Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting.
Swedish FOI report on Baltic A2/AD bubbles properly aims to identify both strengths and weaknesses of the Russian systems, unlike too many Western analysts who propound the invincibility or worthlessness narratives rather than forensically pull apart the threat as they should.
Skobov on Muscovy’s belief the West would never retaliate against a limited nuclear strike and fold due to weakness – this may be true of some of the more prominent European appeasers but a dangerous misunderstanding of how the West works, like so many other Muscovian beliefs about nations other that Russia, including Ukraine, the US and the UK. Bessmertny on Churchill’s Fulton speech and how Muscovy is unable to overcome its past propensities, frozen in the thinking of the past.
Fukuyama on the Vozhd as a kleptocrat without doctrine, and Yakovenko on how Piontkovsky reached the same conclusion almost 20 years ago. SerpomPo on the new legislation against insulting the Russian government. Gen Waldhauser on meddling in Libya. Update on the Balkans pipeline play. Norway and Ukraine complain about Russian jamming and spoofing of GPS C/A.
A great many reports on Erdoğan’s escalating play with the S-400, which is being used to poison relations with NATO as he tries to create, in the words of Ignatius, a neo-Ottoman Empire opposed to the West.
Ukrainian delegation led by Vice PM Klympush-Tsintsadze in DC to negotiate procurements of military hardware. US address to OSCE leadership on Russian war against Ukraine. Pres Poroshenko and FM Klimkin statements on INF and Ukraine’s intent to no longer observe the treaty, that they voluntarily complied with despite not being signatories (Russia assuming the successor state role post USSR). Notably Ukraine could build IRBMs at short notice as they manufactured a large proportion of the Soviet IRBM and ICBM inventories, and there is a deterrent case to be made for the ability to eviscerate key Russian economic and strategic assets. Vice PM Klympush-Tsintsadze on the deterrent impact of NATO deployments in the Black Sea. Crimea and Donbas updates.
Iskra in Zaporozhiye announce a major teaming arrangement with Thales in France on the development of radar and EW equipment – the intent it appears being to evolve the 1L220-U Zoopark-2 counter-battery radar into a multimode radar capable of also dealing with aerial threats (Ukraine needs modern replacements for a number of legacy Soviet SAM system search, fire control and ABM radars).
Election and politics updates. More on the arrest of Mormons in Russia.
Abstract: States with the ability to use a combination of sensors and long-range missiles to prevent adversaries from operating in an exclusion zone, or “bubble”, adjacent to their territory are said to possess anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) capabilities. This study examines Russia’s A2/AD systems and their implications for the Baltic Sea region. Much has in recent years been made of Russia’s new capabilities and the impact they might have on the ability of NATO member states to reinforce or defend the vulnerable Baltic states in case of crisis or war. On closer inspection, however, Russia’s capabilities are not quite as daunting, especially if potential countermeasures are factored in. In particular, surface-to-air missile systems currently create much smaller A2/AD bubbles than is often assumed and a number of countermeasures are possible. Experiences from Syria also raise questions about the actual capabilities of such systems in combat, relative to their nominal capabilities. Anti-ship and anti-land systems pose a greater threat but, here too, countermeasures are available. The dynamics of this strategic vortex affect Sweden directly and indirectly. This is one of the reasons why Sweden’s security is increasingly interlocked with that of its neighbours and of the transatlantic alliance.
Moscow’s missile capabilities in the Baltic Sea region are not nearly as dangerous as they seem.
Paul Goble Staunton, March 8 – Putin is preparing to fight and win a limited nuclear war, convinced that “the effete West will refuse to escalate” in response lest that lead to a nuclear Armageddon that will destroy both the Russian Federation and the West, according to Moscow commentator Aleksandr Skobov. The Cold War doctrine was based on the assumption that neither super power would ever use nuclear weapons for offense but only in defense and that both would be prepared to escalate if the other acted first, an assumption that provided less certainty that war could be avoided than many now believe, Skobov says (kasparov.ru/material.php?id=5C81749A4C85D). On the one hand, each side had developed plans for using tactical and then strategic weapons if the other side used them. And on the other, the commentator continues, both had to continue to invest in ever more apocalyptic weapons as the last line of defense of what each viewed as its civilizational model. According to Skobov, “both sides were certain of the superiority of their own social system and in the eventual collapse of the social system of their opponent in a global defeat in the historical competition.” In essence, “both sides considered a global military clash with their historical opponents as practically inevitable.” Moreover, both sides concluded that they might be pushed to the use of nuclear weapons if the use of conventional ones was not allowing them to win out. NATO doctrine held that in the event of a Soviet tank thrust into Europe, the western alliance would have to use tactical nuclear weapons. “In the USSR,” Skobov continues, “the doctrine of ‘a responsive nuclear strike’ was adopted officially, but in fact, the General Staff considered a sufficient basis for a [Soviet] nuclear strike only the possibility that the first strike might be inflicted by [the USSR’s] opponents.” And because neither side could be certain what might happen, each was prepared to escalate in response, something that both sides recognized and that was ultimately the reason that neither side used those weapons against the other lest its civilizational model be destroyed along with the world. “Until Gorbachev’s perestroika,” Skobov says, “all attempts not only to begin the process of disarmament or even to freeze the number of weapons at a certain level turned out to be hopeless” as a result. “All ‘pre-perestroika’ Soviet-American treaties were only agreements about reducing the tempo of the building of arms.” The world was thus drifting toward a nuclear war, a horrific outcome that was prevented only by the decision of the Soviet leadership under Grobacehv to reject its global political goals, its ideology, its faith in the supremacy of its social system, and its efforts to impose that system on others by defeating its opponent. By refusing to view the West as an inevitable enemy, the Soviet leadership made possible arms control deals that reduced the number of nuclear weapons of the two sides by 80 percent. “Russian imperialists call this a geopolitical capitulation, but the alternative to it was nuclear war,” Skobov argues. But now what Gorbachev did is being reversed. Putin’s “organized criminal group” even though it has not articulated an ideology views itself as “’the elect of history,’ called upon to send into the trash heap all this ‘Western project’ with its ‘false democracy,’ ‘false’ humanism, and ‘false’ human rights.” This is not “a return to Soviet ideology,” Skobov insists. “The Soviet empire claimed that namely it was the true legal heir of the Renaissance-Enlightenment project and the heir of 1789 which proclaimed ‘freedom, equality, and brotherhood.’” The Putinists, in contrast, “are convinced that there are no ‘true’ human rights and that democracy doesn’t exist in nature.” For Putin and his acolytes, “there is only loot and crude force and the eternal universal laws of criminal groups.” It “doesn’t seek to be the heir of 1789: it rejects that inheritance just as Hitler did.” And that points up something else: “the ideological gap separating the Putin empire and the West is much deeper than the one which divided the West and the Soviet empire.” Putin’s “organized criminal group” may not believe that Western elites have any moral limitations, “but it cannot but understand that NATO does not have a single reason in the event of a military conflict to use nuclear weapons first.” That is because today, NATO has superiority over Russia “in other kinds of arms.” Equally, the Putin people “cannot but know” that neither side has an effective defense against strategic nuclear missiles “and in the coming decades won’t” either. To ensure that the principles of mutually assured destruction continue to work as a constraint, Skobov says, “no new “super weapons” are needed. Then, why is Putin talking about them? In fact, he isn’t talking about strategic weapons that could be used to bring on Armageddon but rather precisely targeted ones that could serve as the weapon of choice for “a limited nuclear strike, including aa first strike” rather than in response to the actions of the West. Putin is “certainly not preparing for complete mutual destruction,” Skobov says. “He is preparing for a limited nuclear war which he hopes to win.” His hopes rest on his conviction that the West now will not respond to a Russian use of tactical nuclear weapons by escalating but by doing everything possible to de-escalate. As in the first Cold War, the commentator continues, “the world’s slide toward a nuclear catastrophe can be stopped only by Russia turning away from its confrontation with the West” based on Moscow’s belief that its system is superior and the West’s is rotting from within because it is not. But tragically, “today there are no forces within the country capable of turning Russia” in a different direction. And the world is rapidly running out of time. “Therefore,” Skobov says, “the first order of business is the formation of a broad international anti-Putin coalition, which recognizes the threat coming from the Kremlin and is ready to respond to Putin’s strike.”
