Information operations · Information Warfare · Russia · Ukraine

Russia / Strategy Media Update – 16 August 2017


Anonymous expert compilation, analysis, and reporting.

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RuAF causing more mayhem in Baltic region. Giles on Zapad-2017. More on Eastern European squabbling. Denisenko essay on Russia’s propaganda fail in Baltic region. Galeotti looks at NatGuard potential to go rogue. Kazarin essay hits another ground truth about contemporary Russian public attitudes toward Soviet repressions: “In short, Kazarin says, “cynicism has replaced naivete” and “vileness has replaced ignorance,” with those taking this approach “consciously rejecting the truth”….” – the brazen neo-Stalinists we see today. Yakovenko bemoans the absence of an anti-war movement in Russia, but how could one exist when so much of the population likes the idea of invading other countries? Multiple reports on the social breakdown.

NYT on Lukashenko’s failing game of playing off Russia versus the EU. IPD speculates on whether Moldova can remain neutral much longer.

WashPost on lethal aid for Ukraine. Donbass fires continue, while PSU starts major exercise. Ilovaisk report submitted to ICC. Plans to expand broadcasting into Crimea. Motorsich break records with a turboprop conversion of the An-2.11 COLT biplane. Former Ukrainian ambassador Serheyev testifies against Yanukovich at treason trial – to bolster the Russian case for invading Crimea, the Russians submitted Yanukovich’s letter to Putin, asking for an invasion, into UNSC records, thus making smoking gun evidence public. Recently found buried UPA documents prove to be a treasure trove of records on missing NKVD/KGB victims during the post-WW2 insurgency.

Iran building weapons plants in Syria and Lebanon. Russian and Taliban argue US should leave Afghanistan.

Argument over DPRK continues. Chinese and Indian troops clash in Himalayas, using non-lethals. Shugart @ CNAS updates from Stillion’s 2007-2008 RAND effort on vulnerability of airbases to PLA IRBMs and TBMs, accounting for new terminally guided RVs.

The NYT report on the DPRK ICBM engines has produced a cascading argument, excellent two summaries by Harding. The Acting Head of Ukraine’s space agency Radchenko doing a public brief, and all and sundry pointing out that the Ukrainians stopped production of the SS-18 SATAN at the end of the Cold War, and subsequently built Tsyklon-2/3 ELVs were exported to Russia – Ukraine no longer has any stock to be sold or stolen – while Russia has 150+ mothballed SS-18 SATAN stacks, and up to 20 of the derivative Tsyklon 2/3 ELVs, none to be used and all thus surplus to needs. The space agency observed that Russia has all of the means required to have supplied the DPRK. They also posed the question of how the DPRK could have acquired the dinitrogen tetroxide and UDMH propellants, that require highly specialised production facilities, and are not produced in Ukraine. Krasnomovets does a good forensic analysis of the NYT article and finds that its authors, one a double Pulitzer winner, put the focus on Ukraine rather than Russia as the likely source of the engines, thus playing into a Russian active measures operation. Ukrainian media poring over Elleman’s public Facebook page discover his wife Tatyana is Russian – a professional linguist – his Facebook and Twitter accounts were abruptly closed down, as was his wife’s Linked-in account. So clearly the NYT either through bias or failure to sanity check against public data became victims of a Russian active measures operation to shift the blame for Russia exporting ICBM engines on to Ukraine instead. US MSM are mostly still propagating the NYT “fake news / blameshifting”claims rather than the corrected story, which is that the most likely source of the tech was Russia, notably non-US MSM have picked up the corrected story. In perspective, the NYT should retract the original story and correct their position, very publicly, and apologise to the Ukrainians. Observation – even if the DPRK is making its own engines, samples of proven Soviet engines would be invaluable for testing and reverse engineering, as Iran did with stolen ex-Soviet Kh-55SM cruise missiles.Good strategy critique of NATO command model. CSIS claim

Good strategy critique of NATO command model. CSIS claim original idea of concealed TELs in containers, replicating Russian Novator product from 2011-2012 period.

Half a dozen interesting reports on cyber and propaganda.

Some most interesting reports in the US domestic debate, focussing on Russian proxies in the US, and Russian propaganda in the US. Former DEPSECDEF Bob Work joins Raytheon.


Russia / Russophone Reports


UAWire – NATO aircraft escorted 21 Russian warplanes over the Baltics last week

The pilots participating in the NATO air mission in the Baltic States flew over the Baltic Sea eight times last week to identify and escort a …

Kier Giles | Russia’s military exercises: Could they turn into war?

At the same time, Russia has good reason at the moment to play down conflict instead of launching new military adventures. With a strong interest in rolling back sanctions imposed by the United States and Europe, Moscow could choose to act calmly to defuse anti-Russian rhetoric and undermine those who warn of the Kremlin’s aggressive intent. As a result, Russia is currently mixing threatening language designed to intimidate the West with another, contradictory message: that those who fear a Russian military threat are “hysterical,” “living in the last century,” and hankering for the Cold War. With the current level of Western alarm at possible developments of the upcoming exercise, if it comes to an end with no incident, then Moscow can quite readily say, “We told you so.”

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Beer Labels, Passports Now Apples of Discord among Poles, Lithuanians, Belarusians and Ukrainians

Paul Goble Staunton, August 15 – Peoples who live in regions where borders have been changed frequently often find themselves at odds with each other when those in one country celebrate a past which involves places that are now on the territory of other states, with what may seem to be small things growing into major issues. Perhaps the most famous case of this involves Armenia which put on its national coat of arms Mount Ararat, which has been under Turkish rule for some time. That provoked an exchange between Turkish and Soviet diplomats in the early 1920s, with the Turks complaining about this attack on their sovereignty. The Soviet response at the time was classical and perhaps should serve as a model for others. The representatives of the Bolshevik regime said they saw no reason for Turkey to object to the Armenian action because after all, they pointed out, the Turks had put the moon on their flag, a place clearly beyond the sovereign control of their government. But however that may be, problems of this kind keep arising, and two have surfaced in the last month that affect Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine, all countries that have seen their borders shift many times over the centuries and in particular during and after the second world war. The first arose because the Polish government has its citizens to vote on the pictures to be used in a new Polish passport to be issued next year on the occasion of the centenary of Poland’s independence. Among the choices offered are portrayals of places significant in Polish history but no longer within Poland’s borders. They include places in Lithuania and Ukraine, and not surprisingly, officials in both those countries and others, including the Russian Federation, have expressed concern. Warsaw has responded that no final decision has been made and that the government views its poll as consultative rather than decisive (rosbalt.ru/world/2017/08/15/1638547.html). Although it has stayed out of this conflict – even though it might in fact have entered it as well – the Belarusian government has found itself embroiled in the issue that the Polish passport case illustrates because “absolutely unofficially,” it has territorial claims on Lithuania, Poland and Russia. For many Belarusians, Vilnius, now the capital of Lithuania (and more recently part of Poland), is the center of Belarusian history. And that reality has been highlighted by the release of three new beers in honor of the centenary of the declaration of the city of Minsk as the capital of Belarus. This hasn’t sparked official protests at least not yet, but over time, “the only way to avoid such conflicts in Eastern Europe is to recognize that many symbol and architectural and geographic objects of the region are elements of the common history of various countries,” the Rosbalt report on these developments suggests.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Baltic Past and Present Successes Explain Moscow’s Schizophrenic Propaganda Response

Paul Goble Staunton, August 15 – Russian propaganda about the Baltic countries insists that they are marginal, but the amount of that Moscow effort underscores just the reverse: their success in resisting Sovietization and overcoming a half century of occupation by rejoining the West shows what other former Soviet fiefdoms might be able to do, according to Viktor Denisenko. Indeed, the Russian commentator says, “the success of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania is important for the entire rest of the post-Soviet space” because it shows “Soviet occupation is not some final geopolitical curse which blocks the acquisition of the principles of liberal democracy and a Western path of development” (newsader.com/mention/baltiyskiy-front-kremlevskoy-propag/). Consequently, when Moscow is talking about the Baltic countries, Denisenko suggests, it is really concerned in the first instance not about Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania but about Georgia and Ukraine and ultimately about all the other non-Russian countries that emerged following the collapse of the Soviet Union a quarter of a century ago. The explains both the volume and the shrill tone of Russian reaction to the NATO film about “the forest brothers,” the indigenous movement that fought against the Soviet occupation after the end of World War II. Moscow clearly fears that “as a result of NATO’s efforts, the narrative about ‘the forest brothers’ has ceased to be local and become global.” (That is all the more so because NATO forces are now in the Baltics and because recently released documents show the US and other Western governments sought to assist the forest brothers in the 1940s during their unequal battle with Soviet occupiers. On these documents, see windowoneurasia2.blogspot.com/2017/08/west-backed-forest-brothers-in-baltic.html.) Moscow’s dramatic expanse of its information campaign in the Baltic direction including cyberattacks and the spread of false news stories, Denisenko says, shows that the Kremlin is having to adjust itself to a reality very different than the one it has always assumed was the case with regard to the Baltic states. “Moscow is accustomed to thinking about the West as a false and infirm geopolitical space divided by and even drowning in individualism,” with each country going its own way, he continues. In fact, the united Western response after Putin’s Crimean Anschluss shows that this vision is not true and that NATO is a newly revived force to be reckoned with. According to Denisenko, “Brussels has boldly shown that it considers the [Russian] threat to the security of the Baltic countries to be real.” But “more than that, NATO “has shown that “in the alliance there are no second-class members. All the territory of NATO is a common zone of security” which can and will be defended.

