|The Rise of Fact-checking Sites in Europe; by Lucas Graves and Federica Cherubini, published by the Reuters Institute
To this day, there are more than 35 active sources of political fact-checking ranging from Scandinavia through Central and Western Europe to Mediterranean countries. The majority of the sources focus on claims made by the politicians, however, several of them target news servers as well.
The main difference amongst European countries is the particular type of the dominant fact-checking source. For instance, in Northern and Western Europe the fact-checking process is primarily run by newsrooms in cooperation with independent experts from various think-tanks, whereas fact-checking process in Southern Europe is mainly conducted by NGOs and alternative media outlets. We also cannot omit the different origin of the fact-checkers as we encounter various journalists, political science and economics experts, and various local activists and citizens.