Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia · Ukraine

Ukraine / Russia Ad Hoc Media Update (164)


Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting.

My most humble apologies.  I could not include the wonderful pictures accompanying this compilation. 

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Excellent essay by Skobov on Russia’s mission of  “Destroy Western Democracy”– as democracy is an existential threat to Russia’s faux-fascist kleptocracy. An example of what Skobov describes is Muscovy’s support for far right crackpots, now a major concern in Europe. Russia would like to sell the Su-57E to China, and also wants a slice of the B&R.

Russia now actively promoting the export of the Su-57E to Turkey, and it appears, likely the S-500 as well. Erdoğan is aiming to blackmail the US and NATO into giving him what he wants, and helping Russia disrupt NATO is evidently seen as the best leverage against the West – give me what I want or I will join the Russians …. The US is now preparing to exclude Turkey from the F-35 program, causing much disquiet in the Turkish media.

Seven fascinating digests by Prof Goble on Russia’s internal discord – the regime’s effort to drive the country back to the medieval, and increasing public rejection of this agenda. Eidman on the Stalin cult, and how it relates to the medieval. Kofman seems to be missing the point. Yekaterinburg arms display lacking innovation. Belarus and EU updates. Grygiel’s explainer on seduction by Russian trolls. More on the defecting cetacean.

Ukraine IR update – Muscovy’s “passportization project” dominates discussion. Zelensky’s advisors in Brussels meet with EU and SEC ENERGY Perry, the latter to discuss ways of importing US LNG into Ukraine. Crimea and Kerch updates. Goble poses the question as to whether Zelenskiy will “Play the Muslim Card Against Russia” – Russia has systematically worked to suppress its large Muslim minority and destroy their languages and cultures, as part of their russification campaign. Doing so would add a useful dimension to his planned InfoWar campaign against Muscovy.

Donbas update. Ukraine’s border guards now equipped with H&K MP5 SMGs. Defense industry update – much on collaborations with Turkey. Politics, economy and culture reports – esp. interesting digests on language and Soviet genocide against ethnic Ukrainian Cossacks. Post election update – the inauguration date is filling the media.

OCU/ROC updates.


Window on Eurasia — New Series: Putin System’s ‘World Historical Mission’ is to Destroy Western Democracy, Skobov Says

Paul Goble Staunton, May 3 – The Soviet system had as its world historical mission a plan to spread its system throughout the world, Aleksandr Skobov says. Putin’s system also has such a mission but it entails not promoting a vision of the future but rather destroying Western democracy as an alternative to authoritarianism. As such, the Russian analyst says, the Putin system today is “the most dangerous thrat to civilization. More dangerous than aggressive Islamic fundamentalism, and more immediate than totalitarian China”because it is prepared to use the illnesses that all democracies suffer from to metasticize into them (http://graniru.org/opinion/skobov/m.276187.html). And because this is the case, Skobov argues, “there is nothing more mistaken than the declarations of Western leaders about it being undesirable to build a common international home without Russia and against Russia. It is possible to build one only without Putin’s Russia and against Putin’s Russia.” “Either the cancerous tumor of Putinism will kill civilization or civilization will find in itself the strength to rip out this tumor by decisively isolating it”from still-healthy democracies. Under conditions of real isolation,”the commentator continues, “the Putinist vampire-parasite will not survive.” The Putin regime or “pakhanate” is prepared to support all authoritarian leaders who want to rule their peoples and remain in power forever. Putin and his cronies see that as entirely appropriate behavior and see anyone who is prepared to give up power through free elections as worthy only of disdain. This desire for securing the benefits of criminal activities has its origins in the way in which Putin and his mafia rose to power: they seized things illegally inside Russia and then they wanted to be sure that no one could challenge them for control. What is happening now is they are extending this approach to other countries, Skobov continues. “This is not only because Russia has practically nothing else to offer. The promotion of this good on the world market has become for the Putinist pakhanate its chief strategic task and a goal in itself.” The mafia methods and values that they have used to solidify power in Russia are now the agenda they have for dealing with all other countries. According to Skobov, “the Putinist kleptocracy is built around the idea of control, control exclusively from above, on the principle of the mafia and carried out by the methods of the mafia.”Its foreign policy is no different. Moscow “fears anything that undermines” control from on top. That makes it the friend of all dictators and authoritarian want-to-bes, and the opponent of democracy as such. The Putin regime wants the world to be one with all other countries animated and organized by the same principles as it is. From its perspective, “Western law-based liberal democracy is wrong.” Because it is wrong in the eyes of the Putinists, “Western democracy must not exist.”And the Putin regime feels that its “world-historical mission is to pull up by the roots incorrect and harmful Western democracy”and thus make everyone like Putin’s Russia now is, the Moscow commentator says. “The relations of the Putin pakhanate with the West are the relations of the mafia with the police. The mafia seeks to penetrate them, to take them under control, and to use them in its own interests. The mafia strives in short to mafia-zize them. The Putin pakhanate is a vampire whose bite turns its victim into something like itself.” The Putin system “strives to transform Western democratic institutions into exactly the same dead imitation of them that it has transformed them in Russia. It hates them as the dead hate everything living. It will transform into something dead everything that it touches” and it must be fought. “Western society, like any other living organism,”Skobov says, “suffers from all kinds of illnesses.”There are infections and weakness which are dangerous for it. And if it doesn’t struggle against them, “it will degenerate into an imitation” of the real thing as in Russia. There is thus “nothing more dangerous”in the West than any complacency.”

Грани.Ру: The Oncology of Putinism | Колонки / Alexander Skobov, 03.05.2019

         Putin’s pakhanat will inevitably spread the infection of authoritarianism throughout the world. Not only to take the most odious and frostbitten regimes under the patronage and save to the last. Any non-authoritarian country that has fallen into the orbit of the influence of Putin’s neo-empire, which had the misfortune to have a close relationship with it, will be threatened with slipping into authoritarianism. 

Any power instinctively seeks to break free from the control of society. In any leader, the desire to make his power irremovable dormant. And any leader who realizes this deep-seated desire will know that he will always find support from Putin’s pakhanat. Assistance in building and protecting the system of government irremovability is the main export commodity of Putin’s Russia.

And not only because Russia has practically nothing more to offer. The promotion of this product on the world market has become the main strategic objective for Putin’s farmer leader, an end in itself. And this is not a historical accident, not a whim of temporary workers. This is inherent in the nature of the current Russian government, in its genesis.

Putin’s pakhanat is the “gangster Petersburg” in power. It originated when each business structure acquired a “security guard” from gangsters and retired secret services. These “security guards” grew, pressed down everything under themselves, replaced everything. They became the main players in the new Russian market. They extended their methods to all social relations – economic, social, and then political. The methods of the mafia, the methods of the “Knights of the cloak and the dagger.” These are the same methods.

This was how mafia capitalism and the mafia state were built, the form of government of which became the godfather naturally. His relations with society are those of brother and sheep. For his ruling elite, the very idea that society can somehow interfere in political decisions, influence them, is offensive. Therefore, Putin’s kleptocracy is obsessed with the idea of control. Controls are exclusively on top. Control on the principle of the mafia and carried out by the methods of the mafia.

She is afraid of everything that somehow undermines this control. Any example of a successful change of power in any other country. It is not necessary to overthrow the dictator as a result of the revolution. Even a peaceful, civilized change of power in the elections makes them dislike and suspicion. Surely this is also the result of behind-the-scenes manipulations of malicious forces. Like all revolutions. It is not right. With the right order, the power should not change. Neither on the street nor in the elections. And the leader, who voluntarily surrendered power, who failed to build a system that ensures its irremovability, is worthy of the loashar’s contempt.

Putin’s KGB elite wants to live in a world that is understandable to her, in which she will agree on terms with the same specific boys about the “rayen” of control. But Western legal liberal democracy is wrong. There, the “sheep” climb into the affairs of the boys, there is unpredictable power changes, there is a “deep state”, that is, institutions that tie the kid’s hands and force them to act according to foolish rules. What is this order, in which the boys can not solve any question purely specifically? Therefore, Western democracy should not be. The Soviet empire saw its world-historic mission in spreading its bright future project. Putin’s neo-empire has no such project. But she also feels some world-historic mission: to eradicate the wrong and harmful Western democracy. She also wants to make everyone the same.

Putin’s relations with the West are the relations of the mafia with law enforcement agencies. Mafia seeks to infiltrate them, take control and use to their advantage Mafia tends to omit them. Putin’s pakhanat is a vampire whose bite turns the victim into a similar one. He will strive to transform Western democratic institutions into the same emasculated, dead imitation, into which he has transformed them in Russia. He hates them, as the undead hates all living things. He will turn into carrion everything that he can reach.

Western society, like any living organism, suffers from all sorts of diseases. There are enough infections in his body that are hostile and dangerous to democracy. And if every day you do not make efforts to maintain the life of democratic institutions, they will turn into imitation. There is nothing more dangerous for Western civilization than complacency, relaxation.

Putin’s pakhanat is a cancer in the body of civilization. She spreads her metastases everywhere. It activates and intensifies all the diseases of civilization. I repeat once again: Putin’s pakhanat today is the most dangerous threat to civilization. More dangerous than aggressive Islamic fundamentalism. More relevant than totalitarian China.

There is nothing more erroneous than the statements of Western leaders about the unwillingness to build a common international home without Russia and against Russia. It can be built only without Putin’s Russia and against Putin’s Russia. Either Putin’s cancer will kill civilization, or civilization will find the strength to reject the cancer. Decisively isolate it. In real isolation, Putin’s parasite vampire will not survive.

European Security Chiefs Alarmed at Threat From Far-Right Terrorism

From Germany to Britain, fears are rising across Europe about terror threat from fringe far-right groups which, analysts say, are studying the tactics of jihadist factions

Trump, Putin Discuss Possible New Nuclear Accord

Sanders says conversation lasted for more than an hour and briefly touched upon Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian interference in US election

Trump, Putin discuss Ukraine, Venezuela and nuclear deal in phone call

U.S. President Donald Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke for more than an hour on Friday, the White House said. — Ukrinform.

 

Putin Demands a Role in Eurasian Part of Belt and Road

Russia sees a bigger role for itself, in what could be a sign that Moscow is worried about waning influence among its neighbors

China to be offered Russia’s Su-57: report

Russia is reportedly eyeing exporting Su-57, its most advanced fighter jet, to China, an offer Chinese experts described as an indication of the close

America’s Worst Nightmare: Would Russia Sell Stealth Technology to China? | The National Interest

It could happen.

Russia Hails Turkey’s Push for S-500s Amid Ankara’s Adherence to S-400 Deal – Sputnik International

In March, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan reiterated Ankara’s commitment to its deal with Russia on the purchase of S-400 missile systems, adding that Turkey may subsequently look into buying S-500 systems.

Maxim A. Suchkov on Twitter: “JUST IN: Sergey Chemezov, Head of Rostec, company that expedited S400 deal, says #Russia “ready to cooperate” with #Turkey over production of Su57 fighters should #Ankara’s participation in the production of F-35 is suspended.… https://t.co/SXIVQB9W3a”

Russia Ready to Sell Su-57 to Turkey if Ankara Quits F-35 Programme – Rostec CEO – Sputnik International

US officials have repeatedly threatened to withhold deliveries of F-35 fighter jets and to impose sanctions on Turkey if Ankara moves forward with the delivery of Russian-made S-400 air-defence systems.

