Information operations · Information Warfare · Iran · Russia · Syria

Salisbury CW Attack / Syria / Iran / Russia Ad Hoc Update (137)

Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting.

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The reports around the GRU Salisbury attack have displaced most other topics on Google News rankings, showing this sorry event and its aftermath are of immense interest to the public, globally. The expected deluge of Russian denials, misdirections, distractions, conspiracy theories, and blameshifting has materialized, no surprises there. Yet another contribution to the Chekist regime’s “devastating attacks” on Russia detailed by Alekseyeva, below.

A literal deluge of media reports on the Salisbury attack. By far the most interesting are the Medusa and Mirror reports on the backgrounds to the two GRU operators charged – one is claimed to be the grandson of a famous SMERSH officer (with a Ukrainian surname – will this be the basis of the expected Ukrainian conspiracy theory?).  The other open question is how the bottle of CW agent found its way into a charity bin – this may or may not be a case of an intentional “diverziya” to cause chaos.

Syria reports mostly about the Russian led air campaign in Idlib, plus the Ukrainians release more personal details on the Russian mercs KIA during the failed assault at Deir Ezzor in February.

May’s Statement on Skripal Case Unacceptable – Russian Foreign Ministry – Sputnik International

The Russian Foreign Ministry has issued a statement, commenting on UK Prime Minister Theresa May’s speech concerning new data on the Skripal case that she delivered to Parliament earlier in the day.

‘This Tells Us Nothing’: Russia Reacts to Novichok Poisoning Charges

Here is how Russian policymakers and public figures responded to the charges: — Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova: “The names published in the media, like the photos, tell us nothing.” “We urge the British side once again to move from public accusations and information manipulation to practical cooperation through law enforcement agencies.” — Russia’s representative to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), Alexander Shulgin: “Russia has nothing to do with what happened, this has been our position that remains valid. We’re seeing this as a provocation.” — Prosecutor General’s Office spokesman Alexander Kurennoy: “We continue to insist on cooperation with British law enforcement in this case and expect to receive the body of evidence that our foreign colleagues say they have. That includes the possible involvement in the attempt on the Skripals’ lives by so-called Russian citizens.” — General Vladimir Dzhabarov, deputy chairman of the Federation Council’s Foreign Affairs Committee: “Britain took a very cunning path by not providing any evidence to Russia and not being willing to cooperate with Russian law enforcement agencies. They decided to directly appeal to international structures.” “Britain is only concerned with one thing now: How to get out of this situation while saving face.” — Sergei Skripal’s niece, Viktoria Skripal: “I like very much that there’s variety, that one [suspect] is a Slav and the other is probably Tatar. At least there are different nationalities.”

“God-level Trolling” – Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Spokesperson Maria Zakharova Promotes Debunked Internet Conspiracy Theories on The Skripal Nerve Agent Attack – To Inform is to Influence

The Russians are scrambling to find something, anything, to hide new evidence that Russia was behind the assassination attempt of the Skripals. The Russian Foreign Ministry, here Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson Maria Zakharova is citing already debunked conspiracy theories regarding the two named Russians who carried out the assassination attempt. It is a fast-paced world, Russia, your theories have to keep up. Here, Eliot Higgins at Bellingcat exposes the weakness of Russia’s latest conspiracy theory. One more thing not mentioned, the two identical hallways have different shadows or reflections at the rear of the pictures. Higgins clearly makes the case of identical hallways and shows photographic proof of their presence. Notice how quickly the Russian arguments are being shut down? More people are wise to how Russia operates. </end editorial>

TASS: World – Former FSB chief dismisses May’s ‘false’ charges against GRU over Skripal case

Earlier, May claimed that the two Russian citizens, suspected of an attempt on the life of Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia, were GRU officers

Russia Urges UK to Give Data on Russian Citizens’ Involvement in Skripal Case – Sputnik International

MOSCOW (Sputnik) – The Russian Prosecutor General’s Office is determined to cooperate with UK law enforcement agencies on the case of the attempted murder of Russian citizen Yulia Skripal and expects to receive evidence of possible involvement of Russian citizens, Prosecutor General’s Office spokesman Alexander Kurennoy told Sputnik on Wednesday.