Paul Goble Staunton, March 7 – Seventy-three years ago, Winston Churchill a speech at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, which is now remembered primarily for his application of the term “iron curtain” to Stalin’s policies of isolating the peoples of the USSR and Eastern Europe from the rest of the world. But Roman Bessmertny, the former Ukrainian representative to the Tripartite contact group in Minsk, says that two other insights the British leader offered may be even more important because both remain very much true for the Russia of Vladimir Putin today (nv.ua/opinion/razve-eti-slova-ne-o-putinskoy-rossii-50009648.html). On the one hand, Churchill said, Soviet leaders “respect nothing so much as force and disdain nothing more than military weakness.” And on the other, he continued by arguing that Russia does not want war. “What it wants are the fruits of war and the unlimited spread of its force and doctrine.” Bessmertny says that the latter is “s favorite citation from the Fulton speech” because it provides a key to understanding one of the most important aspects of Russian behavior then and now. “Do present-day world leaders see this?” he asks rhetorically. “Yes, they do; but unfortunately, the majority of them are already on the financial ‘hook’ to Russia. As a result, they choose a policy of ‘condemnation’” rather than containment and “’deep concern’” instead of concerted action to oppose Moscow. It’s long past time to recognize the continuing value of Churchill’s words in 1946 and to act on them as did world leaders at that time. “Russia will not change!” Bessmertny says. “It even in the future will conduct its imperial policy,” by non-military means if possible to achieve what most would see as military goals.
The Chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, the first Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation and Army General, Valery Gerasimov, announced at a conference on the development of the military strategy that the Pentagon has begun to develop a new warfare strategy called the Trojan Horse. According to Gerasimov, the essence of this strategy lies in the active use of the “fifth column” protest potential in order to destabilize the situation in the enemy state while simultaneously striking with high-precision weapons at the most important objects. Gerasimov said that Russia is ready to prevent such a scenario. “In recent years, military scientists, together with the General Staff of the Armed Forces, have developed conceptual approaches to neutralize aggressive actions of potential adversaries,” he stressed. According to the head of the General Staff, the United States, together with its allies, determined the aggressive radius of their foreign policy and are working on offensive military actions, such as “global strike”, “multi-domain battle”. At the same time, the United States uses the “color revolution” technology and so-called soft power in order to eliminate the statehood of countries they dislike, change the lawfully elected government bodies, and undermine sovereignty. Gerasimov said that this happened in Iraq, Libya and Ukraine, and now similar actions can be observed in Venezuela.
Russian President Vladimir Putin is a kleptocrat who has no doctrine, and his corrupt government is interested in protecting its resources and getting more of them. — Ukrinform. Francis Fukuyama, a well-known U.S. philosopher, political scientist, professor at the Stanford University, said this at a meeting with journalists in Vienna on Thursday as part of Tipping Point Talks organized by the ERSTE Foundation, according to an Ukrinform correspondent. “We had a little conference with Michael McFaul, the former U.S. ambassador to Russia, about this very question of whether Putin represents a new ideology or whether he is simply an opportunist who is using ideas to further his own power and interests. I think a lot of American surveyors of Russia tend to the latter, that there isn’t a really consistent doctrine underlying Putin, and that he is a kleptocrat, meaning highly corrupt, and here his friends are basically interested in protecting their resources and getting more of them,” Fukuyama said, when asked by the agency’s correspondent to comment on the modern political system and ideology in Russia, the prospects of this system and Russia’s “sovereign democracy,” as stated by Putin’s aide Vladislav Surkov. According to Fukuyama, he tends to think that Putin “has developed something like an ideology which is based on conservative social principles.” For example, this concerns his opposition to gay marriage, he said. “This is something he has made a centrepiece of his social program. Opposition to a decadent West that has more gay marriages,” Fukuyama said. Meanwhile, what’s interesting is that this is very attractive to a lot of audiences outside of Russia, Fukuyama said. “For example, there’s a bunch of conservative Christian groups in the United States who are very close to Russia to push back on gay marriage and promote traditional family values,” the U.S. philosopher said. In his opinion, focusing on conservative social values, Putin has managed to please many people, which strengthened Russian influence. Fukuyama also noted that about 10-12 years ago, he met in Moscow with Putin’s aide Vladislav Surkov, who promotes the term of “sovereign democracy” that allegedly exists in Russia. “I actually met Mr Surkov in the Kremlin probably 10 or 12 years ago. We had a long discussion. He read a couple of my books, and he told me all about ‘sovereign democracy.’ It seemed like a completely incoherent doctrine that was simply being used to justify whatever Putin wants to do. But, like I said, I think it’s now evolved into a conservative social doctrine and also aligns with the Russian authoritarian political system,” the political scientist said.
Paul Goble Staunton, March 7 – Nearly 20 years ago, on January 11, 2000, Andrey Piontkovsky published an article in Sovetskaya Rossiya entitled “Putinism as the Highest and Final State of Bandit Capitalism in Russia,” an article which showed he understood from the outset what Putin is about and that has guaranteed him the fate of most prophets, Igor Yakovenko says. Writing on the Kasparov portal today, the Russian commentator says there are two reasons to recall now that article. First, the notion that one could ever speak of Piontkovsky and Sovetskaya Rossiya in the same breath shows how right he was about Putin and how much has changed over the last two decades (kasparov.ru/material.php?id=5C8102DBCC95D). In fact, Yakovenko continues, Piontkovsky, who was then a columnist for the liberal Novaya gazeta, had to turn to Sovetskaya Rossiya because his own paper would not publish his full-scale attack on Putin, a measure of the problems that Russian liberalism itself then and even now suffers from. And second – and even more important – what Piontkovsky wrote at the dawn of the Putin era has retained its importance to this day. In that essay, he argued that “Putinism is the highest … stage of bandit capitalism in Russia, the state at which, as one half-forgotten classic said, the bourgeoisie throws away the banner of democratic freedoms and human rights. Already in 2000, Piontkovsky argued that “Putinism is a war, ‘a consolidation’ of the nation on the basis of hatred to some ethnic group, isolation from the external world and further economic degradation. Putnism is a warning shot at the head of Russia. Here is the legacy which Boris Nikolayevich Hindenburg has left us.” At the time, people in the West were sagely asking “Who is Mr. Putin?” and liberals in Russia were welcoming the arrival of Putin in place of Yeltsin. Tragically, many in both places still do not understand what Piontkovsky did only weeks after Putin was installed in the Russian presidency. Not surprisingly, Piontkovsky was attacked by there regime and ultimately forced into emigration. But what is worse is what happened to him among those who much later became Putin’s critics. Piontkovsky “searched but could not find a structure in which his ideas, predictions, and intellectual potential would be used.” Yabloko, Solidary, and the Coordination Council of the Opposition have all been places where Piontkovskys attempt to establish “a broad front” to struggle against Putin and Putinism were opposed and where he has been anything but beloved. Their reactions to him are an indictment of themselves, Yakovenko suggests. He ends by quoting Jesus’ words in the Bible: “No prophet is without honor except in his own country and his own home.” That isn’t universally true, the Russian commentator adds; but it certainly has proved to be the case with Piontkovsky given the nature of his country and his home.
As the economy falters and the government’s popularity slumps, Russian lawmakers approved bills intended to further control the flow of information.
Critics see the legislation as part of Kremlin efforts to stifle criticism and tighten control.
Paul Goble Staunton, March 7 – New laws imposing punishments on fake news and criticism of regime are “a bad sign” for Putin and his associates, the latest example of their shooting themselves in the foot, SerpomPo says. It shows that those in power fear the truth and sends “a signal to citizens … we need to talk about it even more!” (t.me/SerpomPo/2772). They have a large number of things to complain about, and consequently, the new laws are likely to be imposed against many people in an arbitrary fashion that will only further antagonize the population. For a detailed discussion of the laws and the punishments they impose, seegraniru.org/Politics/Russia/Parliament/Duma/m.275449.html. Telegram channel commentator Aleksandr Plyushchev develops the SerpomPo argument. He says that the new legal measures show just how much the authorities fear the population and especially those who go online and that these laws have only two “goals,” neither of which is likely to be fully achieved (t.me/PlushevChannel/3730 at newtimes.ru/articles/detail/177887). On the one hand, Plushchev continues, the Kremlin powers that be clearly want to provide yet another source of revenue for those near the bottom of the pyramid of power by allowing them to threaten people with serious fines and jail time and thus extract bribes and payoffs from them. And on the other, he says, echoing SerpomPo, they want to position themselves as “strong” with “machismo,” failing to understand that the way they are doing so shows just how much the powers that be fear the population in general and the Internet with its burgeoning social media in particular. “The powers that be,” Plushchyev says, “have finally recognized that the Internet is a dangerous and effective instrument which must not be entrusted to anyone or even more to everyone. They are actively working in it (resources, trolls, bots, media, anonymous channels), but despite all this, they understand they aren’t coping with it.” That recognition of that failure will only encourage bloggers and those on social networks to exploit this medium, however much that will put some of them at risk of repression.