Russia ‘ready to cooperate’ to sell Turkey Su-57 fighter jets – Turkey News

Russia was “ready to cooperate” to sell Ankara Su-57 fighter jets if Turkey’s participation in the F-35 jet program with the U.S. fell through, the head of the Russian state-owned Rostec Corporation’s Sergey Chemezov said on May 2.

UAWire – Russia says it is ready to negotiate sale of Su-57 fighter jets to Turkey

Russia is ready to engage in negotiations with Turkey on the possible sale of the latest fifth-generation Su-57E fighter aircraft , said Sergey …

Russia May Offer Su-35, Su-57 Jets if US Cancels F-35 Deliveries to Turkey

Defense, aerospace, news, exhibitions, C4ISR, aircraft, procurement, pentagon, contracts, companies, categories, events, interviews.

Russia offering Turkey Su-57 fighters in place of F-35s – analysis | Ahval

Moscow has added fuel to the ongoing rift between the U.S. and Turkey by stating it is ready to work with Turkey on the export and production of their Su-57 advanced fighter jet to fill the void of the U.S.-produced F-35s, wrote Tyler Rogoway and Joseph Trevithick in an article they penned for The Drive automotive website. Washington has said that Ankara’s planned purchase of Moscow’s S-400 air defence system will come at the cost of the U.S. embargo on F-35 Joint Strike Fighters to Turkey. The S-400s could be used by Russia to collect sensitive information on the F-35s if the two systems are used simultaneously, U.S. officials maintain. They have threatened to exclude Turkey from the F-35 programme and not deliver the 100 fighter jets it has ordered from the United States.

Right On Cue, Russia Says It’s Ready To Offer Turkey Su-57 Fighters In Place Of F-35s – The Drive

Just as The War Zone predicted a month ago, Russia has waded deeper into the rift between the U.S. and Turkey over the sale of Moscow’s S-400 air defense system to Ankara and the resulting U.S. embargo on F-35 Joint Strike Fighters to Turkey. The head of Russia’s top state-run industrial conglomerate Rostec has now stated it is ready to cooperate with Turkey on the export and production of their Su-57 advanced fighter jet to fill the hole left by the F-35.

Turkey says it will not bow to U.S. sanctions over S-400 deal – Reuters

Turkey will never bow to U.S. sanctions over its agreement to purchase Russian S-400 surface-to-air missile defense systems, Vice President Fuat Oktay said on Sunday regarding a deal that has strained ties between the NATO allies.

Turkey will not bow to US sanctions over S-400: Vice president | News | Al Jazeera

Fuat Oktay says US concerns over the Russian-made defence system are not reasonable, adding Ankara will not back down.

Idrees Ali on Twitter: “In a sign that Washington isn’t budging from its demand that Turkey drop the S-400, despite Turkey saying that excluding them from the F-35 would create problems, acting Defense Secretary Shanahan said he met with Lockheed Martin and United Technologies about contingency plans.”

 

Russian S-400 acquisition not distancing Turkey from NATO -Turkish DM – Middle East – Jerusalem Post

Turkey and the United States, NATO allies, have been at odds over Ankara’s move to buy the Russian S-400s.

Turkey: Not distancing from NATO with Russian missiles deal – CGTN

Turkey is not distancing itself from the NATO alliance by buying Russian S-400 missile defense systems, Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar said on Friday, adding that Ankara should not be excluded from the F-35 jet project over the purchases. Turkey and the United States, NATO allies, have been at odds over Ankara’s move to buy the Russian S-400s, which Washington says are not compatible with NATO systems and may threaten the Lockheed Martin F-35 fighter jets, of which Turkey is a prospective buyer and partner in production. In an interview with broadcaster NTV, Akar said that excluding Turkey from the F-35 project would put “very serious” burdens on the other partners in the project.

US Exclusion of Turkey From F-35 Program Over S-400s Would Be Illegal – Minister – Sputnik International

US officials have repeatedly threatened to withhold deliveries of F-35 fighter jets and to slap Ankara with sanctions if Turkey were to move forward with delivery of its Russian-made S-400 air-defence systems.

Turkey: Purchase Of Russian Missiles No Reason To Exclude It From F-35 Work

Turkey says its purchase of Russian S-400 missile defense systems is no reason to exclude the country from the U.S.-led F-35 fighter jet project.

TASS: World – Pentagon gearing up to cut Ankara out of F-35 program, acting chief says

Last week Shanahan met with leadership from Lockheed Martin and United Technologies Corporation to hold a detained discussion on the consequences of excluding Turkey from the F-35 program

Lawmakers offer bill to block F-35 for Turkey

A new bill would bar the sale of the F-35 if Ankara buys Russia’s S-400 system.

Pentagon preparing to drop Turkey from F-35 programme | Ahval

The Pentagon will halt manufacturing support for the F-35 fighter jets in Turkey if Ankara buys Russian S-400 missile defence system, U.S. Acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan said on Friday, MSN news reported . The S-400 deal signed by Turkey and Russia in December 2017 has been an enduring source of tension between Ankara and Washington. The U.S. and NATO officials are concerned that the presence of Russian missile systems in Turkey could grant Moscow access to defence data gathered from the F-35s and other systems.

US Defense Chief: We’ll move F-35 work out of Turkey, as Congressmen introduce bill against Ankara’s purchase of S-400

Acting US Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan affirmed that if Turkey proceeds with its planned purchase of the advanced Russian air defense system…

Pentagon warns it may drop Turkey from F-35 program over Russian S-400 | News | ekathimerini.com

The Pentagon may halt manufacturing support for the F-35 fighter jet in Turkey if Ankara insists on purchasing the Russian S-400 missile defense system, US Acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan said on Friday, according to Agence France-Presse.

US to move F-35 work out of Turkey, Acting Defense Sec. Shanahan says – Daily Sabah

Acting U.S. Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan reiterated his country’s opposition to Turkey’s purchase of the Russian S-400 missile defense system, saying…

Pentagon says no F-35 for Turkey if it acquires Russian S-400s | Ahval

U.S. acting Defense Secretary Patrick Michael Shanahan said Turkey would not receive F-35 fighter jets if it proceeds with its purchase of Russian S-400 air defence systems, the Washington Examiner reported .

Pentagon preparing to move F-35 work out of Turkey

US Acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan warned Friday that the Pentagon will halt manufacturing support for the F-35 in Turkey if Ankara buys a Russian missile defense system.

Pentagon preparing to move F-35 work out of Turkey | Daily Mail Online

US Acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan warned Friday that the Pentagon will halt manufacturing support for the F-35 in Turkey if Ankara buys a Russian missile defense system. Shanahan told journalists the government remained steadfast in its opposition to Turkey’s adoption of the S-400 anti-aircraft technology. “If Turkey decides that the S-400 is a decision they want to go forward with, then we have to move work out of Turkey,” he said. Shanahan noted that he had met with delegations from US aerospace manufacturers Lockheed Martin and United Technologies to discuss options if Turkey refuses to forego the S-400. Washington has warned for months that Turkey’s adoption of Russian missile technology alongside US fighter jets would pose a threat to the F-35 and endanger Western defense. As a member of NATO, Turkey is taking part in the production of the fighter jet for use by members of the treaty, and has plans to buy 100 of the jets itself. A number of Turkish manufacturers are making parts and equipment for the F-35, including internally carried Stand-off Missiles, airframe assemblies and wiring, leaving the NATO program partially dependent on them. Washington has placed a freeze on the joint manufacturing operations with Turkey, and has suggested that Turkey might be able to obtain a US missile defense system if it forgoes the one on offer from Moscow. But Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has insisted he will buy the Russian system.

The F-35 Dispute and Tensions in the U.S.-Turkey Relationship – Lawfare

The United States has taken several escalatory steps in recent months to suspend delivery of F-35 fighter jets to Turkey. If the dispute escalates and the U.S. cancels the transfer or removes Turkey from the F-35 production program, a range of legal issues could result.

Will the S-400 crisis mark the end of a traditional alliance? – Nagehan Alçı – Daily Sabah

Turkey and the U.S. are old allies. They need each other. They have been strategic partners for decades. The U.S. cannot lose Turkey since it is the only democratic power in the Middle East with strong ties to the Western bloc. Turkey, on the other hand, cannot lose the U.S. because it benefits from a multidimensional foreign policy and since the relations extend far beyond only strategies or politics.

 

Window on Eurasia — New Series: ‘Russia isn’t Pregnant with Revolution: It’s Pregnant with Collapse,’ Factory Director Says

Paul Goble Staunton, May 4 – An April 17 speech by Vladimir Baglayev, a Cherepovets factory director to the Moscow Youth Union of Economists and Financiers has gone viral because of his insistence that “Russia isn’t pregnant with revolution; it’s pregnant with collapse” (zen.yandex.ru/media/id/5bfbc42ba6e16e00a90619b3/vladimir-baglaev-rossiia-ne-beremenna-revoliuciei-ona-beremenna-raspadom-5cb75353f1852c00b36454ea). “I do not agree with what I’ve heard here that Russia is pregnant with Revolution: I have a serious suspicious that Russia is pregnant with collapse? The sovereignty of the country is not something given by nature. As a rule, the sovereignty of the country is defended by a specific elite group which has control over the resources of this country,” Baglayev says. “It is impossible to raise the standard of living in a country where the economy is being destroyed and where high-value added goods are not being produced. It is necessary to approach the problem and its resolution by correctly assessing the situation.” “We are not the architects of what is being done in the country, we are not even the builders who fulfill the decisions of the architect. We are bricks, a resource which the builders are using to construct some kind of building. Now, on the territory of our country, someone is building something, but the population of our country is only a resource being used as material.” “No one is interested in our opinion as matrial. Perhaps we don’t like being bricks, but this is our ‘brick’ problem … The single thing that we can do is to stop the degradation of ‘the material’” so that we can be ready to take advantage of the situation when circumstances allow that, the director says. “If I were an enemy of the country and wanted to deprive if of its sovereignty, then a better weapon or more reliable and successful approach than the current credit and monetary policy of the government I couldn’t dream up,” Baglayev continues. That is destroying the economy and destroying the country. “It is not only the destruction of the country,” he suggests. “It is the destruction of the so-called Russian world. None of these territories (the former USSR) will invest in the development of our production. And when the remains of Soviet industry are destroyed, they will willy-nilly exit the market, and this will be the last thing that connects us together.” “Ukraine has already left. Now we will see how Belarus separates itself because we are cutting it off from our market. This inevitably will occur because the single source of feeding the territory of the former Russian world today remains the pipeline and nothing more,” Baglyaev argues. “In order to retain in one’s sphere of influence large groups of the population, one must ensure that they live better or at least no worse than their neighbors. The sources of a better life through the world are natural rents and value-added production one can distribute to one’s own population and its neighbors.” In Russia today, Baglyaev says, “only natural rent remains.” But that alone is insufficient even to feed the people on its own territory let alone win over Ukraine or Belarus. The question arises: which territories of Russia will we split off or rent out? Without high-value-added production, there is no basis for the support of a high standard of living.” Without such production, he says, “there is nothing to divide among people. If there is no such production and plans for its development, that country, by definition, cannot be sovereign [because then] the decision to feed or not fee this territory is taken beyond the borders of this territory.” “Everything is very simple,” Baglayev concludes. “If there is growth in production, then the country is sovereign. If not, then we are simply a land of partners and no more than that.”