Salisbury plot thickens, questions without answers multiply — RT UK News

Britain has shown images of the people allegedly responsible for the Skripal chemical weapon saga, claiming they were Russian military spies. As the case moves forward, questions remain unanswered about the British narrative.

Familiar faces? Twitter compares ‘GRU Novichok assassins’ to Soviets in Schwarzenegger action flick — RT World News

The latest plot twist in the Salisbury poisoning case has evoked fond memories of trashy ’80s action films, with users on Twitter comparing photos of the just-accused pair of “GRU agents” to the Soviet villains in ‘Red Heat.’

D-Notice, Parallels to Syrian War Raise Questions in Skripal Case – Sputnik International

While the British government has said “the Russian state was responsible” for the Skripal poisoning and named two supposed “Russian agents” as perpetrators, journalists should be investigating the possibility of other actors and motivations and be conscious of how the episode is “exploited politically,” two political experts told Sputnik.

UAWire – Kremlin responds to Trump’s call to stop military operation in Syrian Idlib

The press secretary of the Russian president Dmitry Peskov believes that U.S. President Donald Trump’s call to prevent attacks in the Syrian province of Idlib is a manifestation of a “noncomprehensive approach” to assessing the situation in the region. “The situation in Idlib continues to be a topic of special concern in Moscow, Damascus, Ankara and Tehran. A nest of terrorism was formed there [in Idlib], “Peskov told journalists. He commented on the statement of the American leader, who urged to refrain from the Syrian army military operations in this province.

Russian Denials, Obfuscation, And A Myriad Of Alternate Theories – How Russia Rejects The Skripal Assassination – To Inform is to Influence

A few words of explanation before I review the following article. The Russian name Skripal translates to Violin or Fiddle, so when you read it, it is just their name. is Vzglyad, owned by Konstantin Rykov, a Russian politician, and is known for flooding the internet with pro-Russian articles. From my observations, the twisting and skewing of the facts are tangible in most stories dealing with the West. Review The article is supposed to point out the reasons for the UK naming two Russians as the prime suspects in the Skripal assassination-attempt case. The article starts out well, mostly quoting Western sources and accurately names two Russians, Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirova, as the suspects. Then it makes the assertion that there is an ongoing conspiracy to blame everything on Russia. The Anglo-Saxon media and the Atlantic elite have such a huge experience and centuries-old tradition of attributing to Russia all possible and impossible atrocities and atrocities, that the facts worry them the last [sic]. The article diverges from the subject, attempting to present justification for the UK blaming Russia:

UK’s Skripal evidence obliterates hollow Russian propaganda – To Inform is to Influence

September 05, 2018 By Sarah Hurst (@XSovietNews), for StopFake The morning after the OPCW confirmed that Dawn Sturgess and Charlie Rowley had been poisoned by novichok in the aftermath of the attack on Sergei and Yulia Skripal, Britain’s Metropolitan Police issued a bombshell statement with the first details about the two Russian suspects in the…

Russia’s ‘Obfuscation And Lies’: May Accuses Kremlin After Novichok Charges

British prosecutors have accused two Russian men of poisoning former spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter with a deadly nerve agent in March on behalf of the Russian state. In a statement to Britain’s Parliament after the charges were announced on September 5, Prime Minister Theresa May accused Russia of “obfuscation and lies” in trying to deflect blame for the attack.

UAWire – Lavrov: holding Normandy format talks is ‘sacrilege’ after the assassination of Zakharchenko

To hold Normandy format negotiations would be sacrilege after the assassination of the head of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, …

Journalist explains how Moscow profits from Zakharchenko assassination | UNIAN

Russian journalist Semen Novoprudsky has said public reaction of Russia’s top officials to the assassination of the so-called “leader of ‘Donetsk People’s Republic’,” Alexander Zakharchenko, showed how much this incident plays into Moscow’s hands, since the last signatory of the second package of Minsk agreements from the so-called people’s republics had been removed. Moscow is probing increasingly frankly the possibility of quitting Minsk agreements, Novoprudsky said.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: The Most Devastating Attacks Putin has Made have Been Against … Russia, Alekseyeva Says