As American security executive Paul Whelan enters his third month of detention in a Moscow prison with no end in sight, sources with knowledge of the situation paint a grim picture of Russia’s interference in US efforts to assist him.
Vladmir Putin’s attempt to mark International Women’s Day went awry this week, after he mounted a horse which proceeded to walk backwards during a parade. The Russian president was shown cantering on horseback alongside female police officers in footage broadcast across the country.
Russia secretly supported Libyan Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar in order to get a foothold in the region that is strategically important to Moscow, stated the Commander of United States Africa Command, Thomas Waldhauser, Interfax reports. According to Waldhauser, Russians publicly supported the UN peace initiatives while at the same time secretly provided assistance to the Libyan National Army supplying them with resources and personnel. “The success of Haftar will allow Russia to gain a foothold in the key regions along NATO southern borders and to resume old contracts established during the rule of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi in the areas of oil production and arms supplies,” he said. According to earlier reports, hundreds of Russian mercenaries have been fighting alongside Haftar in Libya.
The Serbian government made a final decision to start the construction of the gas pipeline that will pass from Bulgaria to Hungary through the territory of the country, stated Minister of Mining and Energy of Serbia Aleksandar Antić, the local Kurir newspaper reported. The customer for the construction of the gas pipeline is Gastrans d.o.o. Novi Sad (51% and 49% of which are owned by Gazprom and Serbiagas, respectively). The pipeline will be 400 km long and will have a capacity of 13.88 billion cubic meters of gas annually. The gas pipeline, which will pass through Serbia, will be the continuation of the Turkish Stream gas pipeline. In July 2018, Alexey Miller, the head of Russian gas conglomerate Gazprom, assumed that one of the lines of the Turkish Stream could be laid through Bulgaria, Serbia and Hungary, which would allow supplying Russian gas to European countries. Presumably, it will be possible to supply gas through this route at the beginning of 2020. In February, RBC reported that Gazprom had given a major contract for the construction of the continuation of the Turkish Stream gas pipeline in Serbia to its own contractor, Gazstroiprom. In order to finish construction on time, construction work has already been launched, “the way we usually do,” the RBC source said. According to him, the gas pipeline is being built by Gazstroiprom’s engineering subsidiary, SGK-1. Another source of RBC informed that people are and Gazstroiprom equipment are being transferred to Serbia. The route of the Serbia-Bulgaria-Hungary gas pipeline almost repeats the path of the South Stream gas pipeline․ A few years ago, Russia tried to lay this pipeline along the bottom of the Black Sea but was unable to do so because of pressure from the United States and Bulgaria’s refusal to issue a building permit in December 2014. In January, Russian President Vladimir Putin estimated the investments for Serbia for the construction of this pipeline at 1.4 billion rubles.
A Russian Army’s T-72 tank driver has managed to roll the huge military vehicle onto its back during practice for the ‘Tank Biathlon’ сompetition. On 9 March, blogger released a dramatic image that purportedly showed rollover accident with T-72B tank of Russian Armed Forces during practice for the ‘Tank Biathlon’, a mechanised military sport invented by Russia. On the state of the crew of the tank is not reported. The tank biathlon is a mechanised military sport event promoted by the Russian military, with some similarities to the winter sport of biathlon. It utilizes the complex training of tank crews including their rough terrain passing skills combined with the ability to provide accurate and rapid fire while performing maneuvers. The tank contest follows the rules of a classic biathlon, with each vehicle aiming to cover around 15 kilometers in the shortest time possible while shooting at various targets, which include models of tanks, helicopters and the crews of rocket-propelled grenade launchers. Russian army officials initially came up with the idea to adapt the popular winter sport into a military competition in 2013.
The latest generation of Russian main battle tanks, commonly known as T-14 Armata or NATO killer supertank, will receive toilets to make it easier for troops to take care of business in the field. The designers behind the Armata system have now added a toilet, allowing troops to tend to their bodily needs without exposing themselves during battle, according to Director for Quality and Information Technologies at the Urals Design Bureau of Transport Machine-Building Ilya Baranov. The continuous stay inside an armored vehicle is a specific feature that tank crews cope with, he noted. “A major hassle for them is that they cannot relieve their natural functions. That is, water and field rations are available in the tank, but all the other conveniences are, unfortunately, absent. Only the Armata vehicles solved this dilemma,” Baranov stressed. He noted that “from the very outset, this tank provides this possibility for a crew to perform lengthy combat missions, that is why the so-called life support system or, simply speaking, a lavatory, is available in it.” Russian officials said that new T-14 Armata is a third-generation main battle tank based on the universal combat platform. The Armata tank was designed over the course of 8 years and features a number of innovative characteristics, including an unmanned turret. The crew of three is seated in an armoured capsule in the front of the hull. According to Russian sources, T-14 is a future face of Russia’s military power.
HELSINKI — The Norwegian Armed Forces are exploring the use of new methods and technologies to better protect military communications against interference and jamming of GPS systems by Russia. The Norwegian government has decried what it calls continued “electronic harassment” of critical communications systems and networks by the Russian government. The military’s move was triggered by fresh intelligence reports from national security agencies that link the jamming of GPS signals — most recently during the Trident Juncture joint exercises in the High North with NATO held October to November 2018 — to electronic interference by Russia. Most of the incidents of jamming since 2017 coincided with joint Norway-NATO exercises in the High North. The region is close to the heavily fortified military installations on the Kola Peninsula, which houses Russia’s Northern Fleet and elite Arctic land, air and naval forces.
Author: Editorial March 07, 2019 Azov Sea 0 Comments During the last month on the Sea of Azov there were three cases of failures of the GPS navigation system and the maritime automatic identification system AIS. This is reported by the Ukrainian Military Portal Information on the obstacles in the work of these systems is voiced by the crews of civil merchant ships that go to the ports of the Azov Sea. The last case today was recorded yesterday, March 6, 2019, then west of the Belosaraj Spit. Record of negotiations between civil courts with complaints about refusal of navigation systems: Contents of the conversation: – ARSLANBEY (ship) I too lost, we can not determine where we are … – It’s clear. We fight, we fight. – Who will tell you where we are.? – It is constantly lost .. For a minute and a half will turn on (GPS) and is lost, on this without options. – American stations got to Russia too. – Yes, yes. Or these (the Ukrainians) are defending themselves from Russia and covering the entire space, so that Berdyansk can not be captured. – Maybe .. – Let’s wait, when the war will end … somehow doegrebem .. Here it is already rolled out. Anyway we will come. With God’s help. – already za .. ali these devices. Already the head hurts them. – Here is the eternal problem .. – And to whom it is easy now .. – Quiet watch. – And to you. Happy way Also tonight, civilian commanders voiced information that Russian Glonass navigation system works here without fail: .. Americas or ours? .. – .. our native .. – Does anyone “Glonass” show, or is it also silent? …. – no .. – … – Who under the Russian registry is obligator. GLONASS should be AIS. – Get me, guys, tutorials .. Before this mourning of seamen was recorded on March 5 on Tuesday. The pre-recorded live on February 20, 2019. Near the area there were also two ships of the Russian Navy recorded in radio programs recorded as “Bugel 66” and “Bugel 029”. Earlier, GPS bugs were recorded during NATO Trident Juncture-2018 exercises, according to Norwegian defense forces, a signal that creates obstacles in the operation of GPS originated from the Kola Peninsula in Russia. A year ago, the Cypriot media reported on the problems faced by the electronic positioning systems in the Eastern Mediterranean
Speaking to news agency Defense News, director for international cooperation and regional policy at Russia’s Rostec defense and technology company Viktor Kladov said that the process of delivering Russia’s S-400 missile defense systems to Turkey goes very smoothly. “This is a system that the Turkish government wants, and we want to give it. And so far it is going very smoothly,” according to a Defense News interview. “We are cooperating with partners and potential partners, regardless of who likes it and who doesn’t like it,” he added. “It’s business. It’s just business ties,” he added. “A Russian journalist asked me: ‘If the Americans don’t give the F-35 to Turkey, does it mean you will provide the Su-35?’ And I said: ‘No, it doesn’t work that way.’ In the first place, it will be decided by the Turkish,” Kladov said. According to media reports in recent weeks, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says his country is determined to go through with a deal to purchase S-400 missile-defense systems from Russia, despite opposition from Washington. The U.S. State Department on March 5 again warned Turkey about going ahead with the purchase of the Russian air-defense system, adding that Washington might reconsider giving Ankara access to the advanced F-35 fighter jet program if it buys the Russian S-400 system The United States has long said the S-400 is incompatible with NATO-based weapon systems and is part of Russian efforts to disrupt the alliance.
