Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia · Ukraine

Ukraine Ad Hoc Media Update (23)


Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting.

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A busy week in Ukraine despite the saturation coverage of the Babchenko sting.

  1. Amb Volker and FM Maas visit Ukraine, Canada’s opposition proposes that lethal aid originally intended for Kurds should be supplied to Ukraine instead;
  2. Russia’s de facto ethnic cleansing of Crimea detailed by Mustafa Dzhemilev, leader of the Crimean Tatar nation – drive out original inhabitants and saturate the area with Russian transmigrants, a Tsarist and Soviet-era practice;
  3. Russians reported to suffer major losses in Donbass through May 2018 – body counts of 115 KIA and 149 WIA, versus Ukrainian losses of 11 KIA and 81 WIA, kill ratio of 10.45:1 consistent with many past engagements;
  4. Russians lose grey zone ground in the Svitlodarska Duha pocket, overlooking Horlivka;
  5. Prohibition on Russian shipping entering Ukraine’s waterways;
  6. Multiple reports on domestic politics;
  7. Some very interesting reports on the economy, especially export volumes to the West;

 


Ukraine Reports

 


 

TASS: Russian Politics & Diplomacy – Russia ready for compromises on Ukrainian settlement, Lavrov says
According to Lavrov, German and French colleagues understand everything perfectly well and can see everything that is happening in Ukraine
UAWire – US representative for Ukraine Volker: DPR and the LPR are ‘wholly sustained’ by Russia
The conflict in the Donbas has recently moved into an active phase – a &quot;hot war&quot; – and responsibility, as well as the keys to the end of the …
Kurt Volker, U.S. envoy for Ukraine affairs: Decisions on Donbas depend on Putin, it’s important so work with someone who has direct contact with Putin – 112.international
The U.S. envoy for Ukraine affairs disapproved the assumed removal of Vladislav Surkov from the office of President Putin’s counselor. Vladyslav Surkov’s assumed removal from the office of presidential counselor of Russian leader Putin, actively discussed in the media, is not something that U.S. envoy in Ukraine Kurt Volker approves. He said this himself as quoted by Krym.Realii outlet. Volker claimed that the contact with Surkov contributes to the solution of Donbas conflict. ‘I saw the message in the press (about possible removal of Surkov, – 112 International), but the Kremlin did not provide any official information on whether he would or would not continue. Surkov is very smart, very professional, a serious contact person… I would be glad to keep on workign with him, if the Kremlin decides so’, Volker said. He added that the decisions that regard the solution of Donbas conflict lies within the authority of Putin. According to Volker, it is ‘crucial to work with someone who has direct contact with the Russian leader’.
Volker: No great differences of views between Europe and allies on supply of lethal weapons to Ukraine – 28.05.2018 11:38 — Ukrinform News
U.S. Special Representative for Ukraine Negotiations Kurt Volker does not see any great differences of views between Europe and European allies on the supply of lethal weapons from the United States to Ukraine. He said this to international journalists in London, when asked about alleged disagreements between the US and the EU in the matter of providing Ukraine with the American lethal weapons, in particular, the Javelin anti-tank missiles, the U.S. Department of State reports. “I’ve had multiple consultations across Europe, France and Germany as the leaders in the Normandy process with the P5 members including the UK, other Security Council members temporarily on, the European Union, NATO. And I don’t detect a great deal about the vision to helping Ukraine with its self-defense capabilities,” Volker said. The UK, Canada, Poland, Lithuania, all in their own ways actively support Ukraine’s defense capabilities, the diplomat noted. He reminded that Ukraine was facing a conflict on its own territory. “I would just ask you to imagine for a minute you are at home in your own country. Your soldiers are fighting to defend the territory of your country within your own territory. And soldiers in your military are being killed at the rate of a couple a week on your own territory, trying to defend your territory against a foreign aggressor. That is an intolerable situation for any country to be in, to face that kind of pressure. And it is only reasonable for Ukraine to defend itself and for others to help them,” the U.S. special representative added.
Canadian Conservatives say weapons destined for Kurds should go to Ukraine – media | UNIAN
Andrew Scheer’s Conservatives want the federal government to give Ukraine $9.5 million worth of military equipment originally intended to help Kurdish forces in their fight against Islamic militants in Iraq. To this day, those weapons remain in storage at a Canadian Forces supply depot in Montreal.
UAWire – Canadian opposition demands weapons intended for the Kurds in Iraq be sent to Ukraine instead
CTV reported on Monday that the Conservative Party of Canada, which currently serves as Canada’s Official Opposition party, has proposed that …