Paul Goble Staunton, September 5 – Over the last several years, Tatyana Alekseyeva of the Rusmonitor portal has tracked many of the crimes and mistakes of the Putin regime. Now, as the situation in her country and his worsens, she offers a summary of what she describes as “the five main Putin attacks … on Russia” during his presidency. In a long and heavily footnoted article, she lists the following five “’achievements’” as Putin and some his supporters would seek to recast what in fact have been devastatingly destructive attacks on the country and its people, attacks especially horrific because they represent missed opportunities for an entirely different trajectory of national development. These include:

  • First, “more than a trillion oil-dollars have gone into the pockets of the oligarchs and been taken out of the country when they could have been spent on the development of industry, technology, roads, medicine, science and education.”
  • Second, “the country has been de-industrialized,” leaving it less capable of making its own way in the world because it has been reduced to being a raw materials supplier to others.
  • Third, “the Far East has become an arena of Chinese colonization.”
  • Fourth, the country’s halting steps toward democracy and freedom were not only stopped by reversed with Russians today having fewer freedoms and being subjected to more repression than at any point since Soviet times.
  • And fifth, Russia faces “growing international isolation as a result of the adventurist and aggressive foreign policy of the Kremlin” (



She offers details on each of these. “Over the 20 years of Putin’s rule,” Alekseyeva says, “’the improvement’ of the lives of ordinary Russians is obvious to the unaided eye: prices have risen, social standards have fallen, there are no roads or work, educated young people are fleeting abroad, pensioners are being impoverished,” but the oligarchs have been living better than ever. What makes this unbearable is that “everything could have been entirely different.” If the regime had spent the trillions of oil-dollars, the country would not only have been able to modernize; but its citizens would have been living at the standards of the leading Western countries and not at the level of those in the third world. Instead, Alekseyeva continues, “trillions of oil dollars went into the palaces and yachts of the oligarchs and their foreign bank accounts” or “into wars and senseless image projects like the Olympics or the World Cup. Among the examples of what this means, she says, are the following:

  • China is now building 90 times as many kilometers of new highways each year as Russia is under Putin.
  • Russia is spending 0.4 percent of GDP on healthcare while Germany is spending 11 percent and Japan 10; and it is spending 0.7 percent on education compared to the US which is spending 5.4 percent and Great Britain which is investing 5.6 percent. Schools and hospitals are closing far more rapidly than the decline in population even by sector justifies.
  • Russia is investing in science half as much as it is spending on paying for the expanding bureaucracy and “13 times (!!!) less than it is spending on the real army.”
  • In Silicon Valley alone, there are 40,000 Russian scholars working for the US who could be working for Russia.
  • The country’s housing stock has deteriorated and many houses don’t have indoor plumbing or reliable heating – and people do not have real prospects that there will be better housing anytime soon.
  • And the government is not content just to divert oil wealth into the pockets of the oligarchs: it has reached into the pockets of ordinary Russians repeatedly taking their money by playing games with benefits and now pensions.


“Yet another ‘achievement’ of the Putin regime is the creeping surrender to the Chinese of the Far East,” that Dmitry Medvedev has pushed through the Duma to enrich his friends even at the cost of Russian sovereignty. And while 22 million Russians can’t make ends meet, Putin et al give money to “African dictators and former Soviet satellites.” The Yeltsin 1990s were not perfect, the Rusmonitor commentator says, “but in the area of human rights, at the beginning of this century, Russia was significantly different than it is now.” People could demonstrate and speak freely and the media could report on almost anything. Putin has ended that and build a highly repressive state. Another sad reality is that the Putin regime has run through the Russian industrial enterprises that had somehow survived from Soviet times. It closed “more than 35,000” between 2005 and 2017, and its industrial base fell behind that of neighboring Kazakhstan and “is approaching the level of Equatorial Guinea.” Russia has been deindustrialized and reduced to being a raw materials supplier of the West. That means many things, including that it cannot respond successfully to any external shock anymore. In 1998, it responded to default and devaluation with a burst of economic activity even though oil prices were low. Now, it can’t do anything of the kind. But it is in the area of foreign policy that Putin’s negative achievements are the most serious, she continues. “In 1999, when Putin took power, Russia was a member of the G8; today, Russia is in the company of countries like Iran and North Korea.” And while in power, he has unleashed “several senseless wars,” isolating Russia from the civilized world. “The short-sighted adventurist and aggressive policy of the Kremlin in the international arena is depriving Russians of a future.” Putin’s foolish actions mean that “the most powerful countries of the West are now against our country,” and there is little indication that the situation is about to change as long as he is in the Kremlin. According to Alekseyeva, “the real result of Putin’s almost 20 years is a destroyed industrial base left to Russia from the USSR, an increasingly impoverished science, the loss of Russia’s position in the cosmos, the conversion of the country into a raw materials supplier for developed countries, unprecedented theft … an aggressive foreign policy which has led to the growing isolation of the state” – and even that is not a complete list of his failures. “If you will,” she concludes, “the most important thing future generations will hold against Putin is that he had a real chance to modernize Russia and convert it into an economically developed country, free and open to the world – and he did not make use of this chance.”