The Pentagon warned Friday that there would be “grave consequences” for Turkey if it goes ahead with the purchase of the Russian-made S-400 missile system.
The Pentagon on Friday warned that should Turkey move ahead with its purchase of a Russian-made air defense system there would be “grave consequences” for Ankara.
Ankara remains defiant over Russian missile deal
The Pentagon Friday threatened “grave consequences” if NATO ally Turkey completes a deal to acquire Russian S-400 air defenses.
Ankara will not backtrack on its purchase of S-400 air-defense missiles from Russia, an effort to diversify and add to the country’s defense portfolio
The dispute is about much more than which expensive toy Turkey buys.
Turkey is running out of time to avert a showdown with the United States over its plans to buy advanced Russian air defenses and spurn a counter-offer from its NATO partner, raising the chance of U.S. sanctions against Ankara.
New confirmations of a deal with Russia to purchase missiles puts the NATO country on a collision course with its allies.
U.S. officials are telling Turkey that it would be “impossible” to pass the sale of Lockheed Martin F-35 fighter jets through Congress due to Ankara’s procurement of S-400 defence systems from Russia, but Turkey is working to resolve the issue, Turkish Defence Minister Hulusi Akar said on Friday.
TURKEY is poised to deploy a precision air defence missile system bought from Russia in a move likely to raise tensions still further with NATO allies including Donald Trump’s United States.
Turkey has come to think it can call the shots, regardless of U.S. interests.
The stand-off between Turkey and the rest of Nato is coming to a head.President Erdogan’s insistence on buying the S-400 missile system is a key part of his strategy to cement a relationship with Russia. President Putin’s assertive role in the Middle East, in contrast to America’s vacillations, and
The leader of Turkey’s Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) on March 7 criticized the U.S.’ stand on an air defense systems deal between Ankara and Moscow.
Turkey finalized plans to deploy Russian weapons, patrol alongside Russian troops and participate in naval drills with Russian warships in the tense Black Sea.
Turkey has come to think it can call the shots, regardless of U.S. interests.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has been sabotaging his own country’s progress by undoing the Western-facing secular republic created by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and creating a neo-Ottoman Turkey that is more aligned with its eastern neighbours, columnist David Ignatius said in Washington Post on Thursday. Turkey has come to think it can call the shots, regardless of the interests of its strategic partner, the United States, Ignatius said, adding that the two countries are heading towards their most serious confrontation over Turkey’s purchase of Russian missile systems. The U.S. State Department on Tuesday warned Turkey that the purchase of Russian S-400s might result in a reassessment of Turkey’s participation in the F-35 programme and risk other potential future arm transfers to Turkey, as well as lead to potential sanctions. Yet, Turkish officials have repeatedly said that Turkey would not renege on plans to purchase S-400 missile systems from Russia. “Nobody should ask us to lick up what we spat,” Erdoğan said on Wednesday, referring to the U.S. warnings on S-400 purchase. The S-400 missile defence systems are meant to target the F-35s, a new American stealth fighter jet that Turkey is helping to produce and is expected to acquire. Turkey’s NATO allies are concerned that the system could collect data on NATO jets and undermine their defences. “We have to take them [the Turkish government] at their word,” Ignatius quoted a senior U.S. official as saying. “We have a responsibility on our side to take the steps that are necessary.
Erdogan has become the twenty-first century’s chief peddler of the “Reichstag Fire” strategy.
The Ukrainian delegation consisting of Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze and Ambassador of Ukraine to the USA Valeriy Chaly held the talks in the Pentagon on the direct purchase of American weapons and other aspects of strengthening Ukraine’s defense capability. — Ukrinform. “The parties exchanged views on the provisions of the Ukrainian legislation, which empower the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine to purchase defense goods and services abroad and allow our country to become a full-fledged participant in the Pentagon’s Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program,” the Embassy of Ukraine in the United States reported on Friday. At the same time, special attention was paid to the situation in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, as well as to the issue of the release of Ukrainian sailors illegally captured by Russia. “The Pentagon officials expressed solidarity with the Ukrainian people, who are fighting against Russian aggression, and underscored that the issue of strengthening of Ukrainian fleet was of particular importance in the context of deepening the assistance to our country,” the Embassy of Ukraine emphasized. The US side assured that it would take all possible measures to ensure the earliest possible release of the Ukrainian sailors and the strengthening of the naval presence of the US and NATO forces in the Black Sea.
Posted by admin on March 09, 2019 News 0 Comments Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration Ivanna Klimpush-Tsintsadze, along with Ambassador of Ukraine to the United States Valery Chalim, met with acting president. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs Catherine Wilbarger and Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Ukraine, Russia and Eurasia Laura Cooper. During the meetings, the issues of providing security assistance to Ukraine and the consolidation of international efforts to counter Russian aggression were discussed. The parties exchanged views on the provisions of Ukrainian legislation, which empowers the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine to procure goods and services for defense purposes abroad and allows our country to become a full member of the Pentagon’s program “Foreign Military Sales” (Foreign Military Sales, FMS). Ivanna Klimpush-Tsintsadze thanked the United States for providing financial support to strengthen the defense capability of our state. She assured that Ukraine continues to work for assistance under the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative (USAI). Financial assistance to my country is increasing every year, and this is a very positive signal that shows the solidarity of the United States with the Ukrainian people. We do our best to fulfill our tasks, because it fully meets the interests of Ukraine, – said the Vice Prime Minister. Particular attention was paid to the situation in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov and the issue of the liberation of Ukrainian sailors illegally captured by Russia. The Pentagon officials expressed solidarity with the Ukrainian people who are struggling with Russian aggression and emphasized that the issue of strengthening the Ukrainian fleet is becoming more important in the context of deepening security assistance to our country. Ukraine has the right to free passage through the Kerch Strait. This is our territory. We never recognize Russia’s claims to it and the Sea of Azov. Ukraine’s crucial response to the committed act of disrespect and violation of our sovereignty in the Kerch Strait and the imposition of additional sanctions against the Russian Federation is extremely important for Ukraine. At present there is a “creeping” annexation of the Black and Azov Seas from Russia, and we have to stop it. – stressed Ivanna Klimpush-Tsintsadze. She stressed that the Ukrainian fleet needs the same reorganization and restoration of its capacities as the country’s land forces. Events in the Black Sea area have become a vivid testimony.
