation engine of the Ukrainian-American Alpha rocket took place in Briggs, Texas, USA. Passes National Industrial Portal with reference to Channel 5. “Yesterday, Firefly successfully passed an important stage in testing the second level of the Alpha rocket on the path to the goal of launching its first launch in 2019,” the Firefly Aerospace official said. The company said that the fire test lasted exactly 5 minutes and was carried out on a vertical test platform. The length of the test demonstrates the excellent characteristics of the integrated system (flight avionics, structures and propulsion systems) throughout the planned mission duration of this component. Firefly also said: “The degree was equipped with tools for collecting data on mechanical vibration, which will be exposed to elements of the avionics, components of the liquid system during the flight. The preliminary results of the data analysis indicate that the tested components are in line with analytical models and have not reached the limit sensitivity. ” The company’s specialists add that all systems during the test acted within the nominal parameters, and testing the system’s degree after the completion of the test did not show their obvious unplanned damage. As you know, the first launch of the Alpha rocket is scheduled for December 16, 2019, from the Vandenberg air base in California, USA.
On May 14-15, 2019, on the basis of the National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute named after Igor Sikorsky” (NTUU KPI), for the first time separate from the innovative holding Sikorsky Challenge, a defense panel will be held as a separate open competition of defense technologies. From inventory to confident technological growth The purpose of this event is to identify the most interesting and most relevant projects in various fields of technology, and to provide the authors with the best of their assistance in commercialization, the creation of successful start-up companies and the emergence of innovative products in the national and international markets. The event will feature military and dual-use projects, and, in the first place, potential enterprises will be the enterprises of the State concern “Ukroboronprom”, the “League of Defense Enterprises of Ukraine”, the domestic and foreign investors. It should be noted that the ideologue of this technology forum is the rector of NTUU KPI, academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Mikhail Zgurovsky, who as chairman of the Supervisory Board of the DK “Ukroboronprom” identified an important task today – to combine the possibilities of scientific and design developments in the field of security and defense with the needs of the military and other law enforcement agencies, as well as defense manufacturing enterprises themselves. In other words, to determine which security technologies are available today in Ukraine. It is expected that this will be the first step in the creation of a powerful domestic technology platform, which will become the prototype of the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) model of the US Defense Forces Development Agency (DARPA). That is, the transition from analysis and selection of available work to the setting of perspective tasks to the best developers, as is customary in the United States. However, for the beginning, this is a significant result. Taking into account that there was no inventory of defense development in the country. In total, 130 projects were submitted to the organizers, of which the expert commission selected 85 developments in the field of security and defense, with the fact that about 80 projects were submitted to the competition by higher educational establishments or their students, 34 projects – private enterprises and 10 projects – institutions and institutes of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. It is worth noting that the contest of defense technology projects is widely represented by various information technologies, optical and chemical technologies, technology for creating and protecting them from damage, technology materials science, technology elemental base of radio electronics, positioning and navigation technologies, and a highlight of the event will be aviation and space technology and technologies of tactical medicine . All 130 science-intensive ideas that were presented to the organizers of the competition, can be divided, first of all, by degree of readiness. For example, a hemostatic composite material is a prototype. The basis of this invention is the task of creating a hemostatic composite material comprising an inert matrix filled with nanosized silica, structuring, fixing and antimicrobial substances. The material looks like a sheet of thickness 3-7 mm of any shape and size, which is packed in a sterile film package. The competition also includes beta versions of products, namely a balloon that hits the target to disable the elements of electronics. In particular, the developers reported that the designers set the goal of creating a balloon, which is intended to eliminate the goals (machines that contain the means of electronics), or fail to work these vehicles by generating a high-voltage discharge when hit the target. But also a defeat of the living force, as an ordinary balloon. At the competition of defense technologies will be products that have already been introduced into production. Among them, the registrar 06000.3 (X) and SecurePhone secured mobile software package. The first performs the function of a miniature registrar in the form of a token attached to the wounded, which is intended for use in tactical medicine and catastrophic medicine, and is intended for the rapid registration of urgent states of the cardiovascular system of wounded military personnel and the transmission of received data in continuous recording, monitoring and preservation. The idea of the second product is the creation of a complex for the transmission of speech and multimedia messages, as well as streaming video in a secure way over the Internet, ensuring their confidentiality and integrity on the basis of cellular terminals with Android OS. Developers assure that data protection is secured by full encryption of data traffic. Modern international cryptographic algorithms are used. Also, a project called “Speed Helicopters” takes part in the competition. “Experimental prototype of high-speed helicopters with its design surpasses existing types of fatalities due to take-off speed, load-carrying capacity and flight speed (up to 500km / h). That gives significant advantages over existing modern helicopters due to more weapons, maneuvers and safety “, – says the developer. Among the innovators presented there are several unique ideas. In particular, these include the physical theory presented under the name “Physics for a flying dish”. The paper addresses the main unresolved mystery of physics – the process of birth of gravity. Two experiments conducted by the author are given; analyzes natural phenomena and inventions which do not have theoretical