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Red Terror Began 100 Years Ago Today

Paul Goble Staunton, September 5 – On September 5, 1918, the Bolshevik government issued its infamous decree “On the Red Terror,” which effectively legitimized the extra-judicial killing of anyone deemed to be an opponent of the Soviet authorities. Over the next four years, the Red Terror claimed as many as two million victims. The Soviets justified this action because of the assassination of one Bolshevik leader and the attempted assassination of Lenin himself by anti-Bolshevik groups; but by formalizing what they had already practiced, they broke down one of the last barriers to the rise of the totalitarian state that was to destroy even more lives than the Red Terror did. This anniversary has attracted relatively little attention in the Moscow media. (For some exceptions, see 945 821.shtml?updated, and That inattention likely reflects two things. On the one hand, as Moscow commentator Vasily Yeremin says, the consensus of historians about the Red Terror is at odds with the Putin regime’s view. Most historians point out that “the Red Terror began earlier than the White and was inevitable since Bolshevik power” ( And on the other, again as Yeremin says, the Bolshevik regime was directing its violence “not against real opposition but against ‘hostile’ strata of society: officers, members of the nobility, landowners, priests, ‘kulaks,’ Cossacks, members of the intelligentsia, entrepreneurs, and so on.” Such thinking in categories not only informed Soviet policy about such groups as “enemies of the people” but also lies behind the approach of the current Russian powers that be against “extremists,” including those who post or repost online articles the current regime finds objectionable. In that sense, one can understand why Putin et al would not want to call attention to this anniversary because in a critical way, the Red Terror may have begun 100 years ago; but the kind of thinking that made it possible is still in place in the Kremlin to this day.

Novichok attack: killer liquid was smuggled in using fake Nina Ricci perfume bottle | News | The Times

A counterfeit perfume box and bottle disguised as a Nina Ricci fragrance was used by the suspected Salisbury attackers to smuggle a “significant” amount of deadly nerve agent into Britain, police said.Photographs show that a pink box resembling Nina Ricci Premier Jour was used to house a small glass

How Russian Spies Used a Fake Nina Ricci Perfume Bottle to Smuggle Novichok Nerve Agent Into England

Britain presents damning evidence that two Russian agents flew in from Moscow to carry out the murder of a former spy using Novichok smuggled in using a fake perfume bottle.

How Salisbury ‘assassins’ used fake perfume bottle of toxic Novichok | Daily Mail Online

British authorities say the two ‘assassins’ wanted in connection to the lethal Novichok poisoning earlier this year used a modified, counterfeit Nina Ricci bottle to administer the deadly agent in Salisbury.

She died from ‘perfume’ in charity bin, and other details of British poisoning case – East Bay Times

On June 27, Charlie Rowley, 45, of Amesbury, found a pink box containing a perfume bottle in a charity giveaway bin behind some Salisbury shops. He took it home and gave it to his girlfriend, Dawn Sturgess. On June 30, she sprayed some on her wrists. Rowley and Sturgess both became ill, and Sturgess — a 44-year-old mother of three — died on July 8. Investigators say they do not know where the perfume bottle was between March 4 and June 27. Petrov and Boshirov have not been charged in Sturgess’ death. Skripal, March and Rowley all recovered from the poison.

Deadly Nerve Agent’s Path to U.K.: Plane, Train and Perfume Vial – Bloomberg

The sheer audacity of Russia’s chemical-weapon attack on the U.K. can be traced through the journey of a small — and fake — Nina Ricci ‘Premier Jour’ perfume bottle.