As delivered by Acting Deputy Chief of Mission Gregory Macris to the Permanent Council, Vienna March 7, 2019 Thank you, Mr. Chair. The Minsk agreements – in their entirety – are our roadmap to peace, yet Russia seems intent on ignoring its end of the bargain. For five years, Russia has destabilized Ukraine with its manufactured conflict. In its February 26 weekly report, the SMM recorded 38 sightings of weapons proscribed by the Minsk agreements within the established withdrawal lines, 25 of which were located in areas controlled by Russia-led forces. The SMM also reported a 123-percent increase in the use of Minsk-proscribed weaponry. The United States again calls on the Russian Federation, as the instigator of this conflict, to compel its proxies to cease the violence in the Donbas. Rather than engaging in half-measures and empty pledges, Russia must take steps to end the conflict that it ignited and perpetuates. We welcome the SMM’s thematic report on restrictions to the Mission’s freedom of movement and other impediments to the fulfilment of its mandate. The Mission’s thematic reports provide a steady stream of detailed information on critical topics related to this conflict. We are dismayed, however, that the report cites a more than 60 percent increase in movement restrictions compared with the previous six months. Seventy five percent of these restrictions occur in areas controlled by Russia-led forces, and 100 percent of the recorded cases of threats and aggressive behavior directed towards SMM monitors occurred in areas controlled by Russia-led forces. Russia-led forces have been particularly active in restricting SMM patrols near the Sea of Azov, where Russia has launched a separate, violent campaign to destabilize Ukraine through economic coercion in the maritime domain. The SMM’s mandate – as endorsed by all participating States – is violated regularly and overwhelmingly in the areas controlled by Russia’s proxies. Russia and the forces it arms, trains, leads, and fights alongside acknowledge the SMM’s mandate only when it is convenient. The mandate is a commitment that must be implemented in full and not ignored by Russia when it appears advantageous to do so. The United States joins the overwhelming majority of participating States here today in calling on Russia and its proxies to respect the SMM’s mandate, which includes providing SMM personnel safe and secure access throughout Ukraine’s sovereign territory. Mr. Chair, Russia-led forces deliberately restrict the SMM in the areas where they fear the monitors will bear witness to Russia’s involvement in this bloody conflict. This was demonstrated yet again to the Council on October 27, 2018, when Russia-led forces shot down an SMM long-range UAV as it exposed an illegal cross-border convoy traveling from Russia to the Donbas depots that support its proxy forces. On February 18, another long-range UAV was downed over Russia-controlled territory. In total, six UAV assets have been lost since July 2018 over territory outside of the Ukrainian government’s control: two long-range, one mid-range, and three mini-UAVs. The United States, along with the rest of this Council, demands a full explanation of these downings. We echo the call by the EU and other participating States for SMM monitors – and their means of technical collection – to have full and unhindered access to the entire territory of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders. The United States calls on Russia to immediately release the Ukrainian vessels and 24 crew that Russia seized on November 25. Russia’s ramming and firing on the Ukrainian vessels, which wounded three sailors, and its blocking of the Kerch Strait were unjustified and outrageous acts. Countries across the OSCE region and the world have condemned Russia’s actions. Mr. Chair, last week we marked five years since Russia began its illegal invasion and subsequent occupation of Crimea. The Kremlin sought to legitimize its actions through a sham referendum, in a failed attempt to justify Russia’s purported annexation of the peninsula. Russia has militarized Crimea, turning this Black Sea outpost into a platform to launch further acts of aggression against Ukraine. Russian occupation authorities subject Crimean Tatars and other residents of Crimea to severe repression for opposing the occupation. This week we recall the March 2014 disappearance, apparent torture, and killing of Crimean Tatar activist Reshat Ametov as part of Russian occupation forces’ brutal crackdown on dissent. Ametov disappeared after protesting Russia’s occupation of Crimea, and his mutilated body was discovered a week later. Those responsible were never brought to justice. Ametov is only one of approximately a dozen individuals who have vanished or were subsequently found dead. The human cost of Russia’s harassment of Crimean Tatar and Ukrainian activists is immense. Many of these political prisoners – Ukrainians unjustly imprisoned for speaking the truth about Russia’s occupation and purported annexation of Crimea – suffer from dire health concerns and are unable to receive appropriate medical treatment. At least 111 Crimean Tatar children are growing up fatherless because their fathers were detained by Russia and often sent into captivity far from their homes or worse – even “disappeared.” We call on Russia to immediately release all prisoners of conscience and to hold accountable those responsible for human rights abuses, including disappearances, severe physical and mental abuse, and killings. The United States fully supports Ukraine’s sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders, including its territorial waters. We do not, nor will we ever, recognize Russia’s purported annexation of Crimea. We join our European and other partners in affirming that our Minsk-related sanctions against Russia will remain in place until Russia fully implements its Minsk commitments. The separate, Crimea-related sanctions will remain in place until Russia returns full control of the peninsula to Ukraine. Thank you, Mr. Chair.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko has said that Ukraine has not been bound with some limits regarding the missile range anymore and now the country seeks to develop high-precision missiles. Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko has said that Ukraine has not been bound with some limits regarding the missile range anymore and now the country seeks to develop high-precision missiles. “We are no longer bound by any limitations either on the range of our missiles, nor on their power – let the enemy know about it, too. We need high-precision missiles and we are not going to repeat the mistakes of the Budapest memorandum,” Poroshenko said at a meeting of the Regional Development Council in Cherkasy region on Saturday. He said that high-precision missiles of extended range are capable of hitting targets far behind enemy lines that occupied the Ukrainian state. “This will make the aggressor more restrained, and our defense will be safer,” the president said. The head of state recalled that Russia suspended the treaty on medium and shorter-range missiles, and the United States withdrew from it, “as we, Ukrainians, too who lost certain obligations that we adhered to before.” Poroshenko announced the tests of new missile military equipment in the near future. “I hope that in the coming weeks we will personally demonstrate to society the successes of our missile technologies. Do not worry, this is only about tests and exercises,” he said. According to the president, the missile program should become a symbol of changes in the country. He recalled that in recent years, the efficiency of using anti-tank missile systems has increased, tests of Neptun cruise missiles have been conducted. “Look at how high-precision Vilha (Alder) rocket launcher system significantly increased its range,” Poroshenko said.
Official commentary by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine on the Treaty on the Elimination of Medium and Small Range Missiles March 6 at the meeting of the National Security and Defense Council, the Ukrainian President, Petro Poroshenko, expressed Ukraine’s clear position regarding US support in their decision to withdraw from the DRSMD. In the conditions of violation of the provisions of the Treaty on the Elimination of Medium and Small Range (DRSMD) by the Russian Federation, the US side took advantage of Art. XV of the Treaty, which allows it to withdraw from the state in order to exercise state sovereignty, in the event of exceptional circumstances that jeopardized its supreme interests. Since the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine has never ratified the agreement, Ukraine has strictly adhered to the provisions of the DRSMD on a voluntary basis. In this regard, the fact of violation of the provisions of the Treaty by Russia, which is its full-fledged side, is particularly outrageous. By a decree of the president of the Russian Federation dated March 4, 2019, on the suspension of participation in the DRSMD, Moscow once again proved that cynicism is the main principle of the state policy of the Russian Federation. After all, it was the gross repeated violations of this Treaty Treaty and led to its collapse. Ukraine, together with its American partners, condemned the development and testing of the Russian missile RS-26 “Rubezh” at a range of about 2,200 kilometers, as well as the expansion of combat capabilities of the Iskander-M missile complex, in particular, due to the modernization of cruise missiles that were part of it warehouse It was “Iskander-M” that was recorded during military exercises in the occupied territory of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Potential military pressure from the Russian Federation to European NATO members through the withdrawal of DRSMD, whose goal is to establish total control of Moscow over a broad region from the Baltic to the Mediterranean Sea, poses a serious threat to the entire European continent. Ukraine reserves the right to create armed systems necessary to ensure its defense capabilities, including appropriate rocket armament.
The RS-26 Rubezh (in Russian: РС-26 Рубеж) (limit or boundary, also known under the name of its R&D program Avangard Авангард) SS-X-31 or SS-X-29B (another version of SS-27), is a Russian solid-fueled intercontinental ballistic missile, equipped with a thermonuclear MIRV or MaRV payload. The missile is also intended to be capable of carrying the Avangard hypersonic glide vehicle. The RS-26 is based on RS-24 Yars, and constitutes a shorter version of the RS-24 with one fewer stages. The development process of the RS-26 has been largely comparable to that of the SS-20 Saber, a shortened derivative of the SS-16 Sinner. Deployment of the RS-26 is speculated to have a similar strategic impact as the SS-20. After an initial failure in 2011, it was first test-launched successfully from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome on May 26, 2012, hitting its target at the Kura Range 5,800 km away minutes later. Further successful tests were performed from Kapustin Yar to Sary Shagan on October 24, 2012, and June 6, 2013. According to the commander of the Russian Strategic Missile Forces, Colonel-General Sergei Karakayev, the RS-26 Rubezh could become operational as soon as 2016, however the missile remains in the developmental phase and has not yet achieved Initial operating capability. In 2018, it was reported that development of the RS-26 was frozen until at least 2027, and funding diverted toward continued development of the Avangard hypersonic glide vehicle. The missile have been criticized by western defense observers for indirectly breaching the INF Treaty. The missile demonstrated, with a light or no payload, the ability to reach above the agreed 5500 km limit of the treaty. However all further testing have been flights with significantly shorter ranges. The RS-26 was twice tested at a distance of about 2000 km. While the RS-26 is technically an ICBM, its range falls just barely inside the ICBM category. In reality, the RS-26 is exactly the same concept and a direct replacement for the RDS-10 Pioneer—known to NATO as the SS-20 Saber—which was banned under the INF treaty. The RS-26 is designed to pose a strategic threat to European capitals and has the ability to target NATO forces in Western Europe. According to an article by Jeffrey Lewis entitled “The Problem With Russia’s Missiles”, the purpose of these weapons is to deter Western forces from coming to the aid of the NATO’s newer eastern members that are located closer to Russia’s borders.