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Public Opinion in Russia Moving in Radically Different Direction than in Western Countries, Dmitriyev Says

Paul Goble Staunton, May 4 – Among the most remarkable developments over the past year is the speed with which Russian public opinion has shifted from economic concerns to issues of political freedom, changed from a short-term to a long-term perspective, and thus moved in a completely different direction from that of Western countries, Mikhail Dmitriyev says. In the first part of an extensive interview with Elena Kolebakina-Usmanov of Kazan’s Business-Gazeta, the Moscow analyst argues that Russian public opinion has become less populist and less isolationist at exactly the time that public opinion in Western countries has moved in the opposite direction (business-gazeta.ru/article/423099). But because Russian public opinion has ceased to be anchored in the same way it was until the presidential election, Dmitriyev continues, it is impossible to say exactly in what directions it may move in the next year. It has changed so radically that almost anything seems possible including a shift to populism and isolationism if the right leader emerges. Unlike a year ago, he says, Russians today “unexpectedly want not only ‘food and clothing,’ but respect from the state and appeal to the European values of the early 2000s.” One manifestation of this is that Russians in focus groups now rate Lenin more highly than Stalin because Lenin changed things. According to Dmitriyev, “until the spring of 2018, the attitudes of the population were kept in a very specific channel: they were stable, the so-called Crimean consensus.” But then they began to shift and shift rapidly, and now “almost no one recalls Crimea” as important as it seemed only a few months back. Russians’ priorities have shifted, he says. “These already no longer are economic questions but justice, understood as equality of all before the law.” And on foreign policy, they want not the populist answers on offer in the US and Britain but a more open and peace-loving relationship with the rest of the world. “It is surprising,” Dmitriyev argues, “that public attitudes in Russia are evolving in ways at odds with those in developed countries.” One aspect of this change is especially important. A year ago, Russians like people in some Western countries wanted overnight change; now, ever more of them want to put in place arrangements that will allow for long-term development. Related to this development is another: Russians want “leaders of a new type,” not those who are strong and decisive but those who listen to the people and try to figure out together what needs to be done. As a result, some are now looking at Lenin, long a negative person in their minds in a new way. That reflects in part the fact that Russians today do not see any new leaders on the horizon whom they would like to see in power. And that carries with it “definite risks: On the one hand, people are taking a constructive approach to problems … but on the other … none of our respondents” can point to someone who fills the bill. That is a major threat to the situation because it means they are casting about for someone to believe it – and that too has led them back to Lenin, despite or perhaps because of all the criticism Putin and his predecessors have made of him. “Now people say that Lenin could formulate new ideas, change the system, and successfully turn the country in a new direction.” Putin still ranks second (to Lenin) as the preferred leader in his focus groups, Dmitriyev says. “But the causes for which people approve the president have now also changed significantly. Only one in 50 says that he includes the unification of Crimea among the achievements of Vladimir Vladimirovich.” “Three or four years ago, almost all would have said that the peninsula is one of his main achievements. Now the Crimea effect has begun to exhaust itself.” And the only achievements of Putin people mention are those he made at the start of his reign – such as suppressing Chechnya – rather than any recent ones. Another change which some may see as pointing in an entirely different direction is that Russians today are less inclined to come together to protest large things but instead want to focus on issues of immediate concern to their cities and towns. According to Dmitriyev, “there are few changes these will come together in all-Russian actions.”

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Russians Less Happy Now than at Start of Year But Numbers Vary Widely

Paul Goble Staunton, May 3 — Moscow’s Finance University has been monitoring the levels of happiness in the 78 Russian cities which have more than 250,000 residents each for the past year. Since January, the overall percentage of people in them who say they are happy has fallen from 81 percent to 73 percent (rg.ru/2019/05/02/reg-dfo/samye-schastlivye-liudi.html). (newsru.com/russia/02may2019/happiness.html). At least as important as the precipitous decline over such a short period, the variations in the share of Russian urbanites who say they are happy may be even more. The highest percentage of urban residents who say they are happy are in Moscow and Vladivostok with almost 90 percent in each. They are followed by Tomsk, Lipetsk, Orenburg, Cherpovets, Grozny and Chia, all of whom are above 90 percent. At the other end of the scale are Vladikavkaz at the very bottom with 63 percent, Khabarovsk, Voronezh, Petrozavodsk, and Yaroslavl at about 70 percent in each case. In reporting these numbers, the Newsru agency pointed out that the numbers do not track by distance from Moscow or even economic well-being, an indication of regional variations in the way Russians assess their situations, variations that may help explain why some are more inclined to support the Kremlin and why others are more ready to back its opponents or protest.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Russian ‘Adat’ Basis of Stalin Cult among Russians, Eidman Says

Paul Goble Staunton, May 4 – For decades if not longer, Russian commentators have argued that customary law among the North Caucasians, a category of rules known as adat that reflect local history and social arrangements, explains why those peoples have remained backward or even incapable of modernization. Now. Russian sociologist Igor Eidman applies that term to Russians to explain the vitality of the Stalin cult among them and why any attempts at liberalization begin with the dethroning of Stalin and authoritarian restorations began with a new cult” of the Soviet dictator (blog.newsru.com/article/04may2019/stalin_adat). “Stalin,” he writes, “is the symbol, preserver and god of Russian adat, that is, the system of archaic traditions, customs, values, and social practices and norms which have been transferred from generation to generation.” It rests on “three main historical traditions: serfdom, the rule of the bureaucracy, and imperial expansion,” and those in turn are based on “the view of unfreedom as the natural condition of man, the habit of denigrating the weak and bowing down to the strong, and hatred of ‘the other.’” Chernyshevsky formulated “the basic law of Russian adat” by writing that Russians are “’a nation of slaves, from top to bottom, all are slaves.’ Orthodoxy, communism and patriotism are only ideological covers. In reality, under the Romanovs, under the Bolsheviks and under Putin a large part of the country lived and lives under this unwritten law.” For the last two centuries, the Western spirit of individual freedom has been a threat to the Russian adat, Eidman continues. And those who were inspired by it for all their differences were able to achieve a great deal at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries. “It even seemed that the Carthage of Russian adat would be destroyed.” But the Bolshevikvs reversed this process by rooting out of Russia any moves in that direction. And it was no accident that “even certain patriot fellow travelers of the Bolsheviks (for example, the writer B. Pilnyak) viewed with satisfaction that fact that the October coup threw Russia back to the 17th century.” According to Eidman, “Stalin completed the process of de-Westernization. He destroyed in Bolshevism the cosmopolitan spirit of the European avant garde, leaving only militant anti-liberalism well combined with traditional Russian authoritarianism” and thus cementing in place a regime “which ideally corresponded to the Russian adat.” The Soviet dictator did so by bringing together in his system “the worst traditions of the country: mass slavery, the pervasive rule of the bureaucracy and the police, harsh state regimentation, imperialism, militarism, and hatred of the rest of the world, of freedom, and of those who think and feel differently.” “More than that,” Eidman continues, “Stalin extended and developed these traditions, far exceeding his predecessors in the extent of force and cruelty. For this, apparently, he is loved by those who see a special path for Russia. That is because the alternative is only the Westernization that they hate.” It is thus no surprise that Russian nationalists very often turn out to be Stalinists … while Russian Europeans and cosmopolitans always are radical anti-Stalinists,” he says. Indeed, “democratic reforms in Russia will be successful only if they can destroy the still powerful Russian adat which was embodied in Stalinism in the 20th century and in Putinism the 21st.

‘Descendants of the heroes’: Police in Russia made a photo shoot in the uniforms of the NKVD.

The Police Headquarters of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in the Rostov region photographed in the uniforms of NKVD employees. Stylistic photosession was prepared within the framework of the project ‘Descendants of the heroes’. According to the press service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation in the Rostov region, according to the Censor .NET, ‘ Within the framework of this project, the real policemen appeared in images employees of the NKVD and fighters of the Soviet Army during the Great Patriotic War. During the shooting, each participant was able to plunge into some episodes from the life of Soviet soldiers and feel the atmosphere of the war years, \”the message says. The press service was told that they would post photos in social networks. Also, within the framework of the project, a clip will be filmed, the presentation of which will take place on the eve of May 9. Recall the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD) – one of the executive and administrative departments of the government of the USSR. It was created in 1917, and in 1946 it was renamed the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR. The NKVD of the USSR became the main organ of mass political terror. Millions of people, including children, were sent to concentration camps or executed by the NKVD.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Kremlin No Longer Using Force to Intimidate Population but to Reassure Itself, Luzin Says

Paul Goble Staunton, May 3 – The Kremlin does not face any massive protest that could threaten its power, apparently having succeeded by its use of force in the past, Pavel Luzin says. But it continues to use force against relatively small protest actions, fearful that they may grow into something and in order to reassure its denizens that they are in control. The Perm political analyst says that in many ways the Kremlin was alarmed when police in Ingushetia refused to obey orders to disperse protesters, just as it was frightened in 2008 when police in Vladivostok also refused and Moscow dispatched troops from the center to deal with the problem (afterempire.info/2019/05/03/dybinka-kak-lekarstvo/). The center thus wants to deploy force against demonstrators no matter how few and no matter how non-threatening they may be in order to test the loyalty and the reliability of the police and allied agencies to itself. As long as such forces are ready to do what they are told against the population, the Kremlin is reassured. But the main weaknesses of the center revealed by the events in Ingushetia are intellectual and organizational, Luzin continues. Moscow allowed the border accord to happen without even the kind of preliminary analysis Russian law requires timber companies to perform and didn’t involve its nationality agency until eight months after the protests began. Exactly the same problems are on view in Moscow’s handling of the trash protests in the North. There is no evidence the Russian government calculated how much it would cost to ship the trash there, and it certainly made no effort to find out how local people would react. What it could and did do was to deploy force against any protesters. And a third case which is “icing on the cake,” Luzin says, occurred in St. Petersburg, when the governor there seemed to want to display his loyalty to Putin by using force against people who were behaving reasonably and not making demands that threatened anyone, let alone the system as a whole. There, “Russian citizens showed that they are citizens and not plebes or wild men as people in the Kremlin view them.” The same is true in Ingushetia and in the Russian North. In all three places, Russian citizens are opposed by “a Kremlin full of barbarians, who think only about their loot, profess various cargo cults and practice household magic.” That and their police won’t be enough to save them for long.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Russians Didn’t Need Facebook to Overthrow the Tsar, Melnik Says

Paul Goble Staunton, May 2 – Clearly fearful that the Internet constitutes a threat to his regime because of its capacity to spread ideas and organize people, Vladimir Putin has now signed into law a measure that seeks to cut off the Russian net from the worldwide network of which it has been a part. Amusingly, the Kremlin posted his decision on the Internet. Many have suggested that this isolationist drive will either have counterproductive consequences or simply won’t work because Russians will find clever workarounds. But commentator Aleksandra Melnik underscores the real problem for Putin: he has forgotten that “tsarism was overthrown without Facebook” and his regime could be as well (rusmonitor.com/carizm-byl-svergnut-bez-pomoshhi-facebook-pochemu-suverennyjj-internet-ne-pomozhet-putinu.html). If one cuts through the official explanations for this action, she says, one sees that its real purpose is to give the powers that be the ability, “in the case of the rise of massive anti-government actions, to interfere with the ability of people to use social networks for the coordination of their activities.” That might be a sensible notion, Melnik continues, but clearly “the Kremlin has forgotten that when a people, including the Russians, is driven to despair, it hasn’t needed social networks or the Internet in the past and won’t be prevented from rising in the future just because it can’t “sign on.” Consequently, “cutting the Runet off from the rest of the Internet will not help the Putin regime. More than that, this step may lead to directly opposite consequences. People accustomed to sit in their social networks and get information from them, will, if the net is down go out into the streets in still greater numbers.” They will use “alternative communications channels” including portable radio stations, messengers and other devices which will work even if the Internet goes down. If the Putin regime wants to save itself using only technology rather than changing its policies, it will have to do more than this. It must keep its focus on the fact that “tsarism was overthrown without the use of Facebook.”