Russian journalists dig up information about the secret agents who allegedly carried out the Salisbury nerve-agent attack — Meduza

On September 5, British counter-terrorism officials put names and faces to the two suspects they blame for carrying out the March 4 “Novichok” nerve agent attack in England against Sergey Skripal and his daughter. London says “Alexander Petrov” and “Ruslan Boshirov” are likely pseudonyms for military intelligence agents, but that hasn’t stopped the Russian news website Fontanka from digging up everything it could find about men with these names.

Sinister past of Russian Novichok assassin’s ‘grandfather’ who was commander in Stalin’s notorious “death to spies” army – Mirror Online

Alexander Petrov  grandfather Ivan Starchenko served under Stalin as a commander of SMERSH – which was also the name of the Russia spy team in James Bond classic From Russia With Love

How the UK knows the Russian GRU carried out the Skripal assassination attempt

The British government on Wednesday formally identified two suspects it believes are responsible for the March 2018 assassination attempt on Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia, in the rural English town of Salisbury. That attack left the Skripals in critical condition and a police officer seriously ill.

Salisbury poisoning: What is GRU – Russian intelligence behind Novichok poisoning | World | News |

THERESA May today confirmed the involvement of GRU Russian military intelligence in the Novichok nerve agent poisoning in Salisbury – but what is the GRU?

Novichok attack: the key questions surrounding the Salisbury poisoning | News | The Times

How did the suspects get into the country? They were issued with visitor visas after presenting a valid Russian state-issued passport. Whitehall sources said there was no reason for there to be any suspicion about them. The pair are believed to have travelled extensively to the UK in the past, possi

Salisbury poisoning: The trail taken by the Russian ‘agents’ – BBC News

BBC Newsnight’s Mark Urban recounts the movements of the Salisbury poisoning suspects.

British Security Minister Says Putin ‘Ultimately Responsible’ For Skripal Poisoning

Britain will brief the UN Security Council on September 6 on the arrest warrants it issued for two alleged Russian operatives charged with carrying out a nerve agent attack on British soil.

Theresa May says suspects in Novichok poisonings were Russian military agents – POLITICO

The two men arrived in UK days before the attack in the town of Salisbury.

Theresa May: Salisbury suspects are ‘Russian military intelligence’ – YouTube

Daily Mail Published on Sep 5, 2018 Astonishing CCTV images show Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov grinning as they walk around the Wiltshire city on the day former double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia were poisoned with the military grade chemical weapon.

Novichok poisonings: timeline of “assassins’” movements – YouTube

The Sun Published on Sep 5, 2018 RUSSIAN spy suspects wanted over the Novichok poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal have today been sensationally named by police.

Novichok attack: smiling Salisbury poisoning suspects take a toxic tour | News | The Times

Walking nonchalantly down a quiet Salisbury street, two Russian military intelligence officers grin at each other after allegedly carrying out the first nerve agent attack in Europe since the Second World War.Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov were captured smiling on CCTV in the hour after they a

2 Russians charged over Novichok poisoning of ex-spy, used fake perfume bottle, British officials say | Fox News

Authorities in Britain charged two Russian men on Wednesday with the nerve agent poisoning of ex-Russian spy and his daughter in the English city of Salisbury earlier this year, saying the pair used a fake perfume bottle involved in another poisoning that left a woman dead.

U.K. Charges 2 Men in Novichok Poisoning, Saying They’re Russian Agents – The New York Times

The police said they had tracked in detail the movement of the suspects, who have been charged in the poisoning of a former spy.

Novichok attack: Theresa May says Russian intelligence poisoned ex-spy in Salisbury – The Washington Post

A European arrest warrant has been issued, but Russia does not extradite its nationals.

Salisbury Attack: U.K. Says 2 Russian Agents Poisoned Skripals And Others : NPR

British Prime Minister Theresa May said the pair “are officers from the Russian military intelligence service, also known as the GRU.”

Britain Charges 2 Russians Over Nerve Agent Novichok Poisoning In Salisbury | HuffPost

Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov are charged in absentia with conspiracy to murder, attempted murder and use of the nerve agent Novichok.