Poroshenko discusses with German FM introduction of UN peacekeepers in Donbas | UNIANPresident of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko discussed with the German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas the importance of deployment in eastern Ukraine as soon as possible of a multi-national peacekeeping mission under the United Nations auspices. Germany’s top diplomat arrived for his first visit to Ukraine.Klimkin, Maas arrive in Shyrokyne – 01.06.2018 16:21 — Ukrinform NewsUkrainian and German Foreign Ministers Pavlo Klimkin and Heiko Maas have arrived in the frontline village of Shyrokyne in Donetsk region, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry has reported on Twitter.Ukraine Peace Talks To Restart June 11, German FM SaysEnvoys from Germany, France, Ukraine, and Russia will gather in Berlin on June 11 to try to revive a stalled peace process in eastern Ukraine, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas has said.

 


 

Shifting Loyalty: Moscow Accused Of Reshaping Annexed Crimea’s Demographics
A Crimean Tatar leader raised eyebrows recently by asserting that Moscow had imported up to 1 million Russians into Crimea since it annexed the Ukrainian region in 2014. It’s impossible to know wha…
Ukraine Charges Moscow Has Brought Up To 1 Million Russians Into Crimea
Russia has relocated up to 1 million people to the annexed Ukrainian region of Crimea, according to Mustafa Dzhemilev, the long-time leader of the Crimean Tatars and Ukrainian President Petro Poros…
Ukraine Claims Moscow Brought 1 Million Russians Into Crimea
Russia has relocated up to 1 million people to the annexed Ukrainian region of Crimea, according to Mustafa Dzhemilev, the longtime leader of the Crimean Tatars and Ukrainian President Petro Porosh…
Russia secretly relocated up to million people to Crimea, – Dzhemilev – 112.international
The Russian Federation massively populates annexed Crimea with the Russian-speaking citizens from other regions. Mustafa Dzhemilev, the Ukrainian President Commission for Crimean Tatars claimed this as Ukrinform reported. ‘The forcible change of the demographic composition of the occupied territory belongs to the war-crimes, according to Geneva Convention of 1949’, he reminded. That is why the data on the number of the ressetlers is carefully hidden.
Window on Eurasia — New Series: Russia Positioning Itself to Attack Ukraine from Sea of Azov, Ukrainian General Says
Paul Goble Staunton, May 25 – Moscow’s harassment of Ukrainian shipping in the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Straits may have a more ominous side than just limiting the transit of civilian and military vessels between Ukrainian ports on the Sea of Azov to the Black Sea and the world ocean beyond. Vasilii Bohdan, a retired Ukrainian lieutenant general, says the placement of the Russian navy on the Sea of Azov gives Moscow the capability to attack Ukraine from the sea and potentially open a land bridge between Russia and Russian-occupied Crimea (apostrophe.ua/article/society/accidents/2018-05-24/hotyat-zadavit-rossiya-gotovit-esche-odin-platsdarm-dlya-napadeniya-na-ukrainu/18557). Obviously, the existence of a capacity does not necessarily point to an actual intention; but it does have a profound consequence in any case: It forces Kyiv to take this possibility even more seriously that it has up to now and prepare to counter or defend against it, something that will put further strain on Ukraine’s military budget and preparedness. Bohdan says that he is “convinced that the situation in the Sea of Azov … is a logical step directed at putting further pressure on Ukraine” involving a serious reduction in the tonnage of shipping to the Azov ports and in the catch Ukrainian fisherman bring in. But no one should forget that there is a military dimension to this. “Russia has never recognized the conditional border in the sea of Azov, and now it is understandable why,” the general says. It will use this lack of definiteness to use its naval power against Ukraine on the sea and possibly in support of landings on the Ukrainian littoral. According to Bohdan, “the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine long ago made an assessment of this situation; therefore, the shores of the Sea of Azov are defended by Ukrainian forces as necessary. There are established corresponding defensive military infrastructure” to signal to Moscow that any Russian aggression in this sector would fail. “Of course,” the general continues, “one must not in any case cease to be vigilant; and considering the crude policy of Russia on the sea, one must more actively apply the factor of international legal institutions. The Ukrainian authorities are already do this; but considering the bureaucracy in international courts, this process is moving slowly.” Ukraine must use these international institutions to make it clear to Russia that Kyiv will have even more support from other countries if it engages in aggression from the sea. Of course, Moscow may seek to ignore any new sanctions because, as the general says, “the Kremlin has in fact left the international legal field” altogether.