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Fewer Russians Want Victory Parades and a Militarist Foreign Policy, More Want Attention to Veterans

Paul Goble Staunton, May 3 – Only 23 percent of Russians approve the idea of another Victory Day parade, down from 35 percent a year ago, according to a new Levada Center poll. At the same time, more than half say the anniversary should be the occasion to show more attention to the needs of veterans, with almost a quarter saying Russia should seek to end military conflicts. At the same time, 76 percent say they will watch the parade in Moscow on television, 48 percent say they are happy that their country achieved victory, while 27 percent said they grieved for the millions of those who died in World War II, figures that reflect the continuing importance of the war for Russians and divisions among them about its use by the current regime (levada.ru/2019/04/30/den-pobedy-3/). Clearly the patriotic bombast the Putin regime puts out still echoes with many, but increasingly, this poll makes clear, ever more Russians want to turn away from the wars he has gotten the country involved in and focus instead on the needs of veterans and others in Russian society. What is striking is that concerns for veterans of that conflict appear to be increasing even as their number fades. Millions of Russians and other Soviet peoples fought in that war, but with the passing of time, only 74,000 Russian veterans remain alive and far fewer elsewhere (newsland.com/community/4765/content/v-rossii-ostalos-74-tys-veteranov-i-uchastnikov-velikoi-otechestvennoi/6732575). It would thus be far easier for the Putin regime to address their problems now than it was a decade or more ago when there were far more veterans among the living. The fact that the Kremlin hasn’t done so except in individual cases designed to attract media attention is thus yet another reason Russians have for being upset with their government.

Nizhny Novgorod officials see no ill intent in Victory Day buttons with Soviet symbols and swastika — Meduza

After a local resident noticed a souvenir shop in Nizhny Novgorod selling buttons that appeared to feature a red star and the ribbon of St. George crushing a swastika, regional officials have stepped in. The vice governor of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Dmitry Krasnov, called the buttons an “unsuccessful use of sensitive symbols” but saw no ill intent in the souvenirs, Lenta.ru reported. Nonetheless, the buttons were confiscated, and law enforcement officials have begun a procedural test at the shop that sold them. Krasnov emphasized that souvenir retailers should be particularly mindful of the content of their goods in advance of Victory Day (May 9), when Russians will celebrate the defeat of the Nazi regime at the hands of Soviet troops. RIA Novosti reported on May 2 that Nizhny Novgorod resident Alexander Deich noticed the buttons and then arrived at the shop in question with journalists in tow to attempt to purchase them. However, the man selling the buttons reacted aggressively to the jouranlists’ cameras, pushed the group out of the store, and forcibly took away their purchases.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Efforts to Remove Soviet Statues or Rename Streets Continue but With Ever Less Success

Paul Goble Staunton, May 2 – In contrast to the 1990s when there were major fights about removing Soviet statuary and replacing Soviet names with pre-revolutionary names, today, these fights are more prolonged with officials, the KPRF, the population and the Russian Orthodox Church locked in fights that last for months and often do not lead to any change at all. Even when a powerful central political figure like Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov gets involved as he has about the name of a Moscow suburb where he grew up in the home of his grandparents, there is no certainty that any changes will occur. Instead, those who oppose change have learned how to dig in and block proposals that many others in fact support. That is the conclusion Aleksandr Mavromatis reaches in a study of recent efforts to restore old names or give new ones to streets, squares and cities or to dismantle or move statues of Lenin and other Soviet leaders from places of prominence to less popular locations (mbk-news.appspot.com/suzhet/tixaya-dekommunizaciya-gd/). “The pulling down of monuments to communist leaders and the renaming of Soviet names for streets in Russia cannot now be called a widespread practice,” the commentator says. While there are still many who want that to happen, there are others who have learned how to oppose it and who are winning lest Russia become in their words “’like Ukraine.’” Many of these controversies are still bubbling, however, in smaller cities around the country. In the Urals city of Revda, officials sought to relocate the statue of Lenin, but the KPRF has been blocking that for two years. Now, the city fathers say they hope to begin that process again at the end of this year or next. In Tambov, the fight is over whether a street named Stenka Razin by the Bolsheviks should become St. Pitirim Street as the local hierarchy of the Russian Orthodox Church wants. The KPRF is opposed, and citizens and the city authorities are caught in the middle. Nothing has been resolved. And in Samara, some want to rename Uritsky Street Crimea Street. Renaming the square in that way was easy because no one lived on it. But the street itself had residents and they didn’t want the name to be changed because they were used to it and didn’t see any reason to make a shift. Mavromatis also details fights over street names and monuments in Noginsk (where Lavrov unsuccessfully intervened), Tutayev, and St. Petersburg. Three things are striking about the cases he cites: First, there is real politics going on. This isn’t a subject where the first person in the region makes a decision and it is implemented. Second, in many cases, local people demand hearings and polls before any change can be made and they are getting their way. And third – and this is something one can observe in other countries as well – those who oppose change often have the advantage because they can count on public inertia and the costs of moving a monument or changing the name of a street to add to their arguments. Usually the opponents of change win, but not always – and that encourages others who want change to try.

Michael Kofman | Russian defense spending is much larger, and more sustainable than it seems

Ask yourself: Do we really know how much our adversaries spend on their military, and what they are getting for their money?

“INNOVATIONS” THE RUSSIAN WAY

April 5-6, 2019 in the Central Military District of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation in the city of Yekaterinburg was held the next day of innovation. The day of innovation, in fact, should be a specialized platform where the military could find new advanced technologies and products for use in the interests of the Russian army. However, once again, it becomes, predominantly, a propaganda event. The exposition of this year’s “Innovation Day” was divided into thematic sections devoted to laser technologies, advanced military equipment for servicemen, robotics, electronic warfare and radio intelligence, medicine, means of protection, small arms and light weapons. Part of the TB samples were presented at the site near the House of Officers in Yekaterinburg, and part on Wednesday of the building. ………

‘Aviation is my life’ How pilots whose licenses were cancelled by the Russian government are fighting to pursue their passion — Meduza

In 2017, hundreds of Russian civilian pilots lost their licenses. That year, Russia’s Federal Air Transport Agency, better known as Rosaviatsiya, closed down the country’s private aviation schools and annulled their graduates’ certificates, leaving them unable to pursue employment in their field. Many of the pilots affected had spent months of their lives and millions of rubles to get their licenses. In 2018, the pilots challenged Rosaviatsiya’s decision in court, but they lost their case. Meduza spoke with pilots who found themselves grounded two years ago about how they get by now. Some found jobs as taxi drivers or construction workers, and others found a way to return to their chosen profession.

UAWire – Former Lukashenko’s security chief accused of accepting a bribe from Russian company

Investigation Department of the KGB of Belarus charged with taking a bribe the former Deputy Secretary of the Security Council, Andrei Vtyurin. He was detained on May 3, according to the KGB’s website. “The day before he was caught red-handed when receiving 148 600 US dollars from the representative of the Russian commercial structure “G” for assistance in promoting its interests in the Republic of Belarus”, — said in a statement. The KGB said that the representative of the Russian company was accused of bribery. Both accused pleaded guilty, and they were placed into custody. The KGB did not specify the name of the company, whose employee was involved in the bribery case. The RBC news agency reported that The Russian Embassy could not provide the name of the Russian detainee. “Unfortunately, while the information has just appeared, we do not have any comment on this yet,” said the Russian diplomatic mission to Belarus. The Belarusian newspaper Nasha Niva wrote about the detention of Vtyurin with reference to other sources on April 29. According to the newspaper, Vtyurin’s cottage in Drozdy-2, the upscale suburb of Minsk, was sealed, and the reason for the detention was a bribery criminal case. Two days later, it became known that the President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko dismissed Vtyurin from the post of Deputy Secretary of the Security Council of the State for actions discrediting the title of a serviceman. This decree was signed on April 24. Vtyurin was appointed as the Security Council in 2014, before that he was the head of the Security Service of the President of Belarus.

Swedish Prime Minister sees no direct military threat in Russia

Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven does not believe that Russia is a direct military threat to his country. This is reported by Yle. “We always wanted Sweden to have the best possible relations with Russia. Russia is a big country and our neighbor,” said Löfven. At the same time, according to the Swedish Prime Minister, Russian actions in Ukraine confirm that Moscow is a challenge to security in Europe. Before the meeting in April, the leaders of Russia and Sweden did not meet for a long period. However, according to Löfven, the April meeting does not mean that Sweden will tolerate unacceptable things. Such things, in his opinion, is the occupation of Crimea and the conflict in the east of Ukraine.

U.S. Ambassador to Germany threatens German companies with sanctions for participating in Nord Stream 2

U.S. Ambassador to Germany Richard Grenell has resumed sanctions threats against German companies that are participating in the construction of the Nord Stream -2 gas pipeline across the bottom of the Baltic Sea. This is reported by FOCUS. “From the American point of view, the gas pipeline will provide not only gas, but also an increased risk of sanctions,” Grenell said. He warned that European countries would become dependent on Russia because of the pipeline. Among the German companies participating in the Nord Stream -2 project, is the Uniper energy group and the oil and gas producer Wintershall Dea. He called “impossible” the role of former Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder (SPD) in the construction of Nord Stream -2. Schroeder is the chairman of the Nord Stream Shareholders Committee, comparable to the supervisory board of German companies. It is not the first time that Grenell has publicly demonstrated in Berlin the position of the United States regarding the Nord Stream -2. In January, he even sent a letter to a number of German companies, in which he declared “a significant risk of sanctions” in connection with the implementation of the gas pipeline project.

Slovak PM’s White House Visit Spotlights US Defense Accords

‘We seek to deepen our defense cooperation by concluding a mutually beneficial Defense Cooperation Agreement,’ read a joint statement

Jennifer Grygiel | How to avoid accidentally becoming a Russian agent

The Mueller report reveals that some U.S. citizens helped Russian government agents organize real-life events, aiding Russia’s propaganda campaign. Don’t be like them.

 

‘Spy’ beluga having a whale of a time in Norway – CNN

A beluga whale believed by marine experts to have been trained by the Russian military is enjoying its stay in Norway — and the locals are loving it, too.

Beluga whale with Russian harness appears to ‘defect’ to Norway – ABC News

A beluga whale spotted in Norway seems to be enjoying it there.

‘Russian spy’ whale shines spotlight on military-grade animals – CNN

For centuries, human beings have made use of animals’ highly evolved capabilities, from the strength of horses to the hunting ability of birds of prey. Now, a discovery in Norway has turned the focus to the training of animals for military purposes.

 

Anton Troianovski on Twitter: “Per Kremlin, Putin told Trump: — Ukrainian president-elect “must take real steps toward realizing the Minsk agreements” “”

Ukraine greets new Supreme Allied Commander Europe

Ukraine congratulated a new Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) on assuming command of Allied Command Operations (ACO). — Ukrinform.

Ukraine’s Defense Minister: Russian passportization could be used as pretext for large-scale war – news war | UNIAN

Ukrainian Defense Minister Stepan Poltorak says that Russia’s decision to issue Russian passports to residents in Russian-occupied Donbas, eastern Ukraine, could be one of the elements of preparations for a large-scale war against Ukraine. Poltorak says Ukraine should encourage partners to form an international coalition and put pressure on Russia.