substantiation. Another interesting idea is the creation of heat-infrared camouflage. The idea of the project is to develop a concept of a camouflage suit that can prevent the identification of personnel through the means of thermal imaging and infrared observation. Due to the continuous world progress in aircraft and rocket production, the production of newest special alloys of various functional purposes in this field acquires no weight in the modern world. Specialists of Zaporizhzhya National University, PJSC Dneprspetsstal and SE “Ivchenko Progress” developed new cemented heat-resistant steel 10Х3НМ3ФБч with rational structure and increased operational characteristics, and also developed an innovative technology of its chemical-thermal treatment. Consequently, the technology of development and introduction into the production of modern alloys for aerospace equipment is currently in a state of experimental and industrial implementation. A rather important product for a country that has been in a state of war for five years now is a mobile cabinet for emergency psychological assistance to servicemen. The development has no analogues to the mobile cabinet for emergency psychological assistance to military personnel, which implements various functions, such as prevention of the development of post-stress disorder in combatants, the activation of volitional potentials, reduction of anxiety in military personnel before combat, and reduction of psychogenic losses among military personnel. The competition also features composite material for the defense of military equipment and its crews. They are convinced that the breakthrough can be the manufacture of protective elements (armored slabs, body armor, etc.) from composite materials based on high-modulus solids bonded with self-fluxing alloys and dispersed aluminum alloys due to higher values of the bond strength properties in Compared to existing, improve the functional characteristics of the material as a whole. In addition, energy and resource-saving technologies for manufacturing lightweight composite armor of class 6a are offered on the basis of reinforced ceramic materials as well as reinforced metalloceramic alloy based on titanium polyfunctional purpose. More sophisticated innovations in the defense technology competition 2019 First of all, I would like to mention that this competition of defense technologies is being held in Ukraine for the first time, but some military innovations have already been presented at the Sikorsky Challenge Innovation holding. Of course, all the technologies presented in this competition play an important role for Ukraine and for “defense” in general, but I would like to highlight those technologies that are strategically important at the moment. Not least because of the war, although the “hybrid” by definition, but still sufficiently technological. In fact, at the first competition of defense technologies presented information technologies to increase the noise immunity of identification systems of radar identification. Developers are offered a method for increasing the noise immunity of identification radar identification systems (ISLLs), which consists in the successive transition from serving individual request signals to the servicing of individual inquirers through the allocation of synchronous sequences of request signals. That will eliminate the maintenance of uncorrelated sequence of query signals and significantly reduce the intensity of servicing the correlated sequence. Using the methods of comparative analysis, it has been shown that the IP RLO, in which the proposed method is implemented, has a higher immunity to the existing one. In addition, in the west on May 14-15, you will be able to get acquainted with the “Gorlitsa” OB. Gorlitsa is an operational tactical unmanned aeronautical complex (OT BAC) designed for air reconnaissance in simple and difficult weather conditions, day and night, as well as the transfer to the command post of the intelligence information brigade of the enemy’s targets to ensure the effective combat use of mechanized brigades , batteries, rocket troops and artillery and military aircraft. The complex can carry a shock weapon. Continuing the theme of robotics it is important to note that the competition will be involved in the development of a multipurpose optoelectronic system of air exploration for tactical UAVs on a gyrostabilized turning platform with auto-guidance and IR illumination of the selected target. To strategically important devices I would like to include, as well, the idea of creating a device for diagnosing the psycho-physiological state of a soldier and the methodology for determining his combat ability. “The purpose of the research work is to develop a new method for diagnosing the psychophysiological state (PFS) of servicemen as a functional link of the Armed Forces of Ukraine by biometric data derived from active measurement devices, which increases the efficiency and accuracy of determining the level of combat capability. Obtaining such information is decisive also when a serviceman ceases to be a direct link of the control circuit, and he is assigned the role of a separate military unit that has wide opportunities for intervention in the management process. The military man works in the control circuit at a higher hierarchical level “, – assure developers. In the status of the experimental design, the competition presents the development of the design, technological processes for the production of highly fragile cast monofilaments, fragmented and reinforced buildings, and the organization of their serial and mass production for mortar rounds, artillery dresses and hand grenades for the needs of the Armed Forces. Stage # 1. “Development of the mortar shot M81 / 82mm, the technology of producing highly fragmented cast monofilaments, fragmented and reinforced bodies and stabilizers for this shot of steel and high-strength cast iron with the subsequent manufacture of the experimental batch of cases and assessment of their effectiveness on fragments.” In addition, in the west there will be a mobile combat module for remote control, equipped with 4 units. engines and lithium ion batteries. Provides a great supply of stroke, and precision guidance. Developers report that there is a ready prototype of this product. In the status of experimental and industrial implementation visitors are given the opportunity to get acquainted with the polymer machine gun. Specialists focused their attention on the production of a machine-gun tape for the Kalashnikov machine-gun (PCM) from polymeric materials, to replace the standard metal tape, as well as to the creation of automatic packaging complexes for packing tape in logistics warehouses. Over time, everything in the world is automated. There is no exception to the defense sphere. The same idea was followed by specialists who developed “Mobile Spy App”. This device tracks the collection and transmission of intelligence to the appropriate headquarters on the basis of NATO standards using both secure and open