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Russia Lost the War of the Churches (68)


Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting.

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Following the Christmas Eve service earlier today, the decree was formally handed over to Ukraine’s Metropolitan Epifaniy, formalizing and finalizing Ukraine’s ecclesiastical separation from Russia. Possibly the most thoughtful observation was made by the Ecumenical Patriarch himself, stating that  “The pious Ukrainian people have awaited this blessed day for seven entire centuries,” noting that first five autonomous patriarchates of the Orthodox Church were formed before 900AD, and the ROC did not become autonomous until 1589AD. The Ukrainian Church was the parent of the Russian Church, but it missed out on gaining autonomy 700 years ago due to the fragmentation of the Kyivan Rus’ state, and the invasion of the Golden Horde, supported by its allies in Muscovy.

The decree of autonomy will go on public display in Kyiv on Orthodox Christmas Day.

Other reports of interest are observations by Chernomorets who argues that the exodus from the ROC to the OCU will resemble an “an avalanche”.

The ROC in Muscovy yet again makes inappropriate comments.

We have indeed just witnessed an event of major historical significance. While the pragmatic dimension of Ukraine ridding itself of yet another lever of Russian state power embedded in Ukraine’s community has been discussed at great length and is of importance in its own right, much more interesting will be coming events in Russia. The mythological constructs that Russians have used to justify their widely shared belief that Ukrainians are merely provincial Russians who lost their way will begin to rapidly unravel. The mythological constructs used to legitimate the “Third Rome” trope will also unravel. Russians will have to confront the unpalatable reality that Dugin’s  “Russian Truth” is nothing more than a delusion shared by zombified Russians, and rejected by the rest of the world.


Ukraine’s Orthodox Church Breaks Away From Russia

At a ceremony in Istanbul on January 5, the spiritual leader of Orthodox Christianity, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople signed a decree granting autocephaly, or independence, to the Orthodox Church in Ukraine.

Decree On Independence Handed Over To New Orthodox Church In Ukraine

Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople has handed over a “tomos” of autocephaly to Metropolitan Epifaniy of the new Orthodox Church of Ukraine.

Ukrainian church granted independence from Russian church

The spiritual head of Orthodox Christians worldwide formally granted independence to the Ukrainian church on Saturday, marking an historic split from Russia which Ukrainian leaders see as vital to the country’s security.

Ukrainian Orthodox Church gets ‘tomos of autocephaly’ at historic ceremony in Istanbul – World News

An independent Ukrainian Orthodox church was created at a signing ceremony in Turkey on Jan. 5, formalizing a split with the Russian church it had been tied to since 1686.

Ecumenical Patriarch hands over decree, sealing Ukraine church independence | Reuters

The spiritual leader of Orthodox Christians worldwide on Sunday presented the head of the Ukrainian church with a decree granting it independence from Moscow, a historic split strongly opposed by Russia.

Ukrainian Church primate receives Tomos – LB.ua news portal

Ukrainian Church primate receives Tomos. It received it from the Ecumenical Patriarch in Istanbul. Political – LB.ua news portal. Latest from Ukraine and the world today

Ecumenical Patriarch hands tomos of autocephaly over to leader of Orthodox Church of Ukraine (Video, photos) | UNIAN

Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I has handed the tomos of autocephaly of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine over to its leader, Metropolitan Epifaniy (Epiphanius) of Kyiv and All Ukraine. The tomos is a decree of autocephaly (independence) of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine. Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I has handed the tomos of autocephaly of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine over to its leader, Metropolitan Epifaniy (Epiphanius) of Kyiv and All Ukraine. An official ceremony of granting the tomos took place in St. George’s Cathedral in Istanbul, which is the residence of the Patriarch of Constantinople. As UNIAN reported, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I on January 5, 2019, signed the tomos in his residence in Istanbul, which proclaims the autocephaly of the newly formed Orthodox Church of Ukraine. The tomos says that the Ecumenical Patriarchate recognizes a canonical, autocephalous, self-governing Orthodox Church within the limits of the politically formed territory of Ukraine.