UAWire – Zelensky’s military adviser: Ukraine will win back Donbas in five years

\In an interview with the news agency Apostrophe, Ivan Aparshyn, adviser to Ukraine’s President-elect Vladimir Zelensky on issues of security …

Zelensky: “Several moves” now in the pipeline to respond to issue of Russian passports in Donbas – news politics | UNIAN

Ukraine’s President-elect Volodymyr Zelensky says that “several moves” are in the pipeline to respond to the issue of Russian passports in Russia-occupied Donbas. The measures are still being elaborated and will be announced later. Ukraine’s President-elect Volodymyr Zelensky says that “several moves” are in the pipeline to respond to the issue of Russian passports in Russia-occupied Donbas. “[We’re] preparing. We have got several moves, so to speak. In this issue, we must be creative, we must be fast, smart – as we are, fresh. Therefore, we’re working now, and then we will show [them],” Zelensky said when asked if he has any legislative proposals concerning the issue of Russian passports in Donbas, according to an UNIAN correspondent.

Zelensky’s adviser, US Secretary of Energy discuss Ukraine’s energy independence

Adviser to Ukraine’s President-elect Volodymyr Zelensky, former finance minister of Ukraine Oleksandr Danyliuk met with U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry to discuss strengthening of Ukraine’s energy independence. — Ukrinform.

Zelensky’s adviser Danyliuk, U.S. Energy Secretary Perry discuss Ukraine’s energy independence – news politics | UNIAN

Former Ukrainian Finance Minister Oleksandr Danyliuk, who is now an adviser to Ukraine’s President-elect Volodymyr, and U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry have met to discuss the strengthening of Ukraine’s energy independence. The officials also discussed investment in boosting natural gas production in Ukraine.

Advisor to Zelensky discusses diversification of energy supplies with U.S. Secretary of Energy

Advisor to the president-elect of Ukraine, former Finance Minister Oleksandr Danyliuk discussed the diversification of energy supplies to Ukraine on a meeting with U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry in Brussels. This is reported by the press service of Zelensky on Facebook. “During the meeting we talked about attracting investments to increase natural gas production in Ukraine, possible ways of supplying American liquefied natural gas, as well as reforming the gas market in Ukraine, including Naftogaz Company,” the message said. Danyliuk noted that the role of the United States in diversifying energy supplies is important for Ukraine and Europe as a whole. According to him, this reduces political risks and the cost of energy for consumers.

Zelensky’s advisers discuss joint efforts against Russian aggression with EU ambassadors

Advisers to President-elect Volodymyr Zelensky, ex-Finance Minister Oleksandr Danyliuk and Ruslan Riaboshapka, have discussed with EU ambassadors in Brussels joint efforts to counteract Russian aggression.

Zelensky’s advisors in Brussels discuss Western support for anti-corruption, judicial, economic reforms

Advisors to President-elect of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, Oleksandr Danyliuk and Ruslan Riaboshapka, continued discussing in Brussels support for the priority steps of the new head of state. According to the press service of Zelensky, on May 3, they met with the offices of President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Council Donald Tusk and European Commissioner for European Neighborhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations Johannes Hahn. In addition, members of Zelensky’s team took part in a working lunch at the Canadian Embassy in Belgium with representatives of the participating countries of the conference on supporting reforms in Ukraine, which will take place in Toronto this summer. “The main issue of discussion was the assistance of Western partners in the implementation of anti-corruption measures, judicial and economic reforms, ensuring the rule of law. These areas are the top priorities of the newly elected president of Ukraine,” the press service of Zelensky noted. Advisor Danyliuk noted that Western partners are committed to supporting the declared policy of Zelensky and their interest in enhancing cooperation with Ukraine during his presidency. Advisers of Zelensky also met with EU Director General for Neighborhood and Enlargement Negotiations Christian Danielsson and the European Defense Agency’s Chief Executive Jorge Domecq.

Citizens of occupied Donbas who want to get Russian passports to be liable for military service

The citizens of Ukraine, who live on the occupied territories of Luhansk and Donetsk, should get the passport of the pseudo-republic first in order to get Russian passports

Economic blackmail, passportization as occupation: what Putin is actually saying to Zelenskyi | UACRISIS.ORG

May 03, 2019. A few days ahead of the second round of presidential elections in Ukraine Russia banned exports of coal, oil and petroleum products to Ukraine as well as imports of some types of pipes, paper, cardboard and clothes from the country. On April 24, 2019 the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin signed an order establishing a simplified procedure for obtaining Russian citizenship available to the residents of the Russia-occupied areas of Ukraine’s Donetsk and Luhansk regions. Another order was published on the Kremlin’s web site on May 1 – the one establishing a simplified procedure for obtaining the Russian passport available to other groups of Ukrainians. UCMC takes a closer look at what is behind the story, what it means for the occupied Donbas and what the Russia-Ukraine relations will turn to be.

Long line for Russian passport applications forms in Donetsk on first day of expedited citizenship process — Meduza

The first office in Ukraine’s breakaway Donetsk region to offer expedited Russian citizenship applications opened for business on May 3. RIA Novosti published photographs of a crowd lined up outside the building. Beginning on May 7, 32 more immigration offices offering Russian passport applications in the self-styled Donetsk People’s Republic will also begin accepting applicants. On April 24, Russian president Vladimir Putin signed an order granting an expedited citizenship process to residents of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions. The Ukrainian government has threatened to revoke the Ukrainian citizenship of those who take advantage of the new order.

Poroshenko: Ukrainian passports more powerful than those of Russia – news ukraine | UNIAN

Outgoing Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko says that the passport of Ukraine is more powerful than that of Russia in terms of travelling around the world. Ukrainian passports let Ukrainians travel to 133 countries without a visa or with a visa on arrival.

Poroshenko notes advantages of Ukrainian passport to Russian for traveling the world

President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko has stressed that the Ukrainian passport outcompetes the Russian passport when applicable traveling around the world, as evidenced by the Passport Index 2019 rating data.

Kateryna_Kruk on Twitter: “For the 5 years Russian propaganda has demonized Poroshenko&his team. It made Russians believe that Poro is the source of all problems in bilateral relations and with him gone things will improve. Zelenskiy’s statements are destroying this myth. https://t.co/X6KzzCog8p”

Russia ‘boycotts’ International Tribunal hearing on its illegal seizure of 24 Ukrainian seamen – Human Rights in Ukraine

Moscow could checkmate itself through its attempts to deny the jurisdiction of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) over Russia’s seizure of three Ukrainian naval vessels and their crew –

UAWire – Russia refuses to participate in International Tribunal hearings on detained Ukrainian sailors

Russia refuses to participate in the hearings of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, where Ukraine appealed with a demand to …

Russia allows possibility of pulling out of human rights convention – news politics | UNIAN

Russia’s Permanent Representative to the Council of Europe Ivan Soltanovsky does not rule out Russia’s withdrawal from the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and the Council of Europe if no compromise is found on the issue of Russian delegation’s rights in the CoE. In 2014, Russian legislators were deprived of certain rights in PACE over the illegal occupation of Crimea.

Russian diplomats do not reject the possibility of withdrawal from the European Convention on Human Rights

Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the Council of Europe Ivan Soltanovsky does not rule out the possibility of Russia’s withdrawal from the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and the Council of Europe, if a compromise can not be found. This is reported by Tsensor.NET with reference to UNIAN. “We are considering all variants of the development of events, in particular in terms of their foreign policy implications for Russia and for international relations in the European continent,” he said in an interview with the Russian media. At the same time, Soltanovsky stressed that Moscow did not regret having joined the Council of Europe in due time, since the “Rado-European experience” helped “modernize the Russian legal system, humanize the judiciary and penitentiary system,” to integrate Russian education into the European system. Let’s remind that in the years 2014-2015 Russian parliamentarians were deprived of a number of rights in the PACE due to Russia’s occupation of Crimea. Moscow stopped participating in meetings, and in June 2017 suspended payment of contributions until the PACE delegation fully reinstated its mandate. Джерело: https://censor.net.ua/ua/n3125461

Russian equipment, the ‘Youth Army’ and ‘Katyusha’ with the inscription ‘For Stalin’, are preparing to celebrate ‘Victory Day’ in the occupied Crimea.

In the evening of May 4, in the occupied Sevastopol, a rehearsal of a military parade coinciding with the ‘Victory Day’ took place. According to the correspondent of the Crimea. Realia, the military machinery column was headed by a military car bombardment artillery military years, known under the unofficial name ‘Katyusha ‘, on which jet projectiles were written’ For Stalin! From the Katyusha !, informs Tsensor.NET. According to the correspondent, after this installation, a T-34 tank was sent at the time of the Second World War on synthetic caterpillars, self-propelled artillery setup and several dozen Russian combat vehicles equipped with coastal troops The Black Sea Fleet of Russia The rehearsal, which began at 18:00 local time and lasted about two hours, took place in the city center. The actual calculations and military equipment were followed by Lenin’s street and Nakhimov Avenue. A few hundred tourists and locals were observed during the rehearsal, who photographed armored vehicles with mobile phones.

Ukraine News on Twitter: “Might Zelenskyi play the Muslim card against Russia? https://t.co/rdDFU4x1zm… “

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Might Zelensky Play the Muslim Card Against Russia?

Paul Goble Staunton, May 3 – Yesterday, incoming Ukrainian president Vladimir Zelensky met with the leaders of the Muslim community of Ukraine for two hours, stressing the importance of religious comity in Ukraine and his hopes that Muslims there will succeed in attracting more foreign attention from wealthier Islamic countries. He impressed his audience who included among others Said Ismagilov, head of the Umma Muslim Spiritual Directorate (MSD) of Ukraine, Mufti Akhmed Takim of the Ukrainian MSD, and Ayder Rustamov of the Crimean MSD, all of whom stressed the commitment of their followers to helping all Ukrainians recover Russian-occupied Crimea and the Donbass (risu.org.ua/ru/index/all_news/state/church_state_relations/75649/and islamnews.ru/news-zelenskij-zadejstvoval-musul-man-v-interesah-ukrainy/). Ismagilov has long argued for having the Muslims of Ukraine call on the Muslims of Russia not to fight against their fellow believers in Ukraine (gordonua.com/news/war/sheyh-said-ismagilov-ochen-vazhno-donesti-musulmanam-rossii-ne-voyuyte-protiv-svoih-edinovercev-v-ukraine-695180.html). Perhaps more important and certainly more intriguing, the Umma mufti has frequently said that Ukrainians should make clear to everyone that “Muslims in Ukraine are full-fledged citizens and not as in Russia, second class ones” (gordonua.com/publications/sheyh-said-ismagilov-v-ukraine-musulmane-polnocennye-grazhdane-a-ne-kak-v-rossii-lyudi-vtorogo-sorta-683371.html). It is highly likely that Ismagilov took this opportunity to repeat that argument to Zelensky, stressing to him as he has to others in the past that playing the Muslim card against Russia is entirely appropriate given that Moscow has shown no reluctance in playing the religious card against Ukraine.