 


 

JFO in Donbas: Militants suffer huge losses last month | UNIAN
Since the beginning of the Joint Forces Operation (JFO) in Donbas on May 1, Russian-backed militants have suffered huge losses – namely, 115 troops were killed and 149 were wounded. The Ukranian Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU) also suffered losses: eleven soldiers were killed and 81 – wounded in action. The enemy significantly increased the number of shellings, according to the Segodnya newspaper. It is noted that May was marked by an unprecedented escalation at the front line. Due to the provision of U.S. lethal weapons to Ukraine and the change of military operation format, the militants and the Kremlin controlling them have really begun to believe in the advance of the Ukrainian Armed Forces in Donbas. The enemy not only fiercely shelled Ukrainian army positions, but also did not hesitate targeting civilian areas. It is emphasized that all the losses that the AFU inflicted on the enemy were only a result of a return-fire, which does not contradict the Minsk agreements. The Ukrainian forces have not yet conducted active offensive operations, according to the report.
Donbas update: Ukraine reports 3 WIAs amid 26 enemy attacks | UNIAN
Russia’s hybrid military forces mounted 26 attacks on Ukrainian army positions in Donbas in the past 24 hours, with three Ukrainian soldiers reported as wounded in action (WIA). The situation in the zone of the Joint Forces Operation remains under control of Ukrainian troops.
Staff Sergeant of Ukraine’s Armed Forces died of critical wounds at the Chief Military Hospital in Dnipro; he saved his daughter’s life during artillery attack – Donbas: Ukrainian serviceman dies after saving daughter’s life during artillery attack – 112.international
Staff Sergeant of Ukraine’s Armed Forces died of critical wounds at the Chief Military Hospital in Dnipro; he saved his daughter’s life during artillery attack
Since April 2014, the armed conflict in Donbas took lives of 240 children, – Pavlo Klimkin, Ukraine’s foreign minister – 240 children killed since beginning of Donbas conflict, – Klimkin – 112.international
Since April 2014, the armed conflict in Donbas took lives of 240 children, – Pavlo Klimkin, Ukraine’s foreign minister
UAWire – Ukrainian President Poroshenko orders more antitank systems sent to Donbas
In a Twitter post, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said that, at a military meeting in Yavoriv, he ordered that brigades at the contact …
Ukraine’s army takes strategic height in Donbas – volunteer | UNIAN
Ukrainian volunteer activist Yuriy Mysyagin has said fighters of the 25th battalion of the 54th brigade were forced to relocate several of their advanced positions at the Svitlodarska Duha bulge. Mysyagin calls on to believe in the Ukrainian army and help it to protect the native land.
Another enemy drone downed by Ukraine’s Joint Forces in Donbas (Photo) | UNIAN
Servicemen of Ukraine’s Joint Forces Operation (JFO) have downed an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) of Russian-led militants in Donbas that made the reconnaissance of the Ukrainian army positions. The enemy attempted to collect intelligence information on Ukrainian troops.
Escalation in Donbas: Expert assesses likelihood of large-scale attack by militants | UNIAN
Ukrainian MP and leader of the Information Resistance OSINT community Dmytro Tymchuk says that, despite the recent escalation in Donbas, there is no significant transfer to the area of regular troops from Russia, so the militants are unlikely to have any chances for any large-scale operations. The report says militants have earlier carried out large-scale operations only with the participation of regular units of the Russian armed forces, so they cannot advance on their own.
Ex-guard of killed “DPR” warlord “Motorola” fighting for Ukrainian army near Horlivka – journalist | UNIAN
Ukrainian TSN journalist Andriy Tsaplienko has said Yevhen Lystopad, former guard of one of the militant leaders, a Russian citizen Arseniy Pavlov aka “Motorola,” who was killed in Donetsk on October 16, 2016, is fighting for the Ukrainian army near the town of Horlivka. Yevhen Lystopad left his boss in 2015, fled from the ‘DPR,’ received an amnesty and defends Ukraine for two years, the journalist said.