Bartholomew on tomos: Ukrainian people have been waiting for this blessed day for seven centuries | UNIAN

Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, after signing the tomos of autocephaly for the Orthodox Church of Ukraine on Saturday, stated that the Ukrainian people had been “waiting for this blessed day for seven centuries,” that’s according to his address to Metropolitan Epifaniy, the leader of the newly-formed OCU. According to the Ecumenical Patriarch, this is the official recognition of the Church of Ukraine, which brings it up to the level of fourteen sister churches that make up the “fullness” of the Holy Orthodox Church. Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, after signing the tomos of autocephaly for the Orthodox Church of Ukraine on Saturday, stated that the Ukrainian people had been “waiting for this blessed day for seven centuries,” that’s according to his address to Metropolitan Epifaniy, the leader of the newly-formed OCU. “Today, light and joy, peace and unity overwhelm the holy church of Ukraine, which is receiving in your hands the tomos about its official recognition and declaration as an autocephalous church, which brings it up to the level of fourteen sister churches constituting the ‘fullness’ of our Holy Orthodox Church,” he said. As UNIAN reported earlier, on December 15, 2018, the Unification Council of representatives of Ukrainian Orthodox churches elected Metropolitan of Pereyaslavl and Bila Tserkva, Epifaniy, the head of the new Orthodox Church of Ukraine.

Bartholomew delivers Tomos to primate of Ukrainian Orthodox Church Epifaniy – 112.international

Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew passed the Tomos of autocephaly and bishops’ crosier to primate of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church Epifaniy. The event happened during the festive service in St. George’s Cathedral, 112 Ukraine broadcasted the event. Related: Russian Orthodox Church calls Tomos for Ukrainian church “attempt to steal Christmas” Yesterday, January 5, the ceremony of signing the Tomos of autocephaly of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church took place in Istanbul. President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko took part in the ceremony of the Tomos delivery and the divine liturgy said by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople and the primate of the UOC.

Divine liturgy and granting of Tomos take place in Istanbul – 112.international

A Christmas service began in Istanbul, which is jointly said by Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew and primate of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church Epifaniy, elected during the Unification Assembly of the Ukrainian Orthodox churches. After the divine liturgy, the Tomos of autocephaly of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church will be solemnly granted to Metropolitan Epifaniy. Today, the Orthodox celebrate the Epiphany Day, this is why, after the granting of the Tomos and the divine liturgy, the ceremony of blessing of the water will take place in the Golden Horn Bay, the ceremony begins at 11:30 a.m. Kyiv time. On January 7, the Christmas day, a divine liturgy will take place at Saint Sophia’s Cathedral, where Tomos will be demonstrated on the granting of autocephaly to the newly established Ukrainian Orthodox Church.

Ukrainian Orthodox Church Officially Gains Independence From Russian Church : NPR

The schism between Ukrainian churches and the Russia Orthodox Church culminated Saturday in the creation of an independent Ukrainian Orthodox Church, angering Russian religious and political leaders.

Independent Ukrainian Orthodox Church formalized in Istanbul | Fox News

The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople has signed a decree of independence for the Orthodox Church of Ukraine.

Ukraine Church Granted Independence in Historic Split With Russia

The spiritual head of Orthodox Christians worldwide formally granted independence to the Ukrainian church on Saturday, marking an historic split from Russia which Ukrainian leaders see as vital to the country’s security. The decree, granting “autocephaly,” was signed by Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew at a service with the head of the Ukrainian church Metropolitan Epifaniy and President Petro Poroshenko in St George’s Cathedral in Istanbul. “I want to thank the millions of Ukrainians around the world who responded to my appeal to pray for the church to be established,” Poroshenko said at a ceremony accompanied by solemn liturgical singing. “I want to thank the generations of Ukrainians who dreamed…and finally God sent us the Orthodox Church of Ukraine,” he told the congregation in the crowded church. The patriarchate, the seat of the spiritual leader of some 300 million Orthodox Christians worldwide, endorsed Ukraine’s request for the new church in October. The decree, or Tomos, will be handed to Epifaniy at a ceremony on Sunday, completing the process of recognition by the Ecumenical Patriarchate.