The Baltic Front of Kremlin Propaganda: the History of Strategic Failure Victor Denisenko

Russian propaganda diligently tries to present the Baltic states as insignificant and do not play any significant role in international politics, or even simply failed countries. However, all the efforts the Kremlin is throwing on the information influence directed against Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia show that the Baltic countries are important for Russian foreign policy discourse. To determine the reason for the importance of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia for the current Russian regime is again not difficult. Having spent half a century under the Soviet occupation, the Baltic countries were able to successfully integrate – in fact, return – to the West European geopolitical paradigm. In 2004, they consolidated this achievement by membership in the European Union and NATO. In other words, it was at that moment that the Baltic countries finally moved into another geopolitical space, to which the Kremlin itself fiercely opposes. The success of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia is important for the rest of the post-Soviet space. This means that the Soviet occupation is not a kind of geopolitical curse that prevents the assimilation of the principles of liberal democracy and the Western path of development. Of course, the Baltic countries, as they say, “lucky” – they were under Soviet occupation “only” 51 years. However, a lot of this or a little – a philosophical question. An important role in the current history of the success of these countries was played by the inter-war experience of independent life. Today, Russia builds on the fact that even in Soviet times, the Baltic countries were a kind of “strangers”. Moscow needs this justification, and the greater the horror of the current Russian regime due to the fact that Georgia or Ukraine can pass through the path of successful integration towards the Western world. However, as already mentioned, the Kremlin propaganda does not deprive the attention of the Baltic countries. Why is that? “Forest Brothers” tickle your nerves A real hysteria in the Russian propaganda was caused by a harmless short film by NATO about the so-called “forest brothers”, available below. It should be recalled that in the years 1944-1953, the inhabitants of the Baltic States waged against the Soviet regime, including armed struggle. Back in those days, Moscow sought to position the fighters for the independence of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia as “fascists” and “undersized Nazi accomplices.” This narrative allowed, among other things, to defend the Soviet myth about “the voluntary entry of the Baltic States into the USSR.” Today, Moscow is trying to do the same thing – to protect Soviet propaganda narratives, which are again in demand. Even the Russian Foreign Ministry got up to fight “forest brothers”. It seems that the painful sensation to Russian propaganda was brought by the fact that this time about “forest brothers” started talking not in Vilnius, Riga or Tallinn. NATO showed a resistance movement in the Baltic States during the Soviet occupation as an example of the struggle for their country, for their land. In other words – like what in the current tense geopolitical conditions should inspire and be an example for imitation. Through NATO efforts, the narrative on “forest brothers” ceased to be local and became global. Russian propaganda, carried out with the support of the Foreign Ministry, was not original. Moscow has persistently tried to present “forest brothers” as “bandits”. The Russian Foreign Ministry was seething and indignant, as if the resistance movement was still threatening it. For the sake of justice, we note that it is extremely difficult to talk about historical events from the point of view of “black and white”. There were different people in the resistance movement. There are many evidences that NKVD forces often dressed as “forest brothers” and committed criminal acts under this disguise to discredit “forest brothers” and weaken their support among the population. However, all this does not detract from the fact that some residents of the Baltic States tried to win independence of their states, despite the fact that from today’s point of view this struggle looks absolutely tragic in its hopelessness. NATO “at the gate” It is not difficult to see that it is the presence of additional NATO forces in the Baltic countries that makes the Kremlin helpless. The fall of the film about “forest brothers” can be interpreted in this general context. In this regard, it should be recalled that since the beginning of this year, several serious propaganda attacks have been committed against NATO forces in the Baltic countries. In February, on the eve of Lithuania’s Independence Day, some members of the Seimas received e-mails, in which a heart-rending story was told. Anonymous reported that a group of German soldiers from the NATO contingent in the Lithuanian Jonava (a small town near Kaunas) allegedly raped a sixteen-year-old pupil of an orphanage. The letter stated that Lithuanian law enforcement bodies are trying to hush up this story. Lightning fast information verification showed that this news is a fake. This incident was recognized as a purposeful information provocation directed against the contingent of NATO, which increased the security of the Baltic States. The fact that the story of “rape” in many respects resembled another narrative of Russian propaganda – about “the girl Liza,” raped by migrants in Germany, was not ignored. However, the fact that Russian propagandists are rather lazy and not inventive is no longer a novelty. Another information provocation was later directed against the commander of the NATO battalion in Lithuania, Christopher Hubert. This time, at the end of March of this year, members of the National Security and Defense Committee of the Seimas of Lithuania received anonymous e-mails stating that Hubert was a “Russian agent”. Checking the relevant information again revealed that this statement has nothing to do with reality. However, the most sophisticated information provocation was carried out in April. Then the Lithuanian server of the news agency BNS (Baltic News Service) was hacked. The purpose of hacking was the publication by hackers of fake material that the soldiers of the NATO battalion in Latvia allegedly poisoned during the military exercises with mustard gas. The purpose of this information attack is obvious. It was not just a regional agenda. Apparently, the Syrian context was not without its meaning: the story is about the use of chemical weapons against civilians by the troops of Bashar Assad. Apparently, “poisoning in Latvia” along the logical chain was supposed to lead to the thought that this NATO supplies chemical weapons to the opposition forces, and not the Syrian dictator is poisoning its own people. The element of cybernetic attack here also deserves special attention. The said “news” tried to legalize, having presented it as the publication of a reliable source of information. Russian propagandists have to resort to such tricks, since few people believe their official channels. The Kremlin miscalculation The activation of Russian propaganda on the Baltic information front indicates that the Kremlin is painfully aware of its strategic miscalculation. Moscow used to think of the West as a deceitful and feeble geopolitical space, fragmented and drowning in its individualism. The more unexpected for Moscow was the fact that the response to the treacherous capture of the Crimea and the incitement of war in the east of Ukraine was the mobilization of NATO. Brussels has clearly shown that it considers a real threat to the security of the Baltic States. Moreover, NATO has demonstrated that there are no minor members in the alliance. The entire territory of NATO is a common security zone, which is under protection. Today the Kremlin groans about “NATO’s at the gate”, but the irony is that the strengthening of the alliance’s presence on the eastern borders was due solely to the actions of Russia itself. At the same time, NATO is a defensive organization, so the Russian hysteria about the approach of the alliance to the borders is purely operatic. On the other hand, it is obvious that the Kremlin has opened a fairly broad information front directed against NATO. The Baltic sector of this front seems to be of great importance for Moscow, so in this direction the Baltic countries can not be relaxed. The material was prepared by Viktor Denisenko , Newsader Subscribe now to Newsader’s Facebook page: Click “Like”

National Guard: the watchdog that could break the leash

With one of Putin’s closest henchmen as commander and 400,000 armed men on its payroll, the in 2016 created National Guard is a serious new player among the siloviki. Commander Viktor Zolotov, nicknamed ‘Putin’s Doberman’, is the watcher of the watchers in the divide-and-rule game of the Kremlin. But how long, Mark Galeotti is questioning? Is Zolotov ready to comply with this role? Or is he able to provoke a siloviki-war? A mid-term review.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Soviet Citizens Defended Soviet System Out of Ignorance; Post-Soviet Ones Defend It Out of Vileness, Kazarin Says

Paul Goble Staunton, August 15 – There is a fundamental difference between Soviet citizens who defended the USSR from criticism and Russians who defend that system today, Pavel Kazarin says. The first did so out of ignorance, but the second know the truth but choose to deny it out of vileness. “The Soviet man could sincerely believe that the mass repressions of the 1930s didn’t happen, that Katyn was the work of the Wehrmacht and not of Soviet executioners, that punitive psychiatry was a Western slander, and that the communist party sincerely was building a state of universal well-being,” the Radio Liberty commentator says (ru.krymr.com/a/28671750.html). That is because the ordinary Soviet citizen had little or no access to the facts but instead lived within a hermetically sealed society. “The information iron curtain’ was strong.” As soon as it began to shred and people had the chance to know more, Kazarin says, the entire Soviet edifice collapsed. But the post-Soviet man “who is nostalgic for the USSR” is something very different and can’t cite ignorance as the basis of his position, the commentator continues. “In the baggage of the new resident are the 1990s, when the archives began to be opened, when interviews with dissidents appeared, when information about mass repressions became available.” “And thus, when no illusions about the Soviet system of suppressing those who thought differently could be sustained.” No one had to go looking for this information: it became “mainstream” and was shown on television and in the newspapers, and it was “the main content of election campaigns and new agendas.” There was no longer any room for ignorance as an excuse. The post-Soviet man who justified the Soviet Union and denied its crimes did it consciously,” often employing the regime’s favorite tactic of saying that despite everything, “on the other hand,” there were space ships, everyone feared the USSR, and there was stability. “All this ‘on the other hand’ nonsense is only an attempt to justify by personal comfort repressions against others.” The pro-Soviet post-Soviet man has managed to “convince himself that he would have been comfortable in the old reality,” even though almost certainly he would not unless he participated in the persecution of others. In short, Kazarin says, “cynicism has replaced naivete” and “vileness has replaced ignorance,” with those taking this approach “consciously rejecting the truth” and happily assuming that they would not have been victims too. They and their vileness needs to be called out and denounced rather than simply passed by in silence.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: Only an Anti-War Movement Can Shatter the Putin Regime, Yakovenko Says

Paul Goble Staunton, August 15 – There are anti-war attitudes in Russia, Igor Yakovenko says; but “there is no anti-war movement” despite the fact that Russia has been killing people in Ukraine for four years and in Syria for two and the even more significant problem for the country that “Putin is war.” Instead of focusing on creating such a movement, however, “all the civic potential of the Russian liberal intelligentsia is now about defending the film ‘Mathilda’” from attacks by the reactionaries. But to defeat Putin, the commentator says, requires creating a massive anti-war movement” and leading it against him (kasparov.ru/material.php?id=5991DCA5387C8). There were a few Russian protests against Putin’s aggression in Ukraine in 2014, and there have been a few articles denouncing his campaign since then; but the only real recent moves in this direction have been the actions of Yabloko which has launched a petition campaign under the slogan “It’s Time to Return Home.” That isn’t enough, as any comparison to what the anti-war movement did in the United States at the time of Vietnam. There, people organized, marched and protested even when those involved had to pay a high personal price. So far, at least, few Russians have been willing to pay any price at all. For four years on, Yakovenko says, he has been “a voice crying in the desert of Russian and not only Russian public opinion calling for the convention of an international tribunal for investigating the war crimes of the Putin regime.” He has written articles, spoken on radio, and discussed this with various people. “In response,” he continues, he has heard “either silence or indifference or incoherent replies concerning organizational difficulties or completely idiotic proposals to wait because supposedly at any minute the bloody regime will fall.” All this reflects a terrible reality: “In present-day Russia, it is extremely uncomfortable to speak not only the truth but even ordinary and normal things.” To say Crimea is part of Ukraine is to put oneself at risk of criminal charges, and while saying that killing is bad is still not an offense, anyone who does will be attacked. As a result, “even opposition politicians try not to speak against the war, and if they say they are against the war, they explain it that conducting the war against Ukraine is expensive and at the present time beyond our means.” That is where Aleksey Navalny has come down when asked about his position. Even the Yabloko campaign reflects this approach: It talks about the fact that the cost of one rocket is equal to the pay of 250 teachers or 2000 doctors and that it would be better to spend the money on kindergartens instead of “killing Syrians.” What isn’t being said is what must be said, Yakovenko argues. Killing people in aggressive wars is wrong in and of itself. Only a politician who understands that and who leads his followers to understand it has any chance of ultimately defeating Putin who is after all the embodiment of war. Up to now, the commentator concludes sadly, “such a movement has not been established.” And as a result, “the only honest answer of any Russia to the question ‘who has killed 10,000 Ukrainian citizens and hundreds of thousands of Syrian citizens?’ can only be that ‘we in fact have.’”

