Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia

Capability / Strategy / History Ad Hoc Update (20)

Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting.

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Some most interesting reports in multiple categories. The UAV/RPV articles and footage are fascinating, as are some of the conclusions being drawn.

Capability / Strategy / History Publications



Ukrainian Volunteer Army chief Yarosh shares footage of drone strikes in Donbas | UNIAN
Ukrainian Member of Parliament and chief of the Ukrainian Volunteer Army Dmytro Yarosh has shared footage of how the Ukrainian army was destroying enemy positions and military equipment of Russian-led terrorists in Donbas, eastern Ukraine, with the use of drones. The Ukrainian Volunteer Army continues to horrify the enemy.
Dmytro Yarosh – Facebook (Video)
Video without words or music. However, unmanned bombers of the Ukrainian Volunteer Army continue to “nightmare” the enemy …This time – a few departures and orcs in the 4th and the three hundred and the impressed technique … 😊And we, volunteers, are walking on the ground.Therefore, Glory of the Nation! The death of the Russian Federation!Everything will be Ukraine!P.S. Let God, in the near future, an unmanned bombing aircraft UDA will go to another – the highest level. We are working on this …
America Is Not Ready for Exploding Drones – Defense One
An apparent assassination attempt in Venezuela shows how technology is moving faster than governments can counter it.
Airpower disruption in the age of the F-35 – Australian Aviation
Australia is building its future air power capabilities around the F-35. What future threats might the fifth-gen fighter face?
U.S. Army will blast UAVs out of the sky using microwave weapons – Defence Blog
After several commercial Unmanned Aircraft Systems detonated near the Nicolas Maduro, the president of Venezuela, in many countries has become visible a growing interest in the use of counter-drone technologies. Today’s commercially available UAVs can carry surveillance cameras or a brick of powerful explosives. The US Army has previously seized of the counter-drone issue but now has intensified its efforts to obtain modern microwave weapons to disable or destroy a drone. According to theFox News, the U.S. Army is planning to purchase a Counter Unmanned Aircraft System (C-UAS) from Lockheed Martin with the goal to “field UASs with payloads capable of negating adversary UAS,” the Army said in its solicitation notice. According to a pre-solicitation posted on 3 August, the U.S. Government intends to solicit and negotiate with Lockheed Martin, for high-powered-microwave (HPM) based airborne C-UAS, including the necessary development, integration and support required to meet the government’s performance requirements to field UASs with payloads capable of negating adversary UAS in in a timely and efficient manner.
Consumer Drones Are Propaganda Tools, Not Killing Machines – Foreign Policy
The Maduro attack shows that the threat of drones in private hands is all smoke and noise.
Faine Greenwood | Harvard Humanitarian Initiative
Assistant Researcher, Signal Program on Human Security and Technology Faine Greenwood is an assistant researcher at the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, focusing on how UAV and satellite technology can be used in humanitarian contexts. A graduate of Stanford University and Tulane University, Greenwood is a former Southeast Asia correspondent and a recreational drone pilot.
The start of new rules for autonomous weapons
In preparation for a summit on laws of war governing lethal autonomous machines, the UK outlined the steps at which human control can be baked into the design process.

Northrop Grumman successfully performed a fit check of a production APG-83 SABR on a F/A-18C fighter – Defence Blog
On 13 August, Northrop Grumman has announced that company successfully performed a fit check of a production APG-83 SABR on an F/A-18C Hornet fighter at MCAS Miramar in California. According to the company’s statement, the fit check, performed August 2 at the request of the Marine Corps, demonstrated SABR is a low-risk option for installation on F/A-18C/D Hornets and that the radar can be integrated with the aircraft’s power, cooling and avionics systems. “The Marine Corps asked for an Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) solution due to the radar’s increase in reliability and sustainability with no decrease in operational performance,” said Greg Simer, vice president, integrated avionics systems, Northrop Grumman. “The Marine Corps’ stated objective is to modify an in-production, fielded AESA while meeting the current size, weight, power and cooling requirements of the F/A-18 C/D. We have proven our production APG-83 SABR radar fits into the F/A-18 C/D, achieving the objectives and bringing the technical maturity needed to attain the Marine Corps fleet insertion timelines.” The APG-83 is a multifunction AESA fire control radar that delivers fifth-generation fighter capabilities to counter and defeat increasingly sophisticated threats. Northrop Grumman is competing to replace the mechanically-scanned radar on F/A-18C/Ds with an AESA radar. The Marine Corps plans to upgrade the radar on approximately 100 F/A-18C/Ds. The APG-83 will address survivability, reliability and maintainability concerns for the U.S. Marine Corps.
Northrop Grumman Performs APG-83 AESA Fit Check On F/A-18C | AWIN_Defense content from Aviation Week
Northrop Grumman performed a successful fit check for the U.S. Marine Corps of the APG-83 Scalable Agile Beam Radar on a Boeing F/A-18C Hornet in California.
US F-22s squared off against Norwegian F-35s in simulated dogfights – Business Insider
One Norwegian pilot said the mock fight with the F-22s was great practice, especially since the F-35s generally surprise and overpower other non-stealthy…
U.S. F-22 stealth jets simulate dogfights with Norway’s F-35 warplanes | Reuters
Two U.S. F-22 stealth fighter jets squared off in simulated dogfights with two of Norway’s expanding fleet of F-35 aircraft on Wednesday as part of an exercise aimed at strengthening the NATO alliance and increasing its deterrent power.
U.S. F-22 Stealth Jets Simulate Dogfights With Norway’s F-35 Warplanes | World News | US News
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Why the F-35 vs. A-10 Face-Off Isn’t a Fair Fight | The National Interest
Rather than telling us whether or not the F-35 can actually provide the kind of close support our ground forces need to survive and prevail, this grossly inadequate test has been designed to mislead.