communication facilities. In addition, today dual-purpose systems for remote sensing of Earth from outer space (RSZ) have become one of the most important components of the military intelligence systems of the leading countries of the world, and the application of such systems for providing information to the command of the armed forces in a number of foreign countries is one of the main directions of national security. The conduct of space exploration has become one of the most important components of the information provision of combat operations during the military period and an effective means of information provision of the structures responsible for the national security of the states in peacetime. To a large extent, this is due to the fact that space-based intelligence systems have ceased to be at the disposal of only superpowers, which is confirmed by a noticeable increase in their use. This led the inventors to create information technology for decoding aerospace dual-use images. Instead of conclusions Well, the number of innovations presented in the first defense technology contest on May 14-15, 2019 may only mean that in the past few years, not only directly targeted enterprises, but also inventors engaged in the field of security and defense have joined creating not only products oriented to this area of activity. It can not be denied that most of the innovations were presented by students from higher education institutions. It is also extremely important that a significant number of innovations are dual-use products, which means that they will be useful both in peacetime and during wartime. In general, if we take the already mentioned ideology of US technology development, their DARPA agency builds its orders in such a way that in three to five years military developments would also provide the growth of the civilian sector of science-intensive industries . And the last. It is anticipated that a number of foreign investors and representatives of national enterprises will attend the competition on May 14-15, which will watch the strategically important inventions. So, we expect also commercialization of promising startup companies of domestic inventors. Although the defense capability of the country – in the first place. Dmitry Badrak “Defense and Industrial Courier”
The Ministry of Finance of Ukraine decided to patch holes in the budget at the expense of state enterprises. At the initiative of the Ministry of Finance, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine prepared a decree on which part of the net profit, which state enterprises should transfer to the budget, will be increased to 90%. Including the defense state-owned enterprises that are under the roof of the National Space Agency and as part of the state concern Ukroboronprom. If this decision enters into force, the outcome of the hasty idea is completely predictable. First – paralysis, and then the clinical death of the state defense industry already within the next quarter. To modernize tanks, to produce the necessary high-precision “Wilhu” and to bring the winged “Neptune” to the serial rate will simply be nowhere and no one. And talk about the need to develop our defense industry will look like a mockery. Thicken paint? Then the details. Doim more often than we feed It is hardly necessary to explain that our defense industry with its production base, with all due respect to our designers and engineers, is not at all the global “high-tech”. The reality is that the volume of production per worker in the defense sector (rounded data for 2017) is as follows: in the US – about $ 450 thousand, in the European Union – about $ 300 thousand, in Russia – $ 50 thousand. We have – not more than $ 15 thousand The roots of our outsider are clear. Industrial funds were aging, machines were not purchased, new technologies were not introduced. Depreciation of fixed assets in the defense industry is 65-80%, the pre-war rate of renewal is 2.5-3% per year. The war with Russia made it more active to retool, but the first noticeable sprouts began to appear only in 2018. At the same time, in parallel, with varying degrees of success, tasks and import substitution were solved – replacement of Russian-made components that are necessary for the repair and modernization of our military equipment. Where do state enterprises get funds to finance technical re-equipment, to create and expand production capacities, to work out new technological processes, to prepare new and modernized products, to manufacture prototypes and even to repay loans taken under these saints in our reality? The main source for both unitary enterprises and joint-stock companies with state participation is one – at the expense of profits. True, it is not easy for the state enterprise to make a profit when carrying out the same state defense order for the native defense ministry. The alignment is as follows: the real profit for an enterprise that fulfills a contract for the Ministry of Defense does not exceed 7-8%. It does not even cover inflation. Speaking harshly, in fact, the implementation of the state defense order under the existing rules of the game in the relations between the Ministry of Defense and arms manufacturers causes direct damage to enterprises that carry out government orders. So say today and private owners, and statesmen. I will not go into details, here the general outline is important. But even if under this surrealism the state enterprise coped with the task, delivered the products either to the army or for export (which is much more profitable), then at the end it will pay 18% income tax, and send 30% of its profits to the budget as state dividends. We fix: 30% is the part of the net profit that state-owned enterprises of the defense sector transfer to the budget today. And if 90%? Having set the bar for profit deductions up to 90%, by its decision, the Cabinet of Ministers withdraws all profits that an enterprise receives or tries to receive. Estimates of such a decision among specialists in the economic field with whom he spoke on this subject are very similar. Briefly, they are formulated as follows: “30% is the optimal balance between the withdrawal of funds in the interests of the owners and the reinvestment of the balance of profits in the development of production. 50% is a critical value, on the verge of survival. 