The Power Vertical, August 16, 2017

The Power Vertical is a blog written especially for Russia wonks and obsessive Kremlin watchers by Brian Whitmore. It offers Brian’s personal take on emerging and developing trends in Russian politics. Today marks the 18th birthday of the era of Vladimir Putin. On August 16, 1999, the Russian State Duma confirmed Putin as prime minister by a vote of 233-84, with 17 abstentions. A week earlier, on August 9, Boris Yeltsin nominated Putin and anointed him as successor to the presidency. A child born at this time would now be entering adulthood — and would know no other leader than Putin (Dmitry Medvedev’s interim placeholder “presidency” notwithstanding). And if you believe, as I do, that the true era of Putin’s rule began on August 16, 1999, then next month, the current Kremlin leader will surpass the longevity in power of Leonid Brezhnev, who ruled the Soviet Union for 18 years and one month — from October 1964 until his death in November 1982. But as Grigory Golosov writes in a piece featured in The Morning Vertical earlier this week, the problem with the Putin era isn’t just that it has been so long. In November, after all, German Chancellor Angela Merkel will have been in office for 12 years (and, if you believe the polls, she appears headed for a fourth term). The problem, Golosov writes, is that in addition to ruling for a long time, Putin has also ruled without the the checks and balances that constrain and limit the powers of leaders like Merkel. “A democracy,” he writes, “can afford to use the experience accumulated by individuals like Angela Merkel, without much risk of slipping into personal dictatorship.” Longevity plus unchecked power, on the other hand, leads to stagnation and autocratic rule.

Holy Slight: How Russia Prosecutes For ‘Insulting Religious Feelings’

Lighting a cigarette with a church candle, using a religious icon as a paintbrush, and beheading a rooster on an Orthodox shroud to hex Ukraine’s president are all acts that can lead to priso…

U.S. Report Says IS, Non-State Groups Imperil Religious Liberties Around The Globe

The United States says the extremist group Islamic State (IS) continues to damage religious freedom by targeting members of multiple religions and ethnicities for rape, kidnapping, enslavement, and death.

Russian Nationalist Charged In Absentia With Extremism

A Russian nationalist activist has been charged in absentia with making public calls for extremist activities. Vyacheslav Maltsev’s lawyer, Sergei Badamshin, said on August 15 that statement…

Without reforms, economic sclerosis awaits | Intersection

What are Putin’s economic policy options if he retains power in 2018?

The plight of Russia’s technocrats | Intersection

Why technocratic reforms fail in contemporary Russia

Vacations Are No Picnic For Workers At Russia’s AvtoVAZ Car Plant

TOLYATTI, Russia — The assembly lines at the sprawling AvtoVAZ car plant in the Volga River city of Tolyatti have roared back to work after three idle weeks, but the plant’s 37,000 workers ar…

Russian Social-Network Guru Calls For ‘Putin Shirtless Challenge’

MOSCOW — Russian social-network prodigy Pavel Durov has called on his fans to photograph themselves topless and post the pictures online as part of a flash mob poking fun at President Vladimi…

Russian Ex-Minister Ulyukayev Points Finger At Sechin, FSB In Bribery Trial

Former Russian Economic Development Minister Aleksei Ulyukayev has told a Moscow court that the bribery charge against him was fabricated and accused powerful state oil company chief Igor Sechin o…

Russia Puts Former Minister On Trial

The trial has begun in Moscow of the most senior Russian official since the Stalin era, former Economic Development Minister Aleksei Ulyukayev. (Current Time TV, the Russian-language network run by RFE/RL in cooperation with VOA)

The Daily Vertical: Hope Frozen In Time (Transcript)

He embodied late-Soviet cool before it was overwhelmed by post-Soviet kitsch. He defined late-Soviet hip before it was overrun by post-Soviet glitz. He epitomized late-Soviet sincerity before it gave way to post-Soviet cynicism. And he channeled late-Soviet angst before it morphed into post-Soviet nihilism. Viktor Tsoi — who died in an automobile accident 27 years ago this week, at the tragically young age of 28 — would be in his mid-50s today. We, of course, never got to see Tsoi in middle age. Like all iconic figures who die before their time, the trailblazing Soviet rocker remains frozen in our minds: young and wild, iconoclastic and irreverent, clad in black jeans, a T-shirt, and a leather jacket. His wild mane of black hair flopping in the breeze. A guitar in his hand. A cigarette dangling from his mouth. He always seemed to have a cigarette dangling from his mouth. Tsoi remains a reminder of a more hopeful time. A time of introspection and anxiety, but also a time of promise. A time when anything and everything seemed possible. Tsoi played the last concert of his life on June 24, 1990, at Moscow’s Luzhniki Stadium before a capacity crowd of 62,000. He closed the concert with his iconic protest anthem Peremen — or Change. Less than two months later he was dead. No, we never got to see Tsoi in middle age. But we have seen the generation he inspired. And for most of them, the hopes, dreams, and ideals of their youth died not long after Tsoi did. Some of them are among those running Russia today. Some are among those cheering them on. Some are still holding out hope for that promise of change that was never truly fulfilled. And Tsoi remains frozen in time, a symbol of a post-Soviet Russia that never was.


Belarus Reports


US general appeals to Russia for greater transparency ahead of war games – Radio Poland :: News from Poland

The US Army’s top general in Europe has appealed to Russia for transparency in military drills ahead of Russian war games near the Polish border next month.

Russia-West Balancing Act Grows Ever More Wobbly in Belarus – The New York Times

President Aleksandr G. Lukashenko has long walked a tightrope between Russia and the West. But with a new Cold War looming, he may have to pick a side.

This Holocaust monument in Belarus is haunting — and subversive | Jewish Telegraphic Agency

KHATYN, Belarus (JTA) — Even by Soviet standards, the massive memorial complex near Minsk to the victims of Nazi atrocities stands out for its immense scale and ambition. Spread across half a million square feet — roughly the size of 10 football fields — the haunting Khatyn Memorial is essentially a graveyard not for people, but for entire villages wiped out by the Nazis in Belarus. Byelorussia, as it was then known, was one of the few places in Europe where German brutality toward non-Jews matched their anti-Semitic savagery. The memorial features soil from each of the 186 villages razed by the Nazis in Belarus — 3 million civilians here were killed by Nazis, including 800,000 Jews — and a symbolic tombstone for each village. Bell towers toll here every hour for each of the houses that the German and Ukrainian troops burned in the former village of Khatyn in the massacre of March 22, 1943. And there’s a bleak, black marble monument called the Wall of Sorrow. The monument “was revolutionary,” said Chaim Chesler, founder of the Limmud FSU Jewish learning group. “There is nothing quite like it anywhere in the former Soviet Union, not in terms of scale, design and concept.” Limmud FSU regularly brings visitors to the monument.


Transnistria / Moldova Reports


Moldova: Is Neutrality Still an Option?

It’s getting more difficult for Moldova to play both sides. Charting a foreign policy for, say, the next five years is no easy task – we will have to wait until the 2018 elections to see which political parties emerge victorious in order to have a better idea of how domestic politics will guide future foreign policy projects. With that said, the point here is that the country’s ongoing diplomatic stasis is not working. The 2014 trade agreement with the EU was a major diplomatic development, which prompted a Russian backlash. However, apart from that issue, and a potential NATO liaison office, there has been no major breakthrough or initiative out of Chisinau. Moreover, the Transnistria issue remains, for lack of a better term, ‘a frozen conflict.’ Nevertheless, even if Chisinau does not appear to have, in this author’s opinion, a diplomatic blueprint with clear objectives, the region around the country is changing and it will affect Moldovans one way or another. For example, the conflict in Ukraine will continue to have repercussions in Moldova, e.g. the Gagauzians or the 2014 Tranisnistrian request to join the Russian Federation or issues regarding the Moldovan-Ukrainian border. As a corollary to this article it is worth noting that an ongoing development was Romania’s decision to not allow a S7 commercial aircraft to cross Romanian airspace and land in Moldova because it was transporting Russia’s Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, who is under Western sanctions – the airplane had to land in Minsk, Belarus. Rumors abound about the incident, including whether Bucharest was “asked” to prevent Rogozin from landing in Chisinau so he could not meet with President Dodon. There are certainly many Moldovans who would prefer their country to remain neutral when it comes to international affairs and alliances, but Moldova’s internal situation, its geographical location and the geopolitics in its neighborhood mean that neutrality is hardly an option anymore.

Romania’s ex-President Basescu may run in the parliamentary elections in Moldova – Romania Insider

Former Romanian President Traian Basescu considers running in the parliamentary elections in Moldova is he gets his Moldovan citizenship back.


Ukraine Reports


US takes another look at providing lethal weapons to Ukraine – The Washington Post

Seeking leverage with Russia, the Trump administration has reopened consideration of long-rejected plans to give Ukraine lethal weapons, even if that would plunge the United States deeper into the former Soviet republic’s conflict.

Ukraine can rely on Czech Republic’s support – ambassador – 16.08.2017 09:50 — Ukrinform News

Ukraine can continue to rely on the support of the Czech Republic in defending its territorial integrity and deepening its relations with the EU, Ukrainian Ambassador to the Czech Republic Yevhen Perebyinis has said.

Militants launched 33 attacks on Ukrainian troops in Donbas in last day – 16.08.2017 09:30 — Ukrinform News

Militants launched 33 attacks on positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in ATO area in Donbas over the past day.&nbsp;

Russian occupants in Donbas masking Grads with signs reading “Children on the roads,” – InformNapalm. PHOTOS

15.08.17 17:42 – Russian occupants in Donbas masking Grads with signs reading Children on the roads, – InformNapalm. PHOTOS The Russian occupants in the Donbas mask BM-21 vehicles with Grad rocket launcher systems for regular trucks. View photo news.