Ukrainian Orthodox Church breaks away from Russian influence – Newspaper – DAWN.COM

ISTANBUL: An independent Ukrainian Orthodox church was created at a signing ceremony in Turkey on Saturday, formalising a split with the Russian church it had been tied to since 1686. The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Bartholomew I, signed the “Tomos” in Istanbul in front of clerics and Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, forming the Orthodox Church of Ukraine. It forces Ukrainian clerics to pick sides between the Moscow-backed Ukrainian churches and the new church as fighting persists in eastern Ukraine between government forces and Russia-backed rebels. “The pious Ukrainian people have awaited this blessed day for seven entire centuries,” Bartholomew I said in his address. The patriarch, considered “first among equals” in Orthodox Christianity, said Ukrainians could now enjoy “the sacred gift of emancipation, independence and self-governance, becoming free from every external reliance and intervention”. Poroshenko thanked Bartholomew I “for the courage to make this historic decision” and said that “among the 15 stars of the Orthodox churches of the world a Ukrainian star has appeared”, referring to the updated number of churches that don’t answer to an external authority.

Ukraine church’s historic split from Russia granted by patriarch | Russia News | Al Jazeera

Move by Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Bartholomew I comes amid heightened tensions between Moscow and Kiev.

Ukrainian Orthodox Church Formally Split from Russia in Istanbul | Greek Reporter Europe

On Saturday, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church has formally received its independence as Patriarch Bartholomew I signed the “Tomos” in Istanbul, which is a decree of independence.

Orthodox Church Split: Ceremony separates Ukrainian, Russian churches – YouTube

TRT World Published on Jan 5, 2019 The Ukrainian Orthodox Church has officially split from the Russian church. At a ceremony in Istanbul, the spiritual head of some 300 million Orthodox Christians signed a decree granting the church independence. Christine Pirovolakis has the story.

🇺🇦Ukraine church’s historic split from Russia granted by patriarch l Al Jazeera English – YouTube

Al Jazeera English Published on Jan 5, 2019 The Orthodox Church of Ukraine has officially split from its religious leadership in Russia. The Ecumenical Patriarch in Istanbul, the worldwide head of the church, has signed a document granting independence.

Hromadske Int. on Twitter: “Ceremony of granting Tomos for Independent Ukrainian Church. Watch live from Istanbul. Today the Tomos to be signed, tomorrow it will be given to the new Ukrainian Metropolital Epiphanius,and on the Orthodox Christmas delivered to Sofia Cathedral in Kyiv https://t.co/40woTVSdM6”

Christopher Miller on Twitter: “Viral photo of the day (at least) on Ukrainian social media is most definitely this snap of President @poroshenko grinning as Orthodox church leaders in Istanbul sign the Tomos granting his country an independent Orthodox church, by BBC Ukrainian’s Vitaliy Chervonenko.… https://t.co/iiq9HZgi39”

Ecumenical Patriarch signs decree granting Ukraine church independence

The decree, granting “autocephaly”, was signed by Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew at a service with the head of the Ukrainian church Metropolitan Epifaniy and President Petro Poroshenko in St George’s Cathedral in Istanbul. “I want to thank the millions of Ukrainians around the world

Ukrainian Orthodox Church gets ‘autocephaly’ status

Ukrainian President receives Tomos of Autocephaly (autonomy) from Fener Greek Orthodox Patriarch Bartholomew in Istanbul – Anadolu Agency

Ecumenical Patriarch signs decree granting Ukraine church independence | Reuters

The spiritual head of Orthodox Christians worldwide formally granted independence to the Ukrainian church on Saturday, marking an historic split from Russia which Ukrainian leaders see as vital to the country’s security.