Missing Ukrainian soldier resurfaces in Donbas militants’ captivity | UNIAN
A 19-year-old soldier of the 30th Separate Mechanized Brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, who was reported missing near Mariupol on May 24, turned out to have been captured by Russian-led militants of the self-proclaimed “Donetsk People’s Republic” (“DPR”). A video of the serviceman’s interrogation shows he has been subjected to severe psychological pressure.
Ukraine prosecuted 32 Russian citizens who fight on side of Donbas militants – 112.international
The military prosecutors of this department served charges, got the permission for the arrest of Russia’s Defense Ministry Sergey Shoigu, his two deputies, Head of Russia’s General Staff Valery Gerasimov and his deputy
UAWire – Russia arrests Ukrainian MP Herashchenko in absentia
The Basmanny District Court of Moscow has arrested Anton Herashchenko, a board member of the Ministry of Interior Affairs of Ukraine and former …
Russian presence in Ukrainian inland waterways: Ukraine’s security chokepoint, 112.international – Russian presence in Ukrainian inland waterways: Ukraine’s security chokepoint – 112.international
Last month (April 2018), Ukrainian Deputy Infrastructure Minister Yury Lavrenyuk appealed to the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine to prohibit Russian vessels from entering Ukraine’s domestic waterways because of the high terrorist threat level they allegedly pose (Mtu.gov.ua, April 23). The Russian reaction was immediate, dismissive and alarmist (see EDM, May 1). According to Igor Shishkin, the deputy director of the Institute of CIS Countries, Ukraine’s declaration of a river blockade is a serious step and should not be mocked. “Few of our vessels use the Dnieper, for example. But, there is one [waterway] that is very significant for Russia. I mean the Danube–Black Sea channel, passing through Ukrainian territory. Our vessels use it,” he said (RIA Novosti, April 25). Officially this channel is called the deep water fairway (DWF) “Danube–Black Sea” (Gsh.delta-pilot.ua, accessed May 25). It traverses Ukrainian Bessarabia and has a strategically located entryway at the Girlo Bystre mouth of the Danube River delta. Up to 1,400–1,500 vessels pass through this Ukrainian waterway annually (Cfts.org.ua, June 25, 2012); and approximately 20 percent of them are Russian or carry Russian cargo. The DWF’s closure would critically influence Russia’s coal deliveries to Romania and Serbia as well as shipments of fertilizer to Serbia, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary and Croatia (Uaprom.info, May, 11, 2015). Historically, numerous battles were waged for control of Ukrainian Bessarabia because of this area’s strategically important connection with the Black Sea in the south, the Danube River in the west and the Belgorod–Dniester Liman (Estuary) in the east. Not by chance, the DWF was included in the European Agreement on Main Inland Waterways of International Importance (AGN) (Eurointegration.com.ua, June 14, 2017).
How Can Ukraine Resist Russian Disinformation? – YouTube
UATV English Published on Jun 1, 2018 Impressive BUT not unexpected: A third of all news on top Russian TV channels is dedicated to Ukraine. And more than 90% of references are negative. These are just a few thesis of the survey done by the Hybrid Warfare Analytical Group of the Ukrainian Crisis Media Center. It has been analyzing the media content over the past three years. To tell us more on this – we welcome to the studio today Ruslan Kavatsyuk, advisor to the Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration.
Flying High: Kharkiv Air Force Cadets Fly For the First Time – YouTube
UATV English Published on May 31, 2018 After nearly 2 years of studying theory, 30 sophomores of the Kharkiv National Air Force University are preparing to take the wheel of a plane – for the first time. Our regional correspondent got to witness this special debut – for the future pilots.