Donbas militants use Grad-P system in Pavlopil, 3 WIA’s in last day

Russia’s hybrid military forces attacked Ukrainian army positions in Donbas 33 times in the past 24 hours, with two Ukrainian soldiers reported as wounded in action (WIA) and one injured in a booby-trap blast, according to the press service of the Anti-Terrorist Operation (ATO) Headquarters. News 16 August from UNIAN.

OSCE spots mercenaries with Russia army insignia in occupied Donbas

Principal Deputy Chief Monitor of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine Alexander Hug told a briefing in Kyiv on August 15 that the OSCE SMM observers had seen Russia’s insignia in occupied Donbas in eastern Ukraine, according to Liga.net.&nbsp; News 15 August from UNIAN.

Ukrainian Air Force begins command-and-staff drill – LB.ua news portal

Ukrainian Air Force begins command-and-staff drill. All types of aviation are involved. Political – LB.ua news portal. Latest from Ukraine and the world today

UAWire – Latvian military begins new training session for Ukrainian instructors in Lviv

The seventh round of training courses for Ukrainian instructors under the leadership of the Latvian Armed Forces have started on base 184 of the …

Poltorak invites Hodges to take part in military parade on Independence Day of Ukraine – 16.08.2017 09:41 — Ukrinform News

Defense Minister of Ukraine Stepan Poltorak has invited Commander of the U.S. Army in Europe Lieutenant General Frederick Benjamin Hodges to take part in the military parade on the occasion of the Independence Day of Ukraine, which will be held on August 24 in the center of Kyiv.

Military units from ten foreign states to take part in parade on Independence Day – Poltorak – 16.08.2017 12:39 — Ukrinform News

Ten units of the armed forces of different countries of the world will take part in a military parade on the occasion of the Independence Day of Ukraine.

About 4,000 Ukrainian soldiers undergo psychological rehabilitation – Defense Ministry – 15.08.2017 14:47 — Ukrinform News

About 4,000 Ukrainian servicemen have undergone psychological rehabilitation.

UAWire – Ukraine submitted materials on Ilovaisk battle to International Criminal Court in the Hague

Ukraine sent a case file on the mass shooting of Ukrainian military in Ilovaisk to the International Criminal Court (ICC) in Hague, as reported …

Information Policy Ministry plans to expand Ukrainian broadcasting in Crimea – Bidenko – 15.08.2017 16:56 — Ukrinform News

Commission on ensuring&nbsp;stable&nbsp;operation of national television and&nbsp;radio broadcasting&nbsp;under the Information Policy Ministry has plans to expand Ukrainian broadcasting in the occupied Crimea. State Secretary of the Information Policy Ministry Artem Bidenko said this on the air of Espreso TV. “We have plans for an additional increase in the Ukrainian signal on the territory of the peninsula,” Bidenko said. According to him, the signal from the Chonhar tower built in December goes right up to Dzhankoy and even the suburb of Sudak. Despite the fact that invaders plan to build a tower near Dzhankoy in 2018 to counteract the Chonhar tower, the commission on ensuring stable operation of national television and radio under the Information Policy Ministry already has plans on how to stop the spread of the Russian signal.

Wife of Ukrainian “saboteur” detained in Crimea says case falsified

Wife of Ukrainian citizen Hennadiy Limeshko, who was detained by the Russia’s FSB as an &quot;agent&quot; of the SBU Security Service of Ukraine in the temporarily occupied Crimea, has commented on the incident, stating her husband’s innocence. News 16 August from UNIAN.

Ukrainian detainee in Crimea served in contract army, dismissed in May 2017 for misbehaviour

Ukrainian citizen Hennadiy Lemeshko, who was detained in the occupied Crimea, served in the Armed Forces of Ukraine under a contract and was dismissed in May 2017, the Public Relations Department of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine reported.

Poroshenko initiates construction of two roads to eastern Ukraine – Groysman

Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman has said Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko initiated the construction of two roads to the east of the country. News 15 August from UNIAN.

Antonov head resigns – 16.08.2017 11:23 — Ukrinform News

Oleksandr Kotsiuba has resigned as president of the Antonov State Company, which is part of the Ukroboronprom State Concern, the concern’s press service has reported.

Ukrainian aircraft sets world record. Photos – 16.08.2017 11:08 — Ukrinform News

The team of pilots led by Captain Serhiy Tarasiuk has set a world record, having covered the distance from Poland to city of Zaporizhzhia in southern Ukraine at the maximum speed for their aircraft class (255 km/h). The An-2-100 journey began a week ago. They started off at a maximum speed for a closed-course distance from Kyiv to Lviv and then to Poland. Afterwards, Tarasiuk’s team flew to Vinnytsia and later to Zaporizhzhia. AN-2-100 is a modern modification of the AN-2.11 light biplane. April 11, this aircraft set another world record for lifting the largest weight for this class of aircraft. The plane lifted 3,202 kg to a height of 2,700 m.

Ukraine coal shipments show how doors can open for exports

In 2014, when fighting broke out in the eastern parts of Ukraine, much of the world was focused on the stakes for Russia, Europe and the United States. But for a small electric utility based in Ukraine’s capital city of Kiev, the alarm quickly turned local: Fighting had blocked access to its precious coal mines used to power three plants. The dilemma laid the groundwork for an agreement, three years later, with Latrobe-based Xcoal to supply 700,000 tons of Pennsylvania coal to Ukraine, parts of which are still controlled by pro-Russian separatists. The deal, announced last month, marks the first major shipment of U.S. coal destined for power plants in the restive country in Eastern Europe. The deal showed how doors can open for companies looking to export goods and services. It also

UAWire – Third delivery of coal from South Africa arrives in Ukraine

On Monday, August 14th, a third coal carrier from South Africa arrived at the port of Yuzhne in Ukraine, as reported by the press service of …

If Ukraine’s Economy Is to Reform, Then Its Inefficient Health System Has to Go | The National Interest Blog

And the stakes for reform are higher than in America.

CPJ Denounces ‘Hostile’ Environment Toward Press In Ukraine

The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) has condemned the &quot;harassment&quot; of reporters in Ukraine&nbsp;after security services raided the offices of an independent news website and a membe…

CPJ Denounces Russian Journalist’s Deportation From Ukraine

The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) has called on Ukrainian authorities remove “all restrictions” on Russian journalist Tamara Nersesian’s ability to report from Ukraine, after she was deported from the country.

Former UN Ambassador Testifies At Yanukovych Treason Trial In Kyiv

KYIV — A retired senior Ukrainian diplomat has testified at the in-absentia treason trial of former President Viktor Yanukovych. Yuriy Serheyev, Ukraine’s ambassador to the United Nations fro…

Ukraine’s ex-envoy to UN believes Russia needed Yanukovych’s appeal to Putin to justify its aggression in Crimea

Former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych’s request to Russian President Vladimir Putin to use the Russian Armed Forces on the territory of Ukraine dated March 1, 2014 was necessary for the Russia to justify its aggression in Crimea, former permanent representative of Ukraine to the United Nations UN Yuriy Serheyev has said.

Yanukovych appeal to Putin was read in UN, conferred legal status in Russia

The appeal of former President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych to Russian President Vladimir Putin about using Russian forces to restore “constitutional order” in Ukraine was not only read by Russia’s UN representative Vitaly Churkin at the UN Security Council meeting on March 3, 2014, but the Russian side also gave this document official status,” Ukraine’s ex-envoy to the UN Yuriy Serheyev has said.

Ukraine’s ex-envoy: Russia made Yanukovych’s request for troops dispatch an official UN document – LB.ua news portal

Ukraine’s ex-envoy: Russia made Yanukovych’s request for troops dispatch an official UN document. “Yanukovych’s request was not just read and displayed.” Political – LB.ua news portal. Latest from Ukraine and the world today

Russian delegation gave Yanukovych’s request for military aid status of official UNSC document – Ukraine’s former envoy

The Russian delegation to the United Nations has granted a letter from former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych to his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin, requesting the deployment of Russian troops in Ukraine, the status of an official document of the UN Security Council, former Ukrainian Permanent Representative to the UN Yuriy Sergeyev (2007-2015) said while testifying as witness in a Kyiv&rsquo;s Obolonsky Court hearing of the &ldquo;Yanukovych treason case.&rdquo; News 15 August from UNIAN.

Old UPA docs reveal revolutionary activities in Soviet Ukraine in 1950s -Euromaidan Press |

Halyna Tereshchuk A “digger” recently found a large aluminum can containing UPA archival materials in Yanivsky forest near Lviv. The contents were transferred to the Director of the National Museum “Prison on Lontskoho” to be stored in the archives of the Liberation Movement Research Centre. The last document dates back to 1951, indicating that the archives have been in the ground for 66 years. Among the materials is valuable information about the activities of the Ukrainian underground in 1948-1951, many printed publications and, for the first time, a children’s magazine that was published by the underground movement in the 1940s. The aluminum can has a number – 8809, and a date – 1946. The Soviet government purposely numbered and dated all containers as NKVD officers were fully aware that Ukrainian underground fighters used them to hide their documents and bury them in nearby forests. If milk cooperatives failed to present the right number of cans, then some workers would probably be suspected of cooperating with the UPA. UPA soldiers often set fire to local stables and buildings, taking the cans with them so that no one would be arrested by the NKVD. Thanks to the sandy soil in Yanivsky forest, the can was very well preserved although the materials were slightly damp. Almost all the documents are legible and dated between 1948 and the first half of 1951, covering Lviv, Rivne, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblasts, and part of Chernivtsi Oblast. The Director of the “Prison on Lontskoho”, historian Ruslan Zabily, believes that the archives were brought in from different regions to Lviv Oblast, probably for the UPA Security Service. The materials should be of special interest to residents of Ostrozhetsky Raion, Rivne Oblast (now Mlynivsky). Written neatly and clearly, the notebook contains a list of families that were exiled to Siberia from 1940 to 1948. The surname and first name of each member of the family, their year of birth, the property belonging to the family (land, house, cattle and animals) and reasons for their exile are meticulously described. In another notebook there is a list of arrested persons and also detailed information about them. The names of people who voluntarily surrendered to the Soviet authorities are also recorded. There is also a 117-page report from Kosiv Raion, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast containing a list of OUN personnel, protocols about the Soviet Ministry of State Security pillaging of villages and towns, the organization of collective farms, and the names of Soviet “extermination” battalions. “There are many reports. We don’t understand why there are no materials from Ternopil Oblast. However, this is an extraordinary find! Apparently, these materials were delivered to the leaders of the Ukrainian underground movement.” says Ruslan Zabily. Museum researchers also discovered a few 1948 editions of the children’s underground illustrated magazines – Little Friends (Малі друзі). They contain poems for children, stories, puzzles, riddles and even games, but all of them have a historical theme composed specially for children, who are constantly reminded to “speak their native language”.