07/03/19 The collapse of Russia’s arms control system is lowering Ukraine’s missile limitations – Poroshenko Russia’s arms control system, and the Medium and Small Missile Treaty, limited by the creation of powerful missile systems. President Petro Poroshenko during a meeting of the National Security and Defense Council stressed that Ukraine made an understanding of the decision of the USA to withdraw from the Treaty on Medium and Small Range missiles. Petro Poroshenko noted that the first time of the Russian arms control system, including within the framework of the Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe and the Missile Medium and Small Range Treaty, prompts Ukraine and its allies to seek and find adequate means to maintain security. “Separately, we want to emphasize that certain restrictions and obligations will be reduced from Ukraine, when we adhere to it earlier. Conclude yourself. The head of state stressed: “Under such circumstances, which are compelled to take part in blocking Russia, nevertheless, they are NATO members who did not become, but blocked by, until 2014 – we are seriously threatening to further strengthen the defense potential of our state.” “Opening a voice on our site allows you to create modern and effective self-defense connection systems. This is a strategic factor in deterring the Russian aggressor, as well as allowing a new ability to defeat the enemy on a large scale. The President noted that he has new opportunities for the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
Ukraine reserves the right to create armed systems necessary to ensure its defense capabilities, including appropriate rocket armament. This is stated in an official comment by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in a statement on the withdrawal of the United States from the Treaty on the Elimination of Medium and Small Range Missiles (DRSMD). Ukraine supports such a step in view of violation of the terms of the agreement by the Russians. As the Foreign Ministry comments, The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine has never ratified the agreement, Ukraine has strictly adhered to the provisions of the DRSMD on a voluntary basis. In this regard, the fact of violation of the provisions of the Treaty by Russia, which is its full-fledged side, is particularly outrageous. Ukraine, together with its American partners, condemned the development and testing of the Russian missile RS-26 “Rubezh” at a range of about 2,200 kilometers, as well as the expansion of combat capabilities of the Iskander-M missile complex, in particular, due to the modernization of cruise missiles that were part of it warehouse It was “Iskander-M” that was recorded during military exercises in the occupied territory of Ukraine in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Potential military pressure from the Russian Federation to European NATO members through the withdrawal of DRSMD, whose goal is to establish total control of Moscow over a broad region from the Baltic to the Mediterranean Sea, poses a serious threat to the entire European continent. President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko in an interview with Ukrainian TV channels on March 7 confirmed Ukraine’s intention to develop a missile direction for national defense: We are moving resolutely in NATO … Today we have a high-quality new army, which is armed with qualitatively new skills. Including, we will have rockets. And already there is – including the complex of cruise missiles “Neptun”, which passed the test, including the latest high-precision salvo fire system of the increased radius of action “Velya”. Recall US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced the suspension of US involvement in the Treaty on the Elimination of Middle and Low Range (DRSMD) since February 2 ended the term of the ultimatum that the US presented to Russia on December 4, 2018. The United States has promised to withdraw from the DRSMD if Russia does not return to fulfill its obligations under the agreement for 60 days. Rocket 9M729 Washington is believed that the RF has violated the DRSMD by creating 9M729 missiles. Moscow denies it. According to the American side, the 9M729 missile is capable of flying over 500 kilometers, which contradicts the DRSMD.
Ukraine has no reason to hope for the cessation of the Russian Federation’s aggression in the near future, but the expanded NATO presence in the Black Sea region may restrain the Kremlin. — Ukrinform.
Ukraine has no ground to count on the stop of aggression by Russia in the near future, and the decision of NATO presence in the Black Sea region could curb Moscow, Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze has said.
Ukraine’s Deputy Prime Minister on European and Euroatlantic Integration Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze says Ukraine has no reason to rely on the cessation of Russia’s aggression in the near future, but the strengthening of NATO’s presence in the Black Sea region could curb Moscow. Russia’s aggressive actions undermine regional and international security, the official said.
The Ukrainian Minister of Foreign, Affairs Pavlo Klimkin stated that the militarization of the Donbas territories which are not under Ukraine’s …
Russia has taken another dangerous step towards stifling criticism of those in power and inconvenient information, with this having major ramifications for Crimea while under occupation –
Paul Goble Staunton, March 8 – US leaders like their EU counterparts since Vladimir Putin invaded and then annexed Ukraine’s Crimea in 2014 have repeatedly declared that their countries will never recognize the peninsula’s incorporation of Crimea by the Russian Federation and have imposed sanctions of various kinds of Moscow to try to force it to reverse itself. Rep. Gerry Connolly, a senior Democrat on the House Foreign Affairs Committee, has introduced legislation that would formalize this non-recognition policy on the basis of longstanding American principles of not viewing as legitimate any border change achieved by force alone and on the model of US non-recognition policy regarding the Soviet occupation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The author of these lines and many others have pressed for such a measure since shortly after Putin’s Anschluss (americanambassadors.org/publications/ambassadors-review/spring-2014/crimea-a-new-9-11-for-the-united-states, windowoneurasia2.blogspot.com/2014/04/window-on-eurasia-west-needs-non.html, and windowoneurasia2.blogspot.com/2014/07/window-on-eurasia-west-must-adopt.html). Consequently, I and others both in the West and Ukraine can only welcome this development; but it is critically important that everyone involved understands both what this latest legal initiative will mean if and when it is adopted and what it can mean positive and negative for Ukraine, Crimea and the future of US-Russian relations. The core text of the relevant amendment offered by Rep. Connolly declares: “It is the policy of the United States not to recognize the Russian Federation’s claims of sovereignty over Crimea, its airspace, or its territorial waters … [As a result,] no Federal department or agency may take any action or extend any assistance that implies recognition of the Russian Federation’s claim of sovereignty over Crimea, its airspace, or its territorial waters” (docs.house.gov/meetings/FA/FA00/20190307/109048/BILLS-116-ANStoHR596-A000374-Amdt-ANStoHR596.pdf). It must be noted, first of all, that this is a proposal and has not been approved even in committee, let alone by the House of Representatives of the Senate. Moreover, the amendment contains the standard national security waver that the President “may wave” the provisions of the law “on a case-by-case basis if the President determines that it is vital to the national security interests of the United States to do so.” But more significant perhaps are two things this language does not include: It does not specify that Crimea is part of Ukraine and that Ukrainian sovereignty over it must be restored if the reasons for the act are to be vitiated, and it does not specify exactly what measures anyone in the government might take that would “imply recognition” of Russia’s asserted claim. The first gap could allow the possible creation of a Russian client state in Crimea, separate from the Russian Federation but not part of Ukraine either, the kind of “unrecognized” entity that Moscow has sought to promote elsewhere on the former Soviet space to weaken its neighbors. And the second allows government agencies on their own to determine what they will have to do to meet the requirements of the act. Some are obvious, such as a near certain ban on showing Crimea as part of Russia on US government-issued maps, but others on investment, especially if US firms use foreign daughter entities to do so. How a new US non-recognition policy with regard to Russian claims about the annexation of Crimea might work can best be seen by an examination of past American policies on border changes and of its non-recognition policy regarding the occupation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Since at least 1932, it will be recalled, the United States has maintained as a matter of principle that it will not recognize changes in international borders achieved by the use of force unless or until they are sanctioned international agreement. That doctrine was enunciated by Henry L. Stimson, the US secretary of state at the time, in response to Japan’s seizure of China’s Manchuria province and subsequent creation of the puppet state of Manchukuo. While the US has not always adhered to this doctrine, it has never denounced or disowned it. And in one case, its articulation and maintenance helped right a terrible wrong and contributed to a most positive outcome. The most forceful expression of the Stimson Doctrine was US non-recognition policy regarding the Soviet seizure of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania in 1940 under the terms of the secret protocols of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between Hitler and Stalin. On July 23, 1940, US Undersecretary of State Sumner Wells declared that the Baltic countries had been “deliberately annihilated by one of their more powerful neighbors” and that the US would continue to stand by its principle in their defense “because of the conviction of the American people that unless the doctrine in which these principles are inherent once again governs the relations between nations, the rule of reason, of justice and of law – in other words, the basis of modern civilization itself – cannot be preserved.” That declaration was given content by a policy that the United States followed until 1991 when Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania escaped from Soviet occupation and recovered their de facto independence, a policy that included among other things, provisions that the US would maintain ties with the diplomatic representatives of the pre-1940 Baltic governments and that the Baltic flags would continue to fly at the State Department, that no map produced by the United States government would show the Baltic states as a legitimate part of the USSR but would carry the disclaimer that the US did not recognize their forcible incorporation, and that no senior US official would visit the Baltic countries while they were under Soviet occupation. At the same time, it is important to remember what such policies did not mean. Neither the Stimson Doctrine nor Baltic Non-Recognition Policy called for American military action to liberate occupied territories, although both provided enormous encouragement to the peoples of these occupied areas that they would at some point once again be free and thus reflected the principles and values of the American people. Nor did the American non-recognition policy prevent Washington from cooperating with Moscow on other issues. Indeed, this policy had the effect of remaining in place even as relations between the US and the USSR warmed and cooled. There is no question that US non-recognition policy played a key role in the recovery of the de facto independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 1991. But the policy by itself was neither the magic bullet that achieved that on its own or a serious constraint on what Washington wanted to do with Moscow. Indeed, it imposed fewer constraints on US actions than do the current sanctions regime. That track record in fact raises two important questions that many may not want to ask: On the one hand, other than maps and investments, what can the US actually do to give content to a non-recognition policy given that Crimea, unlike Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, is not a state on its own? And on the other, could a US non-recognition policy, however important as a restatement of American principles, be at some point used as a justification for softening or even eliminating the sanctions regime against Moscow over Crimea that the US and other Western governments have pledged to maintain until Moscow withdraws? That is unlikely, but even the risk is an important sign that as welcome as this move is for all those who care about Crimea, Ukraine and international law, it is not a panacea. The struggle must continue. One can only hope that once adopted, such an American law will inspire those committed to this fight to remain so.
five Ukrainian soldiers were wounded in the Donbas conflict zone
Russian occupation forces launched one attack in the Joint Forces Operation (JFO) area in eastern Ukraine over the past day. — Ukrinform.