Ukraine: new Orthodox church gains independence from Moscow | World news | The Guardian

Newly elected head receives decree of autocephaly in elaborate ceremony in Istanbul

Patriarch Bartholomew Signs Decree Granting Independence To Ukrainian Church

Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople signed a decree on January 5 granting autocephaly, or independence, to the Orthodox Church in Ukraine, ending more than 330 years of Russian religious control in Ukraine. The ceremony in Istanbul, which is considered the spiritual headquarters of Orthodox Christianity, was attended by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko.

Poroshenko thanks Patriarch Bartholomew for tomos and invites him to visit Ukraine

President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko has thanked Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew for faith and love for Ukraine, and for his courage in the process of granting autocephaly to the Orthodox Church of Ukraine. — Ukrinform

Orthodox Church of Ukraine established. First comments from a leading expert on Eastern Christianity | Hromadske Radio

Historical theologian Prof. Jaroslav Skira talks to Marta Dyczok about the background and significance of the newly created Orthodox Church of Ukraine. Hello and welcome to this week’s episode of Ukraine Calling. I’m Bohdan Nahaylo for Hromadske Radio in Kyiv and we’re bringing you our feature in-depth interview followed by some new music from Ukraine. This week’s interview is with historical theologian Prof. Jaroslav Skira. Marta Dyczok asks him about the background and significance of the newly created Ukrainian Orthodox Church. FEATURE INTERVIEW: Religion And Politics: How The Stars Aligned And The Ukrainian Orthodox Church Unified. Marta Dyczok Speaks To Historical Theologian Prof. Skira

Russian Orthodox Church calls Tomos for Ukrainian church “attempt to steal Christmas” – 112.international

Tomos about the autocephaly of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine was signed in violation of the canons and does not have canonical force. Vladimir Legoyda, head of the Synodal department of the Russian Orthodox Church for church relations with society and the media, wrote about this in his Telegram. “No matter how some Ukrainian politicians try to steal Christmas from the millions of faithful in Ukraine with the help of the Istanbul Patriarch, it will still come. Tomos is a paper that is the result of irreconcilable political and personal ambitions. Signed in violation of canons and therefore not possessing any canonical force, “he stressed. Earlier President Petro Poroshenko awarded the Order of Merit of I degree to the Ecumenical Patriarch, Archbishop of Constantinople – New Rome, His Holiness Bartholomew. It is reported by the press service of the head of state. “Petro Poroshenko presented an award to His Holiness for his outstanding personal contribution in the development of the autocephalous local Orthodox Church of Ukraine, raising the authority of Orthodoxy in the world, many years of activity, establishing ideals of spirituality, mercy and interfaith harmony”, the report says. In this case, it is added that the Ecumenical Patriarch, in turn, awarded the head of the Ukrainian state a commemorative medal – the cross of Panagiy Pammacaristos. Earlier the ceremony of signing the Tomos of autocephaly of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church was held in Istanbul, 112 Ukraine broadcasted the event. The Ukrainian delegation led by President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko and primate of the UOC Metropolitan Epifaniy were at the ceremony of the signing. A prayer service was held prior to the signing the Tomos, the service lasted 20 minutes. Tomorrow, January 6, a divine liturgy will take place in St. George’s Cathedral, after which the Tomos will be passed to Metropolitan Epifaniy.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Even Moscow Patriarchate Will Recognize Ukrainian Autocephaly, Chernomorets Says