Russia / Iran / Syria / Iraq / OEF Reports


Tillerson Blasts ISIS for Genocide in Religious Freedom Report | Foreign Policy

Tillerson Blasts ISIS for Genocide in Religious Freedom Report « | Foreign Policy | the Global Magazine of News and Ideas

Who’s Who in Syria’s Civil War | Council on Foreign Relations

Syria’s civil war is being fought on multiple fronts by an array of combatants whose alliances, capabilities, and in some cases motives have been in flux.

Iran building weapons factories in Syria, Lebanon, Israeli media reports

Israeli media are reporting that Iran is building a factory in northwest Syria to manufacture long-range rockets, according to Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. News 16 August from UNIAN.

U.S. Has Lost the War in Afghanistan And Should Withdraw Troops, Russia and Taliban Say

Russia and the Taliban Islamist militant group are both separately demanding that the U.S. leave Afghanistan after nearly 16 years of war.


DPRK / PRC / WESTPAC Reports


U.S.: We’d talk with North Korea but need them to show interest first – CBS News

&quot;The most important task at hand is for the U.S. and North Korea to ‘hit the brakes’ on their mutual needling of each other,” China says

China urges US, North Korea to ‘hit the brakes’ on threats – The Washington Post

China has urged the United States and North Korea to “hit the brakes” on threatening words and work toward a peaceful resolution of their tense standoff created by Pyongyang’s recent missile tests and threats to fire them toward Guam.

‘Saber Rattling’: What People in Asia Say About U.S.-North Korea Tensions – NBC News

The heated language around North Korea’s nuclear and missile program has generally met with a cooler response in cities and towns across Asia-Pacific region.

The Real Reason North Korea Is Threatening Guam – POLITICO Magazine

The island is home to the largest American munitions depot in the world.

Time to end the North Korea sanctions merry-go-round | Fox News

The Groundhog Day nature of U.S. response to North Korea for the last decade, during Republican and Democratic administrations alike – provocation, followed by multilateral sanctions that usually are not fully implemented, leading to another provocation, to another round of sanctions – begs the question: why will this time be any different?

Yonhap News Flash: North Korean Submarine About to Launch an ICBM! WELL, NOT REALLY. | 38 North: Informed Analysis of North Korea

Given escalating tensions with North Korea, the press has an overriding responsibility to inform the public as accurately and as carefully as possible.

The trio that pulled U.S. back from the nuclear brink – LA Times

President Trump’s staff deescalated the tension with North Korea.

“Civil danger warning” mistakenly sent to Guam residents amid missile strike fears – CBS News

The alert went out on a radio station just after midnight Tuesday and said a &quot;civil danger warning&quot; had been issued for the island

China, India Soldiers Hurl Stones at 1 Another in Kashmir | World News | US News

SRINAGAR, India (AP) — Officials say Indian and Chinese soldiers hurled stones at one another during an altercation in the high Himalayas in Indian-controlled Kashmir, escalating the tensions between two nations already engaged in a lengthy border standoff elsewhere.

India and China troops clash along Himalayan border – BBC News

The altercation near Ladakh comes within months of a stand-off along another portion of the border.

Chinese media calls India a bully, says it controls Bhutan, Nepal

The editorial also blamed India for not allowing Bhutan to establish diplomatic relations with 5 permanent members of UNSC.

Missile Strikes on U.S. Bases in Asia: Is This China’s Real Threat to America? | The National Interest Blog

Could this be the real threat?

First Strike: China’s Missile Threat to U.S. Bases in Asia | Center for a New American Security.pdf here).

Developing strong, pragmatic and principled national security and defense policies.

Russia Damned By North Korean D-250 Reports – To Inform is to Influence

A collection of damning stories for Russia. I’ll translate the headlines and provide a brief synopsis of the story, but the stories are all in Russian.  The last three links are, quite obviously, in English. This is bigger than Ben Hur, and the Russians are going to wear it big time. This is looking more and…

Rebuttal To NYT North Korea Missile Story – Scandal – To Inform is to Influence

If you weren’t following international news closely yesterday, you might have missed the firestorm surrounding the NYT story, North Korea’s Missile Success Is Linked to Ukrainian Plant, Investigators Say, which is based on an IISS story, The secret to North Korea’s ICBM success. The crux of both of these stories by the same author basically accuses Ukraine of…

Where did North Korea get its missile technology? | World | DW | 15.08.2017

A new media report claims North Korea was able to develop its missile system after buying rocket engines on the black market in Ukraine. Kyiv denies the link. In this international mystery, the clues lead to Russia.

Ukraine Denies Supplying North Korea With Missile Technology, Alleges Russia To Blame

KYIV — An anxious Kyiv has denied a story in The New York Times quoting an expert as saying North Korea may have obtained rocket engines from a Ukrainian state-run factory known as Yuzhmash, an…

Report: North Korea Makes Own Rocket Engines, Does Not Need Ukraine Technology

The Reuters news agency is quoting U.S. intelligence officials as saying they believe North Korea can produce its own missile engines and does not need to import the technology from Ukraine. Th…

Engines in N.Korea missiles were intended only for Russia: Kiev | News , World | THE DAILY STAR

Ukraine’s space agency said Tuesday that the engines used for North Korean missiles were made at a Ukrainian factory for Russia’s use only.

Engine type used in North Korea missiles made for Russia: Ukraine – The Financial Express

Ukraine’s space agency said today that an engine type reportedly used in North Korean missiles was made at a Ukrainian factory, but solely for use in space rockets supplied to Russia.

Ukraine denies supplying missile technology to North Korea

Ukraine has denied suggestions made in a New York Times report suggesting its Yuzhmash rocket factory may have been involved in the supply of nuclear missile technology to North Korea, pointing the blame instead on Russia.

North Korea missile progress linked to Ukrainian company, study says – CNNPolitics

A US intelligence official knocked down claims that North Korea may have used illicit trade networks to purchase powerful rocket engines once produced by a Ukrainian factory that were instrumental to the Soviet missile program.

Pavlo Krasnomovets | Problems with the NYT article on Ukrainian rocket engines in North Korea – a detailed analysis -Euromaidan Press |

Pavlo Krasnomovets On Monday, August 14th, the American edition of The New York Times published an article stating that North Korea bought rocket engines on the black market “probably from a Ukrainian factory with historical links to Russia’s missile program.” This allegation has already been officially denied by the “Ukrainian factory” itself – the “Makarov South Machine Building Plant,” better known as Yuzhmash, as well as by the State Space Agency of Ukraine, to which the enterprise is subordinate, and by the National Security and Defence Council Secretary Olexandr Turchynov. The editorial board of the Ukrainian IT outlet AIN.UA analyzed the text of The New York Times article, the sources on which it relies, and laid out why the article should not be trusted. Euromaidan Press offers you an English translation.

Wife Tatyana, son Nikita, drinks Putinka, – expert Elleman’s links with Russia. PHOTOS

16.08.17 13:03 – Wife Tatyana, son Nikita, drinks Putinka, – expert Elleman’s links with Russia. PHOTOS U.S. expert Mike Elleman, who was cited by The New York Times in the article about alleged deliveries of missile engines to North Korea from Ukraine, is linked to many things Russian. View photo news.

Nikolai Holmov: Rocket science (or not) in Ukraine | KyivPost

A story has appeared in the mainstream US media asserting the Ukraine is responsible for supplying missile engines to North Korea. Specifically it identifies Ukrainian company Yuzhmash as the manufacturer of RD250 engines now being used by North Korea in the creation of ICBMs capable of hitting the USA.

Russia has all grounds, opportunities to supply engines for N.Korean missiles – Ukraine’s State Space Agency

Given Moscow&rsquo;s friendly relations with Pyongyang and the availability of seven to 20 pieces of ready-made &quot;Tsyklon 2&quot; and &quot;Tsyklon 3&quot; rockets, Russia has every reason and opportunity for the supply to North Korea of missile engines and technology that can be used for military purposes, acting chief of the State Space Agency of Ukraine Yury Radchenko told a press conference in Kyiv on Tuesday. At the press conference, the official refuted the report by The New York Times claiming that the success of the DPRK’s missile program may be related to the possible acquisition on the black market by the Korean side of powerful Ukrainian-made engines for their missiles. “Given the friendly relations with Korea, Russia could have all grounds for supplying missiles, engines, fuel components,” Radchenko said, adding that it took North Korea only two years to jump from starting to develop their missile technology to launching the finished product, which is a very short period for the implementation of such technology.