90% is the rapid clinical death of any enterprise. At the same time, the specifics of tax and accounting are such that the amount of accrued profits will always be greater than the amount of funds in the company’s accounts. Since this “profit” can be in stocks, in fixed assets, in paid components and so on. All state enterprises “defense” in a short period of time will become unprofitable for one simple reason. They will not have enough financial resources to conduct operational activities. ” It is indicative that the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Justice spoke out against the “90% solution”. The conclusion of their experts is as follows: “The net profit of the company, the main source of the development and the wilderness, 90 times the net profit for the state budget, after the company, the youth investment in investment and development for the development of the company. Target the lack of support of material and technical basis, the creation of new needs, change of investment in investment, and competitiveness of competitiveness and lead to the pre-payment of credit cards. Vrahovuyu vikladene, with the help of the unique negative relations that are auspicious for Ukraine, as well as the prospects for the economy in the new part of the economy, to the state of the budget, a part of the net retirement for 90 years, the new art for the newcomer for the budget and a part of the net retirement for 90 years, the new school for the young It is very clear, but … Instead of additional justification Judging by the decision of the Cabinet of Ministers, the arguments of the Ministry of Finance took over. Their essence is as follows: “the standard vidrakhuvan standard is limited to up to 90% for all state enterprises to give a good sum to the state budget of Ukraine in 2019 p.”, And the budget should be balanced and expenses should correspond to revenues. And what then suddenly happened to the income in the country? According to the information I trust, for the entire past 2018 and the first quarter of 2019 our valiant customs together with the state fiscal service did not fulfill the plan of receipts to the state budget of Ukraine by as much as 23 billion hryvnia (for comparison, for 2019 The state defense order for the purchase of new and modernized equipment is planned to be 16.3 billion UAH.) The largest drop in revenues to the state budget from customs and DFS, by the way, happened in the first quarter of this year. This picture is complemented by the official data of the Accounting Chamber of Ukraine. According to the results of the first quarter of 2019, in the country the greatest non-fulfillment (by 12%) of the planned indicator for the payment of VAT from goods imported into the territory of Ukraine is 9 billion UAH. In our realities, such a “fall” is merely an intensification of gray schemes at customs, an understatement of the customs value of imported goods. Is it worth explaining why in the state there is such a dramatic failure with revenues in exactly the first, politically hot quarter? The answer is simple, as the formula of water. Someone actively “packed” for life outside the country, and someone desperately needs money for elections. First presidential, then parliamentary. So maybe we will still look for sources of additional revenues in the right places? Or is it easier to pay for everything by defense enterprises? And the best alternative is their bankruptcy, depreciation and selling for a penny? I am sure that this story will still be continued. And it will become an indicative marker for assessing the actions of all branches of government in relation to the defense industry. Well, provided that the defense industry is still needed in our country. Or maybe I don’t already know something? Sergey Zgurets, director of information and consulting company Defense Express ,
At the beginning of the military conflict in the Donbass, Russia, together with its illegal military formations, finally destroyed the Donetsk plant Topaz – an enterprise that developed and manufactured complex radio engineering complexes. The unique Kolchuga Radiotechnical Intelligence System is the achievement of our “Topaz”, its team. The Russians took out all equipment, whole shops, loading iron on the platforms of so-called humanitarian convoys. The Ukrainian side was able to save super important documentation in 2014, and most importantly – to remove people, high-quality specialists, and their families. Today the team of Topaz plant operates in Zaporozhye on the basis of the Iskra NPK. He has already been able to restore and modernize the Kolchug production, put on the line another effective weaponry. However, we were still interested in the fact that Russians managed to steal from the Donetsk defense enterprise, the fate of which fell on those pieces of weapons that could take out, or seized Moscow with classified information and technologies. About this “Uryadovy Courier” spoke with the director of the division of radar, radio communications and special instrumentation of DK “Ukroboronprom” Alexander PONOMARYOV. – It became known that in the occupied part of the Donetsk region, militants completely eliminated the Topaz plant, on the basis of which previously created unique complexes of radio-intelligence and early warning of anti-aircraft systems, in particular Kolchuga radio-intelligence stations. All equipment is currently in the Russian Federation. Immediately a few questions. Earlier it was reported that it was possible to remove all technical documentation, but in electronic form – on carriers. Does this mean that the Russians still got the necessary data to enable them to resume production? – Only Ukrainian special services can answer this question clearly. The fact is that at the plant at the time of the production of “Kolchug”, during the development, modernization of these stations was indeed a working design documentation in paper form and, of course, on electronic media – on certain servers and computers. Of course, there is a chance that some of the documentation could be captured by the militants and the people who destroyed this plant. However, in the system of development and delivery to the production of weapons, military equipment indirectly present the insurance fund of Ukraine, within which the archiving and transfer of parts of archiving and preservation of design documentation based on the results of all research and development works is carried out. Currently, the insurance company “Ukroboronprom” has documentation on this insurance fund. The main idea of the latest series of editions, variants of the “Mail” system consisted in the post-Soviet, if you may say, modernization of this station. The station was developed at the time of the Soviet Union, one of the main participants of this process was the Russian concern Constellation. The Ukrainian company Topaz was an important component in the development and production. However, one should not say that this documentation could help RF research organizations to make a big leap forward. It makes no sense. Why? To date, the main, let’s say, specific documentation was kept exclusively on electronic media, and in my opinion, it could not get into the hands of Russians in 2014. – And can it be argued that if Russia had gained ownership of this documentation in 2014, it would already have been possible for its territory to start the Kolchuga system, even in a more modernized way, for a long time? – The “Kolchuga” system as a unit of radio-intelligence was not considered by the Russian Federation. In 2009, Russia approved a program for equipping and developing a system of electronic warfare. And “Kolchuga” as an element to it was not included. At Topaz plant there is no unique equipment. I can say with full