|Stoking fear and perceptions of insecurity is a particularly common tactic when it comes to Ukraine – currently the Kremlin’s chief obsession. Apparently, ahead of the second round of the Ukrainian presidential election, Poroshenko is planning to organise new provocations in Donbas. As the EUvsDisinfo database has tracked, disinformation about Ukraine’s alleged aggression and agitation has been at the core of the Kremlin’s narrative strategy from the moment Russia initiated its war against Ukraine. But at the same time, glaring inconsistencies remain – after all, how is it possible that a failing country with a military verging on collapse could pose a real security threat to Russia?! The Kremlin can’t have it both ways, no matter how desperately it wants to.
It wasn’t us!
Deflection is another popular pro-Kremlin disinfo tactic. It includes well-known hits like “Kyiv downed MH17, not Russia!“, because Ukraine failed to close its airspace over the rebel-held areas of Donbas. In fact, the BUK missile system responsible for the tragedy originated in a Russian army unit and was taken back to Russia after the tragedy. Other hoax stories deflecting blame from Russia claim that the West is responsible for warlike provocations in the Black Sea, and that the Ukrainian government is responsible for the war with Russia, not the other way around.
This category also includes great examples of obfuscation: for example, that it’s not clear who shot a protesting crowd in Lithuania in 1991, but it was probably the Lithuanians themselves, or a third party. This narrative likely stems from a recent court decision in Lithuania which found that the former Soviet defence minister and 60 officers were responsible for this incident.
“It wasn’t us!” also comes up regarding Russian meddling in the French elections. Yet again, according to pro-Kremlin media, there is no evidence that Russia was involved, and thus confusion persists. In reality, investigations by The Insider and Mediapart.fr established that GRU-linked hackers stole the emails from Emmanuel Macron’s campaign team and that later, pro-Kremlin media spread news about the leaks.
The West did it!
Related to the category above, “The West did it!” is all about Russia’s favourite scapegoat. You’ve heard it before: it’s the West, not Russia, which meddles in other countries and is constantly trying to destabilise them – just look at Belarus, Ukraine, Maidan, and Venezuela. And don’t forget the role of NATO!