 


 

Who killed the Kiev protesters? A 3-D model holds the clues – Who killed the Kiev protesters? A 3-D model holds the clues – 112.international
A team of civilian investigators used cellphone videos, autopsy reports and surveillance footage to reconstruct a virtual crime scene
UAWire – Ukraine blocks access to additional Russian media outlets
Some Russian and Ukrainian media outlets have been subjected to sanctions of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine (NSDC), as stated in the annex to the decision of the NSDC from May 2, 2018, published on the website of the President of Ukraine. Among the media that fell under sanctions are RIA Novosti Ukraine (Interselect LLC and rian.com.ua), Ekonomicheskie Izvestia (Media Innovation Group LLC, eizvestia.com), and Ukrainian Business Portal (Ukrainian Business Portal LLC, ubp.com.ua). Russian public television’s REN-TV and Channel 5, Russia Today websites (RIA Novosti, Sputnik, Prime, etc.), Radio Vera, TNT Channel, Zvezda, All-Russian State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company websites, RTR-Planeta websites (Vesti.RU, Russia 1, etc.), and websites of Channel One, NTV and other channels are also subject to sanctions. The internet providers will be required to block access to the web sites that are subjected to sanctions. As previously reported, Russian social networks Vkontakte, Odnoklassniki, online sources of Yandex, Kinopoisk website and a number of other internet resources have been banned in Ukraine since 2017.
No breakthrough in Sheremet, Okueva murders probe, chief prosecutor admits | UNIAN
Ukrainian Prosecutor General Yuriy Lutsenko says there are no serious results yet in the investigation of the murders of journalist Pavel Sheremet and Amina Okueva, the wife of ex-commander of the Dzhohar Dudaev peacekeeping battalion, Adam Osmaev. The investigation is seeing no serious progress on any of the versions put forward despite all efforts being taken, Lutsenko said.
Journalist Jailed In Ukraine Asks Putin For Help; Gives Up Ukrainian Citizenship
The jailed head of RIA Novosti-Ukraine, Kirill Vyshinsky, has appealed to both the Russian and Ukrainian presidents for assistance in his case and declared that he has given up his Ukrainian citize…
Chief of Russian RIA Novosti’s Kyiv office “quits” Ukrainian citizenship, appeals to Putin | UNIAN
Chief of the Russian RIA Novosti’s Kyiv office Kirill Vyshinsky, who had been detained May 15 on high treason charges, during the court hearing of his case announced renunciation of Ukrainian citizenship. Vyshinsky appealed to President Putin to grant him legal protection and take measures regarding his release.
Russia’s Foreign Ministry promises legal aid to RIA News editor-in-chief, 112.international – Russia’s Foreign Ministry promises legal aid to RIA News editor-in-chief – 112.international
Russia’s Foreign Ministry promises legal aid to RIA News editor-in-chief
Pass language exam to get Ukrainian citizenship – President signs decree on language examination to get Ukrainian citizenship – 112.international
President signs decree on language examination to get Ukrainian citizenship
Poroshenko signs order on proclamation of decade of Ukrainian language – 112.international
Poroshenko signs order on proclamation of decade of Ukrainian language
Acclaimed Author Anne Applebaum Presented Her Book in Kyiv – YouTube
UATV English Published on Jun 1, 2018 Anne Applebaum, author of pullitzer prize winner Gulag, and award winning book Iron Curtain came to Kyiv to present the Ukrainian translation of her recent novel, Red Famine. In an more intimate setting at Kyiv’s America House, Applebaum discussed the book’s contents, commenting that interest in Ukraine and its history is gaining attention in the West.
Risky battle for Ukraine’s soul ahead of elections – Reuters | UNIAN
Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko proposes an independent church as means to reduce Russia’s influence over the country. Critics of the Moscow Patriarchate call it a fifth column for the Kremlin, used to harbor pro-Russian separatist fighters, store weapons, justify Russian expansionism and spread anti-Ukrainian propaganda. Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko proposes an independent church as means to reduce Russia’s influence over the country. Religious divisions deepened in 2014 after the illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia and subsequent conflict between Ukrainian and Russian proxy forces over the Donbas region in the east, according to Reuters. Those tensions are back in focus after Ukraine stepped up efforts to create an independent, or “autocephalous,” national church, according to Reuters. President Petro Poroshenko says the move is designed to bring religious and social unity as well as to blunt Russia’s influence in Ukraine. “This question goes far beyond the ecclesiastical. It is about our finally acquiring independence from Moscow,” Poroshenko told parliament in April. The Moscow Patriarchate considers its Ukrainian rival illegitimate, and fiercely opposes Poroshenko’s proposal. The Kyiv branch, which broke away in 1992 after the fall of the Soviet Union, supports it. Critics of the Moscow Patriarchate call it a fifth column for the Kremlin, used to harbor pro-Russian separatist fighters, store weapons, justify Russian expansionism and spread anti-Ukrainian propaganda. The Moscow Patriarchate rejects such accusations. It says it is autonomous from the Russian Orthodox Church, and many of its followers feel they are unfairly cast as “stooges” of Moscow. Archbishop Kliment, spokesman for the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, the official name for the Moscow Patriarchate, denied his church was a security threat and said it had done much for peace in the east. Poroshenko is trailing in the opinion polls. The move for an independent church could boost his ratings and burnish his legacy, though opponents call it a dangerous electoral ploy that will inflame social tensions. Even supporters say it is a risk.
Tear-gas dispersed at location of Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Kyiv Patriarchate, 112.international – Tear-gas dispersed at location of Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Kyiv Patriarchate – 112.international
Tear-gas dispersed at location of Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Kyiv Patriarchate
Kyiv Closes Five Subway Stations After Bomb Warning Ahead Of Champions League Final
Five subway stations have been closed in Kyiv after a bomb warning ahead of the UEFA Champions League final on May 26, the Ukrainian capital’s subway operator said in a statement.
Saakashvili, Claiming His Rights Violated, Calls For Sanctions On Poroshenko
Exiled politician Mikheil Saakashvili is calling on European nations to impose sanctions on Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko and his inner circle for allegedly violating his human rights.
UAWire – Ukrainian Foreign Ministry fires its consul in Germany for making anti-Semitic statements
The Disciplinary Commission of the Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs dismissed the Consul General of Ukraine in Hamburg, Vasyl Marushchynets …