confidence. The uniqueness of the Kolchuga system is not in the hardware, not in the hardware, not in antennas, not in any specific devices, although there are certain nuances. The main uniqueness of this station is mathematics, software, unique processing of received signals, creation of echoes or noise, radar portraits of various purposes, which emit radio waves. Therefore, in my opinion, “Kolchuga” for the defense-industrial complex and for the armed forces of the Russian Federation is not something strategically important. The main idea of the Russians regarding the Topaz plant was to destroy the production itself. There were turning, milling machines, CNC machines – they were simply physically destroyed because they were expensive. It was necessary to make sure that the enterprise could not create anything, put it on production. – Fifty employees of the plant agreed with their families to move to Russia – who through constant pressure, who in connection with the promised social package. Can they become useful in the Russian Federation – to help in the creation of a powerful production of radar systems in particular? Why was the Russian side interested in these specialists? – Without unnecessary pathos I will say: every person is unique. But in any case, the success of the development of any model of military equipment – whether civilian, or military – aircraft or tanks – depends not on one unique specialist, but on the team. Of course, every employee who was in the “Topaz” plant could be a bearer of useful information, skills, experience that can be used to create such radar stations, to produce such high-tech and intellectual weapons. However, I would not say that these fifty people who have moved to Russia will be able to create a complex (for example, the Kolchuga system – Aut. ). Once again: they can be useful, but they can not make the complex. In addition, I would note: the ideologues of the creation of these stations remained in Ukraine. – Since 2016, when the plant switched to the direct subordination of Ukroboronprom, it was possible to completely restore the production of Kolchuga systems in their modernized version. However, we are talking about the fact that more than a thousand workers of the plant, which previously worked in Donetsk, about 350 were unique specialists, without which it is difficult to return to the cycle of production that used to be. Was it possible to transport these people together with their families, to create conditions for them to live? – The answer to this question can be the signing of a state contract between the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the state-owned enterprise “Research and Production Complex” Iskra “on the creation of the” Mandat “complex. With the Kolchuga system, the situation is a bit more complicated. The fact is that “Kolchuga” has several modifications, several variants of development. Unfortunately, the last option is a battle pattern created in 2011. And some elements of these stations – more precisely, antennas of different kinds, specific lines of communication, waveguides – have developed unique specialists. The uniqueness is that this person has been studying for a long time, and then physically it is all able to reproduce. But now we can not say that if there is no man, then there is no movement ahead, there is no way to recreate the system. So, of course, the turning of the sixth grade, a miller for example, is a unique person. In Donetsk there were many enterprises of the defense industrial complex. In this regard, each head was interested in taking a top-notch specialist, spending at the entrance a minimum of time and getting the output maximum quality. Hence these conversations. In Ukraine, a sufficient number of professionals, unique, as it has already been, narrow-profile specialists, who today successfully work at many enterprises of Ukroboronprom. – That is, we can say that at the plant “Iskra”, where now the company “Topaz” is based, we managed to resume production at the expense or return, or replacement of those employees who were previously in Donetsk? – Exactly. Incidentally, the complex produced by Iskra, the “Mandate” ultra shortwave, has working documentation to the extent that makes it possible to make this complex and put it into the Armed Forces of Ukraine. – Let’s talk more about the arms already mentioned. The Russians managed to steal the unique development of the “Topaz” plant – a complex electronic warfare “Mandate” worth $ 10 million. To begin with, find out what created this complex, which opened the possibilities, first of all, technical, in what uniqueness of this armament? – Let’s start from the beginning. The “Mandate” complex is the development of the Soviet Union. He created the already mentioned Russian consortium “Suzirya” with the participation of Ukrainian enterprises – Donetsk Topaz and the Research Institute of Comprehensive Automation (NDICA). Given the vision of the theater of possible hostilities in the previous strategic defense bulletin of Ukraine, with those potential enemies that were, the ideology of electronic warfare and the structure itself, its provision did not provide for the widespread use of this complex. Ukraine began to modernize the R-330 “Mandat” complex in connection with, say, the offer and the desire of a foreign customer. The complex now available in Ukraine, which we are now buying to ensure the conduct of hostilities in the zone of the OS, was adopted at the very beginning of the Russian invasion – in 2014. This P-330 OM is ultra short-wave and short-wave. Of course, we are sorry that Russia stole it, because it is our creation. However, I would like to emphasize again: the Russian Federation all these complexes we are talking about – Kolchuga, Mandat – did not consider them as elements of their system of electronic warfare. Therefore, to say that the “Mandate” complex is something extra-ordinary, I would not. – But what possibilities opens the use of this complex, how effective and efficient it is if we talk about military counteraction? – “Mandate” is a complex of electronic warfare. At the tactical level, it is designed to determine the fixation of radio stations and radio communications, working in the ultra short-wave and short-wave range on the collision line. This is a tactical link – when some troops are fighting against others and transmitting voice or any technical information. The complex allows you to determine where the signal goes from and to put an obstacle to it. He poses obstacles in the aim, that is: determined the source of radiation, its frequency is precisely for a particular radio station, a radiocommunication complex, mobile communications and then impede. When the frequency range of the transmitter that is operating is not known, the complex allows for a wide barrier jamming. Household example: to block the road by the car, you can put a concrete beam – then one car will not go, or completely block the road, then no car will cross the given line. The Russian Federation in the system of electronic warfare