Might Zelenskyi play the Muslim card against Russia? | Euromaidan Press |

Yesterday, incoming Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyi met with the leaders of the Muslim community of Ukraine for two hours, stressing the importance of religious comity in Ukraine and his hopes that Muslims there will succeed in attracting more foreign attention from wealthier Islamic countries. He impressed his audience who included among others Said Ismagilov, head of the Umma Muslim Spiritual Directorate (MSD) of Ukraine, Mufti Akhmed Takim of the Ukrainian MSD, and Ayder Rustamov of the Crimean MSD, all of whom stressed the commitment of their followers to helping all Ukrainians recover Russian-occupied Crimea and the Donbas (risu.org.uaand islamnews.ru). Ismagilov has long argued for having the Muslims of Ukraine call on the Muslims of Russia not to fight against their fellow believers in Ukraine. Perhaps more important and certainly more intriguing, the Umma mufti has frequently said that Ukrainians should make clear to everyone that “Muslims in Ukraine are full-fledged citizens and not as in Russia, second class ones.” It is highly likely that Ismagilov took this opportunity to repeat that argument to Zelenskyi, stressing to him, as he has to others in the past, that playing the Muslim card against Russia is entirely appropriate given that Moscow has shown no reluctance in playing the religious card against Ukraine.

 

Donbas war update: 1 WIA reported as enemy mortars Ukraine positions using banned calibers – news war | UNIAN

Over the past day, on Saturday, Russian-led forces in the east of Ukraine 16 times violated the ceasefire. According to intelligence reports, on May 4, two invaders were killed and two – injured in action.

Russia-led forces use banned weapons to shell Ukrainian troops in Donbas in past day – news war | UNIAN

Russia-led forces used proscribed weapons, namely 82mm and 120mm mortars, to shell positions of the Ukrainian Joint Forces near the villages of Zaitseve and Luhanske in Donbas, eastern Ukraine, on Saturday, May 4. No Ukrainian army casualties have been reported today.

Donbas militant surrenders to government forces – news war | UNIAN

A mercenary of an illegal armed group of the “Donetsk People’s Republic” voluntarily surrendered to Ukrainian law enforcers, ZN.ua reports citing the press service of the local police department. “The militant decided to hand himself over to the police after he learned from the media about the possibility of avoiding criminal liability,” the report says. It is noted that the 22-year-old member of the illegal armed group reported to the police office in the town of Bahmut, saying he had joined the ranks of Russian-backed militants back in June 2014, when he was 17 years old.

Russia-led forces use proscribed weapons to shell Ukrainian troops in Donbas in past day – news war | UNIAN

Russia-led forces used proscribed weapons, namely 82mm and 120mm mortars, to shell positions of the Ukrainian Joint Forces near the villages of Zaitseve and Luhanske in Donbas, eastern Ukraine, on Saturday, May 4. No Ukrainian army casualties have been reported today.

Russian-led forces launch 21 attacks on Ukrainian troops in Donbas, two soldiers wounded

Russian occupation forces violated ceasefire 21 times, using weapons banned under the Minsk agreements nine times, in the Joint Forces Operation (JFO) area in Donbas over the past day. — Ukrinform.

Escalation in Donbas: Number of attacks on Ukraine army grows to 21, proscribed weapons used – news war | UNIAN

There has been escalation in Donbas, eastern Ukraine, as the number of Russia-led forces’ attacks on Ukrainian positions grew to 21 instances on May 3; proscribed weapons – 120mm and 82mm mortars – were used in nine attacks. Two Ukrainian soldiers were wounded on May 3, there were no casualties on May 4.

Day in Donbas: Occupant violated ceasefire regime 16 times, one Ukrainian soldier wounded

The Pro-Kremlin militants used the Minsk-banned weaponry

The delegation of the US Embassy got acquainted in the Donbass with the conditions of operation of the transferred AFU of American equipment. VIDEO

A delegation of the Defense Attache Office at the United States Embassy in Ukraine visited the district of the United Facility for Operation Donbass, where he became acquainted with the operational situation, as well as the conditions of exploitation of Ukrainian equipment by Ukrainian troops. According to Tsensor.NET, this is reported by the press center of the OOS headquarters on the Facebook page. “On the territory of Donetsk and Luhansk regions, diplomats learned about the current security and operational situation in the area of the operation, held meetings with the command of brigades and battalions to discuss the operational situation in the areas of their responsibility,” the report said. Also, US troops have studied the information received by units of the Joint Forces on the tactics of actions of units (groups) of Russian occupation forces and counter measures taken by Ukrainian servicemen. See also: Military personnel in the zone of OOP worked out the destruction of the enemy in the air. VIDEO “Another direction of the delegation was to study the conditions of operation of American equipment provided within the framework of logistical assistance to our country,” reads the information. Джерело: https://censor.net.ua/ua/n3125469

Russian ground force surveiilance station spotted in occupied Donbas, – OSCE

The portable ground force surveiilance station PSNR-8 Kredo-M1 belonged to the Russian Army

The Joint Force continues testing the new electronic accounting system and providing logistics. VIDEO

Thanks to the system, each serviceman, through his personal office, will be able to choose and order the necessary items of his military uniforms and equipment. According to Censor.NET , this is stated in the announcement of the press center of the headquarters of the OS on the Facebook page. “The program will lead to a new level of system maintenance of troops of units and units in the area of military operations and, importantly, will eliminate corruption or other machinations with the equipment of warriors. Subsequently, after testing and implementing the program in everyday activities, it is planned to connect to the system and other types of security, including financial ones. The development of the system will provide each serviceman with the opportunity to control, control and operate all types of supplies transparently, efficiently and conveniently, “the headquarters stressed. Джерело: https://censor.net.ua/ua/v3125463

Special Forces of the State Border Guard Service armed with machine guns Heckler & Koch МР5

05/05/19 Special Forces of the State Border Guard Service armed with machine guns Heckler & Koch МР5 Special-purpose detachments of the operational response of the State Border Guard Service from the last year have armed 9-mm machine guns M55 of the German brand Heckler & Koch. This was reported by the spokesman of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Artyom Shevchenko on Facebook and promulgated the relevant photos. ‘The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine celebrated its 101st anniversary with modern new weapons: the Gecko Gecko and the Heckler & Koch MR-5 machine guns, manufactured by the United States under the 9×19 mm Luger cartridge, last year on the armament of dedicated subscribers of the DOSOR mobile unit. In the future, the same weapon will be in the National Police of Ukraine, it is more police than the old Soviet AK, that is less lethal and more accurate and reliable. The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine cares that its units receive, if possible, better and more modern weapons and equipment … Special Forces of the State Border Guard Service armed with machine guns Heckler & Koch МР5 Special Purposefuls of the State Border Guard Service armed with machine guns Heckler & Koch МР5 Specialists of the State Border Guard Service were armed with machine guns Heckler & Koch МР5 Let’s remind that for the first time Sergei Knyazev, head of the National Police, informed about the possibility of providing the police with modern weapons samples, in particular with machine guns Heckler & Koch MP5 in August 2018. Already this year in the media there was information that police machine pistols MP5 is supposed to be performed at the expense of purchases from a Turkish manufacturer.

 

Volunteers and units of the Armed Forces in 2014 did not leave positions under Ilovaysk, because they did not receive orders. The same happened later under Debaltsev, – Semenchenko

The ex-combatant of the volunteer battalion Donbass Semen Semenchenko made a sharp critique of the statements of “lions who have nothing to do with fighting”, including the counselor of Petro Poroshenko, Roman Donica, who accused “of those who brought people to the Ilovaya trap ” According to Tsensor.NET, this is stated in the post posted on the facebook page: “I read the post of Puskinsky propagandist Donbass, for Ilovaysk, what would you say?” The man did not go to defend Ukraine, neither by mobilization nor by volunteering, by the word – in general, as well as by his colleague on the “dangerous business” of bourgeois. But he covered the five years pathetic posts looting in the obverse and the criminal actions of Muzhenka and Poroshenko in the army.At the moment tells the story of a white bull like Kolomoisky, Khomchak and Semenchenko in 2014 were going to “squeeze out” Zuhres in Akhmetov, and for what “Ilovaysk came out.” And the type “wants” to “investigate early and late.” Five Years, Blind! People of Poroshenko as public prosecutors! People of Poroshenko on the posts of the head of the SBU, people of Poroshenko on positions in the General Staff, the Ministry of Defense and the courts! Parliamentary majority named after Poroshenko! And these liars still have the conscience to tell the fairytales that they “demand an investigation” ??? The investigation has been carried out for a long time! And the Verkhovna Rada Commission in 2014. And the GPU in 2014-2018. There are conclusions. The operation was fully planned by the General Staff and the President. The case is classified. Instead of an open court, kumquats were let loose, which had nothing to do with fighting. And they chant other chains, who will sell their mother for their pursuits and careers. I know what was there. For the right to plunder Ukrainians all five years Poroshenko in 2014 put under the noses of volunteers. And the regular troops of the Russian Federation came in. I two days calmly moved to Ilovaysk. And volunteers and parts of the Armed Forces awaited the teams for the exit. Did not wait These whips were taken as a parade. And the stars weighed each other. All the same were repeated in Debaltsevo in 2015. But with even less success. Just parts of the Armed Forces flew out of their own without waiting for the team. Which would not be You can chat anything. Your words – the words of the cowards and porches of Poroshenko – are worthless. Very soon the materials of the investigation will be declassified and shown to people. And then the court will be opened. And the opportunity to honestly answer all the questions and ask these questions. Publicly. In front of the people. Without informational mediation of cowards, liars and moral freaks. We’ll wait a little more. In the meantime, cook lubricants. They will soon be very useful to you, “- wrote the ex-combatant. Джерело: https://censor.net.ua/ua/n3125421

 

Malyshev refurbished another batch of “Bulats” for the Armed Forces

The plant named after Malyshev repaired a batch of tanks BM “Bulat”, some of them have already successfully passed the acceptance tests, the next batch of tanks is transferred to the customer. This is reported by the press service of the state concern “Ukroboronprom” . There are several more wounded in the battles of cars that are at different stages of repair. BM Bulat is a modernization of the T-64 tank ( adopted in 2004), during which tanks received new protection, a fire control system, a Combat missile complex and a more powerful engine, thanks to which a comprehensive increase in tank performance was achieved. On the repaired “Bulats”, the 1A43U fire control system and the engine have been refined, which received the increased characteristics in accordance with the requirements of combat experience. Thanks to the 1A43U fire control system with the Bulat night sighting complex, it can use the Combat missile system, which can destroy armored vehicles at a distance of up to 5 km. The modular complex of dynamic protection “Knife”, which is installed on “Bulats”, has proved itself well during combat operations and is also installed on modernized T-64 tanks of the 2017 model and T-80BV.

State testing of “Obolon-A” artillery automation system launched

The state testing of the unique Obolon-A artillery fire control complex has begun, which will increase the capabilities of our artillery units by 30-40 percent. About the Minister of Defense of Ukraine Stepan Poltorak at the State Enterprise “Lviv State Plant” LORTA “. ” Today we are launching a state testing of a unique complex of fire control of Obolon-A artillery. This is a very necessary complex for the Armed Forces of Ukraine, which will increase the capabilities of our artillery units by 30-40 percent. It will be more mobile and effective, will increase the capabilities of fire damage of the enemy, as well as the survivability of crews As Poltorak noticed, the complex is a modern and unique technique that does not have any spare parts for the aggressor country. According to him, after the successful completion of these tests, the complex will be adopted and its serial production will be commenced. The Obolon-A complex is an automated control system for a new generation of high-level intellectual property. It provides real-time integration of combat units with all types of intelligence, reception and processing of data on dozens of goals. [State testing of “Obolon-A” artillery automation system launched] The Obolon-A complex includes: Division Commander Machine (1B25-2) the car of the Chief of Staff of the Division (1B26-2) battery commander’s car (1B25-1) cars of the senior officer of the battery (1B26-1) All cars can be produced both on a crawler ride (for self-propelled artillery) and on a wheel (for a trailer artillery) chassis.