Record Flight Showcases Zephyr Pseudosatellite Capabilities | Defense content from Aviation Week
When Airbus’ Zephyr S landed on Aug. 5, after 25 days, 23 hr. and 57 min. aloft over the Arizona desert, the solar-powered, high-altitude unmanned aircraft had set unofficial world records for flight duration and sustained altitude. The production aircraft’s maiden flight, launched on July 11 from Yuma Proving Ground, soundly beat the existing endurance record of just over 14 days set by the Zephyr 7 prototype at the same location in 2010. The aircraft also set an altitude record of “around 74,000 ft.,” Jana Rosenmann, Airbus head of unmanned aerial systems, said during the Farnborough Airshow.
Augmented Reality Is Key To Future Fighter Cockpits | Defense content from Aviation Week
AR opens the possibility of an infinitely tailorable cockpit for a future generation of pilots.
Google just made it much harder to build a serious quantum computer | New Scientist
To reach quantum supremacy, a quantum computer has to do a task no ordinary computer can. Google has made that harder with an algorithm that beefs up regular PCs
How could artificial intelligence help the intelligence community? (Hint: 这不是你猜的方式)
Artificial intelligence may be able to assist the intelligence community decipher foreign languages.
Here’s what an intel chief thinks industry needs to know
The director of the Defense Intelligence Agency shared thoughts on how technologies can be developed to support future operating environments.
How Artificial Intelligence Could Keep US Army Vehicles Ready for Action – Defense One
A yearlong pilot program will see if AI can predict when components on Bradley Fighting Vehicles will break.
DARPA Wants to Make Underground Maps on the Fly – Defense One
The agency is challenging teams to build systems that chart caves, tunnels and underground urban infrastructure.
Coast Guard partners with Air Force to protect eyes from lasers
Lasers make it hard for pilots to see and dangerous to fly, so the Coast Guard is looking into new eye protection that mitigates lasers without reducing visibility too much.