Russia’s hybrid military forces mounted one attack on Ukrainian army positions in Donbas in the past 24 hours, after another truce was agreed from midnight March 8. Over the past day, Ukrainian forces suffered no losses.
Chief of General Staff – Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Viktor Muzhenko approved new shoulder sleeve insignia (SSI) of the combat brigades on Thursday. He wrote about this on Facebook today. Approved patches for the 30th Mechanized Brigade named after Prince Konstanty Ostrogski (1), the 58th Infantry Brigade named after Hetman Ivan Vyhovsky (2) and the 72nd Mechanized Brigade named for Chornykh Zaporozhtsiv (3). Муженко затвердив нові емблеми бойових бригад
Ukraine’s Prosecutor General Yuriy Lutsenko has said reports by investigative journalists are based on materials from an official investigation of supplies to state-run Ukroboronprom Concern. He said the investigative reports were published a little ahead of procedural actions by law-enforcers. Lutsenko said the case investigated by the Prosecutor General’s Office (PGO) in connection with illegal activities of OptimumSpetsdetal LLC, which supplied components to Ukroboronprom, was almost completed. “ After receiving the final tax audit report, the company’s head was served a notice of suspicion for tax evasion in the amount of Hr 26.6 million. After the examination of (Andriy) Rohoza’s messages, other persons involved in the case will be served notices of suspicion
March 06, 19 NIC Iskra will start joint projects with foreigners The Iskra Research and Production Complex plans to launch a joint project with the French company Thales on the production of means of electronic warfare this year. In addition, with one well-known foreign company, it is planned to begin the development of a new counter-battery system and an acquisition radar station, said Yuri Pashchenko, director of the Iskra IWCC at a press conference. “This year we have mastered a new direction – counter-battery radar. The state trial is under way and preparations for serial production are in full swing. French company Thales also cooperates with us in the field of electronic warfare. We expect that this year we will have joint production of modern models, which, according to their tactical and technical characteristics, exceed many existing ones. NIC Iskra will start joint projects with foreigners “As for counter-battery radar, we have cooperation with the global giant, whose sales of military equipment exceed four times the entire volume of the Ukrainian military industry. Yesterday held a meeting. We approached our avant-project, which we proposed for development. That is why we will together create a new model of counterbattery and an acquisition radar, the so-called multifunctional station. NIC Iskra will start joint projects with foreigners Yuri Pashchenko said that thanks to the designers of the Topaz company, it was possible to set up work on the development of electronic warfare tools. “To do this, we hired designers who came from the occupied territory from Topaz. They provided them with housing and a decent salary Also, the director said that 2 108 years the company has increased the volume of production by 1.7 times. “Over the past four years, we have increased the supply to the Armed Forces by 5-7 times in different directions,” he stressed. The research and production complex “Iskra” combines the design office and the electric machine-building plant. The enterprise specializes in the development and production of modern radar stations and electronic warfare complexes. Since 2011 belongs to the concern “Ukroboronprom”.
“Research and production complex” Iskra “this year launches a joint venture with the French company Thales production of electronic warfare tools. UNIAN reports Director of the Research and Production Complex Iskra Yuriy Pashchenko also said that another foreign company would create a new sample of a multifunctional radar station. NSC “Iskra” is a member of the state concern “Ukroboronprom” and works in cooperation with other companies of the concern. “This year we have mastered a new direction – counter-battery radar. Now the state testing is underway and preparations for serial production are in full swing. French company Thales also cooperates with us in the field of electronic warfare. We expect that this year we will have joint production of modern models, which, according to their tactical and technical characteristics, exceed many existing ones, “he said. In addition to Thales, the Ukrainian company “Iskra” has established cooperation with another foreign company for counterbalanced radars. “For counter-battery radars, we have a cooperation with the world giant, whose sales of military equipment exceeds four times all the volumes of the Ukrainian military industry. Yesterday held a meeting. We approached our avant-project, which we proposed for development. That is why we will together create a new model of counterbattery and an search radar station. The so-called multifunctional station, “he said. In addition, Pashchenko said that the company “Iskra” in 2018 increased production by 1.7 times. “Over the past four years, we have increased the supply to the Armed Forces by 5-7 times in different directions,” he stressed. The state-owned enterprise “Research and Production Complex” Iskra “combines the design office and the electric machine-building plant. This enterprise specializes in the development and production of modern radar stations and electronic warfare complexes. Since 2011 belongs to the concern “Ukroboronprom”. The international industrial group Thales is engaged in the development and production of aerospace, military and maritime information systems. It is among the top three world leaders in the manufacture of radar stations and electronic warfare systems. The main image is the counter-battery COBRA radar manufactured by Thales, jointly with Airbus Defense and Space and Lockheed Martin for the German Army.
Weapon locating radar technologies. Made in Ukraine In modern warfare where artillery is a key element, an important objective on the battlefield is to remove the threat posed by enemy artillery by pinpointing enemy guns and ensuring an adequate and timely response. This objective is achievable with sound ranging, weapon locating radar capabilities that are produced in Ukraine among other countries and have already proved their combat worth. A counter-artillery system is meant to determine the coordinates of a hostile battery using data derived from the sound of its guns (or mortar or rockets) firing. It can also be used to intercept the enemy projectiles in midair or to destroy hostile artillery with counter-battery fire. In Ukraine, two counter-artillery systems have been produced, known as the Automated Acoustic Weapon Locating System (WLS) “Polozhennya-2” and Counter-Artillery Radar System Il220U “Zoopark-2”. Molniya R&D Company, Odessa, designed Polozhennya-2 as a follow-on evolution to its Soviet-era AZK-7 “Mezotron” acoustic counter battery technology. The Polozhennya-2, like its international counterparts, is intended to pinpoint hostile mortars, artillery and MLRS launchers, and it may also be operated in a friendly fire mode to correct and improve the accuracy of counter battery return fire by a single battery or an artillery battalion. It measures an acoustic pressure wave from artillery (mortar) firing, then uses the resulting data to locate the point of origin. 190307 foto Automated Acoustic Weapon Locating System (WLS) “Polozhennya-2” The WLS Polozhennya-2 is especially efficacious against artillery cannons, mortars and Grad MLR launchers. Being modular in layout, it can be mounted on any suitable chassis (a motor car, MTLB light tracked transport etc). Everything needed for combat use is present on the carrying chassis. To ensure autonomy of operation while in combat, an autonomous power plant is used (complemented by a backup rechargeable battery pack). A combined GPS/GLONASS receiver is used for precise point positioning. Cables and microphones are carried within the hull of the vehicle while in transit. Operator workstation consists of a computer, intercom modem, automated data processing device, and a weather station, while the crew leader’s station is comprised of a computer and a printer used for printing position coordinates measured. The Polozhennya-2 consists of three acoustic arrays separated by 3 to 8 kilometers to give omnidirectional coverage. Each array has 3 highly sensitive microphone sensors separated from one another by well-defined distances in range and azimuth. The System will be deployed at 2-3 kilometers from its operational perimeter. Each acoustic array has a portable GPS/GLONASS receiver used for determining its acoustic center. The System’s weather station is located in close vicinity to the control station. The acoustics arrays connect to the control station using a field wire network or a radio network as needed. The Polozhennya-2 is available in five different configurations that are selectable depending on mission-specific requirements. It can detect even extremely low-noise shots at ranges up to 35 km and provide corrections to friendly artillery at ranges up to 15 km. It takes no more than 5 seconds to compute the location of a hostile firing position, with up to 50 shots and explosions detected and up to 100 trajectories processed every minute. A prototype of the Polozhennya-2 system has entered service with Ukraine’s Armed Forces following completion of the full cycle of official qualification trials. A production line for the Polozhennya-2 WLS has been launched at State-owned Ukroboronprom defense industries group’s Lorta Factory, Lviv. The R&D and Production Complex Iskra, Zaporizhzhia, has developed the Counter-Artillery Radar System 1L220-U (otherwise known as Zoopark-2). It is intended to detect and locate hostile artillery guns, mortars, multiple rocket launchers and tactical missile launchers, as well as to provide corrections to friendly artillery. The radar detects an incoming projectile in mid-flight and calculates its trajectory. Once the projectile’s trajectory is measured, the System’s computer backtracks to the point of origin in a fraction of a second, while simultaneously identifying the type of the weapon that had fired the projectile. 