Ukroboronprom asks $100 million from budget for defense complex

The state concern Ukroboronprom demands more than $ 100 million of budget funds to support defense enterprises. This is stated in the draft plan for the 2019 budget, which the concern has proposed to the government. The document was made public by the ‘Marlin’ project. Most of the funds should be directed to support the aviation industry, but some of the money is demanded for inactive enterprises. As reported, most of the funds – 53,4 million dollars – is provided for Zaporizhia Machine-Building Design Bureau Progress, which specializes in gas turbine engines for aircraft. 30 million dollars is provisioned for the flagship aircraft builder State enterprise Antonov and 370 million uah – for Kharkiv State Aircraft Manufacturing Company. 2,8 million dollars are reserved for Mykolaiv shipbuilding plant Black Sea Shipyard.

PAVLO BUKIN, CEO OF STATE CONCERN “UKROBORONPROM”: «UKRAINE IS A STRONG ACTOR ON THE ARMS EXPORT MARKET»

Ukraine has over the past several years been able to intensify military and technical cooperation with its international partners despite counteraction by Russia’s propaganda machine. This is driven by the need to buy from the import market the armaments and technologies that the country’s military and public security services need on the one hand, and on the other, to improve export competitiveness of own domestic defense industries. SE (State Enterprise) Ukroboronprom and its affiliated companies are playing a key role in both efforts. Defense Express interviewed Pavlo Bukin, CEO of SE Ukroboronprom, about the Concern’s development priorities and the current status of Ukraine’s military and technical cooperation with international partners.

UAWire – Ukraine and Turkey consider joint military shipbuilding projects

The commander of the Ukrainian Navy, Ihor Voronchenko, said that Turkey and Ukraine plan to have joint projects, primarily in the field of shipbuilding, Ukrinform reports. After participating in the International Defense Industry Fair IDEF-2019, he noted that the exhibition was “very rich”, including representation from many leading and well-known companies, in particular, Turkish ones. “We already have some cooperation projects regarding the implementation of the corvette-type ships and rocket boats construction,” he said. The Ukrainians met with the commander of the Turkish Naval Forces , Adnan Özbal. “We once again went through all the aspect of international cooperation between the Navy of Turkey and Ukraine. I was assured that international cooperation will continue to expand to provide relevant information exchange, training, security in the Black Sea region and participation in international exercises,“ he added. According to him, at the moment there are several promising Ukrainian-Turkish cooperation projects. Voronchenko announced that a cooperation plan will be drawn up and will begin to operate in the near future. “The Turkish side is also interested in our producers, especially manufacturers of the ship power plants, and others,” he said. Earlier, it was reported that Turkey intends to provide tens of millions of dollars assistance to the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

UKRAINE AND TURKEY: MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL COOPERATION

Military and technical cooperation between Ukraine and Turkey has gained momentum during the past three years. Both countries clearly understand where their interests converge and where the synergies for cooperation can be conjoined. This cooperation has already brought results in areas like radio communications, thermal imaging technologies, and optical devices for missile and armored vehicle applications.

Aselsan CEO sets sights on global customers

Aselsan unveiled its new close-in weapon system during the 2019 International Defence Industry Fair in Turkey — the latest in a grand plan to expand export sales, said Chief Executive Haluk Gorgun.

KENTAVR: NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE UKRAINE’S NAVY

The Ukrainian Navy is replenished with the new type of “Centaur-LC” by landing and assault boats (DHSK). Construction of boats under the order of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine is carried out by the Kiev Private Joint-Stock Company “Factory” Smith on Rybalsky “(until 2017 -” Leninsky Smithy “). What exactly is this project? The necessity of creating the SSH was due to objective reasons, first and foremost, the urgent need for strengthening the ship’s structure of the Navy. The development of a landing assault boat project prompted the need for an asymmetrical response to Russian aggression. The basis for preliminary elaboration of the DSH option was the successful concept previously tested by the Swedes on the CombatBoat 90 (CB90) project and later borrowed by the Russians for their variant pr.03160 (Raptor code). Rapid and insignificant landing and assault boats can successfully be used to solve a wide range of tasks assigned to the navy during wartime. It was this circumstance that contributed to the appearance of this subclass of combat boats in a number of foreign navies. 190503 Kentavr 2 From the point of view of Ukraine’s security, the fact is that 8 out of 11 constructed at OJSC “Leningrad Shipyard” Pella “for the Navy of the Russian Federation, boats of pr .03160 type” Raptor “are currently in the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation. Officially, they are listed as anti-diversion boats, but in practice they are used in navies as part of specially designated naval reconnaissance stations. DSH type “Centaur-LK” has a steel body welded construction, divided into compartments. In the bow there is an armored chamber in which all means of navigation, communication and observation, control of the power plant, as well as a complex of management of the combat modules are located. Due to its high degree of automation, the crew can operate all on-board systems, including weapons, remotely, directly from the cutting. In the logging feed, a mast of light construction with antenna posts of the DRS4D-NXT radar and communication facilities, in particular the satellite terminal Iridium Pilot, is installed. Immediately under the chamber there is a living compartment from which you can quickly get directly to the combat post, without the need to exit at the same time to the open upper deck. The entire central part of the body is occupied by an amphibious compartment, which provides all necessary for placement and transportation by the sea of landing, DRG, etc. From the landing compartment there is a passage into the bow of the housing to the retractable ramp for safe landing of landing on shore or shallow water. In the fore part there is a machine compartment in which the main power plant in the form of 2 diesel engines with drives on 2 Hamilton Jet water jets is located. The trunk, landing compartment and engine room have split armor. In addition, the building and the building are constructed using the elements of the technology of low visibility (stealth), with a certain blockage of vertical structures.

HOW TO LOSE OUR “WARNING” OR WHY PUTIN IF MINIMUM?

The Ministry of Finance of Ukraine has decided to cover the holes in the budget at the expense of state-owned enterprises. On the initiative of the Ministry of Finance, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine prepared a decree, according to which the part of the net profit to be transferred by the state-owned enterprises to the budget, will be increased to 90%. Including and defensive state-owned enterprises, which are under the roof of the National Space Agency and as a part of the state-owned “Ukroboronprom”. If this decision comes into force, then the outcome of the cumbersome idea is quite predictable. At first, there is paralysis, and then the clinical death of the state defense industry in the nearest quarter. To modernize the tanks, to produce the necessary high-precision “Wilh” and bring it to the serial rate, the winged “Neptune” will simply be nowhere and nobody. And talks about the need to develop our defense industry will look like a mockery. Thicken the paint? Then the details. Do me more often than feed It is hardly necessary to explain that our defense industry with its production base, with all due respect to our designers and engineers, is not at all a world-class high-tech. The reality is that the volume of produced products per defense worker (rounded data for 2017) is as follows: in the USA – about $ 450 thousand, in the European Union – about $ 300 thousand. , in Russia – $ 50 thousand We have no more than $ 15,000. The roots of our outsider are understandable. Industrial funds are aging, machines have not been purchased, new technologies have not been introduced. The deterioration of the main production assets in the “defense” is 65-80%, and the pre-war rates of their renewal are 2.5-3% per year. The war with Russia forced re-equipment more actively, but the first visible germs began to appear only in 2018. At the same time, with varying degrees of success, tasks and import substitutes were succeeded – the replacement of the components of Russian production that were necessary for the repair and modernization of our military equipment. Where do state enterprises take funds for the financing of technical re-equipment, creation and expansion of production facilities, development of new technological processes, for the preparation of new and modernized types of products, the production of prototype models, and even for repayment of loans taken under these holy things in our reality?

Bills on defense industry reform already submitted to Rada – Vice PM – news economics | UNIAN

The bills have been submitted to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine that are set to enhance cooperation between defense industry players, reform defense-related procurement, lift the ban on corporatization, and subsequently allow privatizing part of defense companies, according to First Deputy Prime Minister Stepan Kubiv. The official recalled that in 2014, Ukraine had not been ready for Russia’s armed aggression, annexation of Crimea, and the beginning of the actual war in the east of the country, Censor.net reports. “A painful military blow Russia delivered forced Ukraine to change the philosophy and approaches to a strategy to increase its own defense capabilities. That’s because a strong, well-armed and trained army ensures national security in wartime and becomes a powerful lever for maintaining peace in peacetime,” Kubiv noted. On April 24, he says, the Cabinet of Ministers at its meeting authorized the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade to perform the function of a central executive body for the country’s defense industry. “This is no easy task because the openness and transparency of management of the military-industrial complex should be combined with protection of industrial secrets, strategic documents, and military information, in particular, from enemy intelligence and industrial espionage, especially dangerous amid hybrid war,” said he. The First Deputy Prime Minister stressed that the government’s decision logically continued the economy ministry’s efforts taken 2016 to 2018. “In particular, we ensured the creation of a production line for Vilkha high-precision weapons, which allows us to talk of the mass production start, as well as a line for the production of solid rocket fuel. Together with the interior ministry, we launched a production line for 9/18 and 9/19 caliber cartridges, thus fully covering the demand of Ukraine’s law enforcers. Also, there is a contract for the creation of capacities for the production of a project Neptun cruise missiles, armored combat vehicles, and radar equipment, as well as the restoration of ammunition testing grounds,” Kubiv said. Read more on UNIAN: https://www.unian.info/economics/10538865-bills-on-defense-industry-reform-already-submitted-to-rada-vice-pm.html

 

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Modernizing Ukrainian a Long-Term Challenge for Kyiv, Pastukhov Says

Paul Goble Staunton, May 2 – Vladimir Pastukhov sparked a firestorm of criticism (as well as some passionate support) when he suggested not long ago that the Ukrainian language law was “the best gift” Kyiv has offered Vladimir Putin since he invaded Ukraine and annexed Crimea (windowoneurasia2.blogspot.com/2019/04/ukraines-new-language-law-best-gift-to.html). Now, another argument he has made about the language situation in Ukraine seems set to set off another and perhaps even more intense debate. The London-based Russian analyst has suggested that modernizing the Ukrainian language is a real and often unacknowledged challenge for Kyiv (echo.msk.ru/programs/personalnovash/2417403-echo/). Discussing his earlier article, Pastukhov says that there are “two extreme points of view on the language problem in Ukraine.” On the one hand, representatives of the Russian nation don’t see any problem with a large segment of Ukrainians speaking Russian. And on the other, many Ukrainians believe they must make the transition to a Ukrainian-only space very quickly. Ukraine is a young country and suffers from the problems of youth, he says. It has “been under thee strong colonial influence of Russia for the course of a minimum of 300 to 400 years.” That influence has not only included the spread of Russian among ethnic Ukrainians but the influence of Russian on the Ukrainian language itself. One most ask oneself: “can a state exist if there is no linguistic unity at its foundation? I think that it can’t.” Consequently, linguistic unity must be promoted if the state is to survive, but in the case of Ukraine that involves both the spread of Ukrainian and “the restoration of the degraded language of the titular nation.” But trying to solve these tasks in a “Bolshevik” manner, by force and discrimination, won’t work. Instead, it will divide and weaken Ukraine. Instead, Pastukhov argues, Kyiv must promote the modernization of Ukrainian and its attractiveness to Russians and Ukrainians, something that will take work over many years. There are several reasons why Kyiv must do so slowly. The first arises from Ukraine’s demographic situation. There is a very large Russian-speaking community, it dominates in some regions including in the capital city, and its existence means that even there, Ukrainians speak “a specific language, which may be designated a pastiche” of both. Expelling the Russian from Ukrainian will be much harder than getting Russians and Ukrainians to speak Ukrainian, as difficult as that will be, the London-based analyst suggests. Seeking to move to Ukrainian by decree, Pastukhov says, would “mean the suppression of certain cultural traditions of an enormous part of the population,” rather more than the 30 percent of Ukrainian citizens Kyiv says are Russian speakers. And that effort would necessarily provoke a deep split in Ukrainian society. Few people can transition from one language to another completely over even a prolonged period, and those who speak a new language to them are different than those who speak a language they have learned from birth, an observation Pastukhov says he can confirm from his own experience. When he speaks Russian, the analyst observes, he is one thing. Indeed, he is “one Pastukhov.” “But when speaking English, [he is] a completely different Pastukhov who is forced to choose from a totally different and very restricted vocabulary.” And that is after ten years of living in London! “There are geniuses who can” learn a new language thoroughly, “but the average individual lacks that possibility.” Forcing him or her to do so will backfire. What they speak will be degraded and that degradation will affect the language community they are being compelled to join. Moreover, and this is an even more important reason for Kyiv to proceed slowly and carefully. An effort to achieve everything quickly will “seriously revive the struggle within society.” That is not what Ukraine needs, Pastukhov says. But it is very much what “Russia needs now.” “Russia doesn’t need Ukraine as a colony which it would like to seize. Russia needs a weak and divided Ukraine which is struggling with itself and in which Moscow can carry out a policy of administered chaos.” Because that is so, Ukraine needs to proceed cautiously: its goals are entirely appropriate. The methods some are pushing now aren’t.