has not even worse samples but not better than the Mandate. In Russia, a wider range (nomenclature) of these products for the intended purpose. – Then a logical question arises: why did Russian representatives export this complex? – Because they behave like barbarians. The main objective was unequivocal: to destroy everything and not to allow the future to make such complexes. It was necessary to pick up everything and sell at a bargain price. This complex – in the form in which it came to them – can be used not necessarily in this local conflict, but in Abkhazia, Syria. The stolen complex has the right to life – it is ready, tuned. – Has it been possible to take out the production documentation of the Mandate project? And will the Russians, with their own efforts, start the production of this weapon? – As for the documentation. They stole a complex designed for the Armed Forces. Like any piece of military equipment that comes to supply, he had technical documentation. However, this is a technical documentation, emphasizing, but not design for production. Simplified – Instruction: How to enable, disable, view and check. This does not mean that you can make something with these data. For the whole period from 2014, the Russian Federation did not reproduce any complex – neither “Kolchuga” nor “Mandate”. Firstly, because they were not considered strategic units in the construction of their system RER and REB, and secondly, those stolen, taken from us by force of the pieces of weapons are single. In other words, the Russians could only sell these concrete objects. Ukroboronprom together with the Armed Forces of Ukraine was able to evacuate part of the finished products from the Donetsk plant “Topaz”. – In the occupied territories, there are now over 20 objects of the Ukrainian Defense Forces (correct me, if I am mistaken), most of them destroyed, equipment transported to Russia. It is known that from the territory of the plant “Topaz” the equipment was moved by means of so-called humanitarian convoys of the Russian Federation. Can you tell step by step how exactly this transportation process took place, because it took not one day or a month? And has it been possible to document the crimes committed and to obtain evidence for further consideration of the offense already in international courts? – This is a specific issue, it is within the competence of Ukrainian special services. However, let’s return to the beginning of our conversation. For example, a milling machine, a turning machine can be simply removed, loaded onto a platform without using anything, carrying it as a regular machine. It was possible to find out exactly what it belonged to Topaz plant under one condition: to do high-quality photo and video shooting. Then it was necessary to find the inventory number of a product, compare it with catalogs. Only after this could be argued: this object belongs to the plant “Topaz”. I declare in a responsible manner: there was no such equipment in one or several variants so that it can be taken and taken out with the help of a humanitarian convoy. I do not see much need to do all this secretly. They took everything out. The convoy was probably used. It’s just that: take the platform, load it with all the scrap and take it out. I find it difficult to speak, but I can assume that the percentage of 30-40 machines on the territory of Topaz were transported from Germany after the Second World War. For newer shops. How do equipment purchased worldwide come from? This is the purchase of a conventional CNC (high-precision computer-controlled device), which plant specialists such as Topaz adapt to produce some unique antenna, say “Daisies.” In a word, nothing extraordinary. – Russia is developing a system of long-range radar detection. These are the complexes that can see medium and short range ballistic missiles, planes, unmanned aerial vehicles, etc. for thousands of kilometers. What are Ukraine’s achievements in this direction, what has been achieved? In 2016, HAVELSAN began to work with the Turkish side to create new radar systems. Is there any intermediate result here? – Let’s take a step back and talk about the radar detection station you mentioned already. From the very beginning, the Ukrainian Armed Forces did not have a missile defense system (ABM). Since the formation of independent Ukraine and the Armed Forces of Ukraine, there were no such troops. Elements of this system were placed on the territory of the entire former Soviet Union, in particular in Ukraine: in Mukachevo and Sevastopol. Ukrainian enterprises in the southern region, let’s say, tried to reproduce certain systems. You understand what Chernobyl is like: a station designed specifically for such a system. Not to provide peaceful population, but to provide energy-efficient power supply systems for early warning of an attack. That is why we should not say that our enterprises have developed a system of localized location (early warning). Radar stations that are currently being developed, modernized in Ukraine, allow observing objects at distances up to 400 kilometers. Kolchuga made it possible to do it at a distance of 600 kilometers. This is our only station that works in this range. Today, all the radar stations we have manufactured – P-18 Malakhit, 79K6 Pelican, 35D6M, etc. – allow us to detect air targets at an altitude of 10,000 meters with a radius of up to 400 kilometers. And these stations, being in a certain place on the territory of Ukraine, as components of a single radar field give an opportunity to see everything that is happening on our air borders and in the territory of the near abroad. Currently, the protocols of radar exchange are signed between the Air Forces of Ukraine (UPU) and the Turkish side. Regarding the project you mentioned. In fact, a memorandum of cooperation was signed with Havelsan within the framework of a joint project to create a radar station, which is, say, an intermediate link. Because it still can not be called an early station, but it and the station is not a near warning and operates on 400-600 kilometers. Certain documents were signed, meetings were held.The Ukrainian side participated in the company “Kvant-Radiolocation”, taking into account the experience gained by them at the time of manufacturing and supply of approximately the same stations to other customers, such as the United States. There is a workflow. Everything else – confidential information. – I know how the Israeli side is sensitive to any talk about existing or possible contracts in the field of defense industry, so I will put a general question without touching on the technical and financial side of the negotiations between Ukroboronprom and Elbit Systems. So can we say that the agreements concluded between the parties will promote the development of Ukrainian radar systems? – It’s worth talking about. In any case, cooperation, and especially with such a technologically developed country as Israel, is undoubtedly useful. Already many Ukrboronprom enterprises working in the field of radar manufacturing have