Police didn’t warn Salisbury suspects’ hotel after finding novichok | News | The Times

The suspects sought for the poisoning of a former Russian spy and his daughter stayed at a hotel in London 100 metres from a police station.The two Russian men, named by police today as Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov, spent two nights at the CityStay Hotel in Bow, east London.Staff there had n

How Russia Kills Abroad – WSJ

Police release new details of a nerve-gas murder in England.

Novichok attack: the GRU plays by its own rules | News | The Times

The Russian military intelligence agency responsible for the Salisbury nerve agent attack has intensified its international campaign of physical and cyberattacks in the past 18 months, Whitehall sources have said. British officials have been collating data on operations by the GRU, including assassi

Skripal Poisoning: Putin’s Swashbuckling GRU Is Hurting Him – Bloomberg

A string of bungled operations, including the Skripal poisoning, is attracting too much attention.

Russia’s murderous hit squads insult nations that uphold the rule of law – The Washington Post

Britain must respond forcefully to evidence of an attempted assassination.

Sergei Skripal’s would-be assassins will likely escape justice

Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov have been charged with trying to murder ex-spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia.

Boris Johnson accuses Jeremy Corbyn of ‘weaselly’ response to naming of the Russian Salisbury attackers 

Boris Johnson has attacked Jeremy Corbyn for his use of &ldquo;weaselly language&rdquo; and for &ldquo;failing to condemn&rdquo; Russia for the Salisbury poisonings.

Foreign Minister Klimkin: Ukraine to continue supporting UK in countering hybrid warfare | UNIAN

Ukrainian Minister of Foreign Affairs Pavlo Klimkin says Ukraine will continue supporting the United Kingdom in countering Russia’s means of hybrid warfare. Two Russian nationals have been charged with carrying out the nerve agent attack on Sergei and Yulia Skripal in Salisbury.

Russia Launches Strikes Ahead of Offensive on Syrian Rebel Bastion – WSJ

Russian warplanes struck rebels in Syria’s last major opposition stronghold on Tuesday, forcing the Trump administration to confront a looming regime offensive that is expected to deliver a fatal blow in the seven-year conflict and hand Moscow a diplomatic victory.

The Worst May Be Yet to Come in Syria – Defense One

As Bashar al-Assad and Russia prepare to assault Idlib, there are up to 3 million people with nowhere to go.

UAWire – Ukrainian Security Service publishes names of Russian mercenaries killed in February fight with Americans in Syria

Ukrainian Security Service (SBU) published names of 50 mercenaries of the Russian private military company (PMC), the Wagner Grour killed in February fight with Americans in Syria. The list was published on the SBU website on Tuesday. The list includes not only Russian citizens but also several Ukrainians from the Luhansk and Kharkiv regions, as well as one Moldovan and one Armenian citizen. On February 7 in Syria, pro-government armed groups attacked the headquarters of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which hosted American advisers. The US-led coalition responded with strikes that caused the death of more than a hundred people. As it turned out, the Russian mercenaries who were trying to seize the oil field in the territory of Khasham village were hit by air strike. The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation rejected information about the Russians killed during the air strike. The department claimed that there were no Russian servicemen in the area of the incident, and the “local militiamen’s” operations were not agreed with the Russian command.

The SBU continues to publish data on Wagner PMC mercernaries killed in Syria :: Security Service of Ukraine

10:27, 04-09-2018 On July 26, the SBU knew that it had information about more than 80 Russian troops of the Wagner PMC, including foreign citizens who died in the SAD due to an airstrike by the coalition troops on the night of 7 to 8 February this year. Also personal data of 41 mercenaries was published.Immediately after the briefing by the SBU, Russian intelligence agencies resorted to unprecedented measures to prevent Wagner’s release through the Russian media, including direct intimidation of Russian journalists and the “clearing” of the accounts of dead mercenaries and their family members in social networks. Today, the SBU further announces another 9 mercenaries who died or died from injuries, including foreign nationals, as well as group photo wolfs “Wagner” on the eve of the destruction in SAD: – See more at:

Bad Iranian Propaganda Sites, And – To Inform is to Influence is an Iranian propaganda site, #TrollTracker: An Iranian Messaging Laundromat, from Digital Forensics Research Lab. A cluster of websites known as IUVM (“International Union of Virtual Media”) appears to have been laundering Iranian state messaging by claiming it as their own and passing it on to other users, who reproduce it without showing its ultimate…