Paul Goble Staunton, January 5 – Today, the Universal Patriarch signed the tomos granting autocephaly to the Orthodox Church of Ukraine. The Moscow Patriarchate as was to be expected reacted by denouncing Constantinople and pledging to continue to oppose the independence of the Ukrainian church. Yury Chernomorets, a Kyiv philosopher, says that now the real struggle to implement the tomos is only beginning; but he predicts that in the near term, nine of the 14 Orthodox churches around the world will recognize the OCU as the legitimate Orthodox church in Ukraine (liga.net/politics/articles/nas-priznayut-vse-i-daje-rpts-tomos-podpisan—chto-dalshe).Forthe time being, he continues, Moscow and one or two others may oppose it; but eventually, Chernomorets says, “all the Orthodox churches” will recognize the OCU “even the Russian Orthodox Church” of the Moscow Patriarchate. Indeed, there are compelling reasons to think that this will happen sooner rather than later. As a result of the Universal Patriarch’s actions, “the only canonical church” in Ukraine is the OCU. “By the logic of canon law, hierarchs, priests and lay persons of the ‘Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate’ must join the OCU. And the state must defend the rights” of both those who try to make the shift and those who don’t. More than 30 former parishes of the Moscow Patriarchate in Ukraine have already joined the OCU, and it is likely, Chernomorets says, that “after the tomos, this process will only accelereate. By law, each parish is a legal person and may change jurisdictions” on its own without reference to anyone else. As a result, “in the future, the majority of parishes [in Ukraie] will be in the OCU.” Exactly how long this will take, he continues, is “impossible to say;” but it is more likely to resemble “an avalanche” than a slow and meandering river. Bishops and other hierarchs may follow as well. The Verkhovna Rada will soon adopt a special law spelling out the details of such transitions, and that too should make the process easier, Chernomorets says. There is another reason to think the Moscow Patriarchate will move in this direction and soon, one the Kyiv scholar does not mention but that may be even more compelling. After blasting Constantinople for organizing the unification conclave in Ukraine and declaring Moscow would not deal with Bartholemew again, it backed down on this less than ten days later (windowoneurasia2.blogspot.com/2018/12/moscow-patriarchates-admits-defeat-on.html).It has good reason to do so: Refusing to deal with Constantinople would have only underscored Moscow’s isolation given how few other churches were prepared to follow its lead. Refusing to recognize the autocephalous OCU would do the same, and it would have another consequence that the Moscow Patriarchate and the Kremlin are certainly thinking about. Moscow almost certainly will be able to retain its influence in Ukrainian church affairs far more effectively if it is talking with the OCU than if it is not, and talking with that national church will ultimately mean recognizing it, however much the declarations coming out of the Russian capital today suggest otherwise.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Moscow Patriarchate’s Admits Defeat on Autocephaly: Says It will Talk with Constantinople

Paul Goble Staunton, December 24 – Only days after the Unification Church Council in Kyiv and after Moscow declared it will no longer be in communion with the Universal Patriarch in Constantinople for its role in offering autocephaly to Ukraine, the ROC MP has taken a step that represents its acknowledgement of its defeat both in Ukraine and in Orthodoxy. Speaking today on the Russia Today channel, Vladimir Legoyda, head of the Russian synod’s Department for Church relations with Society declared that the ROC MP is “ready for dialogue” with Constantinople because of its “concerns” about the situation in Ukraine (credo.press/221689/). The Russian church official, of course, cast this not in terms of an acknowledgement of defeat or a backing away from principle but rather in the name of principle: According to Legoyda, “Christians in general do not have the right to think about any point of no return in the sense that we are always ready for dialogue.” The ROC MP, he continued, shares the same position on Ukrainian autocephaly that Constantinople had until April 2018; and Moscow’s willingness to talk does not mean “a review byuse of our position or any compromise. There is not basis to speak of that.” But the two churches must escape from a situation where they are talking past one another. While Legoyda insisted that “the sword is not on our side” and that Moscow “needs some kind of adequate response,” his words represent a retreat from the isolation with respect to Constantinople and the Orthodox world that the ROC MP had driven itself into by its words and actions recently. Moreover, there is one significant detail that shows how hard this is for Moscow to do and therefore how important it is for the future: Patriarch Kirill had the civilian head of one of the patriarcahte’s offices deliver this message on the Kremlin’s main propaganda channel rather than having a church hierarch do so in a more church-related venue. That in and of itself suggests where the pressure for backing away from the ROC MP’s hard line comes from – and makes it even more likely that Legoyda’s words will be echoed by others in the coming days.