190307 Zoopark 2 Kyiv 2018 22 Counter-Artillery Radar System Il220U “Zoopark-2” The Zoopark-2 is able to determine – with high accuracy and in very near real-time – coordinates of targets located within the full range achievable with modern battery systems – in all weathers and at all times of the day, in the presence of dust and smoke and in severe ECM scenarios. In a local conflict, the Il220-U would come in to quickly detect, locate and neutralize widely scattered hostile weapons positions. It can function effectively in ECM-heavy environments that are characteristic to wide-ranging operations involving large concentrations of forces and heavy armaments. The Zoopark-2 is a must-have capability for peace support operations where there is a requirement for ceasefire monitoring on geographically expanded areas. The Zoopark-2 WLS has detection ranges as follows: ≥30 km for 152-mm artillery guns and 82-mm/120-mm mortars; 30-40 km for BM-21-type MLRS; 50-55 km for short-range rocket launchers. It is capable of friendly fire adjustment ranges as follows: 20-25 km for 152-mm artillery guns, 25-30 km for 82-mm/120-mm mortars; 21-40 km for BM-21-type MLRS; 80 km for rockets. 190307 zoo 1L220UKS UKP Range measurement error does not exceed 0.35 percent of the range being measured, meaning a 70-m error per 20-km range. Up to 50 trajectories can be processed every minute. To achieve weight and size savings, Iskra has developed a Zoopark-2 configuration based on a wheeled off-road semi-trailer. This ensures a significant weight reduction without any loss of mobility or ride quality in rugged-terrain environments. The Zoopark-2 can shift from travel to deployed mode in 5 minutes and back from deployed to travel mode in less than 3 minutes. It is able to communicate targeting data to friendly artillery while being on the move. The Polozhennya-2 and Zoopark-2 weapon locating systems are both built with the use of modern microelectronics hardware and have had their capabilities tested in real-world combat scenarios. Taras KHORTYTSA
March 06, 19 Center of Special Operations SBU The Center for Special Operations and Combating Terrorism of the Security Service of Ukraine (CSO “A” or “Alpha”) has purchased parachuting systems in open electronic trading. Today, March 6, the winners of the open bidding for the purchase of parachute systems of the Alfa SCS of the SBU were announced, conducted by negotiation procedure for defense needs. The total value of the transaction is 2,224,600 hryvnias, and the process of concluding contracts is in progress. The winners will buy five nine-section main parachutes of the type “wing” with an area of 310 sq. Ft. For 270,750 UAH. and five spare parachutes for 256 500 UAH. in the FOP Radchenko T.M., as well as the wagons for them like Force Solo for 374 560 UAH and insurance electronic devices of the type Military Cypres 2 1500/35 A for 480 925 UAH. at Sky Wide Systems Systems LLC (SkyWideSystems ™). In addition Skay Vaid Systems will buy two Tandem parachutes (Icarus 400 or equivalent) for 257,345 UAH, two spare parachutes of the type Tandem Precision 375 for 196 540 UAH, Tandem Force type racks for 195 550 UAH. and security electronic devices of the type Military Cypres 2 Tandem 1900/35 A for 192 370 hryvnia. We also remind that earlier Ukrainian Military Pages reported on the joint development of Ukrainian trademarks SkyWideSystems and Skylark – a special purpose parachute system “Sokil”, which provides landing with weapons and equipment from a height of more than 7 km and allows carrying an additional “useful” cargo up to 180 kg , which makes it possible to reach the target silently and as much as possible.
Ukraine has taken Delivery of Bayraktar TB2 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle from Turkey and plans to set up a joint venture to produce components for modern unmanned technology. “I can disclose the information that there will be the testing of the new powerful tactical unmanned aerial vehicle complex Bayraktar, which I was able to negotiate with the President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan. I can even say that these complexes are already in Ukraine,” President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko said while opening a meeting of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine in Kyiv on March 6. Based on the agreement in January, Turkish UAV manufacturer Baykar was to produce six Bayraktar TB2 and deliver them to Ukraine in a year. Along with the UAVs, three ground control station systems and equipment was also mentioned to be delivered. The TB2 was developed for tactical reconnaissance and surveillance missions and it can also carry ammo, do assaults, and has laser target acquisition. Bayraktar TB2 has been used by the Armed Forces of Turkey and Security Directorate since 2015. As of January 2019, Turkish army had a fleet of 75 Bayraktar TB2 platforms.
Russia is trying to meddle in the elections in Ukraine, using them as the last chance to return Ukraine to the field of its influence. Vice Prime Minister for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration of Ukraine Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze made a corresponding statement during a meeting with Michael McCaul, the ranking member of the U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee, the Office of Vice PM reports on Facebook. “During the meeting, the parties discussed a wide range of issues related to the security situation in Ukraine in the context of Russia’s aggression against our country. Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze stressed that Russia had been trying to meddle in the elections in Ukraine, using them as the last chance to return our country to the field of its influence,” the statement reads. In this context, the parties agreed on the need to strengthen protection against cyber attacks, primarily on part of the Russian Federation, which pose a potential threat to the electoral process. The officials paid special attention to the safeguards for the rights of citizens, in particular, the Ukrainian citizens in the occupied Crimea. The Vice Prime Minister also underscored the importance of US support in stepping up pressure on Russia for sake of release of Ukrainian sailors – the crew members of the Ukrainian Navy ships seized in the Kerch Strait – who are held in the remand prisons in Moscow now. In addition, the parties discussed the ways to further strengthen the defense capacity of Ukraine, in particular, the importance of expanding support programs provided from the US federal budget, and adding the enhanced assistance to strengthen, in particular, Ukrainian naval capabilities.
Dobrodomov leaves presidential race in Hrytsenko’s favour. He is optimistic about the ex-minister’s chances. Political – LB.ua news portal. Latest from Ukraine and the world today
The politician believes that the new law on the ban on antibiotics sale without prescription is one of the government ideas on how to increase the mortality of Ukrainian people
One of the systemic problems in Ukraine is non-fulfillment of election promises
The delegation of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe considers that the environment in Ukraine is appropriate for holding democratic presidential election, however there is still “room for improvement.” — Ukrinform.
The U.S. Department of State has announced the competition for implementation of a program to promote Internet freedom in Ukraine. — Ukrinform.
Ukraine in the past five years has freed itself from cultural occupation, and the Ukrainian language has occupied a safe place in the lives of Ukrainian citizens, according to Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko.
Kirill Vyshinsky, the editor-in-chief of RIA Novosti-Ukraine, accused of treason, to be transferred from the Kherson remand centre to Kyiv
Austria has protested Ukraine’s move to bar an Austrian reporter, calling the move an act of censorship.
The election campaign in Ukraine is overwhelmed by scandals. One of the latest ones is related to Naftogaz CEO Andriy Kobolyev. This week, Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman announced at a Cabinet meeting that the government would not renew Kobolyev’s contract. The “salary spat” between Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman and top managers of Naftogaz escalated to the government’s refusal to renew the contract with CEO, Andriy Kobolyev. The latter stated that the Cabinet’s actions were unlawful but did not specify his further moves. The whole situation is now in limbo. Experts suggest there is some pre-election fleur to it, but this will only play into the hands of Russia’s Gazprom.
At least three antifeminist activists have been detained in the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, during an International Women’s Day rally.
Six people were stabbed in an interethnic brawl in the center of Odesa
A Ukrainian-born composer invokes the iconic World War II-era Ukrainian independence leader Stepan Bandera in his “hiphopera” for Berliners.
The hierarchs of the Albanian Orthodox Church expressed their worries concerning recognition of “behindhand ordinance, committed by the excommunicate and devoted to the anathema of Filaret (Denysenko)
Four US citizens were detained in Novorossiysk, two of whom have already been deported from Russia by a court order, said the spokesperson for the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Maria Zakharova on Thursday, Interfax reports. According to her, the Americans were detained for violating Russian migration rules. Zakharova referred journalists to law enforcement agencies for further details. Russian media earlier reported that several Mormons were detained in Novorossiysk. It was reported that David Gaaga and Cole Brodovsky were found guilty by the court for violation of the entry procedures. They are now in one of the Russian detention facilities and are expecting deportation . According to the Russian law enforcement officials, while in Novorossiysk they were engaged in activities which were not in accordance with their stated purpose of entry into Russia. They stated in court that they arrived in Russia as volunteers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.