begun to cooperate with this Israeli company. Because she, unlike other similar companies, is more flexible towards a potential buyer. The equipment is excellent – it meets all international standards, the high technical requirements that puts potential buyers in this product. However, the most important thing is the time factor. For Ukraine, taking into account all available opportunities of our scientific and production potential, there are no complicated tasks. Right of the time. If you put the task today for a Ukrainian company from scratch to develop certain products, this will be done, but the process can sometimes take two to three years. But if we need this product today at the front, in order to protect our country, it is more profitable to cooperate with someone from the side (with foreign partners), to use ready-made work. In addition, it will be an additional impetus: taking advantage of the experience and technology of a highly developed company, Ukrainian engineers and workers will move to a higher level in the organization of production. And further products are already, probably, 99% will be Ukrainian. – Let’s talk about last year’s achievements of Ukroboronprom in the context of the creation or modernization of radar systems. What can we already boast about, what are our achievements in this direction? – Firstly, the state tests of the counterattack control station “Zoo-3” are underway. Until now, the Armed Forces of Ukraine purchased them through exporters in France, some of which was handed over by the American side. The company “Iskra” produced a prototype and began the state testing of this complex. This is really a huge step forward. The previous modification of Zoo-2 was adopted by the Ukrainian Armed Forces in 2001 in a uniform format for participation in the tender for supply to the Indian Armed Forces. But for a few reasons, the Americans won – their systems were cheaper and more mobile. Since then, this trend has not been developed in Ukraine. All this time we were equipped with similar Soviet systems that sometimes went to study. At that time, strategy and tactics did not foresee the use of all these systems. And only with the commencement of hostilities the task of the KP “NSC” Iskra “was created to create a complex of counter-tank fighting, and for a year and a half or two years, the enterprise with this task was able to cope. “Iskra” now goes to the stage of state testing of a new station meter range MR-1. By size it is small. The test sample is, it has already been assembled and given to the military. In the long run, this station will replace similar P-18 systems. What is a Meter Range Station? This means that for her, the notion of stealth (low visibility technology – auth. ) Does not exist. I can name one more of our achievements. The state enterprise “LDP” LORTA “(Lviv) is at the final stage for the creation of a complex of automated artillery batteries and artillery division” Obolon-A “. Sitting in a closed command post, having information about the external environment, you can manage artillery fire more efficiently. – During the war, Russian saboteurs blew up more than one ammunition warehouse on the territory of Ukraine. Still in memory of people explosions in Ichni and Kalinovka. Can Ukroboronprom develop systems that will protect Ukrainian strategic objects from enemy sabotage operations? Are there any specific developments in this direction? Currently, warehouses, arsenals of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are equipped with a system of containment – a portable jammaker of the “Hack” Ukrspettstekhnika “(the enterprise is not a part of the concern, but it is a partner of our enterprises) to control the unprotestable vehicles. This device has been verified on the front line, installed on arsenals. It happened that with his help drowned and planted Russian unmanned aerial vehicles. At one time, devices of the Ukrainian production “Borsuk” and “Borsuk-A” were developed on the basis of UkrSpetstekhnika for replacing the Soviet mobile land-based intelligence station (SSNR) and near-field intelligence (PSNR-5 and SDR-3). These are devices hanging on a soldier’s chest that can detect people at a distance of up to 800 meters, machines in motion, etc. There is another device designed to protect the perimeters of strategic objects, which the military is not yet in use. His work is used by border guards. This is the mill station “Fox” station. It allows you to fully track the perimeter of the boundaries of these objects. UkrSpetstekhnika has developed the “Sphere” system, adopted for use in armament. It guarantees the safety of warehouses, arsenals and bases. However, it has not yet been purchased by the military. Ukrainian manufacturers have created a wide range of equipment for the protection and protection of the perimeter. In general, Ukroboronprom and the enterprises that are part of it, now able to provide the need of all law enforcement agencies to protect the perimeter of warehouses, arsenals and bases. There are companies in Ukraine that are ready to quickly execute orders and provide everything they need. Alexander DEMCHENKO for ” Uriadovy Kuryer ”
The team of the newly elected President, Vladimir Zelensky, offered the Cabinet of Ministers assistance in checking the efficiency of using the budget funds of the State Enterprise “Ukroboronprom”, which were foreseen for the preparation of the production of new weapons. According to Zenzor.NET, Zelensky’s adviser on security and defense Ivan Aparshin said on his Facebook page on May 9. “The government intends to start an audit of the Ukroboronprom subsidiary in the near future, and the Ministry of Finance is instructed to find the necessary financing … But there is an opportunity to start an examination of the efficiency of using budget funds for the preparation of new weapons production, in particular for the Naval Forces of Ukraine, – he said. At the same time, Aparshin noticed that in 2018-2019, the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade received on this program UAH 5.5 billion. “We have high-level specialists, we are ready to help the government on a royalty-free basis. We are waiting for proposals from the government,” he said, clarifying that it is about the assistance of “specialists in the defense industry.” Джерело: https://censor.net.ua/ua/n3126175
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko has signed a decree conferring the Hero of Ukraine title on Chief of the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) Vasyl Hrytsak. — Ukrinform.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko has awarded the ‘Hero of Ukraine’ title, the highest national title that can be conferred upon an individual citizen by the President of Ukraine, to Chief of Ukraine’s SBU Security Service Vasyl Hrytsak. The relevant decree has been published on the president’s official website.
President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko has conferred the title of Hero of Ukraine to head of the Security Service of Ukraine Vasyl Hrytsak.