 


 

Ukraine’s export to Netherlands increased by 62% last year – 01.06.2018 16:55 — Ukrinform News
In 2017, the export of goods and services from Ukraine to the Netherlands amounted to more than $1.8 billion and grew by 61.7% compared to 2016.
Volume of trade between Ukraine and the United States quadrupled over past year – Poroshenko – 01.06.2018 15:55 — Ukrinform News
Volume of mutual trade and investments between Ukraine and the United States of America quadrupled over the past year.
Ukraine has already exported almost 38 mln tons of grains – 01.06.2018 16:28 — Ukrinform News
Ukraine has exported almost 38 million tons of grain crops since the beginning of the current marketing year.
President Poroshenko: Development of port infrastructure is a matter of Ukraine’s national security – 01.06.2018 17:30 — Ukrinform News
The development of port infrastructure is a matter of Ukraine's national security as increase in capabilities of transshipment of agricultural goods strengthens the state's export potential.
Ukraine plans major port infrastructure modernization worth USD1.68 bln – Xinhua | UNIAN
Ukraine on Thursday announced a modernization plan composed of 46 projects in its ports by 2030 with a total cost of over $1 billion. Ukraine’s maritime industry includes 14 ports on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, which together handle some 130 million tonnes of cargo annually.
Britons will create new IT platform for Ukrainian depository system – 01.06.2018 14:23 — Ukrinform News
The National Depository of Ukraine has signed a contract with the British company Percival Software Limited on the creation of new software for the depository system in the stock market.
Poroshenko: Ukraine repays over US$4 bln in debts this year | UNIAN
Ukraine has repaid over US$ 4 billion in debts this year, but this has not reduced the country’s gold and foreign currency reserves. The debt repayments did not affect the country’s international reserves.
Ukraine’s Naftogaz Starts Trying To Recover $2.6 Billion Owed By Gazprom
Ukraine’s Naftogaz company has begun the process of trying to recover the billions of dollars it is owed by Russia’s giant state-controlled gas monopoly, Gazprom, due to an arbitration-court verdict.

 

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