Ukraine-DPRK missile ties accusations: problem for Kyiv or simply a “bubble”

The report published by The New York Times claiming that the North Koreas’ success in launching intercontinental ballistic missiles was due to the purchase on the black market of engines, possibly coming from the Ukrainian plant, can hardly be called a real accusation. Rather, it’s just a hint and poor journalism. There are five countries that produce nuclear weapons and missiles. And any of them can be accused of the same wrongdoing. So accusing Ukraine of cooperation with the DPRK, while guided by some secondary evidence, is merely unprofessional journalism. Moreover, the reports referred to by the author of the article, in fact, do not indicate that the engines have been supplied by the Ukrainian authorities. There is a feeling such an information attack wouldn’t be possible without some assistance by Ukraine’s northern neighbor. American experts and specialists dealing with the North Korean crisis can guess where this idea came from and where theoretically such data could be accessed. Ukrainian experts say that, most likely, this was done in the Russian Federation. Therefore, I think the information available to American experts will allow them to draw conclusions where the Koreans have in fact have acquired such technology. In addition, we are yet to see the official reaction from the White House, the U.S. Department of State and the Pentagon. But I do not think that it will be too rigid toward Ukraine. Of course, if one assumes that this story has any Ukrainian trace to it, this could significantly affect the U.S. stance toward Ukraine. After all, North Korea is a direct threat to the lives and safety of American citizens and their territory. These are not just indirect threats, they are quite immediate, because that “little fluffy dictator” (though he now seems to have given up the idea of striking Guam) does not rule out such a move. It is also important to understand, when such technology transfer has taken place (if it actually has). Of course, this did not happen today, it was some time ago. In any case, this could have harsh repercussions for Ukraine. Of course, this does not mean that Kyiv will lose support from the West, but the White House will have to do something if these facts are proven. However, I repeat, I think that most likely, those were some unfounded allegations. After all, the United States from the first day of Ukraine’s existence was an extremely important partner. In particular, Washington was actively engaged in the build-up of a military export control system. In fact, the Budapest Memorandum was part of the agreements related to the fact that Ukraine would abandon its nuclear arms, join the missile technology non-proliferation regime, and work in this legal field with other countries that are allowed to produce such technology. At the end of the day, it’s unlikely that any Ukrainian government could go for compromising this important achievement simply in order to earn some cash. Ukraine has always been attentive to American interests. Indeed, there have been cases when Ukraine refused to supply conventional weapons or tanks to some country because it contradicted U.S. interests. In other words, Washington would make sure that Kyiv was aware of their opinion, and the Ukrainian side took it into account when making its own decisions. This was the case during the Kuchma times and during Yushchenko’s rule as well. I do not even think that Yanukovych could have managed to do something like that, because he also wished to have a pragmatic relationship with everyone. It is important that the United States was a significant contributor, which helped Ukraine build up a military export control system that is now working effectively enough. So, I think that this story is rather just a “bubble.” But, of course, Ukraine needs to respond. It is good that the comment of the NSDC secretary has already appeared, and there were other comments as well. That’s because we can’t let the Russians spin this trumped up story through its “useful idiots” or paid journalists. Oleksandr Khara is a Director of the Department of International Multinational Relations of the “Maidan of Foreign Affairs” Foundation

Ukraine has never produced combat missiles – State Space Agency – 15.08.2017 17:15 — Ukrinform News

Ukrainian enterprises have never produced or designed combat missiles, Acting Chairman of the State Space Agency of Ukraine Yuriy Radchenko has said.

Yuzhmash denies links with North Korean missile programs – 15.08.2017 09:26 — Ukrinform News

Ukraine’s state-run machine building plant Yuzhmash does not supply to Russia any missiles, their parts and assembly units, including rocket engines, and it does not have any connection with North Korea’s missile programs, according to a statement published on the company’s website.&nbsp;

Reuters disproves New York Times report: North Korea probably does not need imports of missile engines

16.08.17 09:41 – Reuters disproves New York Times report: North Korea probably does not need imports of missile engines North Korea likely has the ability to produce its own missile engines and intelligence suggests it does not need to rely on imports. View news.

“Caught in the garage”: the media was reminded of convicted spies from the DPRK who were hunting for the “secrets” of Ukrainian missiles.

The investigation established that on July 26, 2011, North Korean guests drove to Ukraine via Belarus, and arrived in Dnepropetrovsk on July 27. ” The purpose of the visit is photographing of secret documents. In May 2012 two citizens of North Korea, employees of the DPRK trade mission in Belarus – Ryu Songchel and Lee Taekil, were convicted in Ukraine, accused of trying to gain access to state secrets. The investigation found that on July 26, 2011, North Korean guests drove by car to Ukraine via Belarus, and on July 27 arrived in Dnepropetrovsk. The purpose of the visit was to photograph the secret documents that the Yuzhnoye SDO had to transfer for them, RBC Ukraine wrote. Later, the detained North Koreans stated that they were employees of the DPRK trade mission in Belarus, and that their activities were related to the resolution of issues between countries in the field of science and technology. Their duties also included the organization of seminars on training North Korean specialists on various rocket science topics. The investigation found that Songzhel and Taekil had also previously visited Ukraine and Russia. During contacts with employees of Ukrainian enterprises, the North Koreans were repeatedly interested in rocket technologies and asked Ukrainian scientists to conduct a series of lectures “for citizens of North Korea.” During the conversation, they voiced the specific topics of interest to them: ballistic missiles, missile systems, missile structure, spacecraft engines, solar battery disclosure, rapid emptying of fuel tanks, transport launch canister, powder accumulator, and military GOSTs. Also, North Koreans were interested in information about the engine of the intercontinental ballistic missile ICBM RT-22, NATO classification SS-22 Scalpel. After the signal from the Yuzhnoye SDO to the SBU management about contact with the North Koreans, the security service has developed an operation for fictitious, or “controlled” delivery of documentation. The meeting was appointed in one of the Dnepropetrovsk garages, where both North Koreans were taken red-handed – during the photographing of drawings and scientific works on new technologies of missile systems, missile fuel supply systems and other innovations with the “Secret” stamp. The court’s verdict of May 28, 2012 says that disclosure of information would inflict considerable damage to the national security of Ukraine, and the rocket and space industry of the DPRK would have access to technologies based on the achievements of Ukrainian missilemen and significantly expanded its strategic capabilities. The secrets behind which the traffickers hunted, according to the investigators, would increase the range and range of North Korean nuclear missiles up to the territory of the United States. The Krasnogvardeysky District Court of Dnipropetrovsk sentenced both defendants to eight years in prison.

UAWire – Ukraine denies accusations of providing space technology to North Korea

The State Space Agency of Ukraine said that the accusations of Ukraine giving space technology to North Korea are “absolutely baseless”. “As of …

“Putinka”, work in Russia and his wife Tatiana: interesting facts about the “rocket expert” NYT became known.

The father of the “expert” was connected “with the defense industry and the cosmos”. Politics 10:58, August 15, 2017 4699 READ LATER Friends’ wife “expert”, probably Russian woman / photofacebook.com/michael.elleman The so-called NYT expert, commenting on which was based on an article about allegedly Ukrainian engines in North Korea’s ballistic missiles, Michael Michael Elleman worked for six years in the Russian Federation – from 1995 to 2001. This is stated in the official biography of the “expert” on the site “38 North”. In particular, Ilman headed a program aimed at dismantling obsolete long-range missiles in the Russian Federation. “From 1995 to 2001, he led the program of joint threat reduction in Russia, aimed at dismantling obsolete long-range missiles,” the report said.

Artem Sokolenko – And about our rocket motors …

And about our rocket motors … It was extremely interesting to read a Facebook page of someone who, in the New York Times article, was a rocket expert. It’s about Michael Elleman, a missile expert at the International Institute for Strategic Studies. So here … He does not like to put his wife on the page, but there are some photos. Her name is Tatiana and she judges from all Russian. There is a photo where it is probably the same Tatiana in the military form 🙂 Who is she? Does she have a title? 🙂 Well, well … Sina’s name is Nikita. The dog is called Sobaka. And our expert drinks Putin 🙂 By the way, under the photos of the son comments from Russians. Among them is an interesting dude named Oleg Valentinovich Shulga, who worked at the Moscow office of the famous manufacturer of weapons American company Lokheed Martin. The father of the rocket expert, too, was connected with the defense and space. Short … An interesting personality to disassemble the molecule. Please view the screenshots. I hope the journalists will take advantage of these facts to tell the author of the sensation. P.S. Rocket expert Michael Elleman has already deleted or closed his Facebook account. So the screens are unique

Statements on the supply of missile technology by Ukraine to the DPRK are based on the testimony of an expert associated with the Russian Federation – IIP.

The ministry says that in 1995-2001, this expert led a program to reduce missile weapons in Russia. The allegations of alleged supplies of missile technology by Ukraine to North Korea (the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) are based on the testimony of an expert closely associated with the Russian Federation. This was reported in the social network of Facebook, Deputy Minister of Information Policy Dmitry Zolotukhin. “Yuzhmash” refutes the existence of “missile” ties with the DPRK “It is interesting that the article in the forever free-lance publication is based mainly on the words of one expert of missile technology, who in 1995-2001 headed the program to reduce missile weapons in Russia,” wrote Zolotukhin . He also believes that this can not be a coincidence. “It turns out that most of the” Western experts “who criticize Ukraine have in one way or another been connected with Russia in the past, this is not conspiracy theory (the conspiracy theory – UNIAN), but at least it’s interesting,” he added. As UNIAN reported earlier, the American edition of The New York Times published a publication in which it was alleged that North Korea’s success in testing an intercontinental ballistic missile that could probably reach the US was made possible through the acquisition of powerful rocket engines on the black market, From the Ukrainian factory. In turn, Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine Oleksandr Turchynov said that the Ukrainian defense-industrial complex did not supply rocket engines and missile technologies to the North Korean regime. The state enterprise “South Machine Building Plant named after Makarov” stated that it never had and does not have any connection with North Korean missile programs of a space or defense nature. The Administration of the President is considered a provocation of media reports about Ukrainian engines for North Korean missiles.

Technologies for the production of engines for missiles could not get from Ukraine to the DPRK – Goskosmos

The State Space Agency noted that they adhere to all obligations regarding the transfer of technology to third countries. The technologies for the production of engines for military missiles, as well as the products themselves, which could be used in the framework of North Korean military programs, could not get from the territory of Ukraine to this country. This was stated during a press conference on the refutation of information in the publication of the American edition of The New York Times that the success of the missile program of North Korea may be related to the possible acquisition by the Korean side of powerful Ukrainian-made rocket engines on the black market. about. Head of the State Space Agency Yuri Radchenko. Groisman responded to media reports about allegedly Ukrainian engines for North Korea missiles. “These technologies and these products could not have come from the territory of Ukraine to the territory of Korea. We comply with all international restrictions on the supply of these technologies. We respect all Ukraine’s obligations to transfer technology to third countries. Until now, space companies have not engaged in the production of military missiles, “he said. Radchenko added that for the launch of military missiles, which was carried out by North Korea, it is necessary to own the technology of production of rocket fuel, which is not in Ukraine, and it exists only in Russia and China.

Russia has all the bases and possibilities for supplying rocket engines to the DPRK – the State Space Committee.