The newly elected Ukrainian President, Volodymyr Zelensky, accused the people’s deputies of delaying his inauguration and called for her to be appointed on May 19. This is stated in his appeal, reports Tsensor. NET. “I appeal to the Ukrainian parliament, dear deputies, I hope for three weeks while you are resting, you have not forgotten the words of the deputy’s oath:” To carry out the duties in the interests of all compatriots. “So far you are acting exclusively in your interests. and delay the appointment of the inauguration, “said Zelensky. “While you are shaking for your credentials, former President Poroshenko is irreversible, he is making active changes in the upper command of the army, he tries to push his head to the National Council on Television and Radio Broadcasting, appoints Supreme Court judges, including Roshen lawyers, judges of the Maidan and relatives of the mistress Kivalova distributes the rank of generals to more than 20 people, among them responsible for the safety of arsenals and warehouses where explosions occurred in Balaklia, Ichni, Kalinovka and Svatov, and gives the title of Hero of Ukraine to the head of the SBU, Mr. Grytsak, “- aznachyv it. “I understand that it’s in vain to say to a man who says,” I am ready to place my shoulder, “but he holds two muzzles in his pocket.” This reminds me of a tourist in an Egyptian hotel. “Tomorrow, the bags are packed, the number has already been cleaned and normal, the raised person is waiting transfer to the airport, but not Poroshenko, he will not stop, pulls towels, slippers and takes everything in a row from the buffet, I ask you very much – give the key, pay for the minibar and forward. You still have customs and passport control to pass, “he stressed. Zelensky “I appeal to the Verkhovna Rada, the next meeting, you must appoint an inauguration date on May 19. This is not required by me, it is demanded by the people of Ukraine, in whose interests you swore to act, you must stop these political cramps of lame duck. The country needs the normal work of all the institutions. People do not have to wait until someone is appointed before a long vacation. Think, please, not about deputies, think about Ukraine May 19. Vote, “- called Zelensky.
Ukrainian businessman Ihor Kolomoisky says Ukrainian Prosecutor General Yuriy Lutsenko should remain in office at least until the elections to the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine’s parliament, take place. The businessman says the incumbent Ukrainian Prosecutor General should continue work for some time.
The European Federation of Journalists adopted at its Annual Meeting a special statement of solidarity with Ukrainian journalists who are persecuted in Russia, Crimea and occupied Donbas. — Ukrinform.
A group of Ukrainian people’s deputies has registered bill No. 10272 introducing amendments to certain legislative acts of Ukraine to overcome and prevent the negative consequences of mass labor migration of Ukrainians abroad. — Ukrinform.
The State Executive Service of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine recovered to the benefit of the state UAH 55 million and USD 1 million from the Cypriot companies associated with Yanukovych and the former high-ranking officials. — Ukrinform.
Ukraine’s State Food Safety and Consumer Protection Service and the relevant authority of Bosnia and Herzegovina have agreed on issuing a veterinary certificate for shipments of milk and dairy products from Ukraine. The country’s regulator has approved veterinary certificates for the said shipments.
The broken helicopter and pilot’s body were found on the Ukrainian-Romanian border. This is reported by Mukachevo.net , reports Censor. NET. The broken vehicle noticed a shepherd from the village of Sepinz in Romania on the evening of 9 May. Information about the tragedy was officially confirmed by the police and prosecutor’s office of the district, which opened the proceedings and must find out all the circumstances of the tragedy. It is reported that a possible model of a broken Ka-26 helicopter (a Russian-made device intended for civilian use, in particular for irrigation of fields) is possible. See also: Border guards detained citizens of Pakistan and India, who illegally entered the Ukraine from the Russian Federation. VIDEO There were no registration marks on the vehicle itself. It is noted that the helicopter crossed the airspace of Romania illegally – probably transported smuggled cigarettes. Officially, the Romanian police have not provided any information about the deceased person yet, but according to some Romanian publications, this is a 48-year-old Belarusian from Minsk, Dmitry K, who on March 5 traveled from the capital of Belarus to Lviv and then to Mukachevo, where, in fact, he disappeared . It is also noted that the pilot’s body was already at the stage of decomposition, so the accident was likely to occur 2-3 weeks ago.
FRESH PRODUCTION GROUP company presented documentary From Ukraine to Hollywood to the Ukrainian State Film Agency. — Ukrinform.
Honorary Patriarch of the UOC-KP Filaret wants to restore the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyiv Patriarchate, which at the end of last year entered the newly formed Orthodox Church of Ukraine. As informs Tsensor.NET, this is reported by the TSN . The Kievan Patriarchate still exists – at least, the former former chairman of his opinion Filaret. On the eve of the media appeared copies of invitations to the meeting signed by Filaret, made on the letters of the Kievan Patriarchate, dissolved in December before the unification of the cathedral. Such invitations were received by almost all the bishops of the CPC, and some have posted documents in the social network. Filaret invites church officials to a so-called fraternal conversation. According to the TSN, he collects bishops to discuss prospects for restoring the Kiev Patriarchate, which Filaret would prefer to lead. Metropolitan Epiphanius, head of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine, said that he was not invited to this meeting. At the same time, the Bishop acknowledged that the conflict with Filaret, who, after the dissolution of the Kyivan Patriarchate, is an “honorary patriarch”, exists since the establishment of the Local Church, they have never once ruled the service together. According to Epiphanius, even talks about returning to the past are disastrous for the church, since they lead back into isolation. “Speaking now about some kind of return is inappropriate: we need to talk about our future, our unity, because in the future we still have a lot to do to make this church recognized by other local Orthodox churches. If we return to the past automatically this is the path to nowhere, this is the path to isolation, it is a return to the state in which we stayed until October 11, to the relevant decisions of the Constantinople Patriarchate “, – underlined the Metropolitan of Kiev and all Ukraine.