Space-based laser weapons could ultimately take out missile threats in boost phase
Pentagon officials are trying to anticipate where boost-phase missile defense technology development is headed.
Lockheed Will Design Both of the US Air Force’s Hypersonic Missiles – Defense One
The latest contract could give the company lasting advantage over its competitors for some of the Pentagon’s top-priority weapons.
Lockheed Martin awarded $480M contract for hypersonic weapon – Defence Blog
Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control, Orlando has received a $480 million contract for designing a second hypersonic weapon prototype, said in a statement by the U.S. Department of Defense on 13 August. The contract, announced Monday by the Department of Defense, is worth more than $480 million, is for air-launched rapid response weapon critical design review and test and production readiness support. This contract will provide the critical design review, test and production readiness support for the Air-Launched Rapid Response Weapon (ARRW). “We are going to go fast and leverage the best technology available to get hypersonic capability to the warfighter as soon as possible,” said Secretary of the Air Force Heather A. Wilson. The ARRW effort is one of two hypersonic weapon prototyping efforts being pursued by the Air Force to accelerate hypersonic research and development. The Air Force is using rapid prototyping authorized by Section 804 of the FY16 National Defense Authorization Act to explore the art-of-the-possible and to advance these technologies to a capability in 2021. Work will be performed in Orlando, Florida, and is expected to be completed by Nov. 30, 2021. Leaders from the Department of Defense, Missile Defense Agency, Air Force, Navy and Army signed a memorandum of agreement June 28 to work cooperatively on hypersonic boost glide technology development. “The Joint Team requires the right mix of agile capabilities to compete, deter and win across the spectrum of competition and conflict,” said Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. David L. Goldfein. “We must push the boundaries of technology and own the high ground in this era of great power competition and beyond.” This undefinitized contract action allows the government to meet urgent needs by authorizing the contractor to begin work before reaching a final settlement on contract terms and conditions, to include a final negotiated price. The contract is expected to be definitized within 180 days of award. The Air Force’s other hypersonic weapon rapid prototyping effort is called the Hypersonic Conventional Strike Weapon (HCSW). The ARRW and HCSW efforts are developing unique capabilities for the warfighter and each has different technical approaches. The ARRW effort is “pushing the art-of-the-possible” by leveraging the technical base established by the Air Force/DARPA partnership. The HCSW effort is using mature technologies that have not been integrated for an air-launched delivery system. The Armament Directorate of the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center is providing program management of these prototyping efforts.
Sprint toward new missile-warning satellites begins with first contract award to Lockheed
The contract sets Lockheed up to launch the first satellite in 2023.
U.S. Army discloses details of convert M60 tanks to Russian BMP-3 IFVs – Defence Blog
Lockheed Martin to market Rafael SPICE precision weapon kits
Israel Sees Five Eyes As Closed Door To Arms Sales « Breaking Defense – Defense industry news, analysis and commentary
TEL AVIV: Exclusive clubs tend to hide behind closed doors. The Five Eyes is the most exclusive club — one whose door is closed to Israeli companies trying to sell their systems to European countries any time an American company is in the competition, Israeli sources say. For example, Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has been trying to compete for a new airborne early warning aircraft for Britain. But this effort failed in its early stages. The Five Eyes members reportedly decided that the British would buy Boeing’s Wedgetail system without a competition. (Defense News did report during the Farnborough Air Show that SAAB is considering an alternative to the Boeing plane but there are few signs Britain has changed its mind.) The ELTA division of IAI developed and manufactures AEW systems. Three were installed in on IL-76 platforms and were purchased by India. Another version, based on the Gulfstream G-550 business jet, is used by the Israel, Singapore and Italy. “The decision to buy the American system with no real competition is wrong, mainly from the British perspective,” a senior Israeli source said Aug. 6. “Our system is cost effective, combat proven and there is no reason why it is not in the competition.” He refused to specify the actions being taken to convince the RAF to evaluate the Israeli system,  but said that these are “very active and based on data.” Another source said: “This closed club is a big hurdle for Israeli companies, and we don’t know how to cope. We try, but we find ourselves in front of a brick wall.” More importantly, this exclusion of Israel from sensitive competitions is not an isolated event. Very senior Israeli sources told Breaking Defense that this is part of a new U.S policy to block any attempt of countries such as Israel to sell their defense products to countries that have been regular clients of the U.S defense and aerospace industries. The Five Eyes is an intelligence alliance of five countries – the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia. While it was originally designed (by the UKUSA Agreement) to share signals intelligence, it has become much broader in practice. The five countries share sensitive information they share with no others — except sometimes.(Note that, a year ago, the Marine general who led the Defense Intelligence Agency, Lt. Gen. Vincent Stewart, excoriated the vaunted Five Eyes model as “a relic of the twentieth century.”) Not everyone in the UK supports the AEW decision. In July, the parliamentary defense committee published a letter sent by its chairman to the UK Minister for Defence procurement that warned against a sole-source bid. “In the light of the convincing evidence we have received of at least one highly credible alternative to the Wedgetail, we can see absolutely no reason to dispense with an open competition,” the letter says, according to FlightGlobal. That alternative could be the Saab GlobalEye system based on the Bombardier Global Express 6000 business jet or the IAI AEW based on the Gulfstream G-550. The Five Eyes club members have long arms. They were stretched out when South Korea decided to acquire AEW aircraft. In  November 2006, Boeing won a $1.6 billion contract with South Korea to deliver four aircraft by 2012. Boeing beat the other entrant, IAI Elta’s Gulfstream G550-based aircraft. Many in Israel  directly accuse the Five Eyes of effectively barring IAI for competing on the South Korean tender. As one source put it: ‘We offered the South Koreans a very attractive solution, but we have understood very quickly that this is not a competition at all.” This complicated situation has become even more so since Europe declared that it will not follow the U.S in applying sanctions on Iran, after Washington pulled out of the very sketchy nuclear agreement with the ayatollahs.
U.S. Army orders JAGM tank killer missiles – Defence Blog
The U.S. Army has ordered Joint-Air-to-Ground tank killer missiles from Lockheed Martin, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) announced on 16 August. The contract, announced Thursday by the Department of Defense, is worth more than $26,4 million is provided procurement of new Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM). Work will be performed in Orlando, Florida, with an estimated completion date of Feb. 28, 2020.
Russia’s Deadly T-90A Tanks are Dying (Like Everyone Else’s) In Syria | The National Interest
This is why. 
WWII US Dakota plane that crashed in Switzerland finally uncovered | Daily Mail Online
The American C-53 Skytrooper landed in the Bernese Alps, Switzerland, on November 19, 1946. Objects revealed in the recent heatwave include wings, propellers, tin cans and even spoons.
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The Date of The Legendary Volcano Explosion of Thera Has Finally Been Traced
Thousands of years ago, on what is now the Greek island of Santorini, a mountain exploded in one of the largest volcanic eruptions in recorded history. But scientists have had difficulty establishing exactly when the Minoan volcano Thera erupted –
Attacks on an airbase in Syria reveal the cheap price of aerial insurgency
Repeated drone attacks on a Russian-operated airbase in Syria showcase the new asymmetric war in the sky.