Ukrainian Embassy in US calls on Russia to release Roman Sushchenko

The Embassy of Ukraine in the USA demands Russian authorities to release and return to Ukraine Ukrinform correspondent Roman Sushchenko. — Ukrinform.

No Occupancy: High Court Backs Czech Hotel Owner’s Crimea Test For Russian Guests

A Czech man has received death threats since the country’s Constitutional Court this week backed his right to subject Russian hotel guests to a political litmus test over Russia’s actions in Ukraine.

Austrian Chancellor Kurz pledges support for Ukraine’s reform – news politics | UNIAN

Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz has pledged support to Ukraine’s President-elect Volodymyr Zelensky in the reform process and the fight against corruption. Kurz had a phone conversation with Zelensky.

Poroshenko dismisses member of National Council of Television and Radio Broadcasting of Ukraine Artemenko

This order was published on the website of the Presidential Administration

Poroshenko, Lagarde discuss financial situation in Ukraine, express concern about situation with PrivatBank

President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko has held a telephone conversation with Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Christine Lagarde, during which they discussed the financial situation in Ukraine and the need for the further implementation of reforms.

Naftogaz considers Putin’s statement on dependence of Ukraine’s gas supplies on transit as start of talks

Chairman of the executive board of NJSC Naftogaz Ukrainy Andriy Kobolev has considered a statement of Russian President Vladimir Putin in Beijing on April 27 that Ukraine’s gas supply fully depends on transit of Russian gas via it as the start of holding the negotiations.

Ukrainians in Germany gathering 50,000 signatures for Holodomor to be recognized as genocide |Euromaidan Press |

A petition to recognize Holodomor, the artificial famine in Ukraine during 1932-1933, as genocide of the Ukrainian people has been registered on the website of the German parliament.

Ukraine’s Embassy to U.S. organizes charity concert, funds of which to be transferred to ‘Next Step Ukraine’ rehabilitation center

The Ukrainian Embassy to the United States, in cooperation with the “Revived Soldiers Ukraine” Foundation, organized a charity auction and concert of the Ukrainian violinist Oleksandr Bozhyk, and will transfer the proceeds to the rehabilitation center “Next Step Ukraine,” the press service of the diplomatic department said.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Much about Cossack Genocide Remains Unanswered a Century After It Began, Soshin Says

Paul Goble Staunton, May 4 – One hundred years after the Soviet government launched its efforts to liquidate the Cossacks, many questions about that genocide remain unanswered, Yury Soshin says. There is no agreement on how many Cossacks were killed or even whether what happened to them constitutes a genocide. But, the Moscow commentator who was born in Kabardino-Balkaria says, he has no doubts about the appropriateness of that term and the need to keep the issue alive so that all the questions will be answered and justice will be restored. His family, he continues, “also experienced ‘de-Cossackization’” — and it was a genocide (apn.ru/index.php?newsid=37815). To this day, no one has established exactly who in the Bolshevik leadership wrote the January 24, 1919 decree that formalized Moscow’s murderous attacks on the Cossacks which in fact had begun more than a year earlier. But whoever it was is guilty of promoting “’social eugenics’” through the liquidation of an entire people, Soshin says. Other decrees were even worse, but now, communists and their supporters like to point to a Bolshevik document from March 16, 1919, which supposedly “softened” the January decree. In fact, however, the analyst continues, the violence against the Cossacks continued even as Moscow as is its wont acted as if it was above all this. Less than a month later, he recounts, the Donburo of the Central Committee declared that it was essential that there be “the complete, rapid and decisive destruction of the Cossacks as a special economic group, the destruction of its economic base, the physical destruction of the Cossack bureaucracy and officers, and in general of all Cossack leaders” in order to achieve “the liquidation” of the Cossacks as a group. That is genocide according to any reasonable definition, Soshin suggests. The Bolshevik war against the Cossacks continued for the next two decades, with some Bolsheviks arguing that “the Cossacks are not people but human formed beasts who must be destroyed” and others saying that “’the toiling Cossacks’ are people but those above them above all the offices are non-persons.” That has allowed the defenders of the Bolsheviks to say that they were pursuing a class approach rather than an ethnic one, but on the ground, they killed Cossacks of all ranks. Indeed, the situation deteriorated in the second half of the 1920s when Moscow launched what can be called “the second wave” of the Cossack genocide. In 1927-1928, Soshin continues, “there occurred a planned and intentional campaign (like the one applied to the last SRs in 1937-1938) for the complete liquidation of the educated part of the Cossacks, above all former officers and officials and also ordinary Cossacks who had served in the White Army.” This Bolshevik crime was obscured by “larger events – the disbanding of NEP, collectivization and the famine of 1933.” But it was a crime of genocide, as Soshin shows by documenting case after case of mass murder of Cossacks as such. Such documentation is especially necessary now because the Kremlin wants to sweep all this under a rug. The current regime talks about the conflict of the Reds and the Whites as it if weren’t a part of it and thus seeks to “kill real historical memory” about crimes like the genocide of the Cossacks.

Eva.Stories: real-life Holocaust diary on Instagram that was shot by a Ukrainian company in Lviv |Euromaidan Press |

What if a girl had an Instagram account during the Holocaust? The account Eva.Stories on the popular social network attempts to make one of the most tragic episodes in human history closer to the social media generation by showing it through the eyes of Eva Heyman, a 13-year old Jewish girl living in Hungary who died in Auschwitz in 1944. The project, a brainchild of an Israeli tech executive and his daughter, was filmed in Lviv by the Ukrainian company Colorfilm. The story is based on a diary which Eva kept during the Second World War. The authors of the Instagram account start from telling how Eva lived before the Nazi rule in Hungary, giving an intimate peek into the life of a young teenager of that time: learning to dance, playing with her cousin and best friend, dreaming of becoming a world-known reporter. Then, they show her existence in the Jewish ghetto and the road to the death camp. The last entry in Eva’s diary is dated 30 May 1944. She died on 17 October of that same year. Eva’s mother managed to survive, found the diary, and published it after several decades.

Top-ranking guests expected at Zelenskyy’s inauguration – LB.ua news portal

Top-ranking guests expected at Zelenskyy’s inauguration. They are more likely to attend if the inauguration is held in late May. Political – LB.ua news portal. Latest from Ukraine and the world today

Some world leaders unofficially invited to inauguration of Zelensky, – adviser

First unofficial invitations for Zelensky’s inauguration

Zelenskyy wants to be inaugurated on 19 May – LB.ua news portal

Zelenskyy wants to be inaugurated on 19 May. He met parliamentary faction representatives. Political – LB.ua news portal. Latest from Ukraine and the world today

Zelensky to insist on his inauguration held on May 19

Zelensky will insist that his inauguration should be held on May 19

MP suggests holding presidential inauguration on 19 May – LB.ua news portal

MP suggests holding presidential election on 19 May. He registered a draft resolution on the parliament website. Political – LB.ua news portal. Latest from Ukraine and the world today

Zelenskyy’s preferred inauguration date falls on mourning day – LB.ua news portal

Zelenskyy’s preferred inauguration date falls on mourning day. 19 May is Day of Mourning for Victims of Political Represssion. Political – LB.ua news portal. Latest from Ukraine and the world today

MPs, President-elect discuss inauguration, possibility of disbanding parliament (Photos) – news politics | UNIAN

Members of Parliament (MPs) representing Ukraine’s parliamentary factions and President-elect Volodmyr Zelensky have discussed his inauguration, foreign and domestic policy, including the possibility of disbanding the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine’s parliament, and the adoption of new election laws. Outgoing President Petro Poroshenko was absent at the meeting.

Ukraine’s President-elect: Date for presidential inauguration to be known on May 14 – news politics | UNIAN

Ukraine’s President-elect Volodymyr Zelensky says a date for his inauguration will become known at a meeting in parliament on May 14. Members of Parliament must vote for the date.

Leaders of spinster parties to meet with Zelensky in Verkhovna Rada today

They will discuss the inauguration, according to the Oleh Bereziuk, the leader of spinster party Self-help

Head of Institute of National Memory of Ukraine urges not to hold Zelensky’s inauguration on May 19

Head of the Institute of the National Memory of Ukraine Volodymyr Viatrovych is against the proposition of President-elect Volodymyr Zelensky to hold his inauguration on May 19. Viatrovych wrote this on Facebook. “The date is very inappropriate, as this is the Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repressions, according to the order of the President of Ukraine in 2007. This is a morning day during which mourning ceremonies take place around the whole country, the entertainment events and entertainment TV programs are limited as well,” Head of the Institute of the National Memory of Ukraine said.

Special investigator Horbatiuk ready to become chief prosecutor under Zelensky’s presidency – news politics | UNIAN

Chief of the Special Investigations Department of the Prosecutor General’s Office (PGO) of Ukraine Serhiy Horbatiuk says he is ready to head the PGO under Volodymyr Zelensky’s presidency. Horbatiuk says the Prosecutor General’s Office needs to be reformed.

UAWire – Kolomoisky reveals Zelensky’s nomination details

Ukrainian business oligarch Ihor Kolomoisky who is considered the patron and business partner of the newly elected President Vladimir Zelensky …

Ukraine has a New President, and it is Putin? – To Inform is to Influence

Christina Kitova Ukraine had its presidential elections last week. The winner of the election is the Ukrainian stand-up comedian, and YouTube star Zelensky. Mr. Zelensky enjoyed regional success and proved a point that has been known since JFK beat Nixon because of television; image and popularity matter. Zelensky is many things, but a politician he…

Vatican News: Pope invites leaders of Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church to Rome – news world | UNIAN

The Holy See’s Press Office said that the Pope has called the leaders of the Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church for a meeting in July, as a sign of his closeness to the community and his efforts to build peace in the troubled nation. The meeting is scheduled for the beginning of July.

Christian persecution ‘at near genocide levels’ – BBC News

The foreign secretary attacks “political correctness” as report warns the religion could “disappear”.

Persecution of Christians Is Approaching Genocide Levels, Report Finds: Christianity ‘Is at Risk of Disappearing’

A review of persecution of Christians across the world finds alarming evidence that extremists are getting closer to eradicating Christianity in some areas.