Ukrainian rocket engines in the ready-made rockets “Cyclone 2” and “Cyclone 3” were all supplied to Russia. Russia, given its friendly relations with North Korea and the availability of 7 to 20 pieces of ready-made rockets “Cyclone 2” and “Cyclone 3”, has all the bases and possibilities for supplying to North Korea rocket engines and technologies that can be used for military purposes . This was stated and. about. Head of the State Space Agency Yury Radchenko during a press conference to refute the publication of the American edition of The New York Times that the success of the missile program of North Korea may be related to the possible acquisition by the Korean side of powerful Ukrainian-made rocket engines on the black market. Read also Technology for the production of engines for missiles could not get from Ukraine to the DPRK – Goskosmos “Given the friendly relations with Korea, Russia could have all the bases for supplying missiles, engines, fuel components,” he said, adding that from the beginning of development Missile technology before the first launch of the finished rocket took only 2 years, which is a very short period for the implementation of this technology. “Two years have passed since the beginning of the development of technology before launch – these are exceptional terms. For these terms to implement this project, no one, even a space power … can not. And they succeeded. They used the finished product. That’s all we can say, “Radchenko added, saying that until 2001 Ukraine produced rocket engines, which are mentioned in the publication of The New York Times, but they were all in the ready-made rockets” Cyclone 2 “and” Cyclone 3 “were all Are delivered to Russia and are now stored there. “According to operational information, Russia today has rockets” Cyclone 2 “and” Cyclone 3 “in the number of 7 to 20 missiles. There are engines, documentation is there. They can supply these engines as ready-made products to anyone, it’s not out of the question, “he said. about. Head of state agency. He also added that according to his estimates, Russia itself will not use these missiles. “The high probability that the speech in the press can be inspired by our” friends “from Russia, because they are interested in lowering the rating of our country in those projects in which we participate,” Radchenko said, adding that The reputation of Ukraine as a space power from such publications will not suffer, because it is based on those developments that already exist in Ukraine, but “it’s just a hype on the level ground.” As UNIAN reported, August 14, the American edition of The New York Times posted a publication in which it was alleged that North Korea’s success in testing an intercontinental ballistic missile that could probably reach the US was made possible through the acquisition of powerful rocket engines on the black market, most likely , From the Ukrainian plant. In this publication, the publication refers to the opinion of the expert Michael Elleman, who, according to media reports, participated in programs to disarm and dismantle obsolete Russian missiles, and his wife, Tatyana, was previously photographed in Russian form. In response to the above-mentioned publication, Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine Oleksandr Turchynov stated that the Ukrainian defense-industrial complex did not supply rocket engines and missile technologies to the regime of North Korea. The state enterprise “Southern Machine Building Plant named after Makarov” stated that the plant had never had and does not have any connection with North Korean missile programs of a space or defense nature. On the morning of August 15, Prime Minister Vladimir Groisman called a provocation of media reports about alleged deliveries of missile engines to North Korea by the state enterprise “Yuzhmash”. According to the State Space Agency, the technology for the production of engines for military missiles and the products themselves could not have come from the territory of Ukraine to North Korea, as Ukraine strictly abides by international legislation restricting the spread of military missile technology.

Shameful maneuvers: Tymoshenko removed her “missile” post about the DPRK, and her party announced a hacking break

In “Fatherland” they said that their page in the social network was attacked by hackers, and the political leader did not post a post about Ukraine’s alleged involvement in the supply of missile technology to the DPRK . The Secretariat of the Batkivshchyna Party reported in the social network that the page of the political force was subjected to hacking. They deny information about the publication of materials that discredit Ukraine. Read also Technology for the production of engines for missiles could not get from Ukraine to the DPRK – Goskosmos “On the official website of the party” VO Fatherland “there was no promulgated any position of our team regarding the publication in the New York Times,” notes the political force, and adds that this is a provocation . In its message, the party rejects any possibility of publishing materials that are discrediting Ukraine. “The official position of the party” VO Fatherland “regarding intentions to discredit Ukraine in the eyes of the world community is obvious: our state and our state enterprises categorically could not supply anything to the DPRK in spite of international sanctions, especially military goods,” the message says.

MFA should initiate worldwide inquiry into DPRK missile program in response to NYT publication | KyivPost

Director of the National Institute for Strategic Studies and adviser to the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Horbulin believes that in response to the report in The New York Times, Kyiv should initiate a worldwide investigation of North Korea’s missile program. “In this situation, the Foreign Affairs Ministry should invite the international community, and first of all the United States, to conduct a probe both in Ukraine and, probably, around the world, on how North Korea was able to develop its missile and space program. Whether there is any Chinese trace here or not, or any Russian trace? These two countries have been maintaining close relations with the DPRK? What are the relations between North Korea and Iran?” Horbulin said at a briefing on August 15, the Left Bank online publication reported.

Groysman says claims about Pivdenmash selling rocket engines to North Korea are provocation

Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman has said that the information about the alleged sale of missile engines by the Pivdenmash (Yuzhmash) state enterprise to North Korea is a provocation.

Groysman calls ‘provocation’ claims about Pivdenmash selling rocket engines to North Korea | KyivPost

Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman has said that the information about the alleged sale of missile engines by the Pivdenmash (Yuzhmash) state enterprise to North Korea is a provocation. “The information on Pivdenmash is clearly a provocation against Ukraine. I fully rely on the statement of the secretary of the National Security and Defense Council and Pivdenmash itself that there was no such thing,” the prime minister said at a briefing in Dnipro on Aug. 15.

  1. Korean citizens convicted for espionage in Ukraine could be released early in 2018 | KyivPost

North Korean citizens who attempted to gain access to the technical documentation of the state-owned Pivdenmash machine-building plant, Ukraine’s leader in the rocket and aerospace industry located in the city of Dnipro (formerly Dnipropetrovsk), in 2011 and were sentenced to eight years in prison, could be released early in accordance with the Savchenko law, Anton Gerashchenko, a People’s Front parliamentarian, said. “North Korean citizen Lyu Song Chel is still serving a sentence at Zhytomyr penitentiary No. 4. Li Te Kil is serving his sentence at Zhytomyr penitentiary No. 8,” Gerashchenko said on his Facebook page. The so-called Savchenko law applies to them, he said. “Therefore, they are to be released earlier than if the Savchenko law did not exist. The end of their prison term, in light of the Savchenko law, is September 6, 2018,” the lawmaker said.

Department Press Briefing – August 15, 2017

Briefing by Head of the State Space Agency of Ukraine – YouTube

Streamed live on Aug 15, 2017 Organizer: State Space Agency of Ukraine. Participants: Yuri Radchenko – acting director Head of the State Space Agency of Ukraine; Igor Savula – acting director Head of the State Export Control Service of Ukraine.

CONTRADICTION TO THE ARTICLE “THE SECRET TO NORTH KOREA’S ICBM SUCCESS” BY THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR STRATEGIC STUDIES AND THE ARTICLE “NORTH KOREA’S MISSILE SUCCESS IS LINKED TO UKRAINIAN PLANT, INVESTIGATORS SAY” BY THE NEW YORK TIMES

August 15, 2017 The article “The secret to North Korea’s ICBM success” by the International Institute for Strategic Studies as well as the article “North Korea’s Missile Success is Linked to Ukrainian Plant, Investigators Say” by The New York Times groundlessly overshade the Ukrainian companies Yuzhnoye State Design Office and Yuzhmash Production Association, and link the companies with latest successful testing of intercontinental ballistic missiles of North Korea. It is worth mentioning that the author of the first article is Michael Elleman, a missile expert at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, while in the second article he is repeatedly referred as an expert and information source.

William J. Broad

William J. Broad is a science journalist and senior writer at The New York Times. He shared two Pulitzer Prizes with his colleagues, as well as an Emmy Award and a DuPont Award. He joined The Times in 1983 and writes about everything from exploding stars and the secret life of marine mammals to the spread of nuclear arms and the inside story on why the Titanic sank so rapidly. He is the author of “The Science of Yoga: The Risks and the Rewards” (Simon & Schuster, 2012), which was excerpted in The Times Magazine. In 1986, Mr. Broad was a member of the team that won a Pulitzer Prize for coverage of the feasibility of the “Star Wars” antimissile program. And in 1987, he and Times colleagues won a Pulitzer for reporting on the Challenger space shuttle disaster. He was a Pulitzer finalist in 2005 for articles written with David E. Sanger on nuclear proliferation. In 2007, he and Mr. Sanger shared a DuPont Award from the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism for the television documentary “Nuclear Jihad: Can Terrorists Get the Bomb?” Mr. Broad’s reporting has taken him to Paris, Vienna, Brazil, Ecuador, Kiev and Kazakhstan. In December 1991, while reporting on nuclear arms, he was among the last Westerners to see the Soviet hammer and sickle flying over the Kremlin. Before joining The Times, Mr. Broad worked as a reporter in Washington for Science, the weekly magazine of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He earned a master’s degree in the history of science from the University of Wisconsin, and in 1995 won the university’s Distinguished Service to Journalism Award.

David E. Sanger

Recent and archived work by David E. Sanger for The New York Times

North Korea’s Missile Success Is Linked to Ukrainian Plant, Investigators Say – The New York Times

Investigators are focusing on the factory as a black-market source for North Korea, a new report and classified intelligence assessments say.


Foreign Policy Reports


UAWire – Merkel reaffirms Germany’s commitment to increase defense spending

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has made assurances that the government will fulfill its obligations to increase defense spending until 2024 to …

The Pentagon Has a Small Coup Problem | The Nation

The Department of Defense has trained more than a hundred foreign militaries that went on to stage coups in their home countries.

Australian agency believes it can locate MH370 with ‘unprecedented precision’

Australia’s main scientific agency said on Wednesday it believed with “unprecedented precision and certainty” that a missing Malaysia Airlines aircraft crashed into the sea northeast of an area scoured in a fruitless two-year underwater search.


Strategy / Capability Publications


The Chain of Command Problem in Central and Eastern Europe

For years, Russia’s armed forces have conducted offensive exercises directed at Europe, such as the recent Zapad field exercise series. The exercises, aime

Deception: ‘Drive Russians Bananas’ With Rockets In Boxes: CSIS On Hidden Missiles – To Inform is to Influence

By SYDNEY J. FREEDBERG JR.on August 14, 2017 at 4:00 AM “All warfare is based on deception,” Sun Tzu wrote 2,500 years ago. It’s a lesson the US military largely forgot after the Cold War, when we got in the habit of building huge, easily targeted bases. Now we must relearn deception as Russia, China, and other adversaries field,…

club-k container missile system – YouTube

Club-K Container Missile System – YouTube

Check this item on Defense-Update http://wp.me/p3cRXG-eeZ – This unique capability introduced by the Russian 3R-54 ‘Club’ cruise missile manufacturer ‘AGAT’ …

Marines want 50,000 more Infantry Automatic Rifles to replace M4

Marines are requesting 50,000 more M27 Infantry Automatic Rifles from Heckler & Koch.


IW/IO/Cyber Reports


It’s Time to Bring Back This Cold War Agency and Stop Ceding the Propaganda War to Russia – Modern War Institute

The United States has recently been ridiculed for losing the ongoing information war, and has fallen victim to successive propaganda and disinformation campaigns orchestrated by Russia without a significant response. Given Russia’s aggressive meddling in the 2016 US elections, along with other concerted efforts to delegitimize Western democracies and their institutions, it is imperative for the United States to adequately respond to Russian “active measures” in the information environment. Information warfare—or information operations (IO) in US military doctrinal parlance—transcends any single leg of the Clausewitzian trinity (the soldier, the state, and the people) and requires a concerted approach across all disciplines to be coordinated and effective. Currently, these efforts remain stovepiped within the US government and lack the coordination and partnership necessary for success, as Curtis Kimbrell highlighted in a recent piece for MWI. Of the four instruments of national power (“DIME”—Diplomatic, Information, Military, and Economic), the “I” has often been obscured by its more tangible counterparts. But never before has the “I” been so significant than in the Information Age. Optimizing efforts to deter foreign influence on the American public and conduct effective information operations requires an independent agency trusted with a more extensive task than existing government and military entities operating in the information environment. With adversaries and competitors continuing to demonstrate effective central planning in information warfare, it is increasingly clear that the US government can no longer let each of its components fight piecemeal. Creating an overarching agency to coordinate information operations across the US government is the only way to coordinate whole-of-government efforts and effectively utilize the array of US capabilities across the global information environment.

NATO Needs an Offensive Cybersecurity Policy

Modern-day warfare is as much about cyberattacks and the protection of communication and information systems as it is about kinetic military action. In 2016, NATO’s institutional networks experienced on average 500 cyberattacks a month—an increase of roughly 60 percent from the year before. Other recent, high-profile, transnational cyberattacks, such as the WannaCry ransomware attack and Petya, highlight the urgent need for NATO and its member states to develop strong cybesecurity capabilities. Although NATO has been working toward a more comprehensive cybersecurity policy, there are two major challenges with its current strategy. The current plan places cyberattacks within the scope of Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty and the concept of collective defense, thus, creating high thresholds for engagement. In addition, it allows for mainly defensive and reactive measures, leaving less room for preventive or offensive operations. NATO’s approach to cybersecurity can be traced back to early steps taken at the 2014 Wales Summit, in which NATO included cyber defense in its core tasks of collective defense. At the Warsaw Summit two years later, NATO recognized cyberspace as a “domain of operations,” reaffirming its defensive mandate with regard to cyber threats. The Warsaw Summit Communiqué states that recognizing cyberspace as a domain of operations will “support NATO’s broader deterrence [of] and defense [against cyber threats],” and NATO promised to continue integrating cyber defense “into operational planning [to ensure] a better management of resources, skills, and capabilities.”

How A Hoax Made To Look Like A Guardian Article Made Its Way To Russian Media – To Inform is to Influence

Posted on August 15, 2017, at 5:38 p.m. Craig Silverman BuzzFeed News Media Editor Jane Lytvynenko BuzzFeed News Reporter A completely fake article, made to look as if it were published by The Guardian and containing explosive comments attributed to the former head of British intelligence, was likely created to serve as propaganda material for Russian…

How A Hoax Made To Look Like A Guardian Article Made Its Way To Russian Media

BuzzFeed News uncovered a coordinated effort to spread false stories designed to inflame international tensions.

In Ukraine, a Malware Expert Who Could Blow the Whistle on Russian Hacking – The New York Times

For the first time, an actual witness has emerged in the hack of the Democratic National Committee, and he has been interviewed by the F.B.I.

How ISIS harnesses commercial tech to run its global terrorist network

Commercial technology has enabled the Islamic State group to communicate, connect and conduct operations on a global scale.


US Domestic Policy Reports


Donald J. Trump on Twitter: “@foxandfriends According to report just out, President Obama knew about Russian interference 3 years ago but he didn’t want to anger Russia!”

Trump cites report: Obama knew about Russian interference 3 years ago but ‘didn’t want to anger Russia’ | TheHill

President Trump on Tuesday cited a news report and claimed former President Barack Obama was aware of “Russian interference” several years ago. “According to report just out, President Obama knew about Russian interference 3 years ago but he didn’t want to anger Russia!” Trump tweeted.

Trump And Russia: Lots Of Talk, But Critics Say There’s No Clear Strategy : Parallels : NPR

For all the talk about President Trump and Russia, he has yet to lay out a grand plan on dealing with Moscow. The Russia probes are an obstacle to cooperation. And he has resisted confrontation.

Window on Eurasia — New Series: American Far Right Becoming ‘Putin’s Infantry’ in US, Moscow Commentator Says

Paul Goble Staunton, August 15 – Americans on the rightwing portion of the political spectrum increasingly view Vladimir Putin as their ally rather than their enemy, Aleksey Naumov says; and consequently, they constitute “Putin’s infantry” in the US and by voting may force the Republican Party to follow their lead. In a commentary today for Lenta.ru, the Moscow commentator points to polls showing more Americans have a positive image of Putin now than three years ago and to statements by far right political and social figures supporting and to an American analysis of how the end of the Cold War transformed the right’s view of Russia (lenta.ru/articles/2017/08/15/putins_infantry/). During the Cold War, the Republican Party and the right side of the American political system were consistently anti-Moscow, Naumov observes, but the end of the Cold War revealed that this opposition fundamental differences among three groups of what many had assumed would be a permanent position. The Moscow commentator repeats with full approval the arguments of Peter Beinart, a New York academic, as presented in the latter’s recent Atlantic article “Why Trump’s Republican Party Is Embracing Russia” (theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/12/the-conservative-split-on-russia/510317/). According to the City University of New York scholar, there were three groups of Americans on the right during the Cold War united then in opposition to the Soviet Union but very much divided now on whether to oppose Putin’s Russia. Indeed, some of them have become active supporters of Putin even against their own government. Indeed, many of them now celebrate what the Kremlin leader is doing supposedly in defense of “the white race,” religion and traditional ways of life and oppose their own government’s opposition to him. According to Beinart as summarized by Naumov, there were three groups on the American right who joined together to oppose the Soviet Union. First were “the civilizational conservatives” who “saw the conflict of Moscow and Washington as a battle of an atheistic state against a Judeo-Christian one.” Then, there were “the ideological conservatives” who opposed the Soviets because “in their opinion, the US was a citadel of freedom” that was locked in a battle with “the totalitarian prison of the USSR.” And the third were “the realists” who “understood that he cold war was inevitable as a result of the unprecedented power and ambitions of the two states.” “After the destruction of the USSR and the growing role of religion in Russia,” Naumov continues, “the civilizational conservatives came to understand that Moscow and Washington were on the same side of the barricades: two Christian civilizations standing in opposition to globalization and radical Islam.” Up to now, the Moscow commentator continues, “the majority of Republic legislators” in the Congress “still view the world through the prism of ideology: from their point of view, Russia is encroaching on American power and its world order and that there cannot be any talk of dialogue with it.” But “it is not to be excluded,” Naumov says, “that sooner or later the civilizational approach will become dominant in the Republican Party and that the Putin infantry will help make this happen.”

VIPS, The Nation, All Russian Propaganda – To Inform is to Influence

I present to you a case of Russian propaganda, influence, and perhaps active measures at work, pointed directly at our President and members of Congress. I am referring, of course, to an article that Patrick Lawrence published in The Nation, A New Report Raises Big Questions About Last Year’s DNC Hack. The article, published on August…

A Roadmap for U.S.-Russia Relations | Center for Strategic and International Studies

At a time when tension between the US and Russia is higher than it has been in decades, we cannot forget that the relationship between these two countries is among the most important for global security. On any number of issues, from arms control to the Middle East, failure of the U.S. and Russia to communicate will make things much, much worse, with repercussions that will last for generations and affect the entire world. For this reason, CSIS and RIAC convened some of Russia’s and America’s top experts to think through the future of the bilateral relationship. The result is a series of papers that identify both the spheres where coordination is crucial and those where it may be possible, responding to mutual interests and potentially helping to stabilize the relationship and buffer against conflict in the future. For both, they offer concrete recommendations and a clear-eyed take on what can, and what cannot be done. The analyses that follow examine prospects for Russia-U.S. cooperation in several crucial regions and fields: economics, energy, the Arctic, Euro-Atlantic security, the Middle East, strategic stability, cybersecurity, and countering terrorism and extremism. They offer actionable recommendations in each area, some of which can, and should be undertaken today, and some of which should be considered by policymakers in Moscow and Washington as they chart a course through dangerous and uncertain times. Contributors: Heather A. Conley, Ambassador William Courtney, R. Kim Cragin, Lynn E. Davis, Ambassador James Dobbins, Suzanne Freeman, Andrei Korneyev, Sarah Ladislaw, James A. Lewis, Sergey Rogov, Pavel Sharikov, Sharon Squassoni, Ekaterina Stepanova, Victor Supyan, Mikhail Troitskiy, Andrei Zagorski, Irina Zvyagelskaya.

Portman, Murphy call on State Department to step up efforts to counter Russian propaganda – To Inform is to Influence

By Staff WASHINGTON – U.S. Sens. Rob Portman (R-Ohio) and Chris Murphy (D-Conn.) issued a statement in response to a report by the media outlet Politico that the State Department has yet to request funding already appropriated by Congress to help counter Russian propaganda. “Congress has provided substantial resources to combat foreign propaganda, particularly from Russia.…

The Russians – Again – Still #ReformBBG – BBG Watch

OPINION   The Russians – Again – Still   US Government International Media Information War: Lost #ReformBBG   By The Federalist     The Russians. Yes, the Russians. Remember what Winston Churchill said in defining Russia and the Russian people: “…a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma.” That may have applied during the…

DOJ wants website to turn over records on Trump protesters

The company says the government is seeking information about 1.3 million visitors to the site, among other information.

Pentagon’s former second-ranking civilian joins Raytheon’s board

Raytheon on Monday said Robert O. Work, the former deputy secretary of Defense